The arrangement of a bathroom in a wooden house can be a big problem if you do not figure out how to equip it and make the decoration. The design of the room and the waterproofing of the bathroom in a log house deserve a lot of attention.. You will definitely have to figure out how to decorate the floor with your own hands, and answer a number of other questions.
The most important thing when equipping a bathroom in a wooden log house is clearly choose the most rational location for this room. It is almost always organized on the ground floor. Only in some cases are there such interesting solutions that require the organization of a bathroom on the second or even on the third floor..
However, in two-story and higher private houses, the location of the lowest bathroom is first selected, and all subsequent ones are placed exactly above it. No contour retreat allowed.
Allocating space for the bathroom on the ground floor, you need to bring it closer to the bedroom, wardrobe, or put it between these two rooms. When located on the upper floors, the design load on the floor must be taken into account. Sometimes it is necessary to make overlappings with an increased cross-section in diameter or to thicken the beams by 1/4 or more. It is very good if the bathroom is not in the back of the house, but along one of the walls. The addition of a window makes it easier to ventilate and tidy up; this moment is especially important if a gas water heater is used.
It is unacceptable to place the bathroom near the kitchen. They must be separated by at least one small room..
Putting a bathtub and sink over the kitchen is also unacceptable.. When making a decision, one must also take into account how convenient and economical the laying of sewerage and water supply networks will be. The places where the doors and windows will be located are chosen by the residents themselves.
Arrangement of a communication system
When a place for a humid room is selected, you can start preparing. From the very beginning, you need to decide whether the bathroom will be:
with a traditional bathroom;
with both of these components at once.
It is useful to select the desired models of plumbing equipment right away and find out what are the features of their connection. This is more correct than risking then redoing everything several times.. Communications are applied to the plan, where the nuances of the device and placement of each element are noted.
In wooden houses, it is strongly recommended to use not metal, but plastic pipes. They are practically not susceptible to the formation of condensation, which means that repairs will have to be done less often..
It is important that the pipes do not touch the walls directly. For their thermal insulation, structures made of foamed polyurethane are used – and this must be taken into account when calculating the mounting clearances. To make plumbing communications with your own hands, as well as sewage, they use clamps with the addition of rubber gaskets. When equipping the sewer, you should give preference to the most durable pipes that you can buy, and make sure that during installation, all joints are tight..
The choice of ways in which you can equip the pipeline is small. There are 2 main schemes: open and closed, and everything else is only private options and adaptation to a specific room. The open approach is not very aesthetic and not always convenient. However, it allows you to simplify the repair in case of any failure..
True, in most cases, preference is still given to closed installation – and if everything is done correctly, then no problems will arise for a long time.
Sequential method is in high demand. However, for a more complete and balanced operation, the pipes should be installed using a more expensive collector technique. A main shut-off valve must be provided, and after it a filter is installed.
When arranging electrical communications, choosing and installing lamps, first of all, the requirements of the PUE are taken into account. If they are met, then you can choose any suitable lighting equipment..
To protect against the spread of moisture, you can use coating mixtures. They form a durable, water-impermeable coating. Sticky versions of the roll or sheet type are also often used. But impregnating compounds should be used less often, carefully checking their safety. Waterproofing is done only on previously cleaned walls, treated with primers that penetrate deeply.
The floors are usually treated with bituminous mastics. Next, a film is applied that retains water, and a cement-sand screed is formed above it.
Such a screed will need to be reinforced with special nets and a plasticizer.. This technique is reliable and safe, and also relatively cheap. It is usually advised to coat the walls with mastics – it is especially good before laying the tiles..
The vapor barrier according to the scheme is placed above the insulation. Most often, this function is performed by a special membrane. The cheapest are polypropylene and polyethylene films. Diffuse membranes are more expensive than other materials – but they also work especially efficiently. In the end, saving on steam barriers in a wooden house only turns out to be more expensive..
Whichever flooring is chosen, it is placed on a concrete screed. This screed is formed with a certain slope, providing an emergency drainage of liquid if necessary.. Traditionally, the floor is finished:
tiles (ceramic or porcelain stoneware);
linoleum of extra strong brands.
There is almost no point in experimenting with other materials. The same cork or other moisture-resistant wood is unnecessarily expensive and is not suitable for most people. All hard surfaces are installed on a floating system.. To finish the floor with tiles, you need to consider the placement of plumbing..
This allows you to reduce the cutting of ceramic or porcelain stoneware material; on a dry screed under the selected face material, you can lay a film heat-insulated floor.
Instead of cement, a dry screed can be used under the tiles.. The bottom line is to lay out sheets of moisture-resistant material on the rough floor. Basically we are talking about plywood, gypsum fiber or chipboard. Plywood that is at least 1.4 cm thick is ideal. Gypsum fiber sheet is not as practical and is highly susceptible to sharp impacts.
An attempt to sheathe the walls in a log house in the country with the same tiles is quite possible. However, such work will be technically difficult and time consuming. First you have to form a frame and mount drywall sheets on it. Only then can the tiles themselves be laid. It will be much easier and easier to paint the wall or use less capricious finishing materials for decoration..
If, nevertheless, it is decided to put a tile, then instead of drywall it can be placed under it:
Knauf water panels;
plywood with increased moisture resistance;
gypsum fiber sheet with increased resistance to moisture.
The upper plane of bathrooms in wooden houses is mainly decorated with a suspended or stretch ceiling. It is very important that they are made of moisture resistant durable materials. Under the stretch ceiling, electrical communications and ventilation are well masked.
When using GKL sheets, a zinc-coated profile with enhanced corrosion protection should be installed.
When decorating ceilings in bathrooms, vapor-impermeable membranes must be used.. They are led onto the walls with an overlap and glued with double-sided tape. The same tape is used at all places where fasteners are placed.. It is very important to monitor the tightness of the structure., so that its integrity is not violated anywhere. Provide ventilation outlet points in advance to eliminate any errors.
It is often believed that the same furniture inside the bathroom should be selected strictly according to functional indicators. However, this is not the case, and taking into account the design features, thinking through its concept opens up additional benefits. It will be possible to perfectly express yourself, create an optimal space for yourself, guarantee coziness and comfort. Classic style looks good in bathrooms. Despite its simplicity and some routine, it will guarantee that the interior will not become obsolete for many years..
But it is not so easy to create perfect classics. Its real canon is the use of marble.
For obvious reasons, not everyone can afford this.. Therefore, in reality, they usually choose a softened version, which is created by:
calm pastel shades;
bathtubs set on bizarrely shaped legs;
lamps that look like candlesticks;
cranes, as if made in bronze.
In small bathrooms, it is more correct to choose a modernist style. Most importantly, it is flexible and allows you to adjust to the budget without losing visual dignity. Modernity often involves playing on the contrast of colors. Furniture in this style can be made from cheap, practical materials, but then it is necessary to focus on the practical innovation of its execution. Lighting is chosen according to your taste, but always in such a way that accessories are emphasized.
It is not wise to limit yourself to the standard stylistic approaches used almost everywhere.. Lovers of the original design may well like the Belgian style.. She is at the same time luxurious, cold, simple and hospitable.. Such a complex combination of qualities challenges the designers, but the more interesting it is to solve such a problem.. Moreover, each Belgian interior must be strictly individual, that is, you can safely experiment.
The interior will be dominated by:
pale pink paint.
The decoration focuses on stone and ceramics.. But it is more correct to refuse untreated wood and unbleached flax, because in a humid zone they are not very appropriate. Furniture should have classic shapes. Underlined notes of old-fashionedness in the appearance of headsets and cabinets are welcome, but visually you should not lean too much on them. If the furniture seems frankly decrepit and spoiled, then this is already excessive.
Another particularly fashionable style can be considered an alternative – bionics.. Its characteristic feature is the maximum approximation to nature. An important role in the interior is played by the use of oval-shaped arches and niches. The walls are trimmed with medium-sized sparkling mosaics.
Already from this description, it is obvious that this style is not too cheap..
Faucets imitating a waterfall or a tropical rainstorm are useful and quite authentic. In a bionic bathroom, contactless plumbing would be appropriate. All parts of the room should strive for perfection inherent in natural forms. But we are not talking about literal reproduction of them, but about creative symbolic rethinking. Designers have long come to the conclusion that this approach is the best way to achieve the goal..
As in wildlife, in a bionic interior, you will have to abandon the division into zones. Blurred transitions are organized between parts of the room. They are performed in such a way that the illusion of movement is maintained. All shapes should be light and airy, but not too complicated. Airiness is imitated using neutral pastel colors; often combine white with green and brown colors, or with a gray tone.
No monotony can be tolerated. Sometimes a bright design is created with a dilution of smoky notes. As a result, this combination looks both expressive and not too intrusive. A bionic bathroom can be decorated in the spirit of the most original design ideas, using non-standard designs. Textures are chosen to your liking, and lighting is made to emphasize geometry and space..
It is quite logical and consistent with the theme to try to decorate a bathroom in a nautical style..
Contrary to popular belief, he can do without the use of blue at all. More precisely, it is necessary to focus on turquoise paint and aqua. From the mosaic, you can lay out paintings in the marine spirit.
Other possible design options are as follows:
applying acrylic paints (allowing you to flexibly vary colors and change them as needed);
PVC panels (with flat or volumetric plots);
decorative plaster (imitating the sky, natural stone, sand, and so on);
self-leveling floor with a 3D plot.
You can also take a closer look at the original style. steampunk. This is the case when an outwardly gloomy bathroom will look perfect. In general, they try to decorate the room in a creepy and frightening way. The steampunk bathroom will not be fully decorated if you use a regular acrylic bathtub. You will need a copper or even a brass font, in an extreme case, a cast iron product will become a compromise.
Even small bathrooms in private homes can be decorated very well. One of these options is based on the contrast of black and light gray wall surfaces. The floor is laid out with large, discreet tiles. The black bathtub on the outside is visually combined with the wall. Tasteful lighting and decor.
You can also arrange a lighter interior. It is perceptibly close to the modernist approach. The shapes of the plumbing are throwable and unusual. A simple ceiling is skillfully diluted with spot lighting. In general, it turned out to be a restrained, but quite pleasant atmosphere..
In country houses, bathrooms are sometimes equipped even in attics. All that remains is to play with the unusualness of the room and its atypical contours.
Decorated with emphasized rough and catchy walls will immediately attract attention. The bath is relatively small, and against the background of the walls, the checkerboard floor does not immediately fall into the field of view. Furniture and accessories are also discreet, but look pretty in themselves..