How to choose veneered doors?

Doors divide the space of an apartment or house and create a cozy atmosphere, which is why it is so important to choose the right models from these natural materials. Veneered canvases are an excellent choice, in which the price-quality ratio and aesthetics are well matched. How to choose veneered doors is a topical and eternal question for homeowners who are faced with renovation. To answer it, you need to get acquainted with the concept of “veneer” and the types of doors.

What is natural veneer?

Natural veneer is a thin cut of wood used for facing the door leaf. The cut is obtained by sawing, planing or peeling a tree.

The veneer manufacturing technology, regardless of the way it is removed, is as follows:

  • Logs are cut into thin strips of equal thickness of about 0.6 mm using special equipment;
  • The resulting ribbons are cut into identical sheets and stacked on top of each other – usually such a “cake” consists of 3 sheets;
  • The folded sheets are glued together, forming a dense sheet of the future door covering, which is called plywood;
  • The resulting plywood is sanded and painted, but the sheet is not always painted, because sometimes you need to imitate an expensive wood species or enhance the natural shade of the wood;
  • After that, plywood is applied to the blank or the core of the door and glued by cold or hot pressing..

Veneered doors are dried and then varnished after preliminary cutting to fit the door leaf to the required dimensions.

Veneered interior doors are found most often due to high demand, which is dictated by environmental friendliness and almost 100% natural origin. Despite the glue in the composition, such a canvas is considered completely natural. But the catch is that manufacturers often try to reduce the cost of the future canvas and instead of full-fledged veneer, they use eco-material – sheets of pressed sawdust, or eco-veneer.

Views

Veneer is usually understood as a cut of natural wood. Besides natural material, there are the following types of veneer:

  • Eco-veneer. Artificial turf that usually imitates the texture and pattern of natural wood. Despite its low cost, it is more resistant to changes in temperature and humidity, mechanical stress on the canvas and at first glance does not differ from its natural counterpart. Eco-veneer is created from wood waste, sawdust, which are glued together and pressed into thin sheets. Eco-veneer application technology is similar to natural.
  • Artificial Euroshpon. Synthetic laminate made from wood waste and adhesives. The difference from the previous one is that the euro veneer is pressed for a longer time. It is often called CPL film..
  • Ultra veneer. Another modified version of eco-veneer, which differs in multi-layer and closer to the texture of natural wood. It is resistant to moisture and mechanical damage, while the price of ultra-veneer is even lower.

Manufacturing methods

The core of the door, or its “body”, can be solid and hollow. Solid door – solid or spliced ​​solid pine or spruce (or any other coniferous wood). The spliced ​​core of the canvas is made as follows: a frame is created from a pine bar, the beams are placed in it close to each other. The resulting structure is sent under the press and fixed with glue. For this, high temperature is rarely used, more often microwaves.

Then the future web is ground and calibrated. A plywood sheet or MDF is glued onto it and sent under a cold press to dry the glue. Next, the wooden canvas is sent to the machine and adjusted to the desired size.

On the machine for hollowing out grooves for hinges and fittings (if the fittings are factory cut-in). After that, the door goes to the next point for grinding, polishing and varnishing. Several such stages pass, after which the door is considered ready and sent to the factory..

A hollow canvas is made as follows: a frame is created from a bar and filled with a honeycomb filler – cardboard. Another common veneering option is polystyrene foam boards. The future canvas is closed with MDF plates and revetted with veneer, often artificial.

Veneered canvases can be cold pressed or hot pressed, often these two methods are combined. Self-adhesive veneer is a film that is applied to the finished canvas and does not always imitate wood. It often resembles a marble, stone coating..

Advantages and disadvantages

Veneered doors – canvases faced with a natural cut of wood, which outwardly do not differ from similar ones made of 100% solid wood. They have the following advantages:

  • Natural composition: solid pine or coniferous wood inside and valuable cut outside. There are also admixtures of glue in such doors, but their percentage is negligible – about 1%;
  • Environmental friendliness;
  • Aesthetic appearance. Natural wood differs from artificial turf in its unique and unrepeatable pattern and texture. Despite the fact that manufacturers have already learned to imitate it, natural material can be visually distinguished from a fake;
  • They create a favorable microclimate in an apartment or house. Wooden doors breathe, air permeation due to micropores;
  • Lightweight, allowing them to be installed on thin and curtain walls. Veneered doors rarely sag, unlike 100% solid wood, provided that they are correctly installed;

  • Optimal price-quality ratio. Veneered doors are cheaper in comparison with the same doors made of solid wood. If we talk about eco-veneer and other artificial turf, then natural ones will cost more. They are the golden mean;
  • Veneered doors often imitate canvases made from 100% solid wood. You can often find veneer of mahogany, ash, wenge, oak, cherry, beech and truly exclusive species: black walnut, madrona, macassar, mahogany and others;
  • They can be reconstructed if the canvas is slightly damaged during use or carelessness: it is enough to polish or paint a part of the door with a special compound;
  • Veneered models are good at isolating noise and retaining heat, provided that inside them there is a solid or spliced ​​solid pine.

The texture of natural veneer fully matches the texture of solid wood. And at first glance, it is almost impossible to distinguish one from the other, provided that the door is made with high quality. The quality of products depends on how conscientious the manufacturer is, what equipment and raw materials it uses. Truly solid doors made of natural veneer will cost a lot – on a par with a medium-soft solid wood of alder or spruce.

The color of veneered doors can be natural with minimal processing. Often, veneer is pre-painted to obtain a deep and visually expensive wood type..

Veneered canvases also have disadvantages, for example:

  • They are expensive, especially if the manufacturer is very famous;
  • Unscrupulous sellers can pass off artificial veneers as natural, and a beginner in this matter is unlikely to distinguish one from the other. Minus veneer – it can be easily faked;
  • Requires a reverent attitude and care with special wax-based products.

Natural veneer doors are the golden mean that buyers are usually looking for.

Such canvases are good for any room in the house, be it a bedroom or living room, bathroom or kitchen.. Quality doors are resistant to small temperature fluctuations and are ideal for the bathroom. There is one but: if water regularly gets on the door, the veneer can “peel off”. Customer reviews about natural veneer in the facing of the leaf are the most flattering: almost every customer appreciated the quality of the door and its long service life – 10-15 years.

A door is not only a canvas, but also a box, a set of platbands and accessories. The latter are wooden panels in the color of the canvas and are needed if the wall of the opening is too wide. Dobors overlap the part of the wall that the box did not cover, and serve as an obligatory decorative element.

And on them, by the way, you can save money by choosing models with an artificial coating instead of veneered extensions, if it does not differ from the color of the canvas.

Materials (edit)

Veneer is made from various materials, and it is always natural wood of more valuable species: oak, mahogany, beech, cherry, ash and others. Solid pine lies inside a high-quality and practical door, and in order to give the door leaf a more expensive and aesthetic look, manufacturers use veneer coating.

One of the most expensive and solid coatings is oak.. In second and third places – beech and ash, walnut and cherry, which look great in any interior. The main difference between natural veneer and artificial veneer is that the first has a natural asymmetrical pattern that cannot be faked. Often this pattern is selected at the factory so that the canvas is more or less symmetrical and does not have obvious differences in the pattern. If you look closely at the veneered door, you will notice that the pattern is still different: there are no grooves of the same width and length..

Ash veneered doors have a light shade and resemble bleached oak or beech. Mahogany veneer directly speaks of the reddish hue from the name, like zebrano: this veneer has a stripe pattern.

Stone veneer facing material is made from natural slate and repeats the texture of black or white marble. Solid oak is an excellent canvas material, but expensive and capricious. Like any solid wood, it can deform from too humid conditions, dry indoor air and any disturbances in the microclimate of the room. But the service life of 100% solid wood canvases is impressive: about 50 years.

Wooden interior doors are divided into two categories: solid and with glass:

  • Deaf ones are completely wooden, and the most accessible element of their decor is panels – panels on the facade of the door, which give them an irregular geometric shape and often create a visual volume.
  • Doors with glass visually enlarge the space, make it bright. Glass can be anything: dark, light, glossy, matte and differ in the degree of transparency. It can be with fusing – volumetric elements or pattern, pattern.

Doors can be covered with enamel – paint. Enamel canvases also have a number of advantages, and above all they are fire resistance and hygiene. It is enough to wipe such doors with a damp cloth..

Which is better – laminated or veneered?

If we talk about the home interior, then of course, natural wood wins: it “breathes”, creates a favorable microclimate, looks aesthetically pleasing and expensive. But pets can scratch natural veneer easily. And what is its other plus – the coating can be restored with the help of a special wax-based polish. A veneered door is better for a nursery and a bedroom if the veneer is natural. It is good for creating classic or modern, and any other interior. The only drawback of the veneered model is the relatively high cost. A significant plus is a long service life – about 15 years.

A laminated door is best for a small bathroom or poorly ventilated room. Laminate is resistant to temperature and humidity changes in a small room and is not afraid of water.

The choice of interior doors is so individual. This choice is always a risk for the owner of an apartment or house, which especially depends on the budget..

Care

A natural veneer door needs to be cared for, just like any other door or furniture. Caring for her is reduced to wiping with a damp cloth. You can use a special alcohol-based composition or prepare it yourself: mix water and alcohol in proportions 9: 1.

To restore the coating, you will need a wax-based polish: it fills in minor damage, restores the color of the wood and additionally protects it. By the way, about protection: small parasites and insects can start in a natural tree. To protect against wood bugs, it is necessary to treat the canvas with an antiseptic at least once every few years. We are talking about doors made of 100% solid wood with minimal processing and other pieces of furniture.

You cannot paint a veneered door. The only coating that can be changed in color is enamel. Enamel and laminated doors can be washed with soapy water if heavy contamination appears on the canvas, which is strictly forbidden to do with wooden counterparts because wood is able to “absorb” water. After processing a wooden door with ordinary water, it is recommended to wipe it dry.

Any cloth can be wiped with a soft sponge or cloth and products without harsh abrasive particles.

Decorating options

Interior doors can be blind – wooden, smooth, laconic and without unnecessary details. Veneered with a natural finish look aesthetically pleasing and expensive even without decor. They can be paneled – with volumetric strips on the surface. Glazed models visually transform the space and even visually expand it. They look good in the living room and especially in the bathroom.. In the latter, they are practical: you can see from the switched on light that someone is in the room. Buyers began to choose glass doors to the bathroom and toilet relatively recently, because non-translucent glass appeared. Even if the light is on in the room, the silhouette of a person is not visible..

Glass can be just matte or glossy, transparent, differ in color. It is often decorated with fusing – volumetric glass elements in the form of drops, circles, squares. There may be a pattern or pattern on the glass.

An excellent decorative element – portals, decorative platbands with carving elements. Doors are often decorated with patina, spraying the canvas with golden or silver paint. Patination is the artificial aging of furniture elements or linens, and it looks especially good in a classic and rustic format. Provence is perfect for this description..

Examples in the interior

Veneered doors are indispensable in classic interiors. Noble wood transforms and emphasizes the image of the room, creates coziness. Light oak or ash models are combined with light finishes, light walls and floors.

Particularly relevant are those patinated doors that have an artificial touch of antiquity on the facade. Natural wood shade looks equally good in classic and modern interiors, in contrasting light or, on the contrary, dark finishes.

Classic models in the same color may differ in finishes. Pay attention to how concisely a deaf and glazed door looks in the conditions of one corridor.

White doors – a new classic. And they will not always be veneered, often light-colored canvases are covered with enamel, which creates a slight glossy effect on the surface. White doors look advantageous against the contrast in the form of a dark shade of the walls. And be sure to be supported by light, white furniture or decor. From the point of view of practicality, white canvases are not inferior to wooden ones, they are also easy to care for..

Double doors create an accent in a room and are ideal for a living room or kitchen. An opening with a width of 100 cm and more will not do without them, and such models with glass are especially attractive.

Dark veneered doors in wenge color are appropriate in modern and classic. In conditions of large or not too much space, the play of contrasts looks beneficial: light walls and dark brown canvases. To complete the image of the room, the wenge color should be supported by other dark furniture: a bed frame, a kitchen countertop or a small cabinet..

The Art Nouveau style reflects modernity, which means that a door with an eco-veneer coating is suitable for its creation..

If in the classics this material is not entirely appropriate, then in the modern direction it is quite. At the same time, the color of the canvas may not be entirely natural: gray, black, coffee and crystal white with aluminum or glass inserts..

A canvas in the Art Nouveau style with aluminum elements can visually change the proportions of a room: thin vertical panels visually expand, vertical ones make the canvas higher.

Milanese walnut is considered one of the most common colors.. However, modern designers have long ago moved away from the annoying shade and use it minimally in their projects. An exception is the unusual combination of a warm woody shade in loft or high-tech interiors, where it is necessary to smooth out the industrial image of the room. A geometric pattern on the canvas can beat the Milanese nut – horizontal and vertical stripes on the surface in an interesting combination.

You will learn more about how to choose veneered doors in the following video..

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