There are several types of houses, and the bungalow is one of them. It is a one-story flat roofed residential building on a garden plot. Such houses demonstrate independence and solitude, as well as harmony with nature. The first bungalows appeared in the UK, after which such buildings began to be erected around the world. Today there are different options for these houses, which will be discussed in the article..
The bungalow is a one-story and in some cases two-story building for living. The main feature of such a dwelling is the living room, which is located in the center of the house, and other rooms are already organized around it.. Natural wood is used as the main building material, thanks to which a beautiful, cozy and safe home is created..
Bungalows are often located on the shores of lakes, rivers, next to picturesque landscapes. Such a building is an ideal choice for suburban life and recreation, so if you value comfort and unity with nature, you can safely consider this option..
All bungalow rooms must be on the ground floor. As already mentioned, there is a living room or a hall in the center, the design is simple, precious woods and other noble materials are used as decoration. The focus of the architecture should be horizontal. When it comes to a two-level bungalow, we often mean the presence of an attic. Since this dwelling is often reserved for the elderly, stairs are not erected for the sake of safety.. The principles of home improvement are modesty, simplicity and practicality..
In such a home, you will feel completely at peace and can have a good rest.. Furniture can be wicker or from different types of wood. The second floor should not carry a functional load. The interior is dominated by pastel colors, for example, sand, light brown, beige or white, which can be diluted with elements of black, red or other colors. Designers often use fabrics for decoration, and for arranging the hallway and kitchen, you can choose brickwork.
As for accessories, there should be a minimum of them in a bungalow, handmade things look great.
What makes a bungalow different from other houses?
This question comes up immediately after the description, so a few distinguishing factors should be noted.. The traditional version of the bungalow often does not have a heating system, as it is intended for living in the warm season, but this is not a fundamental rule. For the construction of the building, light and natural building materials are used, so we can safely say that this is an eco-house.
In the modern world, such real estate reflects the way and lifestyle, it is suitable not only as a summer residence, but also for a permanent place of residence..
A distinctive feature lies in the features of the structure and layout of rooms. All communications in the house are located at the same level, there are no flights of stairs, everything is as safe as possible for small children and elderly people.
If the bungalow two-story, accordingly, the first floor is used for active pastime, and on the second – a quiet part of the house. Indoors, all rooms are located around the central one, this is a mandatory requirement during the construction of this type of property. As for the differences in the interior, we will talk about this further..
There are several types of bungalows, and they all have their own distinctive characteristics, which can be found in detail. Such houses are erected in different versions, depending on the terrain, climate and requirements for living conditions in them. When it comes to the tourism business, these buildings are located next to the main building so that residents can serve themselves on their own..
A distinctive feature of such a house is square columns and a sloping roof.. The California version of the bungalow should have plastered walls and exposed rafters. The roof is used rationally, so many are completing a low attic, where there are many windows. The veranda is spacious and light. The interior is dominated by Spanish motives, it has a lot of decor made from natural materials. This style is called kraftsman, and it is often found in different parts of the United States.
It is safe to say that this is one of the most unstable types of one-story bungalows on the exterior.. Outwardly, they all look different, one template is not used for construction.
The main feature is that materials are used for the construction that are characteristic of the area..
In different European countries, you can often see bungalows in which families live and relax.. Such houses consist of two floors, a land plot adjoins them, and a bedroom and a terrace are located upstairs. A bungalow of this type is called a duplex, since different owners can live on the first and second floors. If we talk about British houses, they are built of stone and are designed for one family, but Spanish ones are being built for several, in Russia they are called a townhouse.
This is a “Mexican” bungalow that differs from the American types. Colonial architecture of Spain is introduced into the exterior. The roof of the house is often red, the walls are white or cream colored, and decorative tiles are also used. The terrace should be fenced with a wall; decorated wrought iron railings and gratings can be used in the decoration. The window openings are arched, and the doors are wooden with intricate carvings..
The peculiarities of Spanish bungalows include the harmony of decorative elements that do not burden with their quantity.
This type of construction is undoubtedly atypical.. The house is built of bricks, after which it is sewn up with siding. The cladding is in muted shades, and the attic side windows are located on the sloping roof. The veranda is decorated with columns, and all together looks very harmonious.
Layout of rooms
In order for a house to fully meet the type of a bungalow, it must be built from natural materials – wood, bamboo, natural stone. The structure of the property is rather non-standard, as mentioned above, in the center is the living room, and around it all the other rooms, the kitchen and others..
According to the rules, a traditional bungalow has one floor. From a distance, such a house can be recognized by its flat roof, large porch and spacious veranda..
The project of the house assumes the presence of low ceilings, in the plan of the building there is a lot of space, everything is located horizontally. If desired, inside the bungalow, you can equip a pool, if the area allows. Such a building turns out to be squat, which means that stairs are not needed, while the space is used with maximum efficiency, there should be no unused space, each part of the house performs its task.
Depending on the type of bungalow, the interior design may be different, the main thing is to follow the basic rules and use all the space wisely. The main color scheme may resemble a desert, so beige, yellow, gold and blue shades should prevail in the room. If you immediately install such an installation for yourself, you can easily pick up all the interior elements, including furniture, decoration, lighting and accessories..
A bungalow doesn’t have to be faceless, so you can use accents by choosing elements of purple, maroon or black.. Monochrome surfaces in the interior are welcome, and you can not refuse floral ornaments. For the kitchen, you can choose ocher-colored furniture, and make the hallway classically gray.
Natural lighting is ideal, so large panoramic windows should be installed. There should be many other light sources in the interior..
Bungalow furniture is made of solid wood, bamboo and rattan. To make the interior look unique, you can use antiques – antique items will make the atmosphere more comfortable. It will not be superfluous to install a rare sideboard for storing bed linen in the bedroom, and put a bookcase in the living room. The bungalow style is accentuated by benches on the windowsills, where you can put plants or throw pillows to relax and enjoy the view. If you are a skilled craftsman, you can make your own furniture..
When it comes to decor and textiles, pretty bedspreads will do, and the curtains can be replaced with wood or bamboo blinds that match the style. If you prefer a more traditional option, go for curtains made of solid fabric. Window sills can be decorated with flowers, bonsai and pots.
Do not overdo it with the decor, it should be in moderation to complement the interior, but not overload it.
If we talk about bright colors, the bungalow is not considered conservative, so in the decoration you can use blotches of burgundy, black and red, which are ideally combined with the natural texture of the furniture. Avoid large items of saturated and flashy colors – for example, pink and lilac are not suitable for a bungalow. The main range consists of red, brown, sand and white shades. In the interior, you can use elements from genuine leather, decorate a room with cotton or linen textiles.
If you are ready to build a bungalow with your own hands, you will need instructions to achieve a positive result. The first step is to develop a house plan that will fully comply with the characteristics of this type.. Large dimensions are not calculated in height, but in width, which is important to consider.
A third of the house is often occupied by a spacious veranda, which must be indicated in the plan.
For the foundation, block or monolithic shallow concrete is used. Plates are used when the area is flat, sand is first poured, and the drainage system is laid. In places with soft soil, it is important to make a formwork, the recess is filled with cement. To connect the foundation and supports for the frame of the house, pieces of reinforcement are laid. The monolithic slab is dried for several days, after which you can proceed to the next step – laying heat and waterproofing. Often, roofing material impregnated with bitumen is taken for this..
The frame can be metal or made of wooden beams, depending on personal wishes and the type of bungalow. It is necessary to install supporting elements, which will bear the main load of the walls and roof of the building. Six is enough for a one-story house.
Before sheathing the walls, it is important to treat all metal components with an anti-corrosion agent, if a timber was used, it must be impregnated with an antiseptic to prevent the appearance of fungus.
The walls of the house are not load-bearing, so you can choose any material suitable for your requirements for cladding.. It is recommended to choose one that has good thermal insulation and porosity.. For the installation of doors and windows, double frames are used, which are recommended to be mounted immediately in order to eliminate gaps, if any. There is nothing unique in the construction of the roof, the main thing is to make it flat with a slight slope so that the melt water flows down.
Here are some examples of such houses:
- Stylish bungalow with large windows and tiled roof.
- A striking example of a real Californian style bungalow. No unnecessary elements – only brevity and simplicity.
- In such a house, you will want not only to relax, but also to settle..
- A house built exclusively from natural materials, relevant for an Indian bungalow.
- Looks simple on the outside, but stylish.
- This is what the interior of a bungalow looks like.
- From the central room, access to the veranda and other parts of the house.
- Bedroom in gentle colors. However, there are splashes of green and purple..
- Open veranda with pool by the bungalow.