Features and designs of houses from Sibit

Features and designs of houses from Sibit deserve the most careful attention. It is necessary to consider the pros and cons of such buildings, the features of projects of one-story and other houses. You will also have to deal with the thickness of the insulation of sibit houses and with other subtleties in order to clearly understand how to build a house with your own hands.

Advantages and disadvantages

Sibit houses began to be erected much later than brick or wood buildings. However, they have already become one of the full-fledged options for arrangement. And therefore it is necessary to pay serious attention to such constructions. Sibit is distinguished by its porosity (the proportion of air reaches 90-95%). If we take into account the physical properties of air, it is obvious that such a material retains heat well and turns out to be relatively light..

Sibit blocks are easy to handle. They have a flat, smooth surface. The advantages of building them are:

  • high speed of work;
  • facilitating the structure (you can even use a simple foundation with a shallow depth for two-story houses);
  • no risk of burning;
  • full-fledged microclimate inside the house;
  • environmental and sanitary safety.

However, even material like Sibit has weak points.. In terms of strength, it is noticeably inferior to its closest rivals – brick and concrete. As a result, it will be difficult to build a three-story or taller house. It will be possible to mount hinged furniture and other hanging products only with the help of special fasteners. Active absorption of moisture into the pores is also a problem – only a flawless finish successfully resolves this difficulty..

Fracture susceptibility is a serious disadvantage of Sibit in areas with particularly high seismic activity.. There, under the houses of it, it is often necessary to put an even more complex foundation than usual. This seriously increases the cost and complexity of construction in such cases. It should also be remembered that sibit buildings are of high quality only with impeccable construction and architectural support. Therefore, it will not be possible to do without the involvement of real professionals..

Projects overview

One-story

Sibit buildings with a height of 1 floor can have a relatively small area. So, 55 m2 houses are quite widespread.. The features of such an idea are:

  • use for the foundation of monolithic reinforced concrete;
  • the use of the same monolithic reinforced concrete for the formation of floors;
  • attic roof with cement-sand coating;
  • external cladding with a special type of brick;
  • plinth covering with artificial stone.

The components of the dwelling will be:

  • 11-meter terrace;
  • a little less than 11 m2 kitchen;
  • plot 4 sq. m for a stove or boiler;
  • large living room;
  • boiler room located in the corner, connected to the bathroom.

You can also equip a house with a larger area. A good option is a project of 79 sq. m. For support, as in the previous scheme, use monolithic reinforced concrete. Wooden beams are used as floors. The roof of the attic type is covered with metal tiles, and the basement is covered with artificial stone, the walls are decorated to choose from:

  • plaster;
  • construction paint;
  • natural or artificial stone.

A useful option for this project is the presence of a porch. The living room area is not so large – 17.8 sq. m. An important advantage is also the presence of 3 bedrooms. Other features:

  • boiler room, combined with a pantry;
  • a vestibule that reliably protects from cold air in winter and from heat in summer;
  • rather large bathroom;
  • 6 meter kitchen to meet the needs of most developers.

Two-story

But a small one-story house will not suit everyone. As a result, a very large cottage turns out to be both expensive and impractical. Yes, and it will not be possible to place it on every site. Therefore, a kind of compromise is a country house up to 100 sq. m 2 floors high. It is quite enough to be limited to an area of ​​98 m2.

Features of one of these projects:

  • foundation based on monolithic reinforced concrete slabs;
  • floors are the same as the foundation, or with wooden beams;
  • attic roof covered with soft tiles;
  • plinth decorated with artificial stone.

For exterior finishing, you can choose from:

  • front board;
  • applying plaster;
  • building paint application;
  • fastening clinker tiles.

The house has 2 exits, which fully complies with security requirements. There is a terrace on one side, and only a porch on the other. There is no clear boundary between the living room and the kitchen – visual and light zoning is probably assumed. An area of ​​7.5 m2 is reserved for the boiler room and the laundry room. There is also:

  • hallway;
  • the second light;
  • bathroom;
  • vestibule.

The top floor is also interesting. The main role here is played by 3 bedrooms of different sizes. We provided a special bathroom, which is very convenient. You can go upstairs to the hall with a size of 6.7 sq. m. Of course, there is also a second light.

It is appropriate to complete the review on the version of a 6 by 8 sibit two-storey house with a balcony. On the lower tier, a combined kitchen and living room plays the main role. It is also important to emphasize the arrangement of the 11-meter terrace. Upstairs is a 24-meter bedroom. Both tiers are equipped with a second light.

Nuances of construction

As always, in order to build a house with high quality, you need to carefully think over the entire scheme. Drawings must be worked out in detail. Consider in advance:

  • type of soil;
  • climatic parameters;
  • wind rose;
  • depth of groundwater;
  • seismic activity;
  • the amount of mechanical load on supporting structures, rafters and floors.

It is impossible to fully take into account all these and many other nuances without special training.. This is why it is so important to turn to professionals. They will also be able to correctly calculate the need for building materials, terms of work, and so on. The sibit blocks themselves are recommended to be purchased with a margin of 10-15% in order to eliminate any problems in the bud. The purchased material is kept in a dry room, as a last resort, under awnings, until the start of construction.

When evaluating the dimensions of the walls, one must remember the thickness of the insulation. Most often, a combination of mineral wool and warm plaster is used for this purpose. In Siberia, a 100 mm layer of the main insulation is quite enough..

Be sure to take into account the dew point and make sure that it is in the right place. You can also build a house from sibit on screw piles.

The pile solution turns out to be quite cheap and fast. The installation of piles is carried out regardless of weather conditions. It is possible to screw them even into frozen soil. The service life of high-quality supports with decent work performance is at least 40-50 years. A pile foundation can also help those who build up the slopes of the hills..

Before starting work, it is necessary to prepare the construction site. We need space to store the building materials themselves, consumables and tools. It will also be necessary to ensure the supply of electricity in advance, to clear the area and level it.. The depth and width of the foundation are selected according to:

  • number of floors;
  • soil density;
  • bearing capacity of the support;
  • the level of soil water filling.

Sibit blocks themselves are often used as interior walls. It is only necessary to take into account their parameters, especially the permissible strength. Returning a little to thinking over the concept, it is necessary to emphasize that houses from Sibit must necessarily:

  • have a vestibule;
  • be equipped only with such units and utilities that do not accumulate water;
  • be located very clearly in relation to the cardinal points;
  • be free from cold inclusions.

In any case, it is better to insulate the house from the outside. This is the simplest option and is great even for inexperienced beginners. With this approach, the dew point is optimally located, excellent comfort is guaranteed..

Communications are laid before the foundation is poured. Sibit masonry must be reinforced.

The first row is laid on top of the waterproofing. The base is coated with bitumen. In some cases, roofing material is simply laid in several levels. The initial tier of sibit masonry is fixed to a cement-sand mortar. You can adjust its consistency by adding water..

Traditionally, for stone blocks, it is recommended to lay blocks from the corners. Fitting them is done with a rubber mallet. The horizontality is checked by level. Blocks are cut with a saw, and a metal corner helps to track the accuracy of cutting. Glue is applied not only for walls, but also under windows, above windows, under interfloor ceilings.

Plates must be placed strictly on the reinforcing belt. Aerated concrete floors are justified if the gap between the load-bearing walls is limited to 6 m.

It must be borne in mind that heavy floor slabs are almost impossible to lift without the use of construction cranes.. It will be easier and easier to use wooden beams or concrete. Steel girder option is also possible and even preferable.

Roof type is chosen at your discretion. In areas with a lot of snow, a gable roof is preferable. Flat roofs must be used with great care. The so-called mansard roof stands apart, which cannot be mechanically reduced to any one type. In any case, it is preferable to use roofing material for waterproofing..

The exterior finish of the Sibit differs little from the similar finish of aerated concrete and other block materials. Ceramic and clinker bricks are often used. But you can also consider the option with mineral plaster, which is characterized by a low intensity of shrinkage. The most budgetary option in many sources is called block coloring. It is quite simple and easy to execute..

However, one must understand that:

  • such work is performed only at strictly defined temperatures;
  • many paints and varnishes are toxic;
  • over time, the coating can quickly lose its original color;
  • the cost of a number of good paints is quite high.

Internal arrangement

Decorating a Sibit house inside is, of course, no less important than decorating it outside.. Mostly vinyl or non-woven wallpaper is glued to walls and ceilings.. Stretch ceilings are often used. Many experts believe that it is necessary to consider the option with plasterboard coating. They are especially good when you have to achieve the most complex geometric shape..

MDF is often used in hallways. But its use in wet areas is contraindicated.. Inside you can also use:

  • plaster (with a layer of at least 5 mm);
  • ceramic tiles;
  • wood or plastic sheathing.

Beautiful examples

A sibit house may well have a roof with slopes of different lengths. In this version, its walls are painted in a discreet color, but that is why they are no less expressive.. Smooth contour lines emphasize the nobility of the home. Another option involves the arrangement of a residential attic with skylights and looks no less cute. Another advantage is the graceful appearance of the surrounding space, a well-thought-out landscape design concept..

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