At what height to hang kitchen cabinets

Every person who at least once started repairs in the kitchen or just hung shelves faced a difficult question. At what height should the lockers be hung? How will it be more convenient? Is there an exact answer to this question? Let’s figure it out!

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Basic parameters for determining the mounting height

How high should the kitchen cabinets be hung? This is a complex and even delicate question, and it is not always possible for craftsmen and consultants of furniture salons to answer it correctly. Meanwhile, there are quite accurate figures described in the GOSTs. But they should also be based on something, but you want the kitchen to be not only correct, but also comfortable.

Usually, referring to the height of the kitchen unit, they mean two points:

  • Height from the floor to the bottom edge (shelf) of the wall cabinet;
  • The upper limit of the placement of the cabinet itself.

Meanwhile, building codes at different times were very different: some have kitchens with high ceilings, and some have a son-in-law hitting a lamp with his head. And the awnings themselves are different. The following nuances will help to correctly determine the installation height of the cabinet:

  1. These are standard cabinets or custom-made, as well as their purpose;
  2. They will be located above the floor cabinets or above the free space;
  3. The growth of the hostess or all family members.

Standard cabinets are a little easier to install: they follow the placement of the rest of the furniture, creating a consistent line and overall design. Non-standard ones are often made to order and therefore may serve other purposes..

When the cabinet is positioned above the lower row, the height of the lower cabinet and the width of the apron are also taken into account, which protects the wall from splashes and greasy deposits. If the cabinet is above the table or on the wall, where there will be no lower row of furniture, then the main parameters are the height of the cabinet itself from bottom to top, the height of the ceilings and the height of the owners. They try to place it so that the lower shelf is at human eye level. Then it will be possible to get items from the shelf without using a stool or stepladder, and also see what is on the high shelves..

Since the convenience of hanging furniture is strongly related to the growth of a person, experienced craftsmen are guided by the look of the one who will mainly use the furniture or the average height of adult owners (if there are several such chefs). The following scale is popular:

  1. With growth below 178 cm, the distance from the floor to the bottom should be 155 cm;
  2. With a height of 178-185 cm, hang cabinets at a height of 160 cm from the floor;
  3. If the height is over 185 cm, then the recommended level of the lower edge is 160-175 cm.

With this placement, the upper border of the canopy should be at the level of 20-25 cm above the height of the hostess. Keep in mind that with normal growth, shelves above 2.1 m become non-functional. This option is inconvenient due to the height of the ceilings in many apartments, and it will be difficult to get objects from this level. Cabinets below the level of 155 cm are not installed, otherwise a lot of space is lost: it will not be possible to place any floor furniture or chairs there. The footage of the kitchen usually does not allow for such a waste of space..

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Important nuances

  1. If the cabinet needs to be hung over the floor cabinets, then GOSTs suggest using a height of 135-150 cm. Where does this figure come from? The fact is that the lower cabinets are selected so that their height is at the same level (85-95 cm), and the distance between the lower and upper cabinets along the wall is closed with an apron, the width of which is usually 45-60 cm. the cabinet should be at least 45 cm so that you can put any equipment (combine, microwave, multicooker), wash the dishes without hitting your head on too low cabinets. For tall people, the height from the work surface to the cabinet can be up to 65 cm.
  2. If wall cabinets are used to decorate the hood, then they can be placed on another level. So, the recommended height of the hood above the electric stove is 65-70 cm, and above the gas stove – 75-80 cm.Such sections are trompe l’oeil, they either have very little or no storage space.
  3. Sometimes, when ordering wall cabinets, it is suggested to choose the distance between the shelves (20, 30, 40 cm). The bottom open shelf can be the lowest – 20 cm, in order to place small items (spices, napkin holders) there, which the hostess often uses. The height of the remaining shelves depends on what will be stored there (appliances, dishes, food supplies). The less often an item is used, the higher it can be placed..

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Custom sizes

Non-standard wardrobes are ordered for rooms that differ greatly in parameters, or they are created for a unique design and taking into account the peculiarities of the owners’ lifestyle. Usually they are placed according to the basic rules, making alignment in height with an eye on the rest of the furniture (along the upper or lower line of the canopy, depending on the idea).

Of course, the purpose of these lockers will play an important role. Now it has become popular to arrange a refrigerator in one group with a kitchen set using a hanging mezzanine box: it is placed above the refrigerator. In this case, the drawer is flush along the top with the rest of the cabinets. But sections with shelves for a built-in oven, microwave oven or microwave oven are installed so that the appliances are located at eye level of the hostess – away from naughty children and some pets, but comfortable for adults.

For such hinged systems, the height of the wall mounting may differ, however, the hanging option itself is used as usual. A special case is represented by headsets with wall cabinets, consisting of sections of different lengths. They are good for sloping ceilings, allow you to make the most of the space, make it bright and unusual. Their installation becomes an individual matter, in which everything is taken into account, and the designer’s idea plays an important role..

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Mounting

In addition to the level of placement of wall cabinets, correctly hanging the cabinets means securing them securely on the wall. Fasteners must withstand the weight of furniture and items that will be stored in them, otherwise one fine moment this whole structure will simply fall on the heads of households. Therefore, the installation of hanging furniture must be taken seriously. Technology plays an important role in the installation of a kitchen set – such a sequence of actions in which you not only spend little time and effort, but also be able to check the functionality and adjust it before direct use. It is not just right, but reliable and safe.

It is better to start any installation with a corner cabinet, adding adjacent elements. By fixing the mounting plate, you cannot install them in a different order. If you ignore this rule for the loop method, you will have to redo everything – either the height will “dance” or the distance between the cabinets will not be adjusted correctly. Gaps may appear between them, or, conversely, there will not be enough space for all the lockers..

Mounting plate

This is one of the modern ways of attaching hanging cabinets. In this case, the load will fall evenly, which is especially important for heavy structures and cupboards. This option is good for a pre-installed apron, no cornice or border is needed. You can cope with the installation alone, without having much experience. Another advantage of the method is the ability to adjust the canopy in height..

The strip is installed for all wall cabinets at the same time. Next, you just need to fit the elements of the kitchen set. They can be moved along the wall and in height. At the same time, a small gap remains between the wall and the furniture, and such invisible systems are more expensive than the usual hinged ones. If the wall is uneven, installation will be difficult..

How to mount a mounting plate or rail?

  1. Mark the position of the cabinet – the lower and upper boundaries;
  2. Now mark the placement of the plank;
  3. We make holes and fix the fittings for the strip, after checking that there is no electrical wiring in the fasteners;
  4. We set the bar itself;
  5. We hang the base box (without doors and internal shelves);
  6. We carry out the adjustment of the cabinets. If you need to place the cabinets close to each other, then we fasten them together: first we make narrow holes in the side slats of the cabinet, and then we expand to the desired size so that the cover does not burst. Now you can install the fixer and tighten it..
  7. We complete the assembly of the kitchen unit, first installing the shelves, then the facades;
  8. Check how the doors are attached – whether they are evenly seated and close tightly. Adjust the bolts if necessary.

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Hinges

You can hang a cabinet of any size on the hinges – standard or unusual. This option is especially convenient for placing single hinged elements. Here, hanging cabinets are attached separately, so you need to use a level, if several cabinets are supposed to be placed, then it will be more difficult to align them. It is better to involve an assistant in the work so that someone can tell if the cabinets are hanging evenly, and sometimes help hold a heavy drawer.

The technology is somewhat similar to mounting with a DIN rail:

  1. After you have calculated the desired height, mark the wall: mark the height of the top of the cabinet;
  2. Mark the attachment points in the same way. When the cabinets are the same, you can use a template; for different in width and height, you will need to take measurements separately;
  3. We check that the attachment points do not intersect with the electrical wiring!
  4. With a puncher we drill a hole in the wall for a dowel, mount it;
  5. We fix the hinges on the back wall of the wall cabinet (in the upper part), it is more practical to use self-tapping screws. You can install the fixer on the cabinets in advance;
  6. We hang the cabinet on the mount, align it in height and put a mark where the next hole in the wall should be;
  7. We drill according to the markings and drive in the second dowel;
  8. We hang the cabinet on the mounts;
  9. Similarly, we install the remaining hinged elements, checking their position relative to each other;
  10. Adjacent hanging cabinets can be fastened together. To do this, prepare holes and screws. To avoid chipping, make narrow holes for the screws, and then expand them. Alternatively, lean a block of wood against the back while drilling to remove some of the vibration. Tighten these fasteners.
  11. When all sections are installed, shelves can be inserted;
  12. Fasten the fronts with screws and adjusters. Check tightness and level of doors.

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It remains to wipe off the dust or remove it with a vacuum cleaner. Now you can refill your headset and enjoy the result of your work!

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