The home environment changes surprisingly if the languid force of a fireplace fire appears in it. Everyone bows down to this power of tranquility and eternity, sitting comfortably in a chair, covered with a blanket and enjoying tea that burns lips..
A fireplace today can be located in almost any house or apartment, because numerous finishing options fit organically into various interiors.
Features of interior and exterior decoration
The fireplace consists of a portal and a hearth. A hearth is a place for burning or its imitation. The portal, on the other hand, performs a decorative function and is richly decorated with various materials. Each detail requires a specific finish.
According to many, a three-sided fireplace best shows the beauty of fire and looks great in a home or apartment. It is a fireplace with a combustion zone closed on three sides by a glass-ceramic window.
In most cases, a false wall is used for external decoration of a three-sided fireplace. Less commonly, you can see a similar model in the center of the room. The shapes of the fireplace are different. It can be a cube, pyramid, cylinder and other original options..
The design of three-sided fireplaces stands in the way of modernity. Here you can see styles such as modern, high-tech and country.
For those whose dreams constantly lead to thoughts of a fireplace, but the possibility of placing it in an apartment does not exist, false fireplaces were invented. They have no hearth and fire, so they are the safest..
What is a false fireplace for? All for the same comfort. For example, such a design can cover an unaesthetic appearance of batteries, place a heater for additional warmth, use it as a stylish shelf, arrange candles or complement a cozy interior..
For the base of the fireplace, drywall is most often used, they are decorated with wood, artificial stone, decorative brick or ceramic tiles..
In most apartments, putting a fireplace with a real fire is problematic and, as it turns out in practice, is unrealistic. Indeed, it is much safer and easier to save the soft light of a real fire for a country house. For an apartment, an artificial fireplace will be the best solution..
For its decoration, the same materials are used as for a false fireplace, because it does not pose a threat or any danger, working from an outlet. Drywall, brick, tile – here are the options for finishing artificial models.
The modern decoration of the fireplace is varied. Here you can find materials that characterize the classics, or you can find something original and individual.
Marble is one of the noblest materials for finishing various types of fireplaces. This is probably why today he is especially popular..
It is worth saying that marble can be used to build the entire structure of the fireplace, or you can supplement the finished fireplace in the form of a cladding. For the first case, a rubble stone is used, for the second – plates. The thickness of the cladding plate is no more than 1 cm.
Advantages of marble finishing:
- clean material that does not emit harmful substances when heated;
- high strength;
- does not absorb moisture;
- does not respond to high temperatures and their drops;
- the price varies depending on the naturalness of the marble;
- has an aesthetic appearance;
- relevant for any style.
Marble can be artificial or natural. According to experts, this is the case when a substitute is superior to a natural competitor. So, artificial marble has lightness and plasticity, it is easy to strengthen it on any surface, be it brick or drywall. The large weight of natural material requires professionalism and fundamentality of the base of the fireplace.
Much has been said about the beauty of marble. Indeed, thin streaks of contrasting colors cannot be confused with any other stone. The color palette is multifaceted here. Pink with black, gray with white, black and yellow tones will please the most picky aesthetes..
The wood-trimmed fireplace looks very warm and cozy. However, this material has its advantages and disadvantages, which are important to familiarize yourself with in order to obtain the best result..
So, wood in decoration is used only for false fireplaces, as well as with artificial flame, after all, it is no secret that wood is a highly flammable material. In addition, wood should be used in residential buildings and apartments with constant heating. A country wooden house with a chic wood fireplace is a dream that cannot come true. Wood accumulates moisture, and later cracks appear on it.
And even if a wooden fireplace is in your permanent habitat, it is important to keep an eye on it, and not just wipe it off with a damp cloth. Certain means for processing wood, periodic surface renewal – the key to a beautiful fireplace for many years. Unfortunately, without proper care, the wood quickly darkens, loses its gloss and presentable appearance..
The wood weighs a little, so the fireplace can be finished with your own hands. In addition, you can decorate the model with stucco molding, give different shades to natural material. The cost of facing is different and varies depending on the type of wood.
Decorating a fireplace with natural stone is not cheap, therefore, often in order to save money, artificial material becomes the choice of buyers. The best of them is porcelain stoneware. The material has high strength and long-lasting color, because color mineral pigments are added directly to the mixture for preparation. With the help of porcelain stoneware, you can create the effect of natural marble, granite, serpentine and other valuable types of stones.
For a real and an artificial fireplace, you can use different materials, so one of the most durable is brick. Surprisingly, this material familiar to everyone can easily compete with natural stone in aesthetic characteristics. Ceramic bricks are used for decoration..
Bricks of various colors, glossy and matte can be laid directly during the laying of the fireplace itself, or even after construction. Brick is not susceptible to temperatures, and also does not have the property of cracking, which is especially important for country houses.
A fireplace with a tile finish is an interesting, but rather rare solution. And it’s all about the special preparation of the surface for facing, because a small mosaic is able to repeat any unevenness.
Features of mosaic decoration:
- not afraid of moisture;
- does not respond to temperature changes;
- can be made of glass and tiles;
- suitable for modern fireplace designs.
When deciding on the choice of mosaic as a finish, it is important to find out from the supplier its composition, because some options are created exclusively for artificial and false fireplaces.
Himalayan salt is a unique natural material from the Himalayas with a pink tint. Today this material is actively used in apartments, for example, as salt lamps, wall decoration or fireplaces. How did he earn such popularity??
Advantages of Himalayan Salt:
- the ability to absorb excess moisture in the apartment during the unheated season;
- the possibility of using it as a room ionizer and air humidifier;
- original appearance;
- the ability to use for any kind of fireplace;
- antimicrobial action.
The effect of Himalayan salt is great, because it is not in vain that salt caves and visiting them with the whole family are gaining increasing popularity. According to the owners of this unique material, colds and illnesses are bypassed at home, which means that you can think about buying it. In an aesthetic sense, crystals have a stylish glow, which is perfectly emphasized by flames, as well as additional lighting placed by the fireplace..
Truly luxurious fireplaces are the result of tiles. And this is not surprising, because in the Middle Ages, temples and palaces were richly decorated with this material. The composition of the tiles is simple, most often terracotta clay. The tiles are suitable for all types of fireplaces, while for these models, cast iron fireboxes are required.
Another advantage of this material is its versatility. So, glazed tiles are filled with glossy shine and resemble glass, unglazed tiles are similar to earthenware..
Tiles delight in classic, modern and vintage styles. The rich painting makes each tile unique, and the fireplace takes on a unique look, becoming the main accent in the interior of the house..
Another wonderful natural stone used to decorate a fireplace is onyx. It is impossible not to recognize him, because smooth transitions, stripes and spots, and besides, transparency belong only to him – a stone worthy of admiration. It is the transparency of onyx that has become a fashionable trend in decorating a fireplace. The use of lighting in various colors helps to reveal the beauty of the material in all its breadth, however, even without it, onyx looks incomparable.
Continuing the theme of the advantages of onyx, one cannot fail to note its durability and strength. Such a choice will certainly delight its owner for a long period of time. And onyx is also a limited natural resource, which means that cladding a fireplace with it will become not only a stylish addition to the interior, but also a useful investment of money..
Granite is one of the most durable materials for decorating a fireplace. Its color palette will captivate picky critics, because starting from a white tone, it turns into red and purple, and ends in black..
Granite is a confirmation of the status of the owner of such a fireplace. Due to the laborious mining, the prices for it are high, so often the choice falls on artificial stones. Nevertheless, granite remains a popular material for decorating real and artificial fireplaces..
Finishing with foam concrete blocks is ideal for false fireplaces, as well as artificial models. Real fire is contraindicated for foam blocks..
This material will delight you with the simplicity of the work, because it is cut in shape using an ordinary hacksaw. As a decor, putty is applied, so when it is applied with a sponge, a unique rough surface appears. Also, acrylic paint is used to obtain a presentable look..
Fiber cement panels
Fiber cement panels – cement-fiber material used in the decoration of houses, fireplaces, stoves and steam rooms.
- long service life;
- democratic cost;
- a variety of imitation of various surfaces: brick, wood, metal;
- tolerance of temperatures from -80 to +80 degrees, i.e. they are ideal for artificial fireplaces.
Designers even managed to fit metal organically into the decoration of fireplaces. First of all, this material perfectly withstands proximity to hot surfaces, which cannot but please the owners of a real fireplace..
Types of metal for cladding:
- polished steel;
- textured rusty panel often becomes the choice of designers;
- patinated metal;
Metal plates can be positioned asymmetrically in relation to the floor, as well as transformed into intricate shapes.
The tile is a plate made of baked clay. Any tile is suitable for finishing an artificial and false fireplace; for the present, it is important to take into account some conditions. So, the tile should be dense and have small pores, because large tiles will quickly darken from fire and lose their presentable appearance..
Suitable types of tiles for real fireplaces:
- heat-resistant clinker tiles;
- porcelain stoneware;
A natural material called “slate” is relevant for the decoration of real and artificial fireplaces. Its appearance is comparable in beauty to marble, because the composition of this stone is unique. Quartz and mica, included in the material, fill it with an amazing radiance, which is revealed when the flames play.
Sawed stone and “wild” are equally relevant. In the first case, the owner of the fireplace receives a glossy smooth surface, in the second – convex and very embossed.
Slate goes well with other materials. For example, marble combined with slate is ideal for classic models, the Art Nouveau style will decorate a fireplace with slate and sandstone finishes..
The liquid wallpaper
Liquid wallpaper is often called “silk plaster”, because their composition, indeed, can include silk, cotton, cellulose. What distinguishes the material from the plaster is the absence of sand in the composition..
Artificial fireplaces are often decorated with liquid wallpaper, because their design and decorations can be thought out to the smallest detail and updated at any time, in addition, all the decoration can be done independently. And with the help of liquid wallpaper, you can create almost any surface that imitates natural stone..
If you want to create a truly unique fireplace finish, pay attention to the bas-relief decoration. A three-dimensional surface with a pattern is the exclusive work of designers, because all the finishing is done by hand, which means that two absolutely identical fireplaces do not exist.
The bas-relief can be done with plaster. It is he who is preferred by beginners, because the execution of a bas-relief by a master is an expensive work..
To add brightness to the bas-relief, paints and a play of halftones are used. However, according to experts, with the right lighting, the appearance of a bas-relief without painting looks no less luxurious..
Decorating the fireplace with glass is a rare but very attractive solution. For real fireplaces, only special thermo-fired material can be used. He is not afraid even of direct fire, therefore he often finds application as an element for closing the firebox..
Natural stone, created from volcanic lava, has become an extremely popular material for decorating stoves and fireplaces. And this is due not only to its luxurious appearance, but also to health benefits. So, being near a real fireplace with soapstone trim improves blood circulation and reduces blood pressure. And this stone can also last up to 30 years, delighting the owner.
Today, designers and ordinary people who have started renovations want to bring the interior closer to a certain style, because this always emphasizes the delicate taste of the owner. The fireplace is an element that clearly reflects the style load, so it is important to be especially careful about its decoration..
Hi-Tech is a style of advanced technology. Surprisingly, even fireplaces famous for centuries can be transformed and made part of this modern style..
A fireplace in such an interior has such characteristic features as:
- bizarre shapes: pyramids, cubes, cylinders, etc .;
- non-standard materials for finishing: fireproof glass, steel, mirrors, glass ceramics.
Three-sided fireplaces are a striking prototype of Hi-Tech style fireplaces. Round fireplaces in the form of an aquarium are also popular today. The most original are rotating models with a waterfall, fulfilling the idea of romantics about eternal observation of fire and streams of water..
The English style of the fireplace is often called classic. Its main feature is the classic U-shaped portal with no doors on the firebox. An indescribable delight brings the observation of an open flame and a soft crackle, isn’t it?
As a decoration, the English style accepts natural materials such as marble, brick, granite, onyx. Designers advise keeping the natural colors and beauty of natural stones. Wood can also be used, such as noble oak, alder or pine.
For a country house, an antique fireplace will be relevant. For its decoration, brick, “wild” stone and unglazed tiles will become a harmonious solution..
For an aristocratic fireplace, stucco molding, as well as marble, are suitable. Carved wood will add softness to the atmosphere.
Warm and cozy French style “Provence” won over the inhabitants of noisy cities. This is the style of French country houses, which are alien to bright colors and unnatural shapes. Pastels, original patterns and natural motifs – all that is required for stylish fireplace decoration.
Fireplace finishing methods:
- crackle – a technique of aging with the help of a special varnish that forms cracks after drying;
- sanding the surface – the lower tone of the paint begins to shine through the upper light layer;
- aging of metal;
- stucco decoration.
To make a fireplace in this romantic style, wood, forged metal and light natural stone are suitable..