Now many people use a combination of different materials for repairs. As a rule, in some cases the material has a different texture and thickness. Some difficulties arise in the design of the joint between laminate and tile..
In order to correctly draw up the junction, it is necessary to use some rules and methods.
Tiles and laminates are usually used in different locations or in different functional areas. But often in the places of their connection, height differences are obtained between these materials due to the different thickness of the flooring. Both of these materials are very popular, which is why they most often come into contact during repairs..
Most often, the joint between these two floor coverings is located in two places:
- Under the door. The peculiarity of this joint is that it combines the finishing materials of two different adjoining rooms. As a rule, in this case, the easiest way to make the transition is with the help of a threshold under the door structure. A feature of such joints is that a small nut is used here, which can be barely noticeable..
- In one room. As a rule, in this case, materials are found in an open space. Usually this option is used when finishing materials were planned to be used for zoning purposes. A feature of such joints is that they are usually designed more naturally, without using additional inserts and explicit transitions..
Thus, the peculiarity of joining these finishing materials is that you will have the opportunity to choose a more convenient method – with or without a nut. Both options look quite interesting and allow you to decorate the joint beautifully, but each design requires certain skills and has its own characteristics..
So, design without a sill requires an obligatory perfectly even trimming of the tiles, moreover, all edges must be trimmed correctly and evenly so that the contrast is not too obvious, and the result is worthy. The option with a sill is simpler, it is easier to finish the joint in this way., you don’t have to match the material thickness perfectly. In some cases, a transition without a threshold looks rougher than with this docking element..
In any case, combining tiles and laminates has several advantages:
- The combination of these two floor coverings makes the room and the floors in it more practical..
- You do not have to choose between two different finishing materials and sacrifice the durability of the tiles or the presentability of the laminate, because it is possible to combine them, laying in different zones. For example, in the kitchen area, tiles are usually laid, but in the dining area or in the living room, if it is in a common room with the kitchen, the laminate looks perfect.
Competent combination of these two coatings will allow you to secure the floors in the kitchen area and make the dining area more interesting..
- Since different materials will be used for such zoning, they need to be selected depending on the technical characteristics and functional purpose. In this way, you will extend the life of each floor covering as it will be used as intended..
- The successful combination of floor coverings such as tiles and laminate flooring always results in a floor that meets the requirements of durability and reliability..
- The combination of these materials allows you to save on laying another, more versatile and reliable material instead of these two..
- The cost of these floor coverings is quite affordable, as is the cost of the auxiliary elements required for such a joining..
But not everyone will be able to competently perform the joint. First of all, you need to decide on the method and understand which design will look more presentable. In addition, you need to study all the nuances of these works and choose the right elements that smooth the joining..
Types of sills
In some cases, the thickness of floor tiles and laminates is very different. That is why they resort to the use of sills when decorating. But they are of different types, depending on this, different elements and types of docking are used..
They allow you to close any joint between different floor coverings. With their help, you can hide the gap and make the transition from one coating to another smoother. Decorative elements great for smoothing out implicit height differences between different floor coverings. They have many advantages and do not look too noticeable, unlike other types of sills..
Basically, they differ in the material of manufacture.. Most often, decorative elements made of aluminum or plastic are used. But the most reliable and presentable are wooden. They are considered completely ecological and natural. This transition looks the most aesthetically pleasing. In addition, they are able to fit into almost any interior and are suitable for many types of tiles and laminate..
Decorative sills are usually in the form of planks. They can be completely straight or curved. Usually, curved elements are used to design wavy joints..
With their help, you can transform the joint of these coatings and protect this vulnerable spot from various mechanical and other damage..
The most durable are wooden and aluminum decorative sills.. But plastic elements are considered not so reliable and can easily break from high loads, so it is better to use them in places with low traffic.
Decorative sills are laid in different ways. In some cases, metal elements make the anchoring points visible, creating a clear transition. Other decorative elements allow you to hide the joint like a skirting board. The docking becomes more attractive and the coverings look more monolithic, but there is still a slight transition between the heights of the two different floor coverings..
It is a versatile door sill type that allows you to close the space between tiles and laminate flooring. It is made of metal and plastic profiles with optimal flexibility and ideal for use in combination with laminate and tiles. Plastic flexible sills are used when there is sufficient distance between two floor coverings to accommodate them..
The soft adapter perfectly fills the formed joints and is well fixed between these coatings. Thanks to good filling and secure fixing, these modern thresholds do not deform or shift, even under high loads..
Metal flexible sills usually resemble tiles in appearance. Such elements look more restrained and sophisticated. As a rule, they are used with minimal variance in coating thickness. That’s why experts recommend removing the extra layer from the tile in order to level these coatings.
The metal strips are cut with a metal hacksaw and fixed during the installation of these two floor coverings. They have reliable fasteners, therefore, they allow high-quality matching of coatings..
These elements are quite elastic and flexible, therefore they allow the floor coverings to move slightly during operation. It’s no secret that laminate flooring often expands and therefore can put pressure on the joints. Cork expansion joints do not interfere with the expansion of the laminate and thus the joint does not deform at all over time.
Cork sills are environmentally friendly and look pretty presentable.
These sills are versatile and reliable, so they usually last longer than other similar decorative elements..
This is a special kind of threshold that is often used during the docking process. It is ideal for those who do not have the ability to level the floor with a screed.. It allows you to hide some of the unevenness and imperfections of the flooring. The podium is a separate section in the form of an inflated structure. As a rule, a split-level floor between the main flooring and the podium has a gap of 5 to 10 cm.But thanks to this design, you do not have to cut off an extra layer of materials.
Usually the most obvious contrasts of coatings are used for the podium.. The podium is fixed with special fasteners. It is presented as a separate structure. But catwalk sills are traumatic as they can be easily tripped over..
The tracks are divided into types depending on the material from which they are made..
Each material has certain technical characteristics:
- Wood. Such joints are versatile and suitable for all types of interiors and for any color range of tiles and laminates. In addition, wooden sills are usually close in design to laminate. Wooden elements are always harder and more durable and last longer than others. But with their help it is difficult to make zigzag or rounded joints..
- Plastic. This material is not the most durable and reliable, but with its help you can create an interesting joint design. Manufacturers present a variety of interesting design options for plastic sills. With their help, you can easily make undulating transitions. The choice is so wide that you can choose a model of absolutely any color in order to dock the coatings less noticeably or, on the contrary, with a contrast.
- Aluminum. These joints are the stiffest and tightest. They perfectly withstand all mechanical stress and are no less durable than wooden ones..
Some liquid materials such as cork, sealant or other solutions are also used as sills. They can be transparent or, on the contrary, they can have a color.
Manufacturers offer a wide variety of liquid formulations that adhere well to both tiles and laminates..
Now designers present several options for joining these materials, each of which is different in its shape..
There are two most popular types of joints in shape:
This is a regular straight or T-shaped joint, which is the easiest to perform.. This is the best option for all types of floors in all areas.. This seam shape will look great in any room. It will allow you to highlight several clear functional areas..
Exactly this form of joining is often used when combining materials in doorways between different rooms. A straight joint is located in the corner of the room and even in the center. But this form of joints has some material requirements: the difference between the two floor coverings should not be more than 5 mm. Otherwise, the floors will not look so presentable, and it will be much more difficult to decorate the joint..
Straight docking is usually used in conjunction with sills. In this way, strong discrepancies between the tile and the laminate are usually masked, as well as some defects in the coatings. So you can hide the uneven edges of the floor tiles, formed as a result of its trimming, as well as some other defects.
It is more difficult to connect the coatings in this way. Usually, wave-like joining methods are used only by professionals. If you arrange such a combination correctly, the result will be impressive. The wave-like combination looks impressive and stylish. But usually, the space is thus divided into a small number of functional areas.
With this design, some designers make imitation of waves that are on stretch ceilings for a harmonious interior design. With such a docking, the discrepancies between the heights of the materials should be minimal.. For this design, a connector bar is most often used., which allows you to smooth out irregularities, as well as hide small gaps.
The wave-like combination can have a different look. So, some suggest separating the corners in a semicircle and thus organizing a separate functional area. Some, however, make a wavy path in the walk-through area of tiles, which is more wear-resistant and protects the laminate from abrasion. Guests and household members will come from one room to another along this path, which you will highlight with a different material and color..
Such a joint is perfect for decorating floors in the corridor, hallway, living room and other walk-through rooms..
How to make?
The threshold joint is usually used for finishing near the door in different rooms. Often, this method of joining is characterized by differences in the height of these two finishing materials. The porch usually rises slightly above the finishing materials. The laths can be T-shaped or L-shaped.
If you use L-shaped models, then first of all it is necessary to lay the laminate, the tiles are subsequently glued close to the edges. In this case, the remaining distance must be filled with tile adhesive. It is also recommended to use a joint grout afterwards..
Flexible sills are the most difficult to mount. This is especially true for flexible PVC joining profiles. As a rule, their structure includes a base and a decorative overlay that holds on to it.. Installation takes place after laying the tiles at a time when the laminate has not yet been laid.
Along the edge of the already installed tile, it is necessary to install the base of this sill. It is usually secured with dowels or self-tapping screws. Moreover experts recommend choosing fasteners with flat hats, so that they do not protrude and do not interfere with the installation of the external decorative part.
The upper edge of the base of the PVC profile must be flush with the finished surface.
The base must be securely attached to the floor. If you use dowels for this, then you need to mark the points for installing the fasteners and remove the profile. After that, you need to drill the holes and install the plastic tabs. Then you can screw the base of the profile there.
Self-tapping screws require drilling the base. Moreover, for drilling holes, you need to determine the step. The more curvilinear the transition is, the smaller the step should be.. Straight joints can have a fairly large pitch. After installing the bases, the laminate can be laid.
At the end of the installation process, you need to take the decorative strip and start installing it. Experts recommend to force it into the base.
In order to simplify this process, it is necessary to press on the decorative tape with the palm of your hand and tap a little so that it fits well into the groove..
A smooth joint is safer and more visually attractive. It assumes a preliminary measurement of the thickness of the material you are purchasing. Also you it is necessary to make all the templates for installation before installation, simplifying this process. Also on the floor, it is necessary to mark in advance the line along which the joint will pass. This process is called tracing..
Then, to design an equal joint, you need to decide on the laying of one of the materials. First of all, it is better to lay tiles., since it always has a standard thickness and is much more difficult to vary. In addition, special tile adhesives are usually thicker than other adhesives. That’s why adjusting the laminate to its height will be easier. You can make a fit using a special underlay that will help to raise it..
When making an even joint, it is necessary to calculate the width of the distance between the coatings. It should always be the same, regardless of the shape of the joint, as well as the complexity of the bends. All materials must be cut and prepared in advance. Keep in mind that since you will be laying the tiles first, it will be almost impossible to align it later. Therefore, you have to make a fit..
The main rule when joining laminate and ceramic tiles is the following: it is forbidden to place these floor coverings tightly to each other, since they can be affected by temperature and humidity changes, from which their dimensions can change.
The gap provides these coatings with the ability to expand without damage to the entire floor as a whole.. If you want to make an even joint, then it is better to fill the distance between the tile and the laminate with flexible elements that will take on their extensions..
This method of joining offers a careful design of the gap and its perfect evenness at all ends of the joint. Exactly with this method of laying, the gap must be treated with protective compounds. Thus, moisture will not penetrate into the joints. For this, it is customary to use a silicone-type sealant, which is considered the most elastic and versatile..
A cork expansion joint can be used to create an even joint. It is a thin strip covered with a protective layer of varnish or other material. Cork expansion joints are used after one of the two finishing materials, mainly tiles, has been installed. It is important to install it before installing the second floor covering..
During the installation process, it is important to cut the plug in height in order to create a perfect monolithic coating. This must be done carefully using a sharp knife..
It is better to use special glue for mounting the cork expansion joint. Wood adhesives are also suitable. Before gluing the cork, you need to ideally choose its length and cut it in such a way that it is enough for the complete design of the joint.. Edges need to be well finished and sanded with sandpaper, so that traces of cutting are not visible.
To install cork expansion joints, you must:
- apply a strip of glue to the side edge of the already laid material;
- press the plug against this material;
- then bend a little and apply sealant;
- after that, the cork expansion joint is pressed back again;
- usually a little sealant penetrates the surface, it must be removed with a damp sponge, cleaning the floor covering;
- at the end of the installation work, it is necessary to lay the second finishing material – laminate, observing a dense installation;
- it is better to additionally coat the joint with silicone to make it more reliable.
Working out methods
As a rule, if the docking method without a sill is used, then the question arises as to how best to close the seam formed during the installation process. To do this, use a sealant. Most often it is presented in the form of silicone, but other similar compounds can be found. Sealant can be used to quickly seal joint seams and provide a good waterproof seam. In addition, due to the good tightness, dirt and dust will not get there..
The sealant can be used to compensate for small differences between the heights of two different coatings. But this method of processing has some disadvantages. So, if necessary, you will not be able to disassemble the floors in the area near the sealed joint. That is why it will be necessary to completely dismantle both coatings at the junction in a rough way, and then lay a new one..
The sealant for processing must be used as carefully as possible.. It dries quickly, so if it gets on a tile or laminate flooring, it can heavily contaminate it and it will be quite problematic to remove it..
That is why it is necessary to act quickly and as accurately as possible..
When installing a butt joint, several processing methods are used:
For this design, it is important to choose the right grouting material. It is desirable that it be as similar as possible to both materials being joined.. Both of these surfaces must have the same height and the smallest distance., so that the seams are beautifully designed. The one-piece method involves the use of construction foam or specialized compounds.
However, these materials must be selected according to their compatibility with both coatings. They must adhere well to both tiles and laminates. The one-piece method of joint design is the most reliable and durable. But for this, the coatings must be perfectly matched. Appearance is not always attractive, but the design is simpler.
This design method is used when there is no difference in height, and the joint is small – no more than 2 mm thick. With this design, the tiles are usually fitted to the laminate as closely as possible.. In this case, the lumen is filled with a fugue or liquid cork. The result is more attractive and simpler.
But since these elements are not the most reliable and differ in ductility, the joint will not be able to withstand high mechanical loads. The big advantage of this design is that you can easily dismantle both of these materials if necessary..
Tile grout is also often used to decorate the joints. But for its application, you need to use silicone, to coat the laminate with it in order to maintain its presentability. It is better to choose the grout in the same color as the tile joints..
With this method, silicone is used not only for lubricating the laminate, but also for partially filling the joint. Usually it is about half full.. After the silicone dries, the space between these two floor elements must be covered with a previously diluted joint grout..
After that, the grout must be leveled. Then you need to wait until it dries completely and remove excess grout elements from both coatings..
To make this seam more reliable and durable, it is better to varnish it..
In order to correctly combine the multilevel floors, it is necessary to draw separator lines in the transition zone, from which you will make a start during the installation process. Since the laminate is usually below the tiles, you must first lay the tiles. Moreover, its installation must begin from the line indicating the junction. The laminate must be installed after the installation of the tiles..
In order to make the alignment even, you need to find a suitable laminate underlay that will help smooth out the difference. You need to think in advance how you will join these coatings. After all, different docking options suggest leaving a gap of different sizes.
The joint should be handled as carefully as possible. It is advisable that no water gets there. This is especially true when you make it as a decorative nut. If you are using a joint profile for tiles and laminate, then make sure that there are no open areas.
The gutter is not able to fill the free space between these finishing materials, therefore, if water gets there, the laminate may be damaged. If you used a wooden nut, then the threshold itself may be damaged from this. That is why you should choose the most practical and reliable sills, as well as treat the junction with water-repellent compounds..
For information on how to independently make a joint between laminate and tile without a threshold, see the next video.