Features and projects of houses from a bar with a terrace

Houses from a bar with a terrace – one of the many solutions related to typical. Despite hundreds of different options that go beyond the presence or absence of a terrace per se, having an open space hidden under a common roof is considered one of the hallmarks of luxury on display..

Advantages and disadvantages

The advantages of timber houses are as follows.

  • Cheapness – in comparison with brick, stone houses, as well as built from gas silicate blocks, using frame-monolithic (reinforced concrete frame) technology. Wood is cheaper than brick, cement and sand combined. The main item of expenditure – at least 40% – is represented by the cost of a strip-slab foundation.

  • Convenience, minimal effort during construction. The profiled beam fits easily along the spikes and grooves along and along the ends. Glued or ordinary – only at the ends, but this does not prevent developers from erecting equally reliable walls. The decoration is not as significant as in the case of houses built of brick and stone..

  • Wooden houses are characterized by high environmental friendliness. Such a structure is “breathing”: it is able to take in and give up moisture and air to some extent. At the same time, there is always a pleasant atmosphere in the house. This is important for residents of large cities who are tired of reinforced concrete buildings. You can not use glue and plastic here at all.

  • Houses made of wooden materials are good keep warm. Mezhventsovy insulation is not blown through, which is why heat is saved inside no less efficiently than in foam block houses.

  • A veranda or terrace is a place for a comfortable pastime, especially in the summer. This room has panoramic windows – it opens a wide view for observers from two or three sides..

Modern technologies and planning make it possible to make a wooden terrace almost completely fireproof. In addition, a gazebo on the territory is not needed – and square meters are saved, and a certain amount of money.

Disadvantages of houses from a bar are also present..

  1. Need for care: every year or two years, the impregnation against mold, germs, fungus and the action of fire, as well as the paintwork, must be renewed.

  2. Temperature fluctuations in winter and summer make the wood “walk” in both directions. This means that covering the bathroom from the inside, for example, with tiles, is carried out by means of gap-slot installation – otherwise the tiles or tiles will crack. Plumbing – sinks, cisterns for toilet bowls – not fixed in such a way that in the event of thermal expansion, the fasteners move without damaging the product, they simply fall apart at the first heating of the walls to 30-40 degrees Celsius. Temperature fluctuations of building materials cannot be stopped – they can only be extinguished by offset compensation, as happens, for example, with vinyl siding or aluminum soffits.

All construction firms allow changes to the layout. Then the calculation is redone in accordance with the updated house plan..

Projects overview

The first floor includes a kitchen, study, bathroom, living room and hallway. The second floor (or its abbreviated version – attic) can accommodate one or more bedrooms. If necessary, a nursery with a play area and a gym are added to the plan of the house..

The selection of a suitable project for a log house with a terrace is based on a number of criteria..

  1. The presence or absence of a bay window.

  2. Panoramic or ordinary windows. In the second case, these are simple opening frames with a standard glass unit.

  3. Corner, square or rectangular layout.

  4. Elite or economical equipment.

  5. Large or narrowed terrace. It can be part of the kitchen-living room or dining room.

The attractive appearance of the house as a whole is present even in low-budget buildings. Before starting construction, find out the characteristics of the soil and other geological properties of the site. They will affect the shape of the house (plan) and the parameters of the foundation..

Construction stages

Before you start construction, remember its important feature – do not forget about waterproofing the foundation from the ground, walls and floor from the foundation, roofing system from the roof, wood insulation (on the walls and on the ceiling and attic floor). To prevent moisture penetration, for example, in the kitchen and in the bathroom, additional wooden walls are sheathed with a layer of vapor barrier.

A house of any type, type and plan passes obligatory stage – laying the foundation. Without this foundation, it cannot be considered a full-fledged real estate. It is easier and faster to build a columnar-pile foundation, but it has a lower margin of safety and is not as durable as a strip-monolithic foundation. The latter is the most preferable – it will withstand significant loads, including uneven – due to the lower weight of the terrace – impact. The simultaneous construction of the main building and the terrace will not save you from uneven shrinkage. After the end of the laying and pouring of the foundation, let it settle for 40 days..

Before the walls are erected, a harness is installed for them.. The most easily feasible is the wood-frame method. When the lowest row of beams is laid, grooves and beams for rack supports are cut into it. A spike is cut out at the end of the timber, which secures the strapping elements into the grooves. Further, the walls are assembled according to the “thorn-groove” method, additionally fastened with anchors, hairpin pieces and long (up to 15 cm) self-tapping screws. After the installation of the main walls, partitions are placed, in parallel forming door and window openings.

If a house is being built with an attic or with a full second floor, then a balcony is additionally erected on the second floor. Most projects provide for the construction of a balcony above the porch, garage – this solution is the safest in terms of stability and durability.

Often, the balcony space is built into the attic or on the second floor, that is, it is located within the main perimeter of the house. The method of pinching the balcony slab, which was used by developers in the construction of high-rise buildings, is gradually going out of fashion – “high-rise” developers in new buildings use the so-called apartment terrace instead of a balcony. This approach eliminates the need for builders to concrete in the ground before building additional pile supports under the balcony..

Then the attic-ceiling ceiling is assembled and the roof-lathing system is mounted. Single-pitched – or counter-pitched, if the house stands on the plan with the letter “P” – the roof is the simplest option. The tilt angle is recommended to be about 15 degrees in relation to the earth’s horizon. For a free-standing roof, the same base is taken under the rafters, which serves as the frame of the extension.

If the terrace fits into the main perimeter of the house, then the rafter system rests on the upper trim made of timber. Horizontally, this bar is attached to the wall at a higher level. Having installed the rafters and lathing, a layer of waterproofing and a windproof membrane are laid, then roofing profiled sheets or metal tiles are mounted. Then the walls are treated with an antiseptic and non-combustible impregnation, and the building is maintained for up to six months: it should settle as much as possible. Doors and windows are installed after the end of this waiting period..

To complete the construction, you need to equip the house, including the territory of the terrace, the floor. Floor beams are laid on the foundation, they are attached with anchors. The ceiling is sheathed with a thinner board – for comparison, a floorboard reaches a thickness of 35-40 mm, while for a ceiling 20 mm is enough. The ceiling of the terrace, if it is not an insulated winter room, it is not necessary to sheathe the ceiling.

Interior Secrets

To equip a terrace in a log house, in the simplest case, the rule of a minimalist interior is applied. The terrace is suitable for storing some things – as is the veranda.

Both the terrace and the veranda are designed as the only open or glazed space on the side of the entrance. But this room can also be built on any other side, while the presence of a second entrance through it to the house is not necessary. Some houses are built with several terraces – or rather, the terrace stretches around the whole house, creating a reliable protection from precipitation.

In addition to wide-view windows, decorative railings can become an additional attribute of a terrace or veranda – this option is used when building a house on a foundation that is significantly raised (in relation to the ground level).

A sofa can be placed on the terrace or veranda – thus, this space turns into a full-fledged place for summer (seasonal) relaxation. The simplest swing or hammock will make this place even more enjoyable. Adults put, for example, sun loungers, as on the beach, and a play area can be equipped for children. Finally, a veranda or terrace is often made as an exit to the garden or vegetable garden. There may be two balconies in the attic, or on the second floor of a full-fledged two-story house: one is turned towards the garden, the other is located on the front side facing the gate.

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