Linoleum is one of the most favorite floor coverings among our fellow citizens. It has various colors and textures. Also, there were samples that have an insulated base. What is this product, let’s understand.
Advantages and disadvantages
Insulated linoleum took over all the positive aspects from its brother, who does not have a layer of insulation.
The material is easy to lay. Does not require perfect floor leveling and specific maintenance. It is enough to wash it with soapy water with a small amount of detergent twice a week. Well resists changes in temperature and humidity. Linoleum will not swell or deform when moisture gets on it.
Has various colors, including imitating parquet or tiles. It can be matched to almost any stylistic solution of the room. The coverage is quite budgetary, almost everyone can allow it to be laid on the floor of their home.
As for the features of insulated linoleum, of course, its main advantage is that it perfectly protects the floor from the cold. By laying it on the ground floor, you can forget about warm socks and slippers. The floor will be warm even if it has a concrete base. This type of coating provides good cushioning. It absorbs noise perfectly.
But linoleum with insulation also has disadvantages. The shelf life of such a coating is limited and is about 10 years..
It is not recommended to use linoleum with natural insulation in bathrooms, as it will accumulate moisture, not dry out, and will soon collapse.
Insulated linoleum has 5 layers:
- 1 layer – a protective film that prevents abrasion and damage to the product.
- 2nd layer – decorative. It is a film with an ornament applied to it.
- 3rd layer – polyvinyl chloride. This material is designed to provide sound insulation and softness to the coating.
- 4th layer – fiberglass. It serves as an armature. It is this layer that is responsible for the strength of the product..
- 5 layer – insulation. This is the thickest of the layers. It is he who is responsible for thermal conductivity. It keeps the floor warm.
Further, there can be a finishing layer in the form of a film on which the manufacturer’s logo is applied. This layer is not used on linoleum, the base of which is made of felt.
Insulated linoleum, whether it is on felt or foam base, as, in principle, and usual, has several varieties:
- Domestic. This type, as the name suggests, is designed for installation in residential areas where there is no large crowd of people. This is the cheapest type of linoleum, so its colors are simple, poorly imitating expensive floor coverings. Such a product is quite soft, perfect for laying in a bedroom, which is located on the ground floor, as well as in a country house..
- Semi-commercial. This type withstands increased loads and is suitable for laying not only in the house, but also in the office. Often, workrooms have extremely cold floors. And semi-commercial linoleum with insulation is an excellent solution to this problem, of course, if your office does not have a large influx of people. The colors of this type of coating most often imitate parquet or tiles, although you can find models with original fantasy ornaments..
- Commercial linoleum on insulation is extremely rare. This is due to the fact that in rooms where this type of coating is required, people usually walk in outdoor shoes, so their feet are warm and without an insulated layer..
There is a special type of linoleum called homogeneous. This type is a polyvinyl chloride base in which various dyes are mixed. A distinctive feature of such a coating is its structure. Even with wear of such a coating, it has a presentable appearance. This is due to the fact that the product is colored throughout its entire thickness, therefore, the pattern is not disturbed during abrasion. This type of linoleum can also be found on an insulated substrate. It is perfect for equipping classrooms at the institute.
Another special type of linoleum is a product that prevents the spread of electrostatic voltage. This type is recommended for installation in rooms where a large number of electrical appliances are located. Its surface is a poor conductor of electric current, therefore it is a kind of insulator. But in its design, it has copper tapes that are connected to ground and dissipate the static voltage accumulated by the floor base..
We know linoleum is quite slippery when wet. Yes, and in socks it is easy to fall on him. Therefore, modern manufacturers have developed anti-slip linoleum. It is the perfect covering for a child’s room. It will provide maximum protection for babies from falling on slippery floors, and also give the base a softness..
Everyone is accustomed to the fact that linoleum is a synthetic material, but modern industry does not stand still, and manufacturers now offer natural insulated linoleum, which is based on natural resins. Such a coating can be laid even in an eco-house, it is completely safe for health, hypoallergenic. But the cost of such linoleum is quite high..
In addition to the top coating, linoleum also differs in insulation, which is used to create this product. The following materials are used as a thermal insulating substrate.
This insulation is a natural wool that is glued to the floor covering. It is an environmentally friendly material that is difficult to maintain. It is susceptible to mold growth and decay, even though modern manufacturers impregnate it with various protective chemicals. Also, linoleum with a felt base is quite soft, and because of its softness it does not tolerate stress.
It is easy to tear it when moving furniture. Heavy pieces of furniture also leave traces on it that do not disappear. When laying linoleum on a felt backing, it is necessary to take into account the fact that during the operation period such insulation can shrink up to 10 cm, therefore, before fixing this floor covering with plinths, it is worth giving it a “rest” for at least a day. But despite such shortcomings, linoleum on felt is ideal for equipping a floor in a bedroom or nursery, where increased heat-shielding properties of the product, as well as its softness, are required..
This material is an excellent thermal insulation material. Prevents the penetration of cold into the upper layers of the product. Linoleum on a foam basis is not afraid of moisture. Despite its softness, it copes well with increased loads due to the elasticity of this material..
Natural linoleum is usually produced on this insulation. Jute is an environmentally friendly material that does an excellent job of being a thermal insulator. It does not release warm air outside, and at the same time protects the flooring from cooling down in contact with cold concrete, for example. Linoleum on such a substrate would be an excellent option for lovers of natural materials..
Insulated linoleum is available in several sizes. They depend not only on the manufacturer, but also on the type of substrate. All manufacturers, whatever the type of linoleum, set the minimum product width of 1.5 meters, then increasing it in 50 centimeters increments..
So, linoleum on a foamed base has a canvas width of up to 5 meters. This is very convenient, as it allows you to lay the floor in the rooms of standard layouts of apartments in our country without joints, without using gluing.
The product on felt will have a maximum width of 3 meters.
Natural linoleum with a jute backing, due to the fragility of the material, is made with a maximum width of only 2.5 meters.
The length of the rolls can be up to 60 meters. But the standard range is 15-45 meters. Sheets of a natural product reach only 6 meters in length for the same reason that the material is rather fragile..
To choose the size of insulated linoleum for your room, you need to measure the length and width of the room. Since in our apartments the rooms usually have a shape that is far from the correct rectangle, you need to measure all four sides.
We take the maximum indicators of length and width, add 5 centimeters of stock to them. We get the dimensions of the linoleum sheet required for this room.
Since the width of linoleum is produced a certain and it is not cut off, we select the most suitable size. For a room of 3×3.9 m, you need a piece of linoleum 3.05×3.95 m.In the store, you should take a product 4 meters wide and 3.05 meters long and place it across the room, then you will have to cut it slightly, thereby saving money.
Insulated linoleum of several brands is presented on the domestic market. The most popular ones are:
This company occupies a leading position among the enterprises producing linoleum. The company has been producing various floor coverings since the beginning of the last century. The quality of its products meets all the requirements of sanitary standards not only in Russia, but also in Europe. Among the products, you can find samples with a felt backing or on a foam backing. In addition, all products have an increased fire safety class, which means that the linoleum of this company is resistant to ignition..
The production of products of this brand is located in Belgium. This linoleum is of high quality and original design that will add chic to your room. The thermal insulation layer here is made of felt. Such a covering will make your floors warm and soft, and will give comfort when walking on them barefoot..
This company produces eco-linoleum. The products are 97% natural. The Marmoleum line of this company has products on a cork base, which will not only protect your feet from the cold, but also provide a high rate of sound insulation. Also, jute is used as a thermal insulator in some lines..
“Komitex Lin Parma”
This company produces household linoleum of economy class. Felt is used here as a heater. An excellent option for equipping a floor in a temporary dwelling or in a country house, especially since the price of such linoleum will be minimal.
Which one is better to choose on a cold floor?
The choice of linoleum for floor insulation depends on several factors. The decisive factor here is the budget that you have allocated for the purchase of flooring. Of course, if it is unlimited, it is better to give preference to the natural representative of this product. For a very limited amount, you can buy a household type of insulated linoleum or find leftovers of the required size in a store, for which good discounts are usually made..
The choice of linoleum on an insulated basis also depends on the purpose of the room in which you purchase this floor covering. So, in the bedroom or in the nursery, you can opt for a household type of coverage. For the hallway, kitchen and living room, it is still recommended to purchase semi-commercial linoleum.
When choosing linoleum, it is worth considering the base on which this product will be laid. For uneven wooden floors, linoleum on a felt backing is suitable. This is due to the fact that the felt will hide the gaps between the boards and small differences. For a flat concrete floor, the substrate can be any.
Linoleum with foam insulation is suitable for the bathroom. Such a floor covering will not be subject to the appearance of mold and mildew, it will perfectly tolerate changes in temperature and humidity..
Examples and variants
Insulated linoleum on the building materials market is represented by a huge assortment. Here are the most original samples.
Insulated linoleum with a foam backing, imitating a parquet board, will perfectly fit into any interior from classic to modern.
Natural linoleum, imitating wooden tiles, will add chic to the classic interior and make it environmentally friendly.
Bright linoleum is suitable not only for laying in a nursery, but will make an original modern design, for example, in the living room.
Which linoleum to give preference to, is described in the video.