The choice of finishing materials begins already when drawing up a building project. Along with the decorative component, their strength, insulating characteristics, anti-corrosion, fire-retardant properties, resistance to temperature shocks and other unfavorable influences are assessed. In some cases, if required, stylization is carried out after the walls have been erected. The issues of combining technological and aesthetic aspects are discussed in this article. It also provides a general overview of building materials and several style solutions for a country house..
Looking through real estate catalogs or comparing different projects with each other, we often talk about the architectural attire of the house. Such a comparison of a facade with a person’s clothing is not accidental. Like clothing, the outer shell of a building is weather-proof and at the same time serves as a clear indication of the status, tastes and preferences of the owners..
Maintaining a stable internal microclimate and creating a vivid aesthetic image – both of these tasks in facade design should be solved on equal terms.
As well as being able to dress stylishly, there is nothing unimportant about the design of a building..
The style is made up of a strictly built chain of components:
- color sets the psychological mood already at the first, most cursory glance at the building;
- the type and texture of the materials used in the decoration allow you to avoid monotony and at the same time are recognizable attributes of a particular style;
- decorative elements allow to build a harmonious whole.
The peculiarity of outdoor design is that these components must be in unity not only with each other (and, by the way, with the interior), but also with the “context”: the natural area, the local landscape, the personal plot and neighboring houses (if they available).
Each era and tradition offers the best and time-tested. Fachwerk attracts attention with beamed lace, Provence – with light, pale colors, chalets – with coziness, and classicism – with versatility. A stable trend in recent years is the mixing of architectural styles and trends.
At the same time, if you do not take into account the climatic realities, as well as regional characteristics, any advantages may be out of place. For example, balconies and open terraces of the Mediterranean style will simply not be in demand in the cold northern regions. It will be difficult for a smart Empire style to conquer visual space among pine trees and Finnish houses.
Absolutely everything that is around the building, including benches and a fence, should work for the “image” of the main building. The clean, rectangular contours of the garage and outbuildings work well for hi-tech, but not for chalets. The material with which the paths are paved is no less important than the facade cladding. Ivy-covered gazebos, flower beds, alpine slides, sculptures, artificial reservoirs – we perceive all this in an inseparable unity with the house and, therefore, all this should be worked out at the project stage.
Outside a private house, it is necessary to make a facade only of high-quality materials.
This will help you avoid frequent facade repairs, and it will serve you for many years..
Facade design options
Allocate up to one and a half dozen of only the main styles, each of them is represented by several varieties, so that even a cursory review of one article is not enough to cope with. Consider just a few style options for a summer residence, a house in the center of a forest or on the shore of a lake, in a word, for suburban housing construction.
Classic. Interest in classic styling never faded away. A country house can be made in the classics. Few styles can compete with the neatness of the external decoration, with the clearly clear proportions of windows and capitals, a combination of a certain amount of minimalism with a wealth of individual elements (for example, stairs, columns, decorative arches). Unpretentiousness of this kind speaks of wealth and reasonable self-restraint, thereby declaring the status of the owner..
Country and its varieties. As the name implies, this direction bribes us with features that are completely different from the classics. In a broad sense, country music includes both French Provence and American “West”, and developments based on the style of the Russian village, and the chalet that came to us from the Alps. That is, it is a multinational movement that unites a lot of things that could be characterized by the word “hinterland”. It is not recommended to mix different types of this style, because then ethnic originality is lost..
Country style is good for cottages with mountains or forests in the background. Natural materials look completely organic – wood and raw stone. In this case, it is not necessary to use a real stone, this greatly makes the structure of the building heavier. Now there are a lot of lightweight artificial materials, which, at the same time, are increasingly difficult to distinguish from the “original”.
- Provence – this is a hinterland, but devoid of savagery. It is distinguished from traditional country by a range of light, coldish, but very sophisticated shades, among which pure white dominates. Many people fell in love with this French style for the light decor of balconies and gables, windows, divided into sections and painted with snow white paint.
However, finishing with materials in the style of genuine, “authentic” Provence can cause significant damage to the budget. Therefore, an option offering mixing of materials is in demand. So, natural stone can be spent on the basement level, and the walls can be completed with siding.
The warm-toned stone characteristic of this style will blend well with the landscape..
- Chalet – the style is the most “solitary” and touching. Once it arose as a familiar way of “decorating” the artless dwellings of shepherds, but now it is in demand all over the world, and for its implementation it requires a lot of money and a thoughtful approach on the part of designers..
Painting the exterior of a frame house with an attic should be done in the style of your choice. Pay close attention to painting the corners. They can be highlighted with contrasting colors..
Interesting design options for facades:
- Rust, that is, rough stone (or imitation) is primarily an option for cladding a plinth, but is also used for columns and arches.
- Window and doorways are the first to meet the eye of the visitor, and their framing should be well thought out. Above the window, a sandrik can be provided, that is, a small cornice, straight, triangular or bow-shaped. Slopes and window sills are surrounded by stucco or molding.
- Columns – one of the classic elements – can, in addition to carrying a constructive function, serve as a decorative design for the entrance group (front entrance). Columns and pilasters are used to divide a solid wall space into separate zones..
- Arches decorate any part of the building.
- Cornice, in addition to the utilitarian function (to protect the walls from precipitation), it plays a huge role in shaping the appearance of the facade. The decoration is mounted at the junction between the wall and the roof sheathing and decorated in accordance with the chosen style. For a multi-storey building, it is appropriate to illuminate the cornice in the evening..
- Corner elements serve as a frame for the facade. The version of white rectangles is still used, but more and more options appear: imitation of torn stone, geometrically free pattern, and so on..
- Stucco in a well-thought-out project, it is able to revive arches, openings, balustrades, and play a special role in decorating windows. Special paints, waxes and patina can create the effect of artificial “aging”, which will give authenticity to some traditional styles.
- Molding – these are ready-made overhead parts. Rectangular molding, that is, long strips of contrasting color, is able to actively interact with the area of the front wall, structuring it in one way or another. Molding decor is also used, for example, a flat wall can be decorated with an overhead frame with a floral ornament in the middle.
For some styles, wood molding is preferable.
- Niches for a vase or statue can be framed with a patterned frame, stucco, columns, pilasters. Possible option of an empty highlighted niche.
- It can be added that there are ready-made products for sale made of acrylic-coated polystyrene foam, which have quite sufficient strength and full resemblance to natural materials..
- Timber imitation suitable as a decorative element. You can also choose a painted timber. Individual elements of the facade can be distinguished with a mosaic..
Almost all types of traditional mineral and modern synthetic materials are used to decorate the exterior and, in particular, the front side of the house..
Here is some of them:
Decorative facade plasters
Not to be confused with conventional ones. The class of the most affordable and demanded materials for decoration. The prepared aqueous solutions are applied in a relatively thin layer (from 5 mm), which, when solidified, forms a durable, and in some cases, a paint coating. In addition to aesthetic, plasters perform the functions of heat saving (often “in one bundle” with wall insulation), sound insulation, and protect the facade from bad weather and damage. All of them are resistant to ultraviolet radiation..
As a decorative filler, granite and marble chips are used, as well as mica, anthracite, glass, quartz and many other materials. Facade plasters are characterized by the type and size of the filler, by the technology of application on the wall, by the method of painting.
First of all, they are distinguished by the type of binder:
- Silicate. The decorative mass is provided by mineral fillers, and liquid glass acts as a binder here. The material is not very elastic, however, it has high vapor permeability and is able to stay clean for a long time..
Silicate plaster is on sale in a ready-to-use form. It is used on shell rock, cellular concrete and other porous and difficult to machine surfaces. The disadvantages include the appearance of small cracks. For the price – this is one of the expensive materials.
- Acrylic. Due to its elasticity and moisture resistance, this plaster has become widespread in the decoration of facades. Thanks to the acrylic, the coating is immune to vibration (can be used near motorways) and temperature fluctuations. Acrylic plaster picks up dust and dirt easily, however, it can be washed.
At the same time, the addition of polymer also has a negative side: the coating does not “breathe” well, so if there is insulation, it can begin to gain moisture.
- Silicone. It combines almost the entire range of advantages of other materials and therefore belongs to the class of the most expensive. It is elastic, prevents the growth of colonies of microorganisms, has good vapor permeability and does not get dirty. Various fillers give it a highly aesthetic look.
- Mineral. This plaster is probably closest to the usual, as it contains Portland cement and lime, however, here they are supplemented with chemical additives. The result is a durable finish that gets stronger over the years. The filler is a crumb made of granite, marble, quartz, which gives the coating additional reinforcing properties.
Mineral plaster has good vapor permeability, is not afraid of water and, which is important, is relatively inexpensive. At the same time, you should not use it for houses near the road: constant vibration can accelerate the formation of cracks..
Its history dates back to the 19th century, when wooden sheathing boards were nailed horizontally with an overlap so that rainwater rolled down.
- Woody. It is a compressed mixture of wood and polypropylene fibers. The material is moisture resistant, fire resistant and has a decent service life (15 years), during which it does not need to be impregnated or painted.
- Wood. For it, either hardwood is used, or impregnated wood (that is, impregnated with special antiseptics), or heat treated at 170-220 ° C, after which the tree becomes resistant to the adverse effects and destructive work of insects.
- Vinyl. This material breaks all practicality records: in two to three decades it will look like it was on the day of purchase. The composition (in addition to the polyvinyl chloride itself) includes a number of additives that impart firmness, elasticity, and a persistent color shade. The lined wall is not afraid of corrosion, decay, rainfall or the most severe (up to? 50 ° C) frosts.
You can wash it simply by pouring water on it. Since polymer products are often accompanied by vague concerns, it should be separately said about environmental friendliness: the material is hardly flammable, does not contain any toxic substances and does not conduct current.
Like other types, PVC siding belongs to ventilated cladding systems: thanks to a special design, condensate is discharged without harming the inner layers of the house cladding.
Tiling is quite traditional in technology, however, its decorative possibilities are far from being exhausted. Every year, more and more samples of this material appear, blurring the line between tiles and torn stone, tiles and decorative bricks. The most “rough” (rustic) views are appropriate at the bottom, on the basement, and smaller ones – at the top of the building. Large-sized porcelain stoneware slabs will be quite appropriate in industrial styles.
It is necessary to strictly observe the terms of shrinkage and drying of the walls prescribed by the technology, otherwise the smart “clothes” of the house will very quickly require a patch. When laying tiles on terraces, and even more so on vertical surfaces, reinforced adhesives for severe operating conditions should be used. It is not enough to choose the color of the grout for the joints – it must be of the highest quality. The fact is that in winter moisture penetrating under the tile will freeze and begin to tear it off from the base..
If decorative brickwork was provided for by the project, then all that is needed is to ensure that there are no efflorescence (there are special additives for this). However, in a number of cases, the idea to use this ancient building material arises together with the desire to renew the facade of an old building. In this situation, it becomes possible to arrange a ventilated facade system, that is, to provide an air flow that will remove condensate. This way you can protect old wood or stone from mold and mildew..
Brick belongs to the oldest building materials and is associated with good quality and healthy patriarchy. This is how it looks in the English style. Clinker brick is no stranger to respectability.
Polyurethane panels can perfectly decorate the facade of the house. Styrofoam will also help insulate the house. The plaster element will highlight individual sections of the facade.
It takes time to delve deeper into the topic of facade design..
But as a result, the house will be a continuation of the owner’s appearance, and not a beautiful thing, but taken from someone else’s hands..
Interesting ideas and examples
For a private house, such a facade style as country is excellent. It can be complemented with other styles. For example, half-timbered or European. It will help make your home stylish and personal..
Modern designers propose to apply such a style of the facade of a private house as minimalism. In this style, you can find strict geometric lines and a minimum of decorative elements. If you do not like facades overloaded with details, then minimalism will suit you perfectly..
Hi-Tech style is modern. In this style, you can fully express your imagination. The main thing is to use only modern building materials..
For information on how to choose the color of the facade without the help of a designer, see the next video..