Ceramic tiles for the kitchen

Features and Benefits

Ceramic tiles are one of the main finishing materials for the kitchen. Many people prefer to use it partially in this room, covering only the apron in combination with wallpaper, paint, polymer panels. Others trim her all the free space, including the walls and ceiling.. Ceramic tiles for the kitchen have the following advantages:

  1. strength;
  2. resistance to moisture and high temperatures;
  3. easy to clean;
  4. has a variety of patterns and colors.

Among the shortcomings, only the high cost of the material and the complexity of the installation can be distinguished, which will require the work of a specialist. But a well-laid tile will serve in the kitchen for more than a decade..

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Views

The most common type of kitchen wall tile is with a glossy surface.. It is easy to clean, and the shine from it adds a certain amount of light to the room and visually enlarges the space. But on glossy white tiles, water and grease stains are more noticeable. For an apron above the work surface, this option is most often chosen..

Another type of wall tile that is used in the kitchen is matte. Its surface is rough to the touch, it can have original textures that can be combined with each other. Since the matte surface is not as slippery as the gloss, this variety is also used for the kitchen floor..

Sprayed tile – a special grade, the surface of which is lined with decorative abrasive particles. The look with such a finish will be original and attractive, but the cost of the material is noticeably higher. Combine matte, glossy and sprayed tiles to create a stylish interior.

According to the degree of protection from the effects of chemicals, the tile is of the following markings: AA, A, B, C, O, where the first type is the most protected, and the latter is not at all stable. For kitchen conditions, it is optimal to choose types of tiles A or AA, which have a thickness of 3-4 mm and are not exposed to various household cleaners and detergents..

For walls and a backsplash in the kitchen, there are varieties of tiles with dimensions of 10×10, 20×20 and 20×30 cm. Square dimensions of 30×30 cm and large ones can be laid on the floor.

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Materials (edit)

Ceramic tiles are made from sand, clay and minerals, by firing and glazing. This material is the cheapest and comes in the most varied colors. Porcelain stoneware is more expensive than conventional ceramics, but is much stronger, withstands a lot of weight and is not susceptible to moisture absorption. Tiles made from this material are best installed on the kitchen floor..

Stone tiles made from natural raw materials have a very sophisticated look and distinct textures. But the very appearance of the stone is able to visually reduce the space, so you should not lay out the entire area of ​​the wall or floor with such a variety. You can, for example, apply it only for the apron zone, the tabletop is also sometimes covered with such tiles..

Glass tiles are made of mineral glass, they can be transparent, translucent, colored, matte and glossy. Due to its smooth surface, it is easy to clean, usually window cleaners are used. It can be used to decorate individual fragments of a wall or an apron, combining with the usual karmic one. Then a special coloring of the walls is created in the kitchen, which sparkles and shimmers..

Color solutions

White tiles are versatile for kitchens with almost any color design. It is suitable for any furniture, creates comfort at work, and brings more light into the room. You can use vinyl stickers for it, which are then easy to remove or replace.

Often for a kitchen apron, neutral colors of ceramic tiles are chosen: beige, light pink or dim blue. They visually increase the space, look good in combination with any kitchen set, especially in the color of the wood. You can use tile colors that will be slightly lighter or darker than the color of the countertop..

Interesting in kitchen design is the use of contrasting tiles in several tones. It is important here to choose the right colors that match the interior details and not overdo it with their variety..

For the apron over the countertop, you can pick up a simple drawing or pattern for this color. Usually dull flowers, fruits or abstract shapes are selected. They can be engraved on individual tiles or stacked from several pieces..

There are several ways to lay out tiles:

  1. traditional – tiles of the same color are laid horizontally and evenly, the seams form straight lines;
  2. with an offset – each upper horizontal row is offset by half a tile, roughly what a brickwork looks like;
  3. diagonal – the rows are located at an angle to the horizontal surface;
  4. checkerboard – tiles of different colors alternate in a checkerboard pattern;
  5. kaleidoscope – usually tiles of 3 or more colors are selected, which alternate in random order.

All of these types of masonry can be used for kitchen walls or an apron, but different methods require different experience and labor costs..

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How to choose

First of all, the tile covering for the kitchen must be durable, of suitable thickness – for walls it is 3-4 mm, the colors are uniform, without unnecessary inclusions, edges without chips and cracks. It is worth putting the fragments together in advance and seeing how they form a pattern or picture. This applies even to tiles of uniform color, the shades must be identical. During firing, the shade of the ceramic may darken slightly or, on the contrary, lighten. Therefore, even the same look, but different batches may have slightly noticeable different shades..

The length and width in most cases are standard, so you can easily calculate the number of tiles for the required area, but you need to take into account the distance between the seams. Before buying it is worth considering a small stock, if this is a simple and one-color styling method – then 5-10%, if it is a combination of several colors, diagonal or checkerboard styling, then it is worth buying with a margin of 15%.

To avoid unnecessary trimming of the tiles during the installation process, it is worth considering in advance all the proportions on the wall, floor or kitchen apron. Ideally, the apron will consist of only whole, uncut elements. But most often the tiles have to be cut, and for different sections of the walls, corner transitions and the floor, this is generally a necessity..

It is important not only to choose a quality tile, but also a reliable adhesive for it. It may depend on how smooth and durable the wall in the kitchen will be. It is equally important to choose a reliable grout for tile joints. It must be protected from moisture, dirt, fungi and temperature extremes. Over time, poor-quality inter-tile grout or fugue intersperses dirt and is exposed to other harmful factors in the kitchen, from which the type of tile can deteriorate. It is best to select an epoxy-based composition for it..

Can I paint

Painting ceramic tiles can be done if they have aged and lost their fresh look over time, if the seams become dirty, if you want to add additional decor. It is best to use oil or acrylic paint as paint. You can paint with a roller or brush, after cleaning the surface with a damp sponge and soapy water.

Finishing

Using regular white or beige ceramic tiles, you can create neat walls and an apron in the kitchen that will be combined with the interior in style "provence". At the same time, the pattern can be the simplest, you do not need to spend time on complex styling, and the image of the room will noticeably change.

Recently popular decor is made using clinker tiles. It looks like old or fresh brickwork in various colors. So you can equip all open sections of the walls, and the kitchen will acquire a beautiful and elegant design..

Another popular type of modern decoration is using photo-printed tiles. Technologies make it possible to create clear patterns with any bright colors on the glazed surface of ceramics, which will retain their freshness for a long time. Thus, you can create any still life or photo panel you like..

What is the price

The cost of the tiles depends on the manufacturer and on the suppliers. The cheapest is considered to be ordinary ceramic tiles without spraying, somewhat more expensive are ceramics with volumetric patterns and porcelain stoneware. The most expensive varieties are stone and glass tiles, options with complex mosaics and volumetric panels..

In addition, the installation itself, if the work of an experienced specialist is chosen, can cost almost more than the building materials themselves..

Review of the best brands

The domestic manufacturer Keramin produces various varieties that are affordable and excellent in quality. Despite the relatively low cost, these materials are reliable and durable..

The Kerama Marazzi brand has been producing ceramic tiles and other products for this type of decoration for about 30 years: inserts, corners, borders, panels.

The manufacturer Uralkeramika produces ceramic tiles of various rows, which are suitable for floors and walls in any kitchen..

Interkerama tiles are manufactured using modern digital printing technologies on smooth and embossed surfaces, so you can always choose an original pattern..

Absolut Keramika is renowned for the production of its decorative tiles with intricate patterns and color imagery..

Cersanit Coctail brand produces durable and quality ceramic products, both monotonous and with patterns and reliefs..

Birch-Keramika offers inexpensive and reliable tiles of various colors and patterns, glossy and matte.

Jade-Ceramics tiles have long been deservedly popular in kitchen renovations.

Interesting solutions in interior design

Simple laying of tiles in the Provence style kitchen is always fresh and relevant.

Clinker tiles in the form of brickwork look original and fit well into the rest of the design.

A laid out apron in the kitchen made of tiles with a photo print can make an impression.

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