Frame house building has been very popular in recent years. This is due to its affordability, practicality and durability. The technology allows the use of a variety of claddings. You should know how you can decorate a house from the inside.
Features of rough finishing
Internal wall cladding of any frame structure begins with fixing sheet or tile coverings to the frame – this is a rough finish. Usually, OSB, chipboard, gypsum board or plywood are used for it, they are simply attached to the frame with self-tapping screws. There is nothing difficult in this operation. The most important thing is to precisely fit the sheets so that they fit tightly on the crate. The main function of the rough finish is to form the planes of the walls, which will later be lined with decorative materials..
In recent years, drywall is most often used.. This is a modern building material based on cardboard and gypsum core. It looks like a perfectly flat sheet..
Due to its high performance characteristics, it has become ubiquitous when cladding walls, interior partitions and ceilings..
Its main advantages include:
- flat surface;
- high thermal conductivity;
- soundproofing properties;
- ease of installation;
- environmental friendliness.
However, gypsum plasterboard cannot be called a durable material. With serious mechanical stress, chips and dents appear on it. In addition, such partitions cannot withstand excessive loads. Therefore, heavy or massive objects cannot be hung on such walls, otherwise they will simply break..
Slightly less common is the OSB finishing material. It is a relatively thin extruded panel based on wood chips. It is mixed with an adhesive solution and pressed. Each slab is designed with several oriented layers of chips, which increases the overall strength of the pavement.. The advantages of this material include:
- resistance to mechanical stress;
- relatively low weight;
- high heat and noise insulation;
- ease of installation.
For many decades, plywood has retained its relevance. To decorate the house inside, use a material with a thickness of 9-10 mm. Among the advantages of the material are:
- lightness – it is much lighter in comparison with drywall;
- environmental friendliness – made of birch or conifer veneer;
- sound insulation properties – this is especially important when installing interior partitions.
In addition, the surface is flat, so it can be used for finishing all types of cladding..
Options for finishing wall cladding
After the rough design has been completed, you can proceed to the finishing. This work is based on a few basic rules.
- The interiors within the same house must be finished separately, and not all at once – that is, first you need to complete the general decoration of one room, only then proceed to the design of another.
- All utilities must be laid before the start of finishing.
- Within one room, the cladding is carried out from top to bottom: first, the ceiling is drawn up, then they move to the walls and finally the floor covering is laid. The only exceptions are cases when the ceiling is decorated with a stretch canvas. Then the walls are finished first, then the floor, and only after the completion of these works the ceiling is pulled.
Let’s dwell on the features of various finishing materials.
These are the most common and affordable materials presented in a wide assortment line. Wallpapers differ in their external design, raw materials used and manufacturing techniques. Modern manufacturers offer products with different types of base:
Paper models are practical, cheap and easy to label. However, they are rarely used, since they are very thin and therefore quickly lose their appearance. In addition, a perfectly leveled surface is required for paper wallpaper, in this regard, all other varieties are much more practical..
Vinyl – thick canvases that easily mask plane differences and minor surface defects. They are classified as washable, they can be cleaned with water with the addition of household chemicals.
Their only drawback is that they support combustion and at the same time emit smoke harmful to humans..
Non-woven – durable, but at the same time rather thin wallpaper, so any stain on the wall will shine through them. When using such canvases, you must first paint the walls with a plain light paint..
Tissue are a combination of paper / non-woven backing and textiles. This is an environmentally friendly material that looks very impressive in the interior. However, these wallpapers absorb odor and moisture, become a dust collector, and begin to tear under the influence of minimal loads..
Fiberglass – the strongest and most dense wallpaper of all available on the market. At the same time, they are the heaviest, so they need a special glue..
These wallpapers are bought for coloring, they allow up to 15 colors..
Tiles are traditionally used in wet rooms: in bathrooms and kitchens. Also, it is often laid on the entrance area to the house.. The main advantages of tiles:
- wear resistance, increased strength;
- a variety of shading and texture solutions;
- variability of shapes and sizes;
- affordable price.
The disadvantages include an impressive weight; tiles can only be laid on surfaces with high adhesive properties. And the installation process itself is not easy, so the laying of slabs is usually trusted by experienced craftsmen..
The lining is recognized as a good solution for the interior wall cladding of frame buildings. By the way, it is also suitable for rough cladding – this allows you to achieve double benefits.. In the construction segment, it is presented in 4 assortments. For interior decoration, it is advisable to use grade A or Extra. Lower grades are suitable for office furnishings.
Lining – durable, reliable, practical and aesthetically pleasing material. Its only drawback is its high fire hazard, therefore there are varieties of plastic lining on the market..
They are safe, although their external characteristics are much lower. In addition, plastic has lower thermal insulation and noise absorption parameters..
It is an edged board, the outer part of which is profiled by analogy with a bar. Such designs contain a tongue-and-groove system, which makes it possible to quickly and with minimal effort to achieve an ideal flat surface without visible gaps and joints..
The exterior decoration of frame buildings with decorative plaster is not recommended, but for the interior space, it can be a good solution. Building mixtures are applied in a fairly thin layer, so they do not “eat up” the usable space. The coating does not absorb soot and kitchen odors, perfectly masks the joints of the plates.
The most modern types of plasters are resistant to water, they do not get wet or flake, so they can even be washed.
A unique material that imitates natural stone. It is a semblance of wallpaper: stone chips or sand painted in various colors are attached to a non-woven fabric. This type of cladding got its name due to the fact that it visually resembles a stone, but retains its flexibility.. Such a coating allows you to design a wall with bulges, depressions, various bends, drops and other defects..
In addition to all of the above, the internal cladding of a building can be made using other materials..
- A natural stone – durable, effective coating. It is distinguished by its impressive mass and high cost, so the material is used to decorate individual wall fragments..
- Fake diamond – has the aesthetic appeal of natural, durability, resistance to negative external influences. But at the same time, in comparison with natural, it is much easier.
- Cork – environmentally friendly, safe material. It is made from the bark of the balsa tree. It features good thermal insulation, sound absorption and stylish design.
- Magnesite glass panels can be a good solution., they are also called glass-magnesium sheets. They are composed of magnesium compounds with the addition of wood chips, perlite and reinforcing fiberglass.
How to sheathe the ceiling?
Ceiling cladding in frame houses is used not only to decorate a room, but also performs an important function: it creates a barrier that does not allow heat to leave the room. At the same time, it does not matter whether the ceiling separates the room from the living or under-roof space. All heat saving and energy consumption of a residential building will largely depend on the choice of material for cladding ceiling surfaces.. The most commonly used stretch fabric, drywall, as well as panels (they can be plastic or metal).
- Stretch ceiling – the simplest, most popular and affordable options. They are a versatile finishing solution that looks harmonious in any interior. Due to its high elasticity, the textile fabric or stretched film withstands any structural deformations caused by shrinkage. It well masks any imperfections in the ceiling. The material can have different shades, it can be glossy or matte, therefore, with the right choice of design, it can transform even the most boring room.
- Drywall – durable, perfectly smooth material. Today, it is losing ground to a stretch canvas, but was once a widely sought-after finishing option for frame houses. An important advantage of gypsum board is the ability to damp sounds: it not only creates an effective decor, but also acts as an additional sound insulation tool.
- Dropped ceilings from panels are always relevant due to the ease of installation and affordability. All work can be performed by one person, even if he does not have experience in assembling such structures. Plates are highly resistant to moisture and unpretentious in maintenance.