Kitchen on the balcony

Combining a kitchen with a balcony is an interesting solution. The ability not only to use the free balconies as a warehouse, but to mount it under a wonderful recreation area, where it is warm, cozy and with a cup of coffee you can sit by the window – will always be the ultimate dream for any person.

The kitchen can be safely transferred to the loggia, expanding the space to the required level. Understanding all the little secrets of dismantling, calculating the layout features, and most importantly – knowing the tricks for obtaining all permits will allow you to proudly demonstrate your repairs to friends and neighbors.

Features and Benefits

Before picking up a hammer and starting to demolish the walls, you need to exhale, be patient, and for now just read the features of this repair action.

Did you know that there are several ways to connect a kitchen to a balcony??

Expand the balcony walls with partial deformation. With this option, the door is removed, the window is dismantled and the sill is disassembled. The remainder of the wall serves as either a bar and partition, or a countertop. By the way, such redevelopment does not require permissions and other information from the security services..

Deform the balcony wall completely. In this case, you disassemble the wall completely, opening up the space and thus expanding the kitchen by several meters. You need to understand that the main question in this method of redevelopment should sound like this: is it possible to demolish the wall?

The BTI is in charge of coordinating this issue – it is necessary to obtain an official certificate. And, already having permission in your hands, you can safely repaint, build, break and repair the future kitchen. The main thing, remember: the wall separating the balcony and the kitchen should not be load-bearing – this will create many problems when combining the two zones..

It does not fit to calculate how much the kitchen on the balcony justifies the investment. Any changes in the layout of the house can be broken down into advantages and disadvantages. The choice in favor of repair can be made like this: view the pros and cons – and, based on the analysis, make a decision.

The advantages of combining:

  • the balcony can become an additional seating area. When combined, you will receive additional meters for the living room or dining room, you can not only relax in a cozy corner of the balcony, but also read, eat or do your favorite things;
  • additional space can be used for furniture and a work set. In order to make the kitchen area more spacious, you can cheat: move the refrigerator, stove, countertop and work area to the loggia – this will expand the dining area;

  • the connected space will allow you to apply bold design solutions. The possibilities of modern design are endless, and having extra meters of space, you can easily maneuver in a huge stream of stylish solutions, choosing what you need.
  • improved sound and heat insulation. Thanks to a special finish, the kitchen area can become much quieter and warmer, which means it is more comfortable..

Disadvantages:

  • a lot of time will have to be spent on obtaining certificates and permits from state offices;
  • the balcony will need to be completely deformed, and this will require strength and patience;
  • significant cash expenditures. Since the loggia will need to be completely changed – glazing, insulating, installing “warm floors”, get ready not only for a long repair, but also costly.

Wall deformation

Before deforming the wall, you need to understand whether the partition is a load-bearing wall.

This can be found in the passport for the apartment or obtain information from the BTI..

It is possible to understand the technical characteristics even in the absence of a proper document. For self-determination, it is necessary to take into account the wall without cladding:

  • in a panel house, the wall is load-bearing if its width varies in the range from 15 to 55 cm. If the size is close to this gap, it is better to consult with the master, who approves the new layout of the room;
  • in a brick house, a wall is a supporting wall if its width is three bricks (usually about 40 cm), partitions in a room are 13-20 cm or slightly wider – up to 26 cm;
  • in a monolithic building, a wall thickness of more than 21 cm indicates its supporting function. Such houses may have wider partitions, so it is necessary to consult a specialist.

You should know: the monolithic frame structure has no load-bearing walls.

When you have determined the type of wall, demolish it according to all safety measures:

  • the deformed wall should be based on metal rods, which are masked in the future. You cannot leave a part of the wall without strengthening;
  • if the unit is completely dismantled, then the structure must be reinforced with columns or a rack. Their dimensions and impact forces are agreed with the civil engineers.

Consolidation permission

For maximum comfort and safety of your repair, you need to do the following series of actions:

Leave a statement at the BTI service to call the master at home. This is necessary to change the technical document for the apartment. The consultation is paid and confirmed by a receipt.

Within a few days, agree on the receipt of a new apartment project (the deadline is set by the BTI).

Submit both old and new plans to the Housing Commission. Based on the data, permission will be issued. If a failure is received, the rebuilding is unsafe and may be in danger of collapse..

In two weeks, the specialist will write a conclusion about the project itself. The service is paid by the number of meters.

In order to calm your conscience, it is necessary to agree on the repair at the SES. It is better if you provide serious arguments regarding the safety of the building, and even more wonderful – if you confirm this with an extract from the BTI. The project is considered approved after the SES seal is put on it..

At the final stage, you can take a certificate from the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Russian Federation.

So, you will need to collect the following list of papers: an extract about the absence of an architectural object in terms of redevelopment, the consent of all registered residents of the house, and also – a document on the composition of the family.

With this “happy set” of papers, you must go to court, where they will issue permission to obtain a new passport and certificate of ownership.

As soon as the bureaucratic issue is resolved, you can proceed with the redevelopment itself.

How to combine

To combine two rooms into one space, you need to decide which layout option suits you, and why you are connecting the loggia to the kitchen. The balcony in the apartment can be remodeled as follows:

  • into the work area. In this case, there should be no unnecessary items and furniture on the balcony. There you can place a refrigerator, countertop, stove and sink. In addition, if the extension is located on the south side, it is better to hang blinds or special curtains on the windows – this way you will protect yourself from the sun during too hot summer days;
  • to the dining area. The design of modern layouts does not provide for a separate dining area in the kitchen. If the kitchen has an open exit to the balcony, you can make a continuation of the kitchen area from it. The increase in space due to the demolition of the balcony wall will allow you to completely transfer the dining room to the loggia;
  • into the kitchen. In a one-room apartment, moving the kitchen is ideal. To remodel a small balcony, it is better to use some tricks: expand the space with light walls, and also use glossy surfaces and chrome details.

Redevelopment

It is possible and necessary to combine rooms into one space, but how to do it correctly?

Secrets You Didn’t Know About:

  • the kitchen area must have a gas or electric stove. However, when aligning, only electrical mechanisms can be used;
  • to attach the kitchen to the balcony, it must not only be glazed, but also insulated;
  • with proper design, for example, the layout of a 6 meter balcony, it is necessary to add more light – illumination is necessary at night;
  • a ventilation system may be needed, since, together with the possibility of rest, it is necessary that the outside kitchen be odor-free – especially in the winter season.

The connection of the kitchen with the balcony may imply the presence of a door that is built into the wall – this way there is no interference on the passage between rooms.

Step-by-step instruction

The procedure for merging is pretty straightforward. It all starts with the removal of the wall:

  • it is necessary to remove the balcony door;
  • remove the window frame and completely disassemble the window opening;
  • draw the markings on the wall, which is to be demolished into small areas (this will make it easier to control the demolition of the partition);
  • disassemble the block with the necessary tools – you can use a punch or a sledgehammer together.

In order for the corner walls to be protected from temperature changes, they must be insulated. This will require:

  • mount a profile-type frame around the entire perimeter;
  • place a protective film around the perimeter that does not allow water to pass through, install a vapor barrier and lay special-purpose cotton wool on the floor and walls;
  • crevices and small gaps must be treated with mounting foam or a sealant.

Optionally, you can insulate the balcony room with foil materials.

There is a variant of the layout of the apartment with two balconies on one wall. In this case, it is necessary to insulate the floor. It is better to use infrared insulation materials that are reliable and last as long as possible (although they are not cheap). You can use a practical analogue – an electric type convector.

After that, you can start preparing the walls. It is recommended to process them with:

  • drywall blocks – in the future, use putty and paint;
  • glued wallpaper;
  • or installation of panel parts made of plastic and metal.

You are free to choose – you can even decorate the ceiling with the same materials. But do not forget about the presence of stretch ceilings. Linoleum, tiles or laminate are laid on the floor after insulation.

Remember that the balcony area should not be furnished with a lot of furniture..

Room decoration and decor

A competent layout presupposes the same competent, functional design. In order for the kitchen-balcony to be comfortably located, its interior should not differ much from the general design. Consider this nuance when combining.

Use the following techniques:

  • combine furniture on the balcony and kitchen in a single tone – this creates the effect of greater space and integrity;
  • in order to conditionally delimit two rooms, try to build on a podium – it will zone the space;
  • you can do with the furnishing of the room in different ways: either order narrow-format furniture specifically for the balcony, or leave the furniture in the kitchen, and use the loggia area as a dining area;
  • the balcony door can also be used as a limiter between rooms – this way the balcony space will be isolated;
  • if you combine the space by demolishing the door, then it is better to arrange the partition under the bar counter or table;
  • choose curtains for the window block from lighter fabrics (if the balcony is on the north side, for example, tulle) or use blinds (for the south side of the location);

window decoration implies some subtleties: you can install a double-glazed window by hanging curtains on it or leave the space open by installing a translucent canopy.

Once the complete design project has been chosen, decide on the interior, for example, curtains can be used in roman, panel and in the form of a roll. The fabric and material also depends on the style of decoration: tulle curtains, curtains with lambrequins and curtains will be equally appropriate.

Lighting can be used as a way to expand the space. Built-in lamps and sconces around the perimeter will perfectly shade the zones, and preserve the integrity of the room – this will be especially noticeable in the evening.

Reviews

When thinking of a project to combine a balcony with a loggia, I want to understand how popular this option is with apartment owners. As a rule, people who independently make a balcony for a kitchen can best talk about the difficulties and advantages..

Is it worth investing in repairing the balcony and remodeling the loggia into the kitchen? To what extent does the end justify the means? And do the owners then regret their choice? Most apartment owners are of the same opinion – it is necessary to combine a balcony with a kitchen.

Apartment owners often think about merging because of the small area of ​​the apartment or the need for additional space. Often the owners emphasize that it is impossible to carry the battery, and heating the room is possible only thanks to electrical appliances and warm floors..

The disadvantages that people note are the need to completely connect rooms, even demolishing partitions (otherwise the loggia will not be heated) and install additional lights, since the room is darkened due to the large amount of furniture.

The reviews are mostly positive. They note that the loggia does an excellent job with its versatile functions for a working, living room and dining area. They emphasize that thanks to the demolition of the wall, there is a voluminous space in the common room and endless decor possibilities.

Interesting projects for the interior of the kitchen

To make the most of the kitchen area, a lot of tricks can be used, but it is better to measure the free meters before installing the headset..

For example, with a combined kitchen measuring 9 m 2, you need to visually expand the space. Although such an area is considered optimal for a kitchen, it is not suitable for receiving guests. Now for the little tricks:

  • for the kitchen, it is best to use glass panels, transparent partitions and a reflective floor (it is better to combine the floor in the kitchen and the loggia with a single pattern). This is typical for the style of minimalism and high-tech..

  • an unusual solution would be full glazing of the wall of the loggia – then there will be a lot of air in the room. Visually, the kitchen will continue through the balcony. There is a small drawback to this design – poor heating of the balcony. That is why it will be necessary to consider reinforced sealing and insulation;

  • the designers explain: the effect of expanding the space can be created by freeing the floor. How to use it? Install a glass table on one leg instead of the classic model with four legs, do not use rugs, and hang the cabinets on the wall. This will create the effect of a spacious room;

  • apply as much embedded technology as possible. Folding furniture models tend to free up space when needed.

If you have a total area of ​​10 sq. m, then the rules here are almost the same, except that you can combine several design options. It would be appropriate to highlight sub-zones. What design solutions can be used for a ten square balcony?

  • use contrasts. You can safely apply the contrasts of textures – from a wooden base for household items to glass cabinets. Such combinations create the necessary transition of lines, which distracts from a small footage and at the same time does not reduce it;

  • combine several styles. For example, the classic design is in perfect harmony with country, romantic Provence in the kitchen can be supplemented with plant elements and plant stands on the balcony. If you like oriental motives, mix minimalism and ethnicity – a comfortably furnished balcony with colorful ottomans and muffled warm light will wonderfully contact the design of a high-tech kitchen.

The same rules must be followed if the footage of the kitchen on the balcony is from 12 sq. m and more. However, it is allowed to use the latest design solutions here..

  • kitchens with more than twelve squares in an industrial style look very unusual: transparent hanging lamps of different sizes and shapes, brick walls and upholstered furniture – all this looks impressive;

  • use for a large space the overlap between the kitchen and the balcony: French window;
  • do not forget about the so-called “working triangle” – place all the functional parts of the kitchen side by side.

The layout may differ, for example, depending on your desires and capabilities, one can distinguish between single-row, double-row, U-shaped, angular, cone-shaped and acute-angled layouts.

  • single row layout is suitable for narrow but longitudinal kitchens. As a rule, the width of the balcony in this case is no more than two meters. The work area goes around the longitudinal wall, and the dining part opens onto the balcony, closer to the window;

  • parallel placement (or two-row layout) is suitable for wider spaces. A sink and a functional area are placed at one wall, and a refrigerator, a cabinet and a microwave oven are located on the other side. At the same time, the dining area always has one location – near the wall;

  • The U-shaped planning method uses both angles in functionality – this creates a minimum of movement in the kitchen. With this arrangement of furniture, it should be borne in mind that the bar counter should be one of the sides of the layout, all the functionality is lined up in the corners, and the furniture is taken out behind the partition;

  • the corner layout is considered the most versatile. This option is popular because it allows you to clearly distinguish the cooking area, save space and characteristically divide the room into zones. Most often, square-shaped kitchens have such a scheme;

  • the cone-shaped form is a variant of the layout with the letter “p”. A wide room with rounded and elongated shapes is suitable for such a scheme. In this case, the bar counter is an extension of the table, which is not very convenient for small spaces;

  • an acute-angled or island layout allows you to place an island table on the kitchen area. In this case, the furniture and the headset are placed with the letter “g”. This layout is a free version of the “working triangle”. Sink and stove can be moved to the island.

Try to apply the information received to the maximum – and your kitchen will find a second life..

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