Kitchen base cabinet

When it comes to repairing the kitchen, many understand that choosing a ready-made set of furniture that would suit both externally and fit in size is a real problem. More often than not, even those stubborn seekers who were initially determined to find an already existing solution end up giving up and resorting to the help of designers and furniture makers. Despite the fact that colors, materials, types of shelves, etc. indeed you can vary, there are still certain standards on which you can base.

This article will focus on kitchen floor cabinets. We will tell you about the features, standards, varieties and even give you some good ideas on how you can make your kitchen modern, beautiful and at the same time convenient for everyday use. We hope this will help you decorate your kitchen – the hearth of your home..

Standard sizes

If we take the total area of ​​the kitchen, then its volumes can be very different, starting from a small kitchen of a panel house, about four square meters in size, and ending with infinity.

For an economy-class kitchen, 2-3 floor cabinets will be enough, and one of them can be very small, angular. The main rule is that the depth of the lower cabinets should be equal to the width of the slab. If the proportions are out of order, you will be uncomfortable. Let’s dwell on the dimensions in a little more detail, since this topic is very important..

Traditionally, the depth of the base cabinet is 60 centimeters, while the upper limit can reach up to 120 cm..

As for the height of the kitchen cabinets, the most comfortable work surface is at the level of your waist. This way, you don’t have to raise your arms or bend over when cooking. The standard version – 85 centimeters is suitable for most residents of our country.

By the way, when choosing, pay attention not only to the dimensions of the cabinet, but also to the height of the internal shelves. Within the “normal” range, the shelves are at a height of 20 to 40 centimeters. Variations are possible, but require clarification.

The last parameter of the kitchen base cabinet is the width. According to the standards, the minimum width is considered to be 30 cm (for one facade). The width of 50 cm is the upper limit, if your idea requires a longer structure, you will have to discuss this with the designers. The only option in which a width of 80 cm or more is possible will look adequate – if your cabinet has a trapezoidal elongated shape. If you find it difficult to imagine what such a wardrobe looks like, remember the dressers in the Hermitage.

Design features

There are several main variations of floor structures: U-shaped kitchen set, L-shaped (corner), parallel, lined up or island. But, we understand that you are limited only by your imagination, so a custom-made wardrobe can be at least trapezoidal, at least round, at least triangular. The main thing is that you like it and be comfortable to use it.


An attribute that unites floor cabinets is a countertop, a surface on which you can cook, install a sink, or simply arrange kitchen utensils and electronic appliances.

Cabinets with countertops differ from each other in the materials used for their manufacture. The surface can be made of natural or artificial stone, metal, wood, plastic or chipboard. Most often, when choosing, they start from the budget, and here we have no right to give you advice, however, we can reflect a little on the topic of hand-made countertops, because here the role is not played by the budget, but by your desire and skill..

In order to make a tabletop yourself, you will at least need to have a certain set of tools at hand: a saw, a drill or screwdriver, a hacksaw, a putty knife and a trowel, as well as a cutter.

If you have all this, the matter remains small – decide on the material and get to work.

What options do you have:

  • The countertop can be made of concrete. To begin with, you will need to make a frame of boards or plywood, inside which you will need to install a reinforcing grill so that the structure does not fall apart. Next, you will need to prepare the solution, pour it over and wait from six to eight days for it to “take”. When the cement has hardened and the base is ready, you can start finishing. You can use tiles, plastic, metal … whatever your skills are enough for.

  • The table top can be created on the basis of a bar. Prepare the frame from a single piece (approximately 40×50 centimeters) and use metal corners and dowels to attach the base to the wall. When the frame is ready, variations begin – you can attach a flat sheet of plywood and stick tiles on it, you can add a metal finish, act according to your taste and color. 3) Another option in which you can make the tabletop yourself is chipboard. The base will be a timber fixed around the perimeter of the wall of your kitchen. You will need to attach plywood sheets to this beam. The sheets should not be thick (1.5 cm is the maximum), otherwise the structure may not withstand. Top plywood can be decorated with tiles or porcelain stoneware.

The functions of the floor cabinets also differ. Someone needs additional shelves, someone prefers to build dishwashers, washing machines, etc. into cabinets. If you want to hide the refrigerator under the overall design, then you will need to choose a floor-standing column cabinet, unless your refrigerator model ends at the level of your belt. Since there are many variations on this theme, let’s break it down a little more..


With boxes. Drawers are most often pull-out. Sometimes they slide out automatically when you open the door, sometimes they require mechanical effort. The boxes can be the same or different in size. Classic look – a small drawer for forks, spoons and knives located just under the table top and several large drawers for storing pots and pans.

Wardrobe pencil case, it is also called column cabinet. This is a narrow, long floor cabinet. It is quite common, the dimensions of the kitchen are often small and you need to save space. Each owner determines the purpose of using such a cabinet for himself, but, as a rule, it is used for dishes, and festive sets and glasses for alcoholic beverages are usually stored on the upper shelves..

Under the sink. The main thing is that the countertop, and the cabinet itself, is resistant to moisture, because even if you act super neatly, drops of water will still fall on the surface. Usually, such a cabinet is left hollow inside, so that you can put a garbage bin..

Floor cabinets sometimes replace the kitchen table. The setting of furniture resembles a bar counter. Thus, you get to combine two in one – a comfortable surface for cooking and an unusual, fashionable space for eating..

Modern filling systems for floor-standing cabinets

Let’s put everything on the shelves:

  1. Drawers, and they must be pulled out to the very end. It is very convenient, beautiful and space-saving.

  2. Great depth and high sides. Agree, it is very annoying when a pack of porridge does not fit on the shelf … for tall and narrow items, such drawers must be in your kitchen.

  3. Increased drawer width. Every good housewife has frying pans, and every frying pan has a long handle. To make it convenient for you to store dishes – make at least one wide drawer in your kitchen.

  4. Use separators. Have you ever looked into a foreman’s work suitcase, let’s say a plumber? In fact, a suitcase is the same box, but so that small objects do not get confused with each other, partitions and various kinds of holders are made in the suitcase, with which you can fix tools. Why not apply this system to kitchen drawers?

  5. Use pneumatic mechanisms and closers. For what? Imagine – your box is loaded to the top, you are cooking something, there it is boiling, here it is fried, and you need to get, say, a garlic crusher. You open a heavy drawer, find an object, try to push the drawer back in, trying not to drop the crush … There is a chance that your kitchen will temporarily turn into a branch of hell. Closers will save you from the problem and will do everything for you. A light push of the box with the hip and the box returned to its place. As an added bonus – noise reduction when opening and closing.

  6. Separate drawer dryer. Where to store washed dishes? Of course, in this box, and for obvious reasons, this box must be on the floor..

We are done with the important tips for functional solutions, and we can move on to the most enjoyable part – the design..

Facade design ideas

Do you want your kitchen to look ultra-modern? Keep your furniture handle-free. How do you open these boxes? Everything is thought out, in such models a special mechanism is used that is triggered when pressed..

A cabinet with frosted glass is always beautiful. A white wardrobe with a similar insert looks especially elegant and fashionable at the same time. In addition to glass, you can also use mirrors to brighten the kitchen and visually enlarge the space..

Try installing two drawers behind one facade. This is a good idea for under-counter units. This is done so that small cutlery boxes do not stand out from the rest. Just cover them with a common facade.

Translucent walls can be suitable not only for hinged kitchen furniture, but also for floor boxes. Constructions made of translucent materials are always effective and visually lighten the interior. As a bonus, the contents of the box are always visible.

Install a hidden tech locker. Most likely, it will not be floor-standing, but will be located on the tabletop, but maybe you can figure out how to make a niche in the lower tier. The point of these boxes is security. You protect electrical appliances from moisture and sudden damage.

Make one section with open shelves. If you like beautiful and expensive dishes or have a great collection of spices or alcohol, do not hide the beautiful bottles behind the doors. On open shelves, they will not only delight the eye, but will always be at hand.

If you eat a lot of fruit, one of the floor sections of your kitchen can be set aside for built-in baskets. Such container shelves are excellent for air permeability and protect from direct sunlight, keeping fruits fresh. So that the flavors do not mix with each other, there should be at least three boxes: one for vegetables, the second for citrus fruits and another one for greens..

If you want to spend a minimum of time cleaning the kitchen, the fronts of all your cabinets should be glossy. This option is one of the most practical and does not require special means for cleaning or care, unlike stone or wood..

There are a lot of ideas for kitchen furniture, the main thing is that in the pursuit of beauty you do not forget about convenience, because you will most likely have to cook every day, and in a well-equipped kitchen you can do it faster, easier and with much more pleasure..

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