English-style houses are in demand all over the world. The style has incorporated conservatism, severity, practicality and sophistication. Such houses are considered the standard of reliability, stability and correspond to the moderate size of the life of the British aristocracy. Historically, the architecture of modern England combines three styles: Victorian, Georgian and Tudor.
The houses of old England are very similar to the classic ones. At first glance, it may seem that massive stone houses with a wide facade in the English style do not look laconic, and the architectural elements do not fit together. But design projects prove the opposite: elegance, restraint and spaciousness – everything is perfectly mixed in one style.
The English style combines functionality, rigor and shows the character of its owner.
The architecture of English houses is a kind of visualization of the British mentality. In its design, you need to take into account traditional features, restraint and some isolation. In addition, such houses are always reliable and durable.. The main features of the English style:
- The first thing that becomes noticeable is the predominance of natural red stone in the decoration of buildings. The peculiarity of architecture was influenced primarily by the rainy and cool climate of England..
- Large square or rectangular windows.
- High and pointed roof with red tiles and stone chimney.
- Asymmetrical architecture.
- A large number of flowers, trees and bushes on the site.
Given the closed nature of the British, most of the sites are fenced off from prying eyes by a fence. This is a must-have feature of an English-style house..
The rustic style fence creates a unique look and complete picture of an English home. The most common option is a climbing hedge..
The house is always located separately from the garage and other outbuildings. All structures are usually located in the backyard in the middle of the site to hide away from prying eyes. Houses often have a small terrace, a lawn with a flower garden and evenly trimmed bushes., also hidden from prying eyes.
The finished house in the English style looks massive and strict. The facade is distinguished by the use of natural materials. Typically, such a building can be described as a stone structure with a wide facade, which, however, attracts attention with its clarity of lines and accuracy. Usually, the house is plastered and made of red brick with classic masonry. Cladding, light-colored stucco and any kind of facade decoration are not considered traditional in the British style.
The facade has distinctive features:
- natural stone or brick;
- lack of carved and decorative elements;
- high pediments and columns;
- lack of a porch;
- even distribution of large windows;
- color palette of red or gray shades.
When building houses, the British give preference to natural materials – brick and stone. Such material has a long service life and is able to withstand temperature drops and high humidity..
A real English house should be built of natural red bricks.
The main advantages of brick houses:
- environmentally friendly finishing material;
- resistance to temperature and humidity changes;
- excellent sound insulation;
- reliability and durability;
- low cost.
Often, clinker tiles or brick-like thermal panels are used to imitate a brick facade. Wooden houses are built from rounded logs. Such houses speak of the impeccable taste and status of the owners. But you can often find houses with a combined facade made of wood and stone..
The complex roof configurations give the roof a tall shape. The pointed roof of the English style is difficult to confuse with other architectural or design solutions.. Cool, with red or dark tiles – is considered a kind of business card.
Slate and straw are also popular materials for the roof of a country house. Such houses have their own special and unique style..
In the middle of the 17th century, roofs were covered with thatch or water cane, such houses testified to the difficult financial situation of the owner of the house. Today the situation has changed: thatched roofs are considered environmentally friendly, therefore they are gaining popularity among wealthy citizens and are a sure sign of well-being and prosperity..
The cool climate, constant humidity and frequent rains have left their mark on the construction of the roof. All houses have an additional shed around the perimeter. It is rare to find a porch in a classic English house.. But a canopy in the form of a pointed roof is a necessary attribute of the entrance group. Green ivy climbing the canopy looks great here..
The high windows of the cottage are located very close to each other and have a strict, uniform shape – a square or a rectangle. They play a special role in the interior of the house and have two or three doors.. Are distributed evenly around the entire perimeter of the building. On rare occasions and often as an exception, round or arched windows are found..
On the ground floor of the house, the living room can have panoramic windows and bay windows. Windows should have additional wooden beams that separate the glass into separate squares.
The ideal option is the Dutch sliding frame system, which involves the vertical lifting of the lower part of the frame..
In the interior, the windows are hung with voluminous curtains, decorated with draperies, cords and a floor-length veil. This gives a special elegance and sophistication to the room..
Number of floors
Traditionally, houses in England were built according to a plan based on a rectangle. Modern buildings have kept the correct shape. The project of a two-story house will be an excellent solution for a suburban area. But even a small one-story house, immersed in greenery, will allow you to relax away from the metropolis.
The buildings have a small foundation, and traditional houses are two and three storeys high. The floor on the ground floor is practically at ground level. Cellars are usually absent, but a small cellar may be envisaged, in which the British prefer to store rarely used things and objects..
The living room is considered the most important room. It is located on the ground floor and includes an entrance hall, a dining area and a hall. A large room has many large windows, so there is always a lot of air and light in it. On the ground floor there may be a library and a study, as well as a kitchen.
The second floor is allocated for sleeping and resting for household members and is traditionally sleeping. One of the rooms may have a bathroom and a wardrobe.
Sometimes there may be an attic in the house. Despite the fact that the roof has a complex, large shape and occupies a huge part of the building, according to the plan, this part of the house is practically not used as free space. It is customary to hide under the roof a non-residential utility room with large windows. The attic can be used for household needs: for drying clothes or as a storage room.
Choosing an interior is a very important and painstaking job. The English interior is considered one of the most complex stylistic trends. It is often equated with the classic style and associated with something majestic.. The main palette in the finish is all shades of red: soft burgundy, rich and dark red. As well as gray, white and olive.
The English style is characterized by a large amount of wood in the interior. Ideal for interior decoration of a room mahogany. Expensive and elegant material perfectly complements the conservative style. And this applies not only to the floor, ceiling and baseboards, but also to ceiling beams and wall panels in combination with wallpaper..
However, not all wallpapers are suitable for an English-style interior. Preference should be given to vertical patterns and clear geometric shapes, as well as floral motifs.
The floor, windows and doors of a private house are made of noble wood species: oak, walnut and mahogany. Natural parquet is ideal. To give a special shine and maintain a natural deep color, the boards are varnished and waxed. It is also possible to use light colored tiles or parquet boards in some areas of the house..
The lower part of the wall, like the floor, must be covered with wood. Above can be pasted wallpaper with a geometric pattern or dense floral patterns. The joint is closed with a wooden strip at the level of the back of the sofa. Light paint is often used as wall decoration in combination with wooden slats..
If the house is built from logs, then the interior decoration hides the wood with plasterboard structures. Paintings, mirrors and photographs in large gilded frames can give a finished look to wall designs..
The ceiling throughout the house is white. To create the effect of a centuries-old family home, you can use wood beams on the ceiling, imitating old floors. Stucco molding can be used as decoration.
Furniture and any decorative elements in a village house must be made of expensive natural materials and of high quality.
Products and furniture made of plastic and artificial synthetic materials must not be used in the English style. The main materials are wood, bronze and silver.
The main feature of any English home is the presence of a real fireplace. In wet and chilly weather, it performs more than just an aesthetic function. The cladding is carried out with stone, wood, marble with an openwork wrought-iron fence. The mantelpiece contains a clock, tall candles, porcelain sculptures and flowers. It is advisable to use antiques.
A sofa or armchairs with “ears” are placed in front of the fireplace and are located in the center of the living room. An obligatory attribute of the living room is a classic coffee table made of natural wood. All furniture should have clear smooth lines and thin carved legs. You can complement the living room interior with a velvet ottoman for feet and a metal forged stand for fireplace accessories.
Bright contrasting upholstery, colored tapestry or dark natural leather are best suited for upholstered furniture. Plaid and strict geometry are often used in the decor of pillows, blankets and textiles. A simple and bright ornament stands out favorably against the background of other interior details.
In an English house there must be a large library with the best collection of the world’s classics. A separate room or one wall with an armchair and a floor lamp located next to it can be allocated for it. The racks are made of wood and rise right up to the ceiling.
Kitchen furniture is covered with varnish or light paint. An indispensable item is an open chest of drawers with shelves for storing dishes. In English cuisine, there must be a tablecloth on the table and chair covers, combined with lace curtains..
Beautiful examples and options
Houses in the English style necessarily combine luxury and austerity..
Natural wood prevails everywhere: furniture, windows, doors, floor, ceiling.
Thatched roof is considered an expensive pleasure and testifies to the prosperity and wealth in the family. The roof is made by hand.
The lack of a flower garden and a perfectly adjusted lawn is considered a sign of bad taste among the British..
The combination of uneven stone and red brick in the facade decoration looks noble and sophisticated.
A lot of textiles are used in the English interior: curtains, drapes, tablecloths, pillows, curtains.
For a short tour of the English house, see the following video.