A lot can be determined by the appearance of a private house: status, level of well-being and personal preferences of its owner. The success of the construction of a cottage, residence or villa depends not only on the correct choice of technological implementation, but also on a thoughtful architectural and constructive solution.
The stylistic variety existing today can make it difficult to find “one’s own” architectural form. But there is a suitable reason to replenish the baggage of knowledge with information about the main architectural styles and current trends in the design of the exterior of country houses. This will be discussed in our article..
To become the owner of a beautiful home, you need a quality project. Before making a choice in favor of a project you like, it is important to collect as much information as possible about architecture, design and house styles..
The definition of an architectural style should be understood as general features, techniques and means of architectural art, characteristic of a particular period of history and reflecting the fundamental points of the artistic worldview that existed at that time..
To make it easier to navigate the style directions used today in the field of suburban construction, we suggest that you get acquainted with those that designers turn to most often..
F.L. Wright is widely regarded as one of the greatest architects, whose inspirational creations evoke a storm of emotions. The maestro denied the complex details and fussiness inherent in the styles of the 19th-20th centuries, but was an adherent of simple, clean lines, considering a high-quality building to be a worthy continuation of the landscape.
Prairie style is easily distinguished by pronounced horizontal lines, hipped or flat roofs with strongly protruding eaves and maximum integration of houses into the natural environment.
A direction based on rationality, practicality and economy. It is these principles that reflect the layout, design and constructive solution of compact Bavarian houses of a rectangular or square shape, with a red tiled roof, a balcony or an attic and a bay window..
Facade colors – natural, basement finishing – facing tiles with imitation of stone.
The movement demonstrates eclectic retrospectivism in all the diversity of its types. The architectural solutions that prevailed in the United Kingdom and its colonies in the 19th century continue to be the focus of attention of modern creators of individual housing..
A typical Victorian home is a 2-3-storey building with an asymmetrical layout, a complex multi-faceted roof structure, a round turret, an attic and a spacious porch. Though the style is characterized by different design variations, determined by the place and time of its distribution in a specific cultural environment.
On the formation of the legendary architecture of the XII-XV centuries. The church was influenced in many ways: this is how buildings appeared with many fan vaults and pointed arches with a transition to columns, coffered ceilings and elongated windows with stained glass. For a rich facade finish characteristically the use of various carved parts – vimpergs, tympanum, archivolts.
Gothic-style houses with a strict and clear silhouette impress with gloomy solemnity.
The movement combines architectural elements inherent in Italian architecture of the 16th century, the work of Andreo Palladio and neoclassicism. In the decoration of facades, preference is given to wood, stone and tiles in combination with forging. There is usually decorative plaster on the walls, and mosaics or stucco decoration from the decorations..
An Italian-style house is a building with a flat roof with low slopes, a bell tower or a tower and a gazebo. A courtyard with paved paths, hedges, sculptural groups and a picturesque fountain plays a key role in shaping the appearance of the house..
The current variation of the exterior made of wood. It is typical for Finns to sheathe the front of a house with timber, plank or clapboard, and use mineral wool as a wall insulation.
A Finnish-style house is usually two-story with a gable roof, finished with ceramic tiles, a terrace and a glazed balcony. Of course, the Finnish house has a comfortable sauna..
Russian manor style
The history of the appearance of the first estates is rooted in the distant past. The beauty of wooden Russian towers with carved facades, classical forms, small turrets and patterned shutters, platbands, roof overhangs and fences has always fascinated foreigners with its originality and color.
This design is suitable for those who want to enhance the legacy of descendants and pass it on to their children..
The castle style is characterized by large forms and high, massive walls with practically no decor. The direction denies architectural excesses, which compensate for the roofs of complex shapes and intricate facade compositions, including all kinds of balconies, bay windows, terraces, turrets.
The shape of the windows is an arch or rectangle with an original upper part. The shape of the doors – any with different decor – visors, stucco or forged frames, stained-glass windows, mosaics.
It was common for wealthy planters to build houses for themselves, in which local exoticism coexisted with “imported” comfort. This is how monumental two-storey stone houses appeared with a rectilinear layout and an entrance surrounded by a colonnade. In most cases, these buildings have a terrace..
The windows are large with panoramic glazing, which provides an excellent view of the backyard area or wildlife.
The Mediterranean cottage is reminiscent of a harsh medieval castle and an unpretentious village house at the same time. A feature of Spanish architecture is an unusual combination of rude simplicity with originality..
The style is easily identifiable by its crisp white facades, many large arched windows with stained glass, vertical elements that imitate columns, and a flattened tiled roof with a canopy as protection from the sun.
Swedish architecture, which is essentially a component of Scandinavian design, maintains a tradition of striking simplicity. A distinctive feature of the style was the contrasting color combinations in the decoration of the facades. The walls are decorated with shades of a red palette, and the relief of doors and window frames is favorably emphasized by light tones..
The most popular building material is wood. Each home boasts large windows to let in as much sunlight as possible, which has always been of particular value to residents of northern latitudes..
Luxurious country residences that belonged to French nobles were called chateau. The famous Versailles architectural ensemble with a palace and a park is nothing more than chateau. The exterior is distinguished by correct proportions, large lancet windows, an intricate roof with many slopes, graceful gables, wide terraces, bay windows and spacious balconies with wrought iron or filigree decor on the railings.
The basement part is decorated with natural stone, and the roof is tiled..
A style characterized by quality, functionality and convenience. Houses built on mountain slopes had structural reliability: stone was used for the construction of the foundation, and solid timber was used for the walls..
The direction is completely devoid of any excesses: all details, including decorative ones, are characterized by an applied functional purpose. So, wood paneling helps to retain heat and extends the life of the house. Swiss chalet style, and the terrace serves to increase the usable area.
This is one of the variations of the colonial-style design, tending towards a simple layout with the most thoughtful distribution of usable space. The exterior of Dutch homes demonstrates a practical approach to the design of facades, not devoid of decorativeness..
Dutch house-building is characterized by:
- Layout solutions with a symmetrical arrangement of rooms around the entrance area.
- The presence of a voluminous gable roof with end slopes of a triangular shape.
- Simple shape of window openings.
- Asymmetrical facades are finished with plaster in light colors. Plinth decoration – imitation of masonry.
Chopped wooden houses in the original Canadian style, which originated in the North American suburbs, belong to the commercial type of residential buildings for mass cottage development. Due to the low cost of construction and simplicity of design solutions.
They are erected from logs with a large diameter and various thicknesses, while the naturalness of the logs is emphasized in every possible way, due to which the structure looks very colorful, demonstrating in all its glory the advantages of the Canadian cutting of a bowl with original longitudinal grooves.
The trend, which puts functionality at the head of everything, proposed to achieve the artistic expressiveness of buildings not through decoration, but exclusively through materials and forms. Therefore, their geometry is characterized by the utmost brevity and clarity of lines without the slightest hint of decorative delights. Interesting that such houses fit seamlessly into the natural landscape, and it’s not just the talent of the designers.
This is more due to nature, gravitating towards minimalism, which, in turn, with might and main promotes highly functional constructivism..
The secret of the attractiveness of this style lies in the orderliness of forms and logic that permeates every creation of architects from the coast of the Aegean Sea. Greek houses are two- or three-story buildings with a flat or slightly sloping tiled roof..
Regardless of the number of storeys, they are characterized by the absence of an attic, which cannot be said about loggias and open terraces – these are mandatory elements in every house.
The Californian style of architecture makes the most of the surrounding landscape, while emphasizing privacy and privacy. Multi-level two- or three-story mansions of impressive size, as a rule, very spacious and with glass walls, due to which the unity of man-made creation and nature is achieved.
Large panoramic windows provide an excellent view, allowing you to admire the magnificent views of the ocean.
This style has its own vision of the material world, expressed through combinations of correct geometric volumes: cubes, cubic cylinders, cubicones, cuboballs. The completeness of the expression of the idea of Cubism is provided by applying a traditional perspective as a means for creating optical illusions.
Volumetric and spatial compositions in the architecture of residential buildings are created by alternately superimposing one geometric shape on another, while the space remains as functional as possible.
American country – an architectural style based on the principles of building a ranch, is characterized by a combination of maximum functionality and convenience.
- The shape of the building is L-shaped or rectangle.
- Large length of construction.
- The profile of the building is as close to the ground as possible.
- Finishing without decor.
- Asymmetric gable roof.
The visual appeal of such cottages is due to the verified proportions, the presence of open terraces and the use of natural materials..
The most popular at the moment styles of suburban real estate objects continue to be the Alpine style and the good old classics.
Nevertheless, in cottage villages you can find many modern houses in pretentious and pretentious old styles, practical European ones – half-timbered, English, Belgian or country, as well as with ultra-modern exteriors of high-tech or modern facades. Let’s dwell on some of them.
Minimalism says a categorical “no” to any manifestation of pretentiousness, equally denying a variety of colors, sophisticated finishes and luxurious decor. But he favors monochrome, compositional clarity, large open spaces, clear geometry of forms, natural materials and thoughtful lighting..
Residential objects in the style of minimalism always demonstrate the maximum functionality and the utmost simplicity of execution, it is no secret that both this laconic trend considers the quintessence of excellent taste.
The name barocco in Italian means “whimsical.” The architecture impresses with its spatial scope, cohesion and complex curvilinear forms that smoothly flow into each other. It is here that you can find houses with large-scale colonnades, facades, richly decorated sculptures, pilasters and rusticated columns..
Atlantes, caryatids and mascarons on the facades blur the line between reality and the world of illusion, captivating with the dynamism of images captured in stone.
The style, which replaced the baroque style and lost its cold splendor, heavy, boring pomp, characterizes lightness, friendliness and playfulness. In Rococo architecture there is no place for organic combinations and clear distribution of building components respecting the principles of symmetry.
The presence of flat surfaces or straight lines is carefully masked by the curly decoration, the compositions of columns with flirty capitals, cascades of cornices propped up by huge caryatids or high pilasters, and the design of roofs decorated with many balustrades and pedestals with statues or vases look unusual.
Cheerful beauty, originality and luxury of a frivolous, sometimes capricious style still remains attractive for owners of country villas and residences.
The era of classicism was marked by a return to ancient architecture, which is characterized by reference harmony, simplicity, rigor, monumentality and logical clarity. One-story country houses in the classicism style are distinguished by regular layouts, clear volumetric shapes, symmetrical axial compositions and restrained decorative furnishings..
The architecture in the art nouveau style is characterized by natural, natural lines, a combination of artistic functions with utilitarian ones. The design of the facades is dominated by flexible viscous forms, stylized floral patterns, forging elements, mosaic compositions, and stained glass inserts. Direction encourages artistic treatment of all structural elements of the house – stairs, doors, pillars, balconies.
A house in the Art Nouveau style is a real work of art, which fits so organically into the landscape due to smooth lines that imitate all kinds of plant forms that it seems as if it was created by nature itself, and not by man..
Despite the fact that this multifaceted direction can be modified, taking into account the local traditions of house building, the main features of rural country design remain unchanged..
- Decoration of facades with elements in the corresponding national style.
- Instead of pretentious decor, simple, laconic, functional details are used..
- Small windows usually have window sills, trims and shutters.
- The presence of a small balcony with openwork lattices and a terrace.
- Facade finishing with faceted stone.
- Two- or four-pitched tiled or thatched roof of complex shape.
- The basement part is low and without finishing.
The demand for Japanese architecture, which is dominated by clear lines and laconic forms, is explained by the amazing oriental flavor. Houses in Japanese or Chinese style stand out with an original roof. This expressive element with pointed projections invariably attracts attention, associated with the buildings of the cult – the pagodas..
Chinese and Japanese buildings are built of wood, although stone is most often used in the construction of the first floor. Residents of the Land of the Rising Sun tend to ennoble the local area, regardless of its size. So, a small plot, through the efforts of the owner, becomes a wonderful Japanese garden with a traditionally laconic design..
Eco style is an architectural concept that takes into account a combination of environmental factors when creating a house project. Naturalness and simplicity, combined with modesty and restraint, became the principles of ecodesign..
- The predominance of soft geometry of forms.
- Cladding of facades with chipped bricks, artificial stone, wood.
- Panoramic windows for maximum natural sun exposure.
- Using plants as full interior and exterior elements. Popular landscaping of facades and winter gardens.
Where to choose?
Building an elite house requires a special approach. There is no place for random decisions, the location of each element of the architectural composition must be carefully checked, in accordance with the high quality standards of exclusive suburban housing.
When choosing the style of the exterior of the house, in addition to the personal tastes of the owners, they are guided by:
- The size and layout of the building.
- Land area for construction.
- The purpose of the building.
- Build budget.
What style to give preference? Actual directions that deserve attention:
- Classic. Conditions for the implementation of such projects: a large plot with a varied landscape.
- English style. Such a cottage looks equally good both in the city and beyond..
- Modern is an ideal solution for those who have a non-standard perception of the surrounding reality.
- Modern: minimalism, eco-style, hi-tech. Since each of them involves panoramic windows, you need to take into account the location of the surrounding houses in order to maintain privacy in yours. Why will you have to provide windows with a smaller area or “put” the house deep into the territory, correspondingly large.
- Ethnic: Scandinavian, Oriental, Prairie Style. Wooden houses with stone finishing are chosen by those who are tired of the bustle of the city and want to feel the measured flow of life in the bosom of nature.
It should be borne in mind that attempts to recreate an architectural composition in full accordance with any direction are rarely successful. You can repeat the style, but exclusively as a stylization, that is, reproduce individual elements that are most characteristic of the chosen trend.
Those who like different directions and find it difficult to choose one should consider eclecticism, which is an original stylistic mix. Breaking stereotypes provides the most unexpected effects and makes it possible to become the owner of a non-trivial project.
Beautiful design options
In the photo gallery, we have collected the most successful examples of country houses and cottages in various styles:
- Classics are always relevant. Classic style houses with a fountain and a regular French garden testify to the excellent taste of their owners..
- Although modern house builders rarely use pretentious baroque style, even the repetition of its individual elements in architectural ensembles looks fantastically beautiful..
- Art Nouveau offered to look from a different angle at the usual architectural forms, to abandon strict symmetry and turn to ornate whimsical lines. The consistency of such a concept in architecture has been confirmed by time.
- The fact that every year the number of laconic houses of understandable forms and with a minimum of decor increases, while impressive in functionality and comfort, clearly proves the demand for the minimalism style..
- Charming chalet-style houses, created under the guidance of the harsh nature of the French Alps, perfectly took root in our latitudes and won the hearts of many Russians with their good quality and slightly rough natural beauty.
In the next video, you will find advice from an architect on designing a country house..