In the past two decades, the popularity of frame-panel houses has been constantly growing in all regions of Russia. For private housing construction, they are the preferred options in many respects.. An important role here is played by the price, as well as the speed of construction..
Advantages and disadvantages
The construction of frame-panel houses, rather, resembles the assembly of a constructor than a full-fledged construction. The structure is erected from a frame and large panel-boards, which are ordered from a specialized production according to the provided project.
After the manufacture of all elements, their delivery and foundation, all that remains is the assembly of all parts into a single whole.. There are serious advantages of frame-panel houses over other types of residential buildings.
It is worth considering them.
- Foundation. Lightweight house design allows for cheaper strip or pile foundations.
- Speed. Assembly of large-sized parts allows you to build an entire house in 3-6 months. At the same time, the specified time includes pouring or installing the foundation and manufacturing materials at the factory..
- Shrinkage. This stage, one might say, is absent, than such construction differs significantly from the assembly of wooden log cabins: cracks do not form in the walls of frame-panel houses, the building does not sag.
- Finishing. Interior finishing can be carried out almost simultaneously with the construction of the box.
- The weight. The light weight of the split structures allows assembly without the need for heavy machinery.
- Security. The environmental friendliness of the materials from which the panels and the frame are made, raise the status of a living space to an absolutely safe for health.
- Communications. There are voids inside the walls, so there is an excellent opportunity to easily hide communication highways.
All of the above is a sufficiently significant circumstance to draw attention to the frame-panel technology of residential buildings..
But there are also disadvantages that cannot be kept silent in order to create an objective picture..
- Life time. A frame-panel house serves much less than a stone or wooden one. If the latter are able to function for more than one generation and even several centuries, then the frame-frame is given a maximum of 50-70 years.
- Compliance with technology. It is extremely dangerous to violate it during the manufacture of elements and their assembly. This can significantly shorten the life of the building..
- Number of storeys. The number of floors possible during the construction of a frame-panel house is limited to one or two floors. There is, of course, the opportunity to build a third floor, but the use of other building materials significantly raises the price tag and changes the characteristics of construction.
Comparison with frame houses
For a more accurate understanding of the features of frame-panel buildings, comparisons can be made in several parameters.
- Design. In the case of a frame, this is a power timber frame. At the same time, the manufacture of all parts, panels is made on the foundation, while frame-panel elements in the form of ready-made house kits are made in production, and on site they are only assembled in the likeness of a designer.
- Design. A frame house is built according to various projects – standard or individual. The number of floors, architectural features, dimensions depend on the wishes of the customer. Frame-panel samples, being ready-made solutions, cannot be extensively modified in the process.
- Construction time. The frame is handmade from primary building materials, so its construction can take months in terms of time. The frame-panel house consists of ready-made elements, the installation of which on the finished foundation will take no more than 2-3 weeks.
- Price. The cost of the frame is lower than the frame-panel construction, which is explained by the manufacture of the latter in production.
- Reliability. The difference in reliability between the two technologies lies in the greater number of stiffeners in the frame structures. For this reason, they are considered more reliable..
The difference between frame and frame-panel models for someone may be significant, therefore, they require careful study and comparison of their own capabilities and desires when choosing a technology.
There are several types of structures of frame-panel houses, as well as the technologies by which they are assembled in production..
This option is considered the most convenient and comfortable to work with. All elements are brought to factory readiness in production, and then they are assembled already on the finished foundation. The panel building is assembled even without special equipment, if individual elements are not too large, which cannot be lifted and installed by several people. Otherwise, you will need special equipment.
Finnish houses, or platform houses, have been known in our country for a long time. Their installation was carried out in the days of the USSR.. The peculiarity of this technology consists in the preliminary preparation of the foundation, after which the required number of houses is erected in the residential complex..
Finnish panel structures are very convenient in the construction of suburban settlements.
Conveyor samples are analogous to house kits, their only difference is that sandwich panels are used in production to make walls. It should be noted that in the West, many construction companies are already using 3D printers for the manufacture of panels of this type, which not only reduce the construction time, but also reduce the cost of products, since the device does not need machines and additional working hands..
Projects of frame-panel houses have a wide variety. One-story spacious houses have a large area, but this is if the size of the site allows you not to save land for construction. If the site is limited, only a small house with dimensions of 5×5 or 6×4 m can be put on it, then two-story or attic options are chosen.
Compact 1-storey frame-panel house 11.40 x 10.46 m
The project includes:
- 2 bathrooms, kitchen, living room;
- vestibule, hall, bedroom and terrace.
The presented project of a residential building offers exterior wall decoration with siding. A monolithic slab was used as a foundation. The frame of the house is made of wood both outside and inside, and GKL sheets on a metal frame are used for partitions. Ground floor: floor on a monolithic slab, ceiling in the attic – wooden beams. The house is equipped with a pitched roof with bituminous tiles on the roof. Windows – metal-plastic.
One-storey house with built-in garage and terrace 14.03 x 13.54 m
The project layout contains:
- 3 bedrooms, kitchen, living room, hall;
- bathroom, bathroom, boiler room, winter garden, garage.
The house is installed on a pile foundation, a wooden frame with heat and sound insulation between the pillars. Stone and plaster were used for external finishing works, bitumen shingles were used as roofing material. For interior finishing activities – GKL on a metal frame.
One-storey house with an attic, a garage, a veranda and a loggia of 167.79 sq. m
The layout of a spacious house includes:
- 2 halls and a vestibule;
- living room, kitchen, veranda;
- dining room, bathroom, boiler room, garage, veranda.
The house is installed on a pile-grillage foundation, a wooden frame for external and internal walls, GKL partitions, plastic windows, a wooden staircase to the attic floor. The ground floor is paved with wooden beams. The multi-slope roof is covered with metal tiles.
Project of a two-storey residential building with terraces 125.57 sq. m
In this project, the layout includes:
- bedroom, kitchen, living room;
- hall, boiler room, bathroom.
For the exterior decoration of the building, plaster was used, under the plaster – a wooden frame and mineral wool insulation. For the interior walls, a wooden frame and gypsum plasterboard were also used. The building is assembled on a pile-grillage-bored foundation. Roofing material – metal, wooden windows.
The frame-panel structure is assembled in several stages – compliance with the quality and sequence of this process is extremely important for a comfortable stay in the house.
- Strapping. It is made of wooden beams, treated with an antiseptic preparation, located and fixed with anchors along the plinth.
- On the finished strapping they mount wall frame-panel panels, which are fixed with an upper strapping.
- Roof installation. After completing the upper strapping, made using a special bar, the rafters are installed. To do this, the rafter “legs” are mounted in the grooves of the strapping and combined in the area of the ridge. For rafters, a beam with a minimum section of 120×50 mm is used.
- After the rafters are ready begin to collect the crate, and then the roofing material is laid on it.
It should be remembered that lighter materials are used as a roof for a frame-panel house – bitumen shingles, metal shingles. The latter is more preferable. After all the stages of assembling the house are completed, they begin the interior finishing work..
Interior finishing works are worth a separate conversation, since the comfort and safety of residents of the house depend on the quality of their implementation and the selected materials.. They are divided into two stages:
- rough finishing – insulation and cladding of wall panels, floor screed, installation of windows, doors and their slopes;
- finishing – installation of ceiling tension or suspension systems, wallpapering, finishing painting and so on.
For wall cladding use:
- GKL – drywall;
- OSB – oriented strand board.
Then they choose:
- flexible stone;
- ceramic tiles;
- decorative plaster.
When choosing a material, it is important to remember that it is selected for the specifics of the room..
Drywall allows you to achieve a perfectly flat surface, but its fragility and poor moisture resistance limit the scope (with the exception of one subspecies). GKL cannot be used as a floor covering, as well as in rooms with high humidity.
With the help of gypsum board, you can make suspended multi-level ceilings and other embossed surfaces. The light weight of drywall makes it easy to work with, while it almost does not load the main structure and perfectly hides irregularities.
With the help of an oriented strand board (OSB), you can create the same smooth and even surface as with drywall, but at the same time it has a higher cost. However, OSB is much stronger and heavier, therefore, other requirements are imposed on the material than to the gypsum board, as well as to the main structure. The peculiarity of OSB is also that there is a need to use more durable fasteners. The increased moisture resistance allows the material to be used for finishing of any type of premises, if a paint-and-varnish coating is applied on top of the sheets.
The material that imitates the timber cannot be classified as a budget material – its price is quite high. Imitation is used for finishing and rough finishing, while it can visually resemble lining. To avoid this, choose panels with a width of at least 90 mm. The material has excellent performance in noise and heat insulation, ideally copies the texture of natural timber and does not lend itself to deformation (shrinkage, cracking). Imitation is quite simple to install – one person can handle the work. At the same time, the fastening system guarantees the integrity of the main surface.
The assortment for sale offers the widest choice of textures, shades, accompanied by a pleasant aroma characteristic of the selected type of wood. At the same time, the moisture resistance of the imitation depends entirely on the breed, as well as the price scale. Manufacturers offer high quality imitations of both ordinary wood (pine, spruce, cedar, oak, alder) and exotic species, such as tropical plants.
The material is resistant to temperature extremes, but quite flammable, which can be leveled with flame retardant impregnations. Antiseptics reduce the risk of mold damage.
Modern industry offers a large selection of wallpapers both in terms of material and patterns. Paper, non-woven, vinyl, moisture-resistant, liquid, fiberglass, plain, patterned, smooth, textured, silk-screen printing, photo wallpaper, frescoes and others. They all have different technical and operational characteristics.. Moisture-resistant wallpaper can easily tolerate washing, glass wallpaper and non-woven wallpaper are designed for painting.
Wallpaper also differs in price. Paper is the cheapest, but has a limited lifespan, is prone to fading and tears easily. Vinyls are more expensive, but have high wear resistance and durability.
Lining – a natural material made of wood, has a lower cost than imitation, has high strength and a wide range of species, textures, shades. Withstands high mechanical loads, has a pleasant aroma and good performance in terms of noise and heat insulation parameters. To increase moisture resistance and resistance to pests, treatment with antiseptic and paint coatings is required. Among the disadvantages can be called high flammability, which means that the fire hazard must be reduced by applying a flame retardant impregnation.
Decorative plaster – a material used as a topcoat on gypsum board, OSB. It gives the walls a great look. The plaster has a large selection of shades, is quite resistant to temperature changes, and has good moisture resistance. This decorative material has a dense structure, which makes ventilation difficult, but enhances thermal insulation properties..
Ceramic tiles have long been a classic material widely used in finishing work. It has high decorative qualities, a lot of patterns, colors and sizes. The tile has absolute moisture resistance, which makes it popular for use in rooms with high humidity (saunas, bathrooms, kitchens, etc.).
Ceramics are fragile, do not tolerate impacts well, but, if used correctly, can serve for decades. Tiles from it do not lend themselves to abrasion, they tolerate pressure well. For installation, you will need the help of a specialist – it is especially difficult to work on the design of turns, roundings, bends. Not every person can even cut tiles of the required size..
Flexible stone is one of the latest achievements of modern technologies in the development of finishing materials.. It is flexible and plastic, since it is produced in the form of wallpaper or panels. The texture of flexible stone corresponds to the natural structure in color and texture, that is, it completely imitates natural stone.
The material is resistant to abrasion, tolerates mechanical loads well – pressure, shock. In the production, only natural, harmless components are used, which makes it absolutely safe for health. The duration of operation is quite long, it is simple and comfortable to work (it is easy to mount and fasten).
All of the listed materials can be used for interior finishing work, you just need to correctly take into account the specifics of the premises, observe the principle of rationality and harmony. As a result, with a thoughtful approach, you can create a unique and inimitable interior..
Studying the reviews of the owners of frame-panel residential buildings, as well as observing their exchange of views on specialized forums, allow us to draw unambiguous conclusions – this technology is growing in popularity. Surprisingly, many of those who at one time built a house from a bar, stone or log, claim that today they would prefer frame-panel technology. This is explained by the fact that the level of comfort of life in panel frame frames is not inferior, and sometimes even surpasses the level of convenience in traditional buildings, but at a cost they are much more profitable.
Moreover, everyone recognizes one of the main factors of increased demand – the speed of construction. After all, deciding to build your own house, and after a maximum of six months to move into the finished house – it looks like a fairy tale. And even then, most of the time (up to 3-4 months) is spent on the time spent on manufacturing the structure by the manufacturer.
The finished panels can be assembled in 2-3 weeks. You just need to pre-equip the foundation and prepare everything you need for assembly, including equipment.
Those who already live in such a house say: if you start rough finishing with assembly at the same time, then the house is considered ready immediately after the roof is covered, windows and doors are installed, and communications are brought in. Even a fine finish can be carried out while already living in the house, which is extremely important for those who do not have a home. Of course, the price is also motivating. This is sometimes the first most important factor..
Such houses are incomparably cheaper than stone and wooden ones.. In addition, according to the tenants, such houses keep warm well, they have a pleasant microclimate. Real buyers note many positive qualities of panel frame frames, the main thing is adherence to technology.