Sofa: differences and features

Home decoration is a responsible business. The house is a fortress, and everything in it should please your eye. It is desirable that the rooms are made in the same style, and the furniture is of high quality and beautiful. An interesting solution can be a sofa – a subspecies of a sofa, characterized by a low back and armrests. In our country, she gained popularity relatively recently, so few people know about her..


The sofa is a type of sofa that appeared in the 17th century and was most common in eastern countries, especially in Turkey. Representatives of the aristocracy of that time spent their daytime on it, drank drinks and ate food, but did not use it as a place to sleep. Now the sofa is equally popular all over the world. It is very similar to a sofa in its appearance and functionality (moreover, in Europe and America, any sofas are called “sofa”), but it also has some differences. So, the sofa is characterized by the same height of the back and armrests, even right angles, a relatively hard mattress and seat and a large width. In each of these moments, you can find both pros and cons..

So, for example, hard seats make it possible to use the sofa as a bed for people with a sore back, but not for children, as they seem too hard to them. However, it is good for the back anyway..

The large width of the seats and the sofa itself can accommodate a fairly large number of guests, and the even, straight and also relatively wide armrests and backrest can be used as additional seating. But such a “short” back can be uncomfortable for tall people who love a reclining position – in this case, the head will not rest on the back.

How is it different from a sofa?

Sofa, sofa, couch, couch … There are so many completely different pieces of furniture that perform approximately the same function, and the names and structures are different for everyone. To decide and choose what you need, you need to know how they all differ from each other. Most often, a sofa is confused with a sofa, considering that it is just a smaller version of it. This is partly true. Yes, the sofa is smaller than a sofa, has even corners and is rarely decorated with lace and ruffles. It is harder than an ordinary sofa, so it will not work out comfortably on it – it has harder seats (unlike the sofa with its soft pillows).

The sofa is more minimalistic and modest, suitable for the corresponding interior – for example, oriental or classic, and can be installed both in an apartment and in a private house. By the way, in hot eastern countries they preferred the sofa, not the sofa, and in the hot summer they drank tea on it. However, on the cons – it is not as versatile as a sofa. Despite the fact that the sofa also folds out and can be used as a bed, in these functions it is good, but not an excellent student. This is really a good option for small adults, as the sofa will surely seem too hard for children. This applies to using it as a bed. If you are going to use the sofa for its intended purpose, then everyone will love it – both adults and children.

When unfolded, the sofa resembles, rather, an ottoman or a double bed. The difference from the first is that it is, in fact, just a bed without a back and armrests, but now they produce ottomans with two or three long backs or several armrests. The ottoman either does not have a folding mechanism, or it has a separate name of the same name. Initially, the ottoman was intended specifically for sleeping, so it has a perfectly flat surface and a moderately soft mattress. Of the similarities, one can single out a common homeland – also Asia, and the presence of boxes for linen.

Couch – “relative” chair, it has a rather sophisticated frame and in its purpose looks more like an ottoman than a sofa. You can sleep on it too – it is like a single bed in size, it does not have armrests and a back, but it is equipped with a high headboard. The boundaries between sofa, sofa and ottoman are gradually being erased, and in many online stores they are all located in the “sofas” section, so do not be afraid to ask and learn to identify furniture by its appearance.


Since the sofa itself is a subspecies of the sofa, its types differ mainly only externally. So, for example, the double sofa is especially popular – it is even called a love nest, since it folds out into an ideal double bed. A three-seater sofa is close in size to an ordinary sofa, a four-seater one, respectively, to a large sofa, and so on..

There is an orthopedic sofa – it differs from the usual one, and so it has a fairly hard surface, a mattress. It is, as the name implies, orthopedic and can help people with back pain to fall asleep. However, it may not be suitable for young children or elderly grandparents. The back of the sofa and its armrests can merge; it itself can have a more rounded shape and carved thin legs. Also, the back and armrests can be massive and square, and the mattress can be perfectly straight. In the first case, the sofa has a purely decorative effect, it itself is a work of art, and it is unlikely that several people will fit on it. The second option is classic, ideal for get-togethers with friends and friendly meetings..

Dimensions (edit)

A classic sofa will in any case be smaller than the usual design, but it can be of different sizes and dimensions. In the case of a fold-out or roll-out sofa, it is worth considering that in the unfolded state it will be twice as long and will resemble a real single or double (depending on the width) bed. Even the smallest sofa can easily accommodate three people, the largest – up to six, and this does not take into account the armrests and backrest, which can easily accommodate children. The optimal and most common option is a standard sofa with a size of 120×200.

Transformation mechanism

Initially, the sofa is a non-folding sofa subspecies. But progress does not stand still, and therefore folding sofas have long appeared (in the form of a chest, with drawers for linen or stretching into a full bed). They differ in the mechanisms of transformation. For roll-out sofas, roll-out mechanisms (for example, a “telescope”) are used. In this case, the backrest does not fall, but one more place rolls out from under the seat. This sofa can be as large as a double bed. Unlike fold-out sofas, sofa canvases are close to each other and do not cause discomfort when lying down.

The mechanism of “Eurosoph” is the same as the “telescope”, only the back in this case is lowered, and the seat moves forward.

There is also a folding bed with a lifting mechanism. Mechanisms are divided into “Italian”, “American” and “French” folding bed. The berth in this case is a rather thin surface that has three sections, pull one – the others will open. As a rule, folding sofas are not durable and do not have any orthopedic properties..

“French clamshell” Is a classic for folding mechanisms. As a rule, it rises forward a meter and a half, no more. Instead of a mattress, there is a frame covered with dense fabric. You may need to seal it yourself, since its appearance does not inspire confidence. Yes, the characteristics of the sofa with the “French clamshell” mechanism are not encouraging, and, it would seem, why talk about such a useless option at all? And the point is that it is useless only as a sleeping place. If you want to save money and are completely sure that you will only use the sofa when folded, pay attention to this particular mechanism, because it will not let you down.

“American clamshell” – This is an improved version of the “French”. The mechanism is also extremely simple and light – you pull one seat, two more are rolled out and put on supports. However, the American mechanism is more durable due to more reliable materials for the frame, as well as the presence of a full-fledged mattress and spring blocks. You can even try to find an “American folding bed” sofa at about the price of a “French”.

“Italian clamshell” – double-folding mechanism, like her two sisters. However, here the sofa is transformed by moving the back of the sofa forward – the seats do not move out here. You need to raise the back and pull it towards you, lower it and put it on the supports. Thus, the armrests will be in the middle of the unfolded sofa, and there will be no backrest. In the case of the sofa, this mechanism does not add much space, since its back is not high, but this structure can withstand more weight – it has strong enough support legs, and there are spring blocks on the sides. By the way, this mechanism is sometimes called “flip-flop” because of the overturning back.

Always pay attention to the casters and legs of the pull-out unit so that they do not snag on the carpet or scratch the floor covering. By the way, it was to get around this problem that they came up with “Walking” mechanism. It is kind of similar to “Eurosofu” or “Eurobook”. However, unlike them, with it you do not need to worry about the casters hitting the laminate – they simply do not exist. The seat here does not roll forward, but rises and stretches, is installed on the floor, and the backrest is placed in the vacant space. Another name for this mechanism is “pantograph”.

There is one more mechanism very similar to the “pantograph” – “Dolphin”. In this case, you need to pull the lower block under the seat towards you and raise them one level. This mechanism does not have a laundry drawer, so you need to think about where to put your bed. And the backrest does not fold out here either..

“Puma” unfolds in two movements. The seat rises smoothly and moves forward, and the part located under it rises up to its place. You literally have to pull on one and the other will immediately appear underneath. Efforts are minimal. This mechanism serves for a long time, but boxes for linen are available only for corner sofas. By the way, the “dolphin” has the same.

“Konrad” very similar to “Puma“. In the case of such a withdrawable mechanism, you must pull on the lower block, roll it out and put it on a support, and after it the other two will align. This mechanism is most often used in the case of large sofas, three-seater and rather long, because there are three blocks. Due to the fact that all blocks are compactly stacked, the model has drawers for linen.

Sopha is really very easy and obvious to lay out, the place for sleeping turns out to be perfectly flat, and their transformation mechanism is strong and durable.

The form

The sofa has a classic rectangular shape – all its corners are straight, it looks like a flat smooth bar. The seat is located at the height we are accustomed to, but due to the same height of the back and armrests, it seems as if it is in a recess. Manufacturers rarely experiment with sofa shapes. There are oversized sofas, one part of which is longer than the others, on which you can lie down. Others have a slightly rounded base on the sides or the armrests themselves.

You can find a sofa with a carved back and armrests, or with monolithic, massive-looking blocks instead. This is the classic version. In some instances, the armrests and backrest are removed or they are located directly on the mattress and secured with Velcro. We can say that the corner sofa is a very rare beast in the furniture industry, but they do it too. It consists of two sofas of any size connected at right angles and looks like a classic corner sofa. You can also connect two sofas yourself by placing them at an angle to each other. You may need to remove one of the armrests.

Color solutions

The color of the sofa is its upholstery. It can be made of leather, natural, eco or artificial, and in this case it has black, white, brown and other subnatural shades. In the case of any other material, the shades may vary. There are various patterns, flowers and whole pictures on the back and seats, which is especially important for children. The color of the sofa should first of all match the color scheme of the room in which it is located. So, for example, a dark, black or brown leather sofa will be unacceptable for a Provence style design, and a hot pink or floral sofa for high-tech..

You can choose a sofa based on the color of the walls. If you want to place it in the center, then it will be great to emphasize or contrast with them. The wrong decision would be to take a sofa in the same shade as the floor or ceiling. This will visually either bring the ceiling closer to the sofa, make the room visually lower or make the floor merge with the sofa. Often, sofas and any other furniture are chosen in the color of the carpet or curtains, curtains, and this will also look very beautiful. Especially if the curtains or carpet are patterned and the sofa will be of the color that predominates or creates accents on them. Pillows are selected according to the same principle..

If you are decorating a room in a classic style, pay attention to the fact that the sofa should be natural shades and will be simply gorgeous if it matches the tone of the wooden furniture..

Materials (edit)

Initially, the sofa was made from durable and expensive varieties of wood – mahogany, walnut, rattan, and the pillows and frame were upholstered in silk or brocade. The pillows were made of sheep’s wool or horsehair, since in this case they were perfectly even and durable. Nowadays, conifers are most often used for making sofas – pine, larch, fir. Other types of trees are also used, as well as plywood, plastic, chipboard and metal.

Upholstery – sofa exterior, exterior. It is upholstered with artificial and natural leather and various types of fabrics (nap and soft, from natural and artificial threads), including mohair, wool, cotton, fleece and jacquard. Some upholstery coverings are Teflon-coated, which repels dirt, water and does not burn. They cost, of course, accordingly. And the sofa is stuffed with felt, quilted jacket, latex, polyurethane foam (PPU), foam rubber and linings made of cotton or synthetic fibers and other polymers, since they are more durable than natural materials. Also, of course, springs and various roll-out mechanisms are used..


Sofu is called a universal stylistic solution for a reason. It is minimalistic – both in size and style, and will suit virtually any design. Colors and shapes are selected based on your personal preferences. Since the sofa is originally from Turkey, it will look perfect in an oriental design apartment. It can be a bright juicy shade or a muted beige, the finishing of such a sofa should be made of brocade or silk, as in ancient times, or of a similar material. Patterns also take place. In eastern countries, they dined and rested on the sofa, but did not sleep, however, in the 19th century, a stylized sofa will look decent even when unfolded..

If you urgently need a sofa in a high-tech apartment, pay attention to the sofa. It fully corresponds to the currents of this style – it has right angles and straight lines, the simplest geometry, it is produced in various fashionable but restrained shades, as an option for upholstery – leather, is equipped with modern roll-out and lifting mechanisms and fits perfectly into the metal design. This is a real transforming sofa. By the way, it is in the high-tech style that the sofa can be built-in, since it saves space. An excellent solution would be to place a sofa in a loft or studio apartment..

Provence is a province in France. On its territory there are beautiful plantations with grapes, the sea, as well as many plants and sunlight. This is a real paradise for lovers of comfort and relaxation. And approximately in the same framework, the houses of the indigenous inhabitants of the province are decorated. The style is called Provence. This is an easy provincial comfort.

A sofa is suitable here if you do not want to accentuate your attention on a sleeping place or a sofa. In this case, choose light flowing materials, but not silk, it can look too pretentious. The colors must be pastel, but if white is not pure white, it hurts the eyes, but milky, creamy, creamy or light beige. It is here that you can have fun with pillows – even if you trim them with lace, this is Provence! You can put figurines on the armrests and backrest, and cover the mattress with a blanket. Shabby furniture will also fit perfectly into the style..

The sofa will also look good in a classic interior. This style is characterized by clear and symmetrical lines, even forms, proportionality. The style found wide application in England during the era of aristocracy. And the sofa, upholstered with leather or material under it, will perfectly fit into such a restrained appearance of the room in the style of “classic”. It is necessary to give preference to dark shades – brown, black, the sofa should not be a flashy bright spot. Ideally, it should match in shade with wooden tables, chairs and side tables..

The sofa is a great option for interiors in “Olden days”, for borocco or rococo, since when it was just brought to Europe, it was these styles that dominated there. This means that the back and armrests of the sofa can merge, have a wave-like bend, it itself can be almost single, upholstered with velvet or other fleecy fabric, and its legs can be carved. In this case, the interior of the room should be appropriate – imagine a theater of the eighteenth century. In everyday life, such a sofa is difficult to see, as well as such furniture in general. Still, these are echoes of aristocracy.

Where to put?

Most often, a sofa is purchased for living rooms and halls. Due to its size and minimalistic look, it looks good both at formal receptions and at social gatherings. It is used to receive guests, sometimes as an extra bed. Teenagers can put a fold-out sofa in their bedroom – this is very convenient, since the nursery is usually small in size, and the folded sofa can be used to receive guests. However, this option is only suitable for adult children, since it is uncomfortable for little ones to sleep on such a hard mattress..

A small sofa can be placed in the hallway or instead of a sofa in the dining room or in the kitchen. The same applies to the balcony and loggia – it is there that the sofa will look optimally comfortable and ideal as a corner for relaxation. Sofa can sometimes be found in various concert or banquet halls, in the offices of large companies or in restaurants – after all, this is a fairly popular piece of furniture, and it is often recommended by designers..

How to choose?

First of all, when choosing a sofa, consider where you put it and pay attention to the size of the room and the sofa itself. Be sure to sit or even lie on the sofa – decide on the softness and hardness, whether you are comfortable, whether you can lie down on the mattress completely and how many guests, if anything, can fit there. Try the armrests and backrest as well. You can easily save on upholstery, but also pay attention to how easy the material is to clean. Some sofas have removable covers, which not only contributes to easy cleaning, but also a change in appearance. If it is impossible to wash often or if the upholstery is leather, wipe it with a damp sponge during each cleaning.

Of course, you shouldn’t even talk about the size of the sofa. If the room is small, then you need to choose an appropriate sofa, and also remember that if we are talking about rolling out or folding mechanisms, then they need additional space. The sofa can easily replace the bed. It can also help save space with storage space under the seat on some models. There you can put at least bed linen, at least clothes, at least unnecessary things. If your room is decorated in a certain style, first of all make sure that the sofa fits into the design. Believe me, you yourself will not like it if the sofa, although it will be beautiful in itself, will not look at all in the general setting.

If you want to save money when buying, then pay attention to these tips:

  • Upholstery can help you save money.. Just choose a sofa with cheaper upholstery – for example, fleece, jacquard. The most expensive option is natural and eco-leather..
  • Choose foam filling over a mattress with independent springs. But pay attention to the fact that the material should be of high quality and not thin.
  • You can save money by buying a sofa from the online store. Perhaps the delivery will take some time, but you can “feel” the sofa live, and then order it in another store. So you will be sure of the quality, and you will not throw money away..
  • Remember that a markup is often made for a brand – the more famous it is, the more expensive the product is.. The country of origin also affects the price – more precisely, the costs spent on shipping. Therefore, domestic non-promoted brands will always be cheaper. They can meet you in any large furniture store, even in a branded (“Alice”, “Ikea”, “Premium”, Monica “). In the end, reputation is important, not popularity.
  • Stop on a spring-type mechanism or even on hinges, if the mattress and seat are not too heavy.

If you want to decide what to choose – when buying, think about the size of the room, style, price, interior and dimensions of the sofa or sofa, as well as how you are going to use them. Remember also about the warranty for repairs, certificates and warranty cards and the possibility of buying and replacing any parts yourself..


You may need a padding if the upholstery has faded under the sun, the leatherette has begun to peel off and cracked. The upholstery can be picked up by a cat, dog or any other pet, as well as spots or puffs and other mechanical damage can appear on it. All this makes even a new and strong sofa look pathetic and needs restoration..

This is not such a difficult action, the main thing is to prepare – take an upholstery material, a furniture stapler and staples for it, an anti-stapler, a flat screwdriver, and also a material for upholstery. It can be leather, but it is better to use fleece and jacquard – they are both inexpensive and look pretty decent.

  • Disassemble the sofa first, remove all overhead parts (separate the armrests, backrest, seats, the frame must remain completely empty)
  • Using a staple remover and screwdriver, rid the sofa of old upholstery. But shoot carefully, do not tear and do not discard in any case – they will be useful to you as patterns for patterns.
  • Take a look inside the frame. It is possible that you have to replace the spring blocks, as well as foam rubber – a new layer will not be superfluous.
  • Now grab a pattern. Take old pieces and, using chalk or remnants, trace them on your new upholstery material. Remember that the pattern must be double and each piece must have a margin. As an example, imagine a backrest. It is necessary to sheathe it both on top and on the side, and in the center – on the back and front. The shape should be a cover, not bare pieces of fabric. After sewing, start stitching.
  • Pull the covers over the removed elements and fix them with a stapler where needed. Initially, fasten the fabric to a minimum, avoiding distortions, and in those places where it will bulge unnecessarily, allow yourself a few additional strokes. If you made a mistake, use the staple remover again, but be careful not to tear the fabric..
  • That’s it, now it only remains to assemble the sofa. Updated and beautiful, assembled and covered with your own hands, it will delight you for a long time. And for practicality, you can throw a blanket on top or put on a cover.

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