Standard sizes of kitchen cabinets

The abundance of kitchen sets can confuse any buyer, so many, when choosing or designing a kitchen, turn to designers and craftsmen for help. You can cope with this task yourself if you know a few important nuances. The sizes of furniture and design can vary greatly, but the layout of the apartments and the tasks of the premises are not so diverse. Therefore, all designs and layouts are created according to approximately the same rules or standards..

7photos

Furniture types

Despite the variety of designs and manufacturers, there are not many options for creating interiors in the kitchen. All furniture is built on the basis of footage and layout according to the following types:

  1. Linear or single-row set is located along one wall. This arrangement is optimal for narrow rooms, while appliances – stove, refrigerator – are usually placed in different parts of such a row. Hanging structures and pencil cases help to make the most of the space..
  2. The two-row (two-line) option is good for wider rooms where it is not possible to use adjacent walls (because of windows, doors). Then the furniture is lined up along the opposite free walls. In this case, the distance between the rows of more than 1.2 m is undesirable..
  3. A U-shaped kitchen is obtained when 3 walls “work”. This is a very convenient option for spacious rooms, which many housewives dream of (this is how the famous kitchen of Yulia Vysotskaya is arranged). In order not to get tired of running around, measure the distance between the sides – it should be within 1.2-2.8m.
  4. L-shaped – a common option for the location of cabinets on two adjacent walls. This arrangement allows you to beat both large and small kitchens so that the space worked well and did not seem overloaded, and the dining group would exist somewhat separately and not interfere with the hostess.
  5. A G-shaped kitchen is one option for square rooms when all 4 walls are involved. Suitable if the kitchen is used only for cooking, it does not have a dining or guest area.

7photos

  • Island kitchen – the work surface (and sometimes the stove) are taken out separately from the furniture row, and seem to be in the center. This cabinet will have a wide table top and storage space. This can be seen in cooking shows – very convenient for cooking, ideal for spacious rooms and studio rooms, where the guest room and kitchen are combined.

  • Peninsular – a mixed version of the island, L- and G-shaped options. There is an island here, it appears almost in the center of the room, but it forms a single line with the rest of the headset. Looks good in spacious and combined rooms, made in modern styles. Peninsular options can take part of the functionality of the dining group, the plate in them is placed in the furniture row near the wall.

Regardless of the location option, headsets can be “filled” with the same standard elements. What are they?

Floor cabinets and cabinets are the main element of a kitchen set. They perform a number of functions: storage areas for food, appliances, dishes, other utensils, a base for built-in appliances (dishwasher, stove, etc.), their top – a tabletop – serves as a work surface. Such cabinets are simple (with shelves), with drawers, mixed (top drawer and door), for built-in appliances, for a sink.

Wall cabinets are furniture items placed in the top row above the floor ones, mounted on the wall. These are also storage places, even in the upper group they place a dryer, hide the hood and the column in trompe l’oeil cabinets. Wall-mounted furniture allows vertical space to be used by reducing the number of base cabinets. These cabinets may have open bottom shelves for storage (for spices, often used small items).

Pencil cases are tall base cabinets that completely occupy the vertical space. These are storage areas and shelves for equipment..

Corner furniture is needed to functionally use free space. With the help of roll-out, pull-out, rotating elements, convenient access to the inside of the cabinet appears. Corner cabinets are simple cabinets, sink cabinets, as well as beveled and rounded ones located on the outer edge of the headset. They can be either open (without a door) or closed..

Doors of wall cabinets and pencil cases are deaf – made of a single canvas, or with glass. This option is called a showcase, glass doors make the space lighter and more airy. Decorative lattice doors that organically fit into country, classic styles and Provence can also facilitate hinged structures..

7photos

Standard and non-standard

Almost all furniture factories make kitchen cabinets in the same dimensions (height, depth, width), slightly changing their design. These size ranges may vary, but not significantly. Kitchens assembled according to the manufacturer’s standards are standard. It is convenient for mass production and affordable for the buyer..

Non-standard kitchens are made according to individual measurements and customer requests, however, in compliance with certain rules. The cost of such a product is 30% higher, and the production time is longer by several days. At the same time, the parameters coincide with the standard ones. And here there is a trick that designers do not always tell about: many turnkey orders are assembled from standard spare parts and components. After all measurements, the choice of color, material and type of cabinets, the number and location, the master chooses the furniture you need from standard samples, making to order only what is seriously different from the factory dimensions.

You can do just that when creating the interior of your kitchen! Measure the kitchen, decide on the layout and filling of the headset, choose the best options among the finished products, check the dimensions, and thus significantly save money! Therefore, a little information about standard furniture will be very useful..

Upper cabinet height

The location of the top cabinet depends on the height of the owners and the height of the kitchen. Usually, hanging furniture is placed 45-60 cm above the level of the table top of the floor cabinets. This level allows you not to hit the upper facades, does not overload the interior. For tall people, a 65 cm distance between the top and bottom of the headset may be optimal. At the same time, the upper border of hinged furniture is rarely placed above 2.1 m, otherwise it is difficult to get objects even from the lower shelves. Convenient can be called such a height when the lower part of the cabinet is at eye level.

The total height of the wall cabinet varies from 70 to 90 cm. The width of the cabinets may vary. To make the kitchen seem complete and harmonious, these parameters of the upper and lower rows are made the same. Hanging furniture is usually made shallow – only 30 cm, the only exception is a shelf for a microwave oven, because there must be provided for the presence of wires. If the tabletop is wider than the standard one, then the depth of the canopy should not exceed ½ the distance from the wall to the outer edge of the working blade..

When placing the hood, different rules apply. The device can be hung above the electric stove at a height of 70-75 cm, but when using gas burners, the hoods are mounted higher – 75-80 cm above the stove. The built-in oven can be positioned at any height, and the designers suggest choosing a height at face level. Then it will be convenient to follow the cooking, but small children will not be able to reach the buttons and knobs. If the refrigerator is in the same row with the headset and much lower in height, then a mezzanine box can be placed above it so as to align the furniture along the top.

7photos

Base cabinet dimensions

These are the most important parameters on which the convenience in the kitchen depends, it is from their sizes that they are repelled when calculating all other sizes. The height of the base cabinet is 85 cm, the basement base will make it 10 cm higher. The thickness of the table top (depending on the material) can also affect the height, it is 28, 38 or 40 mm. The depth of the countertop can also be different – 60, 90 or 120 cm, while the far corner recedes 5-10 cm further than the back wall of the cabinet, so that all communications – pipes, wires, can be carried out, while maintaining an aesthetic appearance. There is also a small protrusion in the front of 3-5 cm.

In production, standard cabinets are made with a depth of 46 cm, so that by stretching out your hand, you can reach the far wall. The shelves are placed at a distance of 20, 30 or 40 cm from each other. The specific figure depends on the convenience and what exactly will be stored in the locker. But if the cabinet is ordered with drawers, then the depth of the drawer will be 45 cm, 1 cm – the working gap between the wall of the cabinet and the metabox.

The non-standard depth of the base cabinet is 76 cm, such modules are made for wide worktops of 90 cm. They are ordered for spacious kitchens, individual projects. The maximum size (1.2 m) is used for kitchen islands, professional premises (restaurants, cafes, pastry shops).

The width of a standard cabinet can be 15, 30, 45, 50, 60, 80 cm, maximum 90 cm. The last two parameters are used for double-wing cabinets. Longer models are inconvenient in practice. A width of 15 cm is typical for floor pull-out boxes for storing tall and narrow things (household chemicals, sunflower oil, rolls with removable towels, etc.). They began to be made not so long ago in order to fully use the space. Such narrow modules are usually made 1-2 for the entire kitchen, if necessary..

When choosing components for your own project, remember that the size of the facade in height and width is slightly smaller than the cabinet itself. This is necessary so that the doors sit correctly, close and open easily..

Working triangle rule

Almost all premises for work are created according to this rule: it allows you to optimally use small and large spaces so that a person, being at the workplace, can take and get everything he needs, making as few movements as possible. As a result, more time is devoted to the main task, the employee gets less tired and gets more pleasure from the process. Since housewives travel up to 10 km (!) In the kitchen per day, it is important to understand how the working triangle is built in the kitchen to create a convenient layout.

The corners of the working triangle in the kitchen are the refrigerator, the work surface (sink or dishwasher) and the stove. The distance between them should fit within 1.2-2.8 m, ideally if, standing in the middle of any side of such a triangle, the hostess finds herself on an outstretched arm from any of the “corners”. Then, in order to get food, prepare, send it to a saucepan, put the dishes in the sink, she will need a split second – saving time and effort is obvious!

But it is impossible to put a sink-stove-refrigerator next to it – it is not functional and dangerous, although at first glance it should be more convenient. The refrigerator will get dirty from splashes, water will get on the stove, the sink will seem cramped and pinched. Yes, and many eastern teachings (vastu, feng shui) warn against the close location of such different representatives of the elements of fire and water, referring to the oppression of the mood and energy of the hostess.

Beautiful facades help to create a good mood in the kitchen. Thanks to modern technologies, you can use different color combinations, not only for budget materials (chipboard, MDF), but also for wooden furniture, as well as apply drawings and reliefs. Handles and trim add a stylish look to the headset. The standard products contain many combinations and solutions for every taste. So you can easily make your dreams of the perfect kitchen come true.!

11photos

About the author