Nowadays, you will not surprise anyone with the presence of a fireplace in the interior – due to the variety of their varieties, even a small city apartment can be equipped with a fireplace. However, if you are the happy owner of your own country cottage or summer cottage, you can afford such a wonderful functional interior detail like a real wood-burning fireplace. Wood-burning fireplaces perfectly fit into the interior, give it a special comfort, and, most importantly, efficiently heat a large area of the room. So let’s get to know them better.
- Wood-burning fireplaces-stoves are constructions, the main elements of which are a firebox and a chimney. The combustion process takes place in the firebox, thanks to the chimney, the combustion products are removed outside and carbon monoxide is extracted, it does not remain inside the room;
- Smoke collector. This is a chamber located above the firebox. Helps to remove harmful gases into the chimney;
- Portal. A decorative niche in which a fireplace is installed;
- Grate – there is a woodpile on it;
- Ash pan – the lower part of the furnace, in which ash is collected;
- Smoke tooth – located at the back of the fireplace, and is designed to protect the house from the penetration of smoke and cold air.
Wood-burning fireplace stoves for home and summer cottages are usually built from brick or natural stone, but there are also cast-iron structures, the so-called long-burning fireplace stoves. They are not afraid of temperature changes and they are able to independently heat a rather large area of the room.. Such ovens consist of:
- Cast iron firebox;
- Portal made of refractory material – brick, metal, marble;
- Door for closing the firebox. The material for their manufacture is fire-resistant glass..
A fireplace for a bath is made of steel sheets; refractory bricks are laid inside. The grate connecting the ash pan and the combustion chamber is made of cast iron.
Varieties, pros and cons
Wood-burning fireplaces are conventionally divided into two groups, each of which includes several types of fireplaces. The first group – brick fireplaces, the second – cast iron. Let’s consider them in more detail:
- Brick fireplaces can be divided into two subgroups: with a straight chimney and with a winding chimney. The first variety is best suited for quickly warming up the air in the room. This happens as follows: during the combustion of fuel, the nearest layers of air and the brick itself are heated. However, due to the strong draft, the heated smoke is not retained in the smoke channel, but is discharged into the chimney, which significantly reduces the efficiency of such fireplaces and is one of their disadvantages. Their second drawback is the uneven heating of the room. And the third – such a fireplace generates heat only when the fuel is burning in it, it does not have prolonged heating. Stoves-fireplaces with a winding chimney, on the contrary, can warm up the room for several hours after the end of the firebox, so such stoves are more versatile. A hob can be installed above the firebox, on which it will be convenient to cook food, dry mushrooms, berries, fruits and vegetables, and also heat water.
Positive reviews about brick fireplace stoves mark their presentable appearance, which harmonizes so well with the interiors of country houses, the ability to install a fireplace with those parameters that fit your room, as well as a small consumption of materials.
- Cast iron and metal fireplaces. This type of wood-burning fireplaces has a higher efficiency compared to brick ones, due to the fact that metal conducts heat better than stone. Such ovens are often equipped with a hob, which allows them to additionally perform the functions of a stove, as well as a heat exchanger or a water circuit to cover a larger area of \ u200b \ u200bthe room..
Advantages of cast iron fireplace stoves:
- high efficiency (up to 85%);
- it is possible to install such a fireplace in the basement to warm up the upper floors;
- use of economical and environmentally friendly fuel – firewood;
- firewood can be from any tree.
- high efficiency can cause severe overheating of the room;
- the need for constant replenishment of fuel supplies;
- if used improperly, there may be a risk of fire – therefore, it is necessary to carefully read the instructions and regularly check the serviceability of the equipment.
For a country house, a wood-burning fireplace stove is an absolutely irreplaceable thing. Most often, being an additional heating device, it still helps home owners maintain the required temperature in case of interruptions in the main heating system (outside the city, as a rule, this is an electric or gas boiler). But every owner wants his fireplace stove to be not only functional, but also beautiful and fit perfectly into the interior of the room.. Let’s take a look at a few styling solutions:
- For a classic style of interior decoration, a fireplace decorated with granite, marble, natural stone is suitable. The fireplace portal should have clear lines, without pretentious decorations and frills;
- A country-style interior assumes a rough masonry of a fireplace portal made of natural stone or brick. Hunting trophies hung over the fireplace will become a decoration;
- The high-tech style provides for a fireplace made of materials such as chrome, metal and glass. As a rule, these are mini-fireplaces that perform more decorative than heating function. Often used for zoning space;
- If you are attracted by the Art Nouveau style, then the choice of both the material for the manufacture of the fireplace itself and the decorations for the fireplace portal is practically unlimited – it is enough to take into account all the design features of your room and decorate the fireplace in harmony with it;
- An interesting loft style, characterized by minimalism and deliberate roughness of the finish, suggests the presence of a cast-iron or metal fireplace without additional decorations. As a rule, an island location is most often chosen for it..
In order for your wood-burning fireplace stove to become not only a pleasant addition to the interior, but also faithfully perform its main functions for heating the room, when choosing a suitable model, you should pay attention to the following nuances:
- For the location of the fireplace stove, choose a place away from flammable objects;
- In the absence of a chimney, it is necessary to purchase it in accordance with the diameter of the existing chimney;
- Install a steel plate on the floor under the fireplace – it will protect the floor from damage by sparks and, as a result, from fire;
- Free opening and closing of the fireplace doors is required, the adjustment knobs and knob must be finished with thermal insulation. Even the slightest damage to the body and internal devices of the furnace is unacceptable;
- All certificates must be available;
- Be sure to clarify the obligations of the seller under the guarantee – some parts of the furnace may not be included in it;
- An important factor is the cost of the fireplace stove. A good imported stove will be slightly more expensive than a domestic one.