The inner filling of the cabinet distinguishes comfortable models of such furniture from inconvenient ones, functional from useless ones. Filling is not limited to a bar with a hanger, there are many more details that are worth talking about in more detail..
The inner filling of the cabinet is what it is, in fact, purchased for. Competent design of such an important aspect allows you to make the wardrobe comfortable and roomy, allowing you to place all things there in the best way..
Even the largest cabinets are often not spacious enough due to poorly designed interior space. Equipment should be made “on all fronts”, starting with the shelves and ending with the area with a hanger for outerwear. Everything must be taken into account: the type of doors and their location, the width and depth of the cabinet itself, the functions that it must perform. Focusing on all these aspects, it will turn out to create a truly useful structure..
Needless to say, the size of the cabinet plays a big role. However, even in a very limited space, you can fit all the necessary compartments, so you do not need to purchase an additional wardrobe. The limitation applies only to sliding-door wardrobes, since due to the presence of “dead zones” at the joints of the doors, their design turns out to be more difficult.
You can buy ready-made designs, or you can make a wardrobe to order. Then the question of inner fulfillment is completely yours. When designing a large wardrobe, you should not focus only on momentary needs. Often experienced designers make a model “for growth”, placing additional compartments in it, which the owners do not need yet, but in a couple of years they may need.
In any case, it is worth consulting the company that will manufacture this cabinet for all questions about filling the cabinet. They will tell you which compartments are best to swap, what can be added, what is better to discard..
Such consultations are absolutely free, provided that you order a model, so you will not lose anything..
Filling a cabinet is rarely left without such an important detail as shelves. They are made from various materials: laminated chipboard, plastic, aluminum. It is worth dwelling on each type in more detail..
Standard plug-in shelves are made of the same material as the cabinet body – laminated chipboard. They are durable and can withstand the weight of rather bulky items, for example, books, unused equipment, and so on.. Sometimes the shelves need to be divided to get a completely new compartment – a pull-out tie holder. Chipboard is perfect for the role of a separator.
Soft plastic shelves are used for light items or shoes. They are made transparent. Such models look good in modern wardrobes, where the emphasis is on the futuristic design. Plastic loses to chipboard in many ways, it usually does not serve for a long time, and therefore such a choice often disappoints the owners.
Aluminum grates are used mainly in the lower area of the wardrobe. They are installed under the shoes and are positioned at a slight angle for better visibility of the shoes. Such shoe racks should not be fastened close to each other or to the floor, as dirt quickly accumulates under them. It needs to be cleaned out of the closet in time, otherwise it risks scattering throughout the structure and settling on things.
Thus, depending on your wishes, you can choose any of these materials for the shelves.. The best of the listed is laminated chipboard due to its durability and ability to withstand heavy weight. Moreover, such options will definitely fit the cabinet body. Please note that the distance between the shelves should be 25-40 cm, depending on the planned storage items: for clothes, the distance is greater, for books – less.
For the installation of drawers, the middle zone of the cabinet is suitable, since this is where it is easiest to open and close them. The upper drawer is usually located under the lower book shelves, 3-5 drawers are installed vertically. Sliding structures on the lower tier are made wider and resemble chest of drawers. It is convenient to store bed linen, blankets and similar bulky items in them..
In small boxes, they store mainly small things that are usually hidden from prying eyes: socks, handkerchiefs, tights, underwear, and so on..
In some cases, boxes are used for storing documents or as a home first aid kit. Drawers keep items protected from dust.
Drawers vary considerably in terms of their pull-out design. In recent years, all models have been made so that they do not fall out. The cheapest boxes can be opened only until the middle, more expensive models can be opened until the very end, but they still hold well in the grooves and do not reach completely. Some drawers are equipped with an automatic door closer, which allows them to close completely and silently by themselves..
In swing closets, the issue of installing drawers is not as acute as in sliding wardrobes. Here, in some cases, the drawers can stand in the “dead zone” and not open at all. To avoid this, experienced designers advise planning the installation at the very edges of the cabinet so that the drawers can be opened precisely and they do not fall into the joints of the doors..
When choosing boxes, pay attention to the fittings. The handles of the structure should be recessed inside the box and practically not protrude beyond its plane. So it is possible to “kill two birds with one stone”: firstly, flat models are less susceptible to breakage, and secondly, the risk that the handles will interfere when opening and closing the cabinet will practically disappear.
Plastic baskets are a lot like drawers, with a few differences. Baskets are often made of perforated plastic to keep all of their contents well ventilated. At the same time, an advantage and a disadvantage is their transparency: the contents of the basket can be seen at a glance.
Roll-out plastic baskets, like drawers, are equipped with a closer for a smoother and more soft closing. This design is the most traditional, but not the only one..
Recently, metal hanging baskets that are attached to the shelf have become widespread. They have one wall missing by 2/3, through which you can get everything you need so that there is no question of how to pull out the basket itself.
There are also hanging fabric options on a wire frame, attached to a bar in deep and large sections with outer or hanging clothes. The baskets can be used to store various small items such as socks or children’s toys.. The fabric baskets are quite sturdy. They are made of translucent mesh synthetic fabric, so you need to be careful: clothes in and around them are electrified..
Wide roll-out metal baskets are quite rare. They mainly act as an alternative to regular clothing shelves. They can be positioned frequently, which saves a lot of space in the closet. This solution is ideal for small closets in which only clothes are planned to be stored, since the baskets allow the laundry to breathe while leaving things in plain sight..
If you often sin by forgetting about the presence of any clothes in your wardrobe, such a development will solve this problem..
Most often, wardrobes are subdivided by door design into swing, compartment or combined, which simultaneously have both types of doors. However, this phenomenon is not the only one. There is also a folding door, usually used for curved structures. She, unlike the compartment, is well suited for convex corner cabinets..
By the number of doors, cabinets are divided into single-door and multi-door. As a rule, the quantity also depends on the historical component, and not only on the size of the wardrobe itself. For example, for a 5-door Italian era, the Renaissance is fundamental, and for a 2-door carved era, the Middle Ages. In theory, the number of doors is not limited, but in practice, most often there are 3-door coupe models or 2-door swing doors.
According to the material of manufacture, the doors are divided into the following.
- From furniture boards;
- From laminated chipboard.
As a rule, the choice of this or that material is designed to either emphasize the contents of the cabinet, or completely close it from prying eyes. Some materials perform an additional function (for example, a mirror), and some of them carry an additional aesthetic load. For example, very often glass doors are equipped with photo printing, applying a large photographic composition in color to the cabinet.
Chrome aluminum is usually used as a decoration material, as it looks unobtrusive and stylish. The glossy finish peels off quickly, making the entire look of the cabinet unattractive and not aesthetically pleasing. Rods or hooks are made of chrome-plated aluminum, on which you can hang hangers, fabric hanging baskets, clothes for special loops.
Finally, wardrobes are divided into straight and corner ones. In the second case, it turns out to be quite difficult to choose a decent design, since there are hard-to-reach zones in the corner structures..
It is best to take them under clothes that are rarely worn, for example, a dress suit..
How to fix?
Before starting the assembly of furniture, be sure to check if all the fittings are in place.. The following parts must be provided to secure the shelves:
- The shelf itself;
- Self-tapping screws or screws;
- Fasteners – 2-4 pieces depending on the size.
Before deciding how to mount a roll-out drawer or basket, you need to understand what these items are held on in the cabinet model you purchased.. The holder-guide can be of the following form:
Each of the listed structures has its own rules on how to install the rail itself and the box.
The basket is fastened inside the cabinet in several ways: either on the rails, like the drawer, or the basket is fixed on the shelf, or it is suspended from a hook or bar. The good thing about the second and third methods is that you don’t have to plan for baskets. In case additional space is urgently needed, hanging baskets will instantly come to the rescue.
In general, the fastening methods are dictated by the overall design of the cabinet. All subtleties are described in detail in the assembly instructions. It is not possible to consider absolutely all the ways by which the filling is fixed in the cabinet, since there are so many cabinet models, there are so many ways of mounting shelves, drawers, baskets.
You can see more detailed instructions for replacing telescopic rails in the cabinet in the following video.
There are different sizes of cabinets. To calculate which closet you need, you need to rely on several features..
The standard depth of the wardrobe is 60 cm, but there are models with a depth of 90 cm, suitable for installation of rods across the department. It often happens that the width of the section turns out to be insufficient to install the rod parallel to the rear wall, then transverse samples come to the rescue.
The high and low systems also differ. For example, if the height of the wardrobe is 3 meters or more, it is best to replace ordinary rods with a retractable structure – a pantograph. The pantograph is controlled by a special handle, which can be attached to the cabinet doors at the request of the owner. This will allow the bar to be lowered at the same time as the door is opened without additional effort on the part of the owner..
The optimal shelf height is 30 cm. This distance is sufficient for storing books or clothes. The mezzanine is made wider: 40-60 cm.It is customary to store large-sized items here, for example, suitcases or winter blankets, therefore the appropriate size is required.
How to organize the space correctly?
Below are ideas for storing things in a closet. All examples are supplemented with brief comments explaining the validity of the presence of one or another filling detail.
Such a minimalistic layout allows you to place very few items, however, caring for such a cabinet is very simple..
If the wardrobe is planned only as a dressing room, the method of arrangement of shelves and drawers is quite acceptable due to the presence of all the necessary compartments.
Such filling of the cabinet is more functional than the previous one due to the presence of additional compartments: shoe racks, skirts and the like. Please note that the owners of this design used not only drawers, but also ordinary boxes. They come to the rescue when the available boxes are not enough. The boxes do not take up much space on the shelves, they can be made in various sizes and shapes.
It is always difficult to choose a filler for a corner cabinet, since the design of a corner element is difficult. The optimal choice is to place the rod elements for hanging clothes there. As you can see, three rods are used here, reinforced with a transverse element. Two of them are used for hanging shirts, T-shirts and similar short items, and one will be used for long clothes..
This design differs from the previous ones in a number of advantages. Firstly, this wardrobe is larger, it provides mezzanines to place rarely used things, and shelves for shoes. Secondly, the presence of lighting for such large wardrobes is a prerequisite. Thirdly, accordion sliding doors save space and deprive the wardrobe of additional disadvantages, such as “dead zones” in the case of a compartment or the need to have about 60 cm of open space in front of the wardrobe to open swing doors.
Until now, filling a wardrobe with baskets is a rather unusual way of planning space. As you can see, baskets can be small or large. The use of wire structures did not end there. A rotating multi-tiered shoe rack immediately catches the eye, which is additionally used to store other household items. The closet has a tie and trouser, which make the placement of garments more convenient..