The fireplace is known to be a relative of the stove. Fireplaces never go out of style. They are constantly changing and improving. Not so long ago, a novelty appeared on the market: a fireplace that combines the functions of a stove and a hob. Such a device has several advantages over a conventional fireplace..
The main difference between a stove with a hob and a conventional fireplace is the ability to cook food on it. There are models with a hob and an oven. True, there are few ready-made offers of this option on the Russian market. One of them is the Russian stove. But do not confuse the Russian oven, in which bread is baked, and the oven – a fireplace with an oven. The stove runs exclusively on wood and the combustion temperature in it is much higher than in the oven, which is heated by the heat from the firebox. But a modern fireplace – a stove with a stove can work both on gas and on solid fuel.
Modern stoves – fireplaces with a stove can operate on both liquid and solid fuels. Natural gas is used as a liquid fuel. Such models can be used not only where there is a central gas pipeline, but also in a house without one. To do this, just connect a gas cylinder to the stove..
If a fireplace with a stove is also equipped with an oven, then the oven door is necessarily made of heat-resistant glass. Such glass differs from ordinary glass in that it is able to withstand much higher temperatures. It is made of a special kind of transparent ceramics. For comparison, a ceramic fireplace glass can easily tolerate a temperature of 800 C, and ordinary glass – only 260 C.
The peculiarity of the Russian stove is that it warms up the upper layers of the air more, while the floor and the space near it remains cold. That is why the traditional stove was often made with a stove bench so that it was warm to sleep..
Fireplaces of the Spanish company Ferlux. Ferlux Lawa fireplace models can be either with a hob or without a stove. The Ferlux Lawa Cook stove is stylized in vintage style and is distinguished by smooth streamlined lines, as well as the presence of antique ornaments in the decoration. There is a stove with two burners. The chimney outlet is provided from the top or from the back.
Stove – Ferlux Magma fireplace also has two versions with and without a stove. Its main difference from the Ferlux Lawa stove is that it lacks decorations in the form of old patterns on the side walls, so the stove looks more austere. At the same time, the same smooth lines in the design are repeated. The chimney structure can also be fixed to the ceiling or to the back wall of the room.
Stove fireplace of Russian trade mark Cologne with a stove it runs on wood and is purchased most often for small country houses with an area of up to 80 square meters, so that you can heat the house and cook food. The firebox is equipped with self-cleaning glass, which greatly facilitates the maintenance of the heater. The stove can work without adding firewood for up to 8 hours. The heating power of this device is 9 kW.
Stove – fireplace Oka – a heating unit with an open-type firebox, which allows observing the combustion process. Works on wood and brown coal. It is capable of heating an area up to 70 sq.m. The firebox door is made of prismatic glass, which allows you to increase the view of the contemplation of fire. This model is carried out in a wall-mounted version..
Stove fireplace Okhta runs on wood or coal fuel. This model is purchased mainly for temporary premises – country houses, summer veranda. The firebox with self-cleaning glass will allow you to enjoy not only the aromas of delicious food, but also the beauty of live fire..
Stove – fireplace Angers manufactured by Konig Feuer (Ireland). The fireplace is made of ductile iron and can heat a room up to 80 sq.m. Such a stove works on wood, peat fuel or coal briquettes. The fireplace is equipped with heat-resistant glass and an air regulator, which makes it easier to control the combustion process.
Stove – fireplace Narva. This is a heating device that works as a stove in combination. In this model, coal briquettes or ordinary firewood can be used as fuel. To fully load the firebox, you need about 4 kg of firewood. In this case, the oven can keep warm for up to 8 hours after the flame is completely extinguished. The furnace chamber is lined with refractory tiles, each of which can be replaced in case of damage. The hob is made of cast iron and has one burner.
Fireplace – stove Baikal. Despite its small dimensions, the furnace has sufficient power to promptly heat rooms with an average area. Baikal fireplaces have a closed hearth. Air is heated by convection.
Sometimes a house project does not allow you to be satisfied with some ready-made solution. Or the owner of the house wants something special and exclusive. In this case, the order of the product is drawn up, in which all the details are carefully worked out, from the foundation to the finishing elements of the future fireplace. This is a detailed diagram, which provides for the location of each element of the product, its exact dimensions and even the grade of material.
This is a very important stage of construction, because it is worth making a mistake in the choice of some part and this can lead to disastrous consequences. For example, if for the construction of a wood-burning fireplace, you choose not heat-resistant glass, but ordinary glass, it will not withstand the heat and burst, and this will inevitably lead to a fire.
As for the decorative elements, everything is not simple here either. For decorating fireplaces, it is better to choose heat-resistant facing materials. Natural stones – granite, malachite, marble – are considered favorites among finishing materials. However, their cost is very high..
As an alternative to expensive minerals, manufacturers suggest looking at talc magnesite. It is also a natural stone, consisting mainly of talc and magnesite with small admixtures of chloride and magnetite. It is highly regarded for its high strength, ease of processing and high thermal conductivity. In our country, it is mined in the Urals and in Karelia. Also in stores you can often find Finnish talcomagnesite samples. The color palette of the stone is very wide: from almost white to dark gray, almost black. Sometimes after finishing and grinding, talcomagnesite can be confused with marble..
Another alternative to granite and marble is artificial stone. It is made by mixing concrete with various additives and then giving the desired color. Today, technologies make it possible to completely imitate an artificial stone for natural minerals..