Kitchen cabinet hinges

When ordering a kitchen set, we hope that it will serve us for many years, withstand numerous openings and closings. That is why it is so important to choose high-quality hardware, especially door hinges. Not so long ago, Soviet industry produced furniture on which only hinges with a four-bar hinge were installed..

The modern hardware market is represented by a huge assortment of door hinges. This is due to the fact that designers are inventing all the new forms of facades and their attachment to the headset..

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Manufacturers now offer more than ten different types of kitchen cabinet hinges. This is from the simplest “frogs” to hinges with door closers of various complicated designs.

Different door hinges attach differently.

  • Overhead loop or frog loop. It is a four-link hinge mechanism. It presses the door firmly, allows you to open it 90 or 165 degrees. This type of loops is the most common. It can be found on almost any kitchen set with swing doors. Such hinges allow you to completely cover the furniture body on which they are attached..

  • Half waybill. It allows you to partially overlap the headset body. Its structure has a slight bend, due to which a gap is formed between the cabinet doors, fixed to one rack, which makes it possible to open both.

  • Internal. Outwardly, it is very similar to a semi-invoice. But its application is different. An internal hinge is installed when it is necessary to place the headset doors inside the box.

  • Inverse. Allows you to open the cabinet door 180. At the same time, the door rises flush with the box.

  • Corner. As its name suggests, it installs doors at an angle. This is necessary for corner boxes. Standard hinges in this category are available with an angle of 175,135,90,45 and 30. But there are also non-standard corner hinges.

  • Mezzanine. Serves for a canopy of horizontally opening drawer doors. This type of hinge is based on a spring.

  • Piano. It is rarely used in modern furniture due to its unreliability. It is mainly used for book tables, for fastening folding tabletops..

  • Card loop. In fact, this is the same piano loop, only shorter. It is often used in retro-style furniture, for this they make a figured execution of these loops, or give them the shape of a butterfly..

  • Secret. It has two plates with which horizontal facades are fastened, going down. They got their name for their use in secretaires. Similar to a piano hinge.

  • Adit. Mounted on cabinets adjacent to the wall.

  • Lombernaya. With their help, folding facades are attached. Such hinges have the ability to fix the cabinet sash. Fastened from the end to the door and the box and allows you to open the structure by 180. Lombard hinges are very popular on folding tables.

  • Reversible hinge. Allows you to open the doors 180 degrees and return them back, like at the entrance to a supermarket.

  • Calcaneal. Fastened to the corner of the facade. It can go deep into the sash, but only suitable for lightweight doors. Therefore, its use is very limited..

Also hinges differ in their application in certain materials. For glass, plastic, fiberboard, different hinges are needed.

There are also two types of hinges, which differ in installation. Slide-on are standard hinges and clip-on are instant hinges. Clip-on hinges reduce installation time by up to 60%, due to the collapsible hinge, which has two parts that snap together.

Another type of hinge for kitchen furniture is the hinge with the hinge. Their price is much higher, but it justifies itself. First, it’s convenient. They pushed the door, and it closed further by itself. Secondly, it preserves the state of the furniture. Since the door closers themselves regulate the closing force of the door, thereby preserving both the facades and the box itself in their original condition. Third, they prevent the sound of slamming doors without irritating the nervous system..

How to install correctly

Installing overhead door hinges on kitchen cabinets is a simple process. But still it requires little knowledge and skills..

The tool you will need when installing the door hinges:

  • pencil;
  • ruler;
  • drill;
  • cutter;
  • screwdriver;
  • self-tapping screws.

First, mark the placement of the hinge on the door. In order to cut the hinge into the door, you need to drill a hole. For this, the center of the circle is marked in which the cup of the furniture hinge will be installed. The number of hinges on the door must be at least two and depends on the weight of the door and its dimensions. The distance between the hinges should be at least 45 cm, from the upper edge of the door – approximately 10 cm, from the side edge – 2.1 cm. To facilitate the work, you need to make a template in the form of a rectangle with the appropriate dimensions. Then you do not have to measure these distances for each loop, and there will be less chance of error..

Now drill the hole. To do this, install a cutter with a diameter of 35 mm in a drill and make a hole with a depth of 1.25 cm.At the same time, if your facade has a pattern with a recess on the outside, then the depth of the hole should be reduced by a couple of millimeters in order to exclude the possibility of making a hole through.

Next, put the loop itself in the hole, and fasten it with self-tapping screws.

Now you need to hang the door on the box.

When you start fixing the door, it must be placed 2 mm lower and 1 mm to the side of the edge, so that later the facade can be easily adjusted. At the end, the loop is screwed to the box with self-tapping screws.

Next, adjust the facade.

It is possible to make adjustments in three planes:

  • To the side. This method is usually used immediately after installation, to adjust the diagonal of the product. To do this, use a screw in the hinge, which is located on the hinge closer to the edge of the box..
  • Down up. This method is also used to adjust the door after installation, and at the time of the door sagging during operation. To adjust the door vertically, we slightly loosen the self-tapping screws with which the hinge is screwed to the wall of the box, after which it is possible to raise or lower the door by a few millimeters.
  • Into the depth. Here the distance between the facade and the box is adjusted. To make this adjustment, you need to slightly unscrew the far screw on the hinge and move the door a few millimeters inward or outward..

How to choose hanging

When choosing, it is better to immediately decide what functions you want to see at the doors of kitchen furniture and determine the type of hinges.

When choosing hinges for kitchen furniture doors, you need to find out what material they are made of. You need to stop your choice on products made of high-quality steel..

You should not choose cheap hinges for hanging door fronts on your kitchen set, since there is a direct relationship here: price – quality.

Hinges with a closer are always more priority than conventional hinges, since they regulate the closing force of doors, preserve furniture, preventing doors from slamming, in addition, these hinges can withstand higher loads than ordinary ones. In order not to be mistaken with the choice, purchase kitchen accessories only from well-known manufacturers. In this case, it will serve you for a long time, without requiring replacement and special adjustments..

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