The use of round house projects is not only the result of the desire of the future homeowner to become the owner of an unusual-shaped structure.. Often, this decision is dictated by the desire to obtain, together with the construction, a harmonious, expedient dwelling, corresponding at the same time to newfangled trends in construction and historical traditions, beautiful and comfortable. In the article we will consider the advantages and disadvantages of such structures..
Advantages and disadvantages
Publications on this topic invariably begin with an extraordinary appearance that can arouse the envy of neighbors or attract the attention of passers-by. The originality of the appearance, the reduced need for repairs, the possibility of building on a lightweight foundation – all this is only part of the advantages obtained when choosing one of the projects, where the end result of efforts takes on a harmonious form.
It is no coincidence that many nomadic peoples or those who live in harsh climatic conditions have a widespread tradition of building a round house, even if it is collapsible and relocated during seasonal migration. The considerations in choosing this form were not creativity and a desire to stand out from the general background, but practicality, expediency and reliability..
In many types of dwellings of nomadic peoples there was no roof, they ended with a pointed peak, but modern construction somewhat deviated from this rule. A man has at his disposal building materials and technologies that allow specialists to easily build a round house with a roof that completes and emphasizes its beautiful perfect shape..
Listing the benefits of such projects may be a separate topic for publication, but builders and architects usually highlight the most significant advantages for a homeowner:
- resistance to the most unfavorable climatic conditions (both to strong winds and earthquakes);
- the ability to do without a reinforced foundation, use light materials in construction and save additional money;
- heat losses are minimized in the finished building, which means that the owners save on heating;
- inside, the echo inherent in rectangular and square rooms is muffled, the level of noise coming from outside is reduced;
- round houses are reliable, practically do not require repair, since the appearance does not change and the walls do not crack;
- no precipitation accumulates on the roof, this is simply impossible due to its unusual shape;
- there are no restrictions in choosing a place for window and door openings;
- repeated calculations of the final cost have proven that by choosing a round house project and leaving the thought of a standard one, you can save 20% or more only on design features and materials.
While the list of advantages can be continued, there are fewer disadvantages of such projects, and they all create difficulties only for amateurs who carry out construction with their own hands.. A team of professionals with minimal experience can easily cope with specific cutting of materials and special fittings, the construction of a central support column and an internal wall that takes the main load. The owner will only have to acquire a carefully designed project and high-quality, flexible and plastic coating materials.
In the construction of a round house, rectangular concrete slabs cannot be used, but this does not mean that they are fragile or inferior to buildings made from familiar building materials: frame, thanks to the advantages of the form, will be stable for several decades, there are other design options that, with proper care, are distinguished by exceptional strength. A pre-drawn up work plan and adherence to the sequence indicated in it will allow you to resort to any project from the conventionally identified categories.
While a relatively rare species, it is rapidly gaining popularity among advanced homeowners and daring architects, who are not afraid of the complexity of creating projects or translating them into reality. A house in the form of a ball assumes an increase in the load on the base, hence the need for accurate calculations and the use of specific and expensive building materials.
The simplest and most common option for building such a house is to erect metal structures outside over an ordinary house.. In any case, the owners should prepare for significant expenses for the outrageous form..
It can also be intended for year-round living, since such buildings resemble an ordinary cylinder placed on a base, and the roof can be made of any kind – straight, domed or in the form of a cone, according to the old tradition of nomads.
A residential building can be built from durable and familiar materials. There are brick, concrete and wood projects.
The layout inside is convenient, since this type of buildings can be erected without supporting structures.
Cylinder in another dimension
The second, more common name is an inverted cylinder.. It is a semicircular house with curved walls. The uniqueness of each design may lie in the spatial arrangement – the cylinder can be laid on its side, have variable parameters (you can also find two-story ones). Buildings in this version are less problematic in design, retain all the advantages described for projects with rounded outlines – minimized heat loss and savings on decoration, unusual outlines, the uniqueness of each building.
Hemispheres and domed
A clear demonstration that the bionic approach to design, which is increasingly prevalent in modern architecture, can create options that ideally bring humans closer to nature. The eco-style house with rounded walls and a sloping roof, one-story, meets all the style components – the maximum preservation of nature, energy and building materials saving, the search for optimal solutions made with minimal costs. It can be with a canopy, with a veranda, domed options are in demand as the most economical.
The semicircular house retains the possibility of arranging panoramic windows, and this is an excellent option for a residential building or a country mansion.
Modular houses of this type are quite real, since small structures with smoothed walls are listed in the range of any manufacturer. But this is not a prerequisite, frame is often used, in which there are several ways to give the structure the desired shape.
Despite constant warnings about the complexity of buildings of this type and the indispensable invitation for this team of professionals, building yourself is a very real enterprise. Consistent and phased execution of work with your own hands will smooth out some of the unusualness, especially if you have at least a little experience in the construction business..
- Drawings for a ready-made project are divided into fragments and the load for each is calculated. Pre-determine the type of foundation, make a breakdown, assess the condition of the soil.
- If there is a basement or garage under the house in the project, arrangement work is performed. Otherwise, you can use a pile foundation, round slab base or load-bearing structure..
- A frame made of a profile or a wooden bar is the easiest way to assemble a house of an unusual shape. After assembling, you can start the cladding. It recommends the use of SIP panels and insulation, but there are other modern building materials that you can resort to..
First, you need to decide on the methods of heat and waterproofing: the laying of special films will not take a long time, and significant financial investments will not be required, but the house will provide maximum comfort for its inhabitants.
The internal arrangement depends on the style preferences and the number of storeys of the building.. If more than one floor is planned, start with the stairs. It can be centered or walk along the wall..
Install interior ceilings (if any in the project). Sometimes a small house is delimited exclusively by zoning.
You can use embossed or smooth textures, textiles, lamps, decorative elements. Whether the textures are matte or glossy is up to the owners. This topic is the subject of numerous discussions, both types have a significant number of supporters and opponents..
Built-in furniture is usually installed in a round house, but here, too, there may be options if radial interior partitions are used.
The kitchen, provided in advance in the project, needs ventilation, so you need to think about laying communications in advance, provide decorative fireproof means to mask them.
It is no coincidence that round houses are called bionic. Unusual shape resists adverse weather conditions.
Exterior finishes are decisive. The beauty of the building can be provided by a veranda or balcony of an unusual shape..
The unlimited imagination and creativity of the authors of the project after its implementation will attract the attention of every passing person.
The round house, as a well-forgotten old trend, is confidently gaining points. It is predicted that in this decade they will come out on the first lines of the demand rating.
Savings on building materials are sometimes very significant. This is achieved by a lightweight foundation, using modern lightweight materials..
You can find out even more useful information about dome houses by watching the following video.