Modern housewives have to cook not only tasty and a lot, but also quickly. In this regard, the kitchen should be both a convenient area for cooking and a place where you can spend time in comfort. Therefore, it is so important to establish an optimal kitchen set and use the space correctly. A complete kitchen set consists of floor units and upper kitchen cabinets. It is about the latter that will be discussed in this article..
ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES
A kitchen with upper kitchen modules is a universal option: suitable for both spacious and small rooms. When the kitchen area is less than 7 meters, it is necessary to use every centimeter functionally. In this case, the upper kitchen cabinets are the only safe way to place all the necessary utensils in the room..
But at the same time, visually, this furniture eats up space. To smooth out this effect, it is necessary to choose the optimal combination of colors and finishing materials. For example, use light and plain ceramic tiles for cladding the walls of a room or an apron. By reflecting lighting, this finishing material will make the kitchen more spacious..
Top cabinets can brighten up flaws in the layout. In the event that the ceilings are high – 3.5-4 meters, and the room is narrow and rectangular, as is the case in stalinkas, the upper cabinets will visually increase the width of the kitchen.
Hinged kitchen cabinets can hide some errors: uneven walls, disguise pipes and other communications. On the surface of the upper cabinets, any traces of dirt on the fronts, for example, fingerprints or grease, will be very conspicuous. This will be especially noticeable on acrylic or any other glossy surface..
When installing a headset with shelves, you should take into account that they will not protect their contents from exposure to sunlight. The advantage of open shelves and various hooks is that they look lighter and more airy, and can also be not only a means of storing various accessories, but also a means of embodying a certain design. The main disadvantage of these storage systems is the impression of a slight clutter.
With shelves instead of top cabinets, it is important not to overdo it, otherwise there is a risk of overloading the space. In addition, when replacing the upper cabinets with open shelves, the dust will have to be wiped several times more often..
HOW TO CHOOSE HEIGHT
It is very important to choose the right height when installing the upper kitchen modules, whether it is a tall kitchen cabinet or a hinged shelf. In this case, the main criterion is the growth of the hostess and other household members..
So, with a growth of up to 160 cm, the height of the upper box can reach 175 cm.With an increase from 160-170 cm, the module can be installed at a level of 190 cm, and from 175-200 cm, the optimal height is 200 cm.
Of course, in addition to human growth, the height of the ceilings in the kitchen will also have a significant impact. For example, in a room with high ceilings, it is extremely convenient to install a kitchen set. In kitchens with low ceilings, as is very often the case in suburban buildings, you do not have to choose: the headset is sometimes built at the top – extremely close to the ceiling.
Also, very often, when installing a wall set, the distance between the surface of the table top, the lower cabinets and the upper cabinet is taken into account. According to GOST, this distance should not be less than 45 cm, however, many designers consider the optimal distance from 60 to 90 cm.This calculation is made on the basis that not only a gas stove can be placed on the working panel, but also various electrical household appliances can be placed on top.
Also, do not hang cabinets and shelves over the stove. Of course, at a height of 55-60 cm, the heat will not reach, but the fumes from the cooking food over time can significantly harm the furniture.
Before proceeding with the installation of wall cabinets, you need to perform a number of preparatory work. The main thing is to pay attention to the fact that the surface of the wall is even, and the corners of the kitchen are exactly at the level of 90 degrees..
It is very important that all plumbing and electrical work has been completed by the time the furniture is installed. Various wires, pipes and sockets should not interfere with the installation. In addition, all repair work on the wall finishing by the time of installation must be fully completed..
There are two techniques for installing kitchen cabinets: on corners and on a rail. When using furniture corners, it is very important that all elements are positioned horizontally at the same level. The latter largely determines the result of the work. The slightest inaccuracy can lead to the need to drill additional holes..
Using the rail, it will be much easier to hang the cabinet. To do this, attach a rail horizontally to the top point of the wall, and a hinge to the inner wall of the cabinet. Then the hinge of the cabinet, like a hook, should hook the rail. Although this method is considered obsolete, it is much easier to implement. Also, a similar hinge mechanism is recommended if the walls were not leveled during the repair..
Since the rack-and-pinion method of furniture installation is much simpler and suitable for different conditions, we will focus on it..
First, you need to bring the hooks on the hinges to the center position. This is done by means of adjusting screws. After that, it is necessary to fix the awnings on the sides so that the hooks protrude 2-4 mm from the wall of the cabinets. Only in this case the cabinet will be able to catch on the fasteners..
Next, you need to determine the locations of the holes in order to install the hinged rail. After that, all the necessary holes are drilled and the mounting rail is fixed. Lockers are hung and aligned on it. They should be leveled horizontally with an adjusting screw..
Aligned cabinets are firmly fixed to each other using clamps. Next, the fixed sides should be drilled, after which they must be secured with an intersectional tie. At the end of these works, it remains only to arrange the shelves and install the doors.
Thus, the upper cabinets are very comfortable and sometimes irreplaceable furniture for the interior of small kitchens. In addition, no special training is required to hang the cabinet on your own..