Projects of one-story houses up to 120 sq. m are distinguished by their expressive diversity in their composition. They can provide for equipping with a terrace, a boiler room, or the absence of these elements. And also it is worth paying attention to the various layouts of brick houses and dwellings from gas blocks, to the selection of the project.
Advantages and disadvantages
Describe one-story houses up to 120 sq. m can be quite long. But it is better to clearly highlight their strengths and weaknesses.. The undoubted advantages in comparison with two-story dwellings will be:
- less consumption of building materials;
- reduced load on the base;
- acceleration of construction and finishing works;
- simplification of the composition of the project and approvals;
- lower heating costs (with the same building area).
However, there are also negative points:
- it is more difficult to retire and find a quiet corner;
- sometimes you have to put up with a very limited area;
- the building looks less impressive, especially if higher houses are built nearby;
- it is impossible to use the balcony (except when arranging the attic, but this is already an “almost real two-story” house).
A simple layout always means equipping with a terrace. In this case, a house made of aerated concrete may include:
- 3 bedrooms of 14, 12 and 16 sq. m, respectively;
- bathroom by 5.8 squares;
- dressing area of 5.7 squares;
- A 26-meter guest room;
- boiler room;
Finding a ready-made plan without a terrace is quite difficult. Almost all designers add it by default, even in those diagrams where it is not specifically mentioned. However, you can always request a change to the project – and it will cost less than compiling it from scratch..
The rejection of the terrace space will free up more space either for rooms in the house, or for objects on the site. But on the other hand, you will not be able to enjoy your summer vacation, and therefore it is better to weigh everything in advance..
Arrangement of brick or gas-block houses with an area of up to 120 m2 may also imply the use of conventional gas or electric boilers. However, it is more correct to put them not in common rooms, in the kitchen, but in a specialized room – a boiler room, which is carried out in accordance with all fire safety rules. In this case, they can highlight:
- bedrooms of 9, 11 and 20 sq. m;
- 4-meter vestibule;
- 11-meter hall;
- large common room;
- a furnace block with a size of almost 6.5 sq. m;
- the corridor;
- kitchen and dining area.
But you can also choose a house project from foam blocks without a boiler room. It will include, for example:
- vestibule of 5.7 sq. m;
- bedrooms for 10 and 13 sq. m;
- kitchen of 16 sq. m;
- 10-meter bathroom;
- living room and hall.
But it is also necessary to clarify what are the features of the materials used in certain plans. Aerated concrete is good because houses can be built from it even in winter. However, in this case, a reinforced concrete foundation (and it is best for a gas block) will have to be formed even at a positive air temperature. But the installation of the roof and interior finishing work is quite acceptable on frosty days. In addition, aerated concrete is suitable for individual construction..
Brick is not suitable for self-construction, if you do not have a lot of experience in handling it. This material will require a lot of wet work and is very labor intensive. A first-class foundation will have to be created for it. However, to some extent, such problems are compensated by the grace and gracefulness of the appearance..
In addition, brick houses much higher than aerated concrete ones are quoted in the secondary real estate market..
Nuances of choosing a project
The most important point is to decide how many square meters will be in the new home. If you do not answer this question, or make a mistake, then no design and household appliances, no careful choice of construction materials and scrupulousness of calculations will help.
For 4 people may come in handy:
- living room (separate or combined with a dining room) of 30 sq. m;
- 20-meter bedroom;
- one or two ten-meter children’s rooms;
- boiler room;
- terrace and porch.
But you can choose other proportions.. The main thing is to think over them thoroughly, and take into account all your needs.. Once the size decision has been made, a suitable architectural style must be chosen. The European style is practical and compact, it looks elegant. It does not allow most often to use the basement and attic; it is also undesirable to use complex details – bay windows, balconies, roofs of sophisticated design.
The minimalistic layout is divided into several subtypes.. In addition to functionalism, it includes an ecological style and a constructivist approach. For all such options, laconicism and even stinginess of design are typical. But this is completely compensated by the thoughtfulness of the execution. Facade decor is not used, the building will look good in any relief.
A completely finished project will be the cheapest. But when choosing it, it makes no sense to complain later that the walls are beginning to warp, or that the appearance in a particular place is perceived worse than in advertising photos. And claims on the peculiarities of the layout will also be meaningless..
This is why spending on buying an individually designed or at least modified plan is fully justified. In this case, it is imperative to consult with professionals on every nuance..
A competent choice of a project is unthinkable without answering the questions:
- what is the wind rose on the site;
- what the soil is made of;
- how high is the groundwater;
- in which direction it will be more pleasant to look from the window;
- where to locate the entrance correctly;
- what is desirable to decorate the house inside and outside.
Features of the arrangement of rooms
Inside the house, the project should be worked out no worse than outside.. Much attention should be paid to the use of various lighting devices, including spot and targeted lighting.. If you want to achieve maximum functionality, you need an open floor plan. Natural motives are appropriate in the design of any room in a private house, and they do not become outdated. Interior finishing materials should ideally match the underlying construction materials.
So, with the idea of wooden construction, wood trim is well combined.. The visual and technical consistency of all rooms must be maintained. Kitchens are usually designed according to the “working triangle” rule. But in some cases, you have to go to the arrangement of a monolithic straight line or choose an L-shaped scheme. The working area can be deployed by the window, additionally saving on power supply.
A bedroom in a private house is divided into zones. In the simplest version, there is a proper sleeping place and an area for storing clothes and other things.. There is a choice between a classic wardrobe and a modern wardrobe. It makes sense to choose a separate dressing area only if the room itself is large. The bedroom is usually located further from the entrance to make it quieter there..
The boiler house is formed not according to personal taste, but according to strict and strict rules. There you will have to equip a very powerful and reliable ventilation, at least with a double margin for the necessary air circulation. This ventilation is directed to the outside directly, bypassing any other premises. Importantly, the project will have to reflect the level of fire resistance of the boiler room walls, and the higher it is, the better. Other requirements:
- ceiling height at least 2.2 m;
- standard glazing – 300 sq. cm per 1 cubic meter of room;
- coordination with the fire inspectorate in any case, regardless of the power of the boilers and the type of fuel.
Attention should also be paid to the hall. If it is large, then it must be formalized in a single key..
When thinking over the nuances of the project, it is necessary to provide for sufficient natural light – so that even on a cloudy day it would not be overly gloomy and dreary. Both natural and artificial materials are used for decoration, without an active bias in one direction or another. Otherwise, there are no restrictions.
There are a number of other nuances:
- if possible, you should avoid walk-through rooms;
- southern windows add light and warmth;
- the fewer corridors, the better;
- it is necessary to consider where the doors open;
- it is better to make rooms not narrow, but in the shape of a square or close to this.