When starting the arrangement of the kitchen, due attention is paid to the walls and floor. Different materials are used as cladding here, but tiles are the most popular. Due to the wide range and high quality, it performs not only a decorative function, but also reliably protects wall and floor surfaces from adverse factors.
Advantages and disadvantages
When the renovation begins, many are faced with a choice of how best to design kitchen surfaces so that they are harmoniously combined with furniture and other interior items. It is generally accepted that the best finish for a kitchen is tile. Its individual characteristics are the main priority in the selection process, therefore, special attention is paid to these features. Kitchen tiles must be durable, reliable, practical and fully comply with GOST standards.
Modern manufacturers offer different copies of these products, both wall and floor options.. The installation process is carried out on the entire wall or only where the working area is located. The important advantages of kitchen tiles include:
- wear resistance;
- fire resistance;
- resistance to chemicals and ultraviolet radiation;
- wide range of;
- affordable cost.
The disadvantages of such material are:
- cold surface;
- the complexity of styling;
- poor sound insulation;
- high surface requirements.
Laying begins with careful preparation of the walls, which should be as flat as possible so that the tile has a presentable look. Such a tile goes well with drywall and, with the right approach, looks like a single composition. Immediately after laying, grouting follows, which requires accuracy..
If the tiles are to be laid under the headset, then every detail must be taken into account so that they fully complement each other. After all, professional styling can bring a touch of sophistication and originality to the kitchen space, as well as make it a favorite place to spend time.
Types of tiles
Tiles are made from a mixture of sand, clay and additional mineral components, which are subject to fire treatment, after which they are covered with a layer of glaze. It is small and more voluminous, which makes it easy to choose the right option. Ceramic tiles are the most durable, so the demand for them increases every year. Such a facing surface looks original and very attractive. The tiles are matte, glossy and sprayed.
This material can be perfectly combined with glass and plastic surfaces. There are models for stone, wood, mirror, convex and with an ornament. No less in demand is gypsum tiles for the kitchen, which are characterized by a relatively low price and at the same time have excellent functionality. It can be small in size or bulky.
The assortment is made up of such tile options as:
- porcelain stoneware;
The highest strength values are for porcelain stoneware tiles, which are resistant to moisture and are ideal for the kitchen. Clinker tiles are very similar to the first type and are often laid on the floor due to their non-slip surface. Gypsum mainly serves as a decorative function, as well as majolica and mosaics. Stone tiles look very stylish, which complements the rest of the kitchen interior well..
The collections of Damascus and Tuscany mix are very popular. They are produced in different colors and textures, and are also distinguished by impeccable quality and durability. Such high-tech tiles perfectly retain their original appearance for many years, decorating the kitchen and filling it with a positive atmosphere. Models for walls and floors are provided, allowing you to create unique compositions in kitchens.
Choice: what to look for
A finishing material such as a tile must be chosen so correctly that it fully corresponds to the functions assigned to it. That is why, different requirements are imposed on wall and floor products, which should be taken into account in the selection process. But regardless of the purpose of the tile, experts recommend that you carefully study the technical features, information on the packaging, as well as the availability of a quality certificate. All of these factors are equally important when buying tiles..
By the type of manufacture, pressed and extruded ceramics are distinguished. It can be glazed or unglazed.. To make the most correct choice, you must follow the following rules:
- carefully check the strength and integrity of the material;
- make calculations with a margin of about 15%;
- for walls, select models with an ideal surface, and on the floor it is better to buy more rough ones;
- the level of moisture resistance must be at least 0.03%;
- the cost directly depends on the size of the products, the smaller the tile size, the more expensive the price.
Safety criteria are also important when choosing a tile, such as:
- wear resistance class;
- degree of hardness;
- coefficient of friction.
There are 5 classes of wear resistance, of which the best solution for the kitchen are products of the 3rd and 4th class. In terms of hardness, tile with a seventh degree is best suited here. For flooring, specimens with a friction coefficient of at least 0.75% are perfect. Considering all these features, you can lay out an original carpet from tiles that match the overall design. The most common sizes are considered compact models 20×20, and of the more voluminous 20×50 and 20×60.
Tips for choosing a pattern and color for the floor
A huge variety of tiles makes it possible to embody the most extraordinary ideas and create a unique interior in the kitchen. Basically, the choice of this finishing material is based on the general stylistic design and consists of various kinds of nuances..
Professional designers advise:
- use large tiles of light colors in order to visually expand the space;
- do not use more than three different colors at the same time, so as not to disturb the harmony of the kitchen interior;
- take into account the degree of future contamination of products, on the basis of which, make a choice by color.
The most practical and suitable for the kitchen are gray, beige and brown shades. They are resistant to dirt and, at the same time, significantly expand the territory, which is a beneficial factor for small kitchens. The size of the tiles is also important in many ways, because large squares fill the kitchen with space, and rectangular products lengthen it. Floor tiles lined with rhombuses or other simple pattern look beautiful. It can be plain or decorated with decorative patterns..
Apron design: characteristics and design
The working area in the kitchen is often decorated with a so-called tiled backsplash. It reliably protects the walls from adverse factors of influence and is a beautiful decoration of the kitchen space. This part can be bright, unusual, designer or any other format..
It is good if the texture of the tiles on the backsplash is characterized by minimal porosity, this will make it easy to clean it from all kinds of dirt. The cladding above the work surface must be thermally resistant and capable of withstanding heating up to 120 degrees.
In kitchens with a discreet design, it is recommended to use plain tiles or glass instead of tiles. In case of difficulties in the design process, the use of white tiles is allowed, since this color is universal and harmoniously fits into almost any environment. The tile on the apron looks original, matching the contrast to the kitchen set. At the same time, there is no need to overload this area with decorative inserts so that it has a presentable and stylish appearance..
Fashionable solutions in the interior
Recently, designers have begun to use a variety of original styles in the kitchen design process. The ideal option is one that matches the style of general home improvement..
The following interior design solutions are provided:
Classic style. Perfectly suits a white kitchen, as it allows the use of white, black and gray tones. Light or dark tiles with a discreet pattern or a texture like natural stone are appropriate here..
- Hi-tech style. It is a fairly modern design trend dominated by dark tones, so it is perfect for a dark kitchen, surprising others with elite patterned tiles.
- Provence style. The Provence style kitchen is decorated in pastel shades, the color range of which can be beige, pink, white, mint and blue tiles..
- Art deco style. Attracts attention with expensive samples of tiles, among the assortment of which there are matte, glossy, volumetric, rectangular, square, rhombuses, wide, narrow, with flowers, with fruits, as well as designer 3D tiles.
- Country style. It looks like a rustic kitchen, although it uses a lot of modern materials. Ceramics collections in this direction represent an imitation of natural finishing materials. It can be printed with a design print or images of coffee, daisies and other relevant elements..
- Scandinavian style. It is characterized by a large amount of light, therefore, wall and floor tiles are suitable here in light colors. Wood imitation tiles look very practical and beautiful in the Scandinavian style, which creates a feeling of comfort and coziness.
- English style. The English-style kitchen is distinguished by its sophistication, excellent lighting and high-quality finishing in the form of elegant tiles in natural colors, among which beige, light green, brown and white are in great demand. In some cases, pearlescent ceramics can be used to match the interior color..
Current trends allow the use of a dedicated screen instead of tiles. This feature is characterized by functionality and practicality, therefore, in terms of quality, it is not much inferior to ceramic coatings..
If we pay attention to the rating of manufacturers, then such brands as Metro and Surrey occupy high positions in the world market. Their products fully meet the norms and quality standards, which makes them in demand in different parts of the world..
The tile is laid in its entirety or is divided into segments, from which the original compositions are laid out in the future. Patterns can be very different, from the usual images of fruits to complex landscapes. Where appropriate, ceramics are used to decorate skirting boards and borders, which looks very stylish. With the right lighting, such unique design solutions look especially beautiful..
So that the tiles in the kitchen do not lose their original qualities over the years, it needs proper care.. To do this, you need to know some rules:
- do not apply metal brushes or other abrasive materials to glossy ceramics;
- do not abuse aggressive detergents so as not to damage the seams;
- to remove greasy deposits, use a solution of water with vinegar;
- to add shine, it is worth adding a little ammonia to the washing water.
The cladding in the form of a kitchen tile can always be updated with your own hands, giving it novelty and presentability. In order to achieve the desired result, the tiles can be painted with a paint of a suitable color. In this case, the paint must be resistant to grease, dust and soot. Seams treated with epoxy materials last much longer. Painting tiled walls can refresh the kitchen and give old tiles a new life..
When starting to clean tiled surfaces, it is recommended to use detergents specially designed for them. They take good care of the tile, easily remove dirt from its surface, and also prevent the appearance of dullness and brightness on the cladding. They contain components that actively eliminate unpleasant odors, protect plumbing from the occurrence of mineral deposits and microorganisms.
Thanks to high-tech fixtures, kitchen tiles from modern manufacturers surprise with incomparable strength, chic design and durability, which makes them the most popular finishing material in the kitchen..
Many housewives prefer to use wax for the appearance of shine. He not only takes care of the tiles, but also creates a protective layer on its surface, thereby extending the life of the material. As for the floor tile models, it is worth looking after them more carefully. To do this, you need to lay a shoe carpet at the entrance, which will protect it from unwanted scratches and chips..
Numerous reviews indicate that it is the tile that has the highest indicators of practicality and durability, in relation to other finishing materials. Particular emphasis is placed on its decorative function, because each collection is a real work of art that amazes with its versatility, huge selection and stylish design ideas. These features are top priorities when choosing a kitchen finish..