How to level the floor in an apartment: the subtleties of the process

How to level the floor in an apartment: the subtleties of the process

Before installing decorative flooring, it is usually necessary to properly level the subfloor. For this, various materials and mixtures can be purchased. Let’s take a closer look at all the subtleties of this process..

Peculiarities

When organizing apartment renovations, it is important to remember the need to level the floor surface in order to avoid problems in the future. Due to the unevenness of the base, it may be difficult to install furniture, so it is usually better to start repair work with leveling the floor..

Before starting the process itself, it is necessary to carry out preliminary preparation in the apartment, which begins with cleaning the surface. First thing it is recommended to remove the old coating, remove cracks. Using a punch, you will be able to get rid of the protrusions. In rooms such as the kitchen or bathroom, base waterproofing should always be installed..

Further along the perimeter of the room, a special tape is laid, which helps to prevent the appearance of sounds. As soon as all the preparatory work is completed, the floor is leveled using various methods..

Variants

Floor leveling methods differ in time, technology, and materials used. The choice of leveling method depends on how uneven the surface is. Regardless of which method is chosen, the goal of this process is to create a strong, smooth base for laying the selected canvas..

Using a leveling solution

This way of leveling the floor is distinguished by its simplicity and affordability. Therefore, you can easily give a smooth surface using your strength, without resorting to the services of a master. Before starting the process, you should consider the types of equalizers..

There is a mixture for rough leveling. This type is used if the floor is characterized by numerous chips. Another type of compound is intended for a topcoat. Thanks to this type, the base will acquire absolute smoothness..

The essence of this leveling method using a special composition is that sand mortar, cement and special additives are used. This mixture is poured into the base.

But this method is not suitable for all uneven surfaces, but only for those where there are slight roughness. Most often, in the “stalinka” one has to deal with a high level of bias and this technique has to be abandoned. However, the method is well applicable as a finishing point after using a concrete screed..

In order to properly level the floor yourself, it is important to determine the stages of work:

  • Primer application. It will help to raise the level of protection of the base from mold and mildew..

  • Dilution of the solution. The dry mixture must be mixed with water, following the instructions exactly to obtain the desired consistency..
  • Distribution of the solution to the surface. Special tools will come to the rescue to remove air bubbles from the mixture..
  • Let the floor dry. The drying process will take 2 to 3 days..
  • If the leveler was used correctly during operation, then the floor covering will always fit perfectly and will be able to last for many years.

Concrete screed

Another option for leveling the floor is a concrete screed. This method differs from the previous one in that concrete or cement is used. The structure of the mortar allows you to create a strong screed that will hide even the largest defects in the base. It is more expedient to apply this type of alignment during repairs in a new building., since the materials are quite cheap, and the manufacturing technology has been tested over the years.

The floor screed in a panel house can be trusted to be done by craftsmen, or you can try to do it yourself. Today, there is a wide range of special dry building mixtures on sale. They are made on the basis of sand and cement. Due to the large number of such products, it is very difficult to choose the mixture that suits.

All these products differ in the content of the binder. It should be noted that mixtures of low quality contain less cement and more sand..

It is necessary to know in detail the sequence of work on the implementation of the concrete screed:

  • Preliminary preparation of the base. This stage includes cleaning, waterproofing, and laying roofing material along the lower edges of the walls..
  • Marking. This is where you need a level. Around the entire perimeter of the room, you need to make marks, put up beacons.

  • If the height of the screed is small, then the beacons can be made from mortar. It is necessary to lay out the strip from the solution and secure with tape. After that, it is important to check with a level the correct application of the screed. If irregularities are found, the excess solution should be removed.
  • Concrete screeds can be of different layers. There is a single layer, that is, it is poured at a time over the entire height. This type is applicable in those rooms where there are no high requirements for the evenness of the floor..
  • Multi-layer screeds are used in several steps. Most often, the application of the first layer serves to give the base strength, and the second layer fixes the result and gives the floor a significant leveling..

Leveling with expanded clay

The use of this technique is associated with the useful properties of expanded clay. Among the distinctive ones are environmental friendliness, durability, affordability. Leveling with expanded clay can be carried out in various ways with a combination of materials.

The first option provides for the combination of expanded clay cushion with the use of a cement screed. First, expanded clay is poured onto the base in an even layer, then it is checked how evenly the insulation is placed. Next, you should carefully lay the prepared solution..

In order to avoid displacement of the base, it is allowed to make a protection in the form of a mesh before starting the coating with a cement screed. This floor will dry in about 3 days..

After complete drying, you need to remove the beacons and process the traces. Final surface strength will be reached after 4 weeks.

Before the expiration of this time, it is necessary to cover the base with a film so that the process of moisture release is slower.

Another method of leveling using expanded clay is expanded clay concrete screed. This technique involves filling the floor with an expanded clay pad using sand and cement. The third option for using expanded clay includes combination of this product with self-leveling floor.

The simplest and cheapest way is to make the surface smoother. by dry leveling the floor. The advantage of this method is that you do not have to wait long for the base to dry. Such a floor can be used immediately after sprinkling with expanded clay. The work sequence is quite simple. The expanded clay mixture is scattered over the surface and must be leveled along the beacons. The minimum coating thickness must be at least 4 cm.

Living in a house where the floor is leveled with expanded clay, you don’t have to worry about keeping warm, since this material has excellent insulating properties.

Leveling the floor along the logs

Such a floor can be made with your own hands, if you correctly master the installation technology. It is worth paying attention to the fact that this method of leveling the floor is distinguished by its economy.. The use of this method greatly simplifies the laying of various cables and wires..

It is better to take care in advance of purchasing the necessary tools to work on leveling the surface along the logs. For work, you will definitely need tools such as a hammer drill, drill, screwdriver, hammer, tape measure.

It should be remembered that the room humidity should not be higher than 60%. The logs themselves must be dried, cleaned of dust immediately before the masonry itself.

The minimum length of the logs should be 2 m.Before fixing the logs to the floor, the level of the future surface should be calculated.

It is important to consider the thickness of the flooring, plywood. Lags should be installed on beacons. The distance between the two beams will depend on the height of the floor covering..

The most relevant option for leveling the surface along the logs is an adjustable floor. The principle of operation of this method lies in the fact that slots are made in the logs, plastic bushings are screwed into them, allowing you to adjust the floor height. The fixation of the bushings in the log is carried out using several screws. Next, the logs should be attached to the concrete, on which you need to make marks for future holes. Using nails, you need to attach the bars to the base. Plywood sheets are screwed on top.

The better?

Having considered the main methods of leveling the floors, you should decide which of the methods is the most suitable. Which technique is better to choose should be decided based on the state of the surface, what is the degree of its unevenness, and also what type of coating you want to lay.

It would seem that of all the options, the use of a concrete screed is considered the most reliable method, however, concrete has a number of disadvantages, among which a too long drying period is noted. This slows down the repair. The concrete base is prone to cracking. Working with a concrete screed is quite laborious.

It is also worth remembering the advantages of this option. This method is used only in the presence of slight irregularities..

The use of expanded clay cushion has the most advantages, since this material will not only help to level the floor, but also protect from cold and dampness.

Thus, taking into account all the features of the room where the renovation is taking place, as well as all the advantages and disadvantages of each of the considered floor leveling methods, it will not be difficult to choose the most suitable and less costly method..

Professional advice

After you have decided on the method of leveling the floor, it is worth remembering the important recommendations of specialists and, if possible, use them in work during the repair..

  • If the choice fell on the use of a leveling coating, then it is important to pay attention to which mixture to use. If in the future it is planned to lay the facing material, then you need to choose a solution for coarse and fine leveling.
  • When using the material, do not forget about installing beacons..

  • When leveling the floor with logs, a board that has not been rigorously processed is usually used to create a frame..
  • During operation, the temperature in the room should be monitored, drafts are not allowed.
  • Do not forget about safety when using tools. Also, during operation, it is necessary to de-energize the electrical wiring..
  • Always use protective equipment when working with mixtures, since most of them affect the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract.
  • Before leveling, it is important to treat the base with a primer, otherwise cracks will inevitably appear.

In the next video, you will find an easy way to level the floor..

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