Many who are starting to renovate a private house and the surrounding area are thinking about how to save money. One of the solutions could be self-construction of the fence..
There are many ideas on how to build and design it..
It is well known that the fence performs several functions, regardless of where it is installed: between personal plots or between private property and the street.
- The first and main role played by the fence is protective. The fence is designed to protect a private area from prying eyes or intruders.
- The second function is aesthetic. The fence should complement the exterior, blend with the surrounding landscape. Only then can it be called correctly executed..
- The third function is delimiting. Regardless of how reliable the protective structure is, it visually separates one area from another, one object from another.
There is a huge selection of various barrage structures for every taste and color, but sometimes for some reason the landowner cannot buy or order a ready-made structure. This is partly due to the fact that he never found the perfect fit, but more often than not, the matter is in the financial component. Ready-made fences are not cheap, and together with the installation – and even more expensive. Then the owner may think of building a fence with his own hands..
In addition to the relatively low price, homemade fences have another feature – a limited selection of materials. This is due to the fact that rarely at home you can find the same equipment that is used in large factories and enterprises. You have to be content with what you have.
Advantages and disadvantages
The idea of building a fence with your own hands from scrap materials has both pros and cons.
The advantages of self-manufacturing of fences include:
- low cost of the fence structure – savings on materials and work are achieved;
- a wide variety – you can make a variant of any shape and appearance, everything is limited only by the manufacturer’s imagination.
There are disadvantages, but they still do not outweigh the advantages:
- increased time and labor costs – for someone who does not like to tinker with repairs, the construction of such a device will seem to be a difficult undertaking.
- the need for preparation – you need to create an approximate sketch, draw up an accurate drawing of the future fence, calculate a certain amount of materials, make a markup of the territory, prepare the foundation – in a word, do all the “rough work” that you don’t even think about at first.
If you want to create a fence yourself, then you first need to study the fence device, installation rules, types of structures and similar nuances.
There are many types of hedges that you can build yourself. An ordinary painted fence will not impress anyone. Fences are made from a wide variety of materials. They can vary in size – height and thickness. An important role is played by the foundation for the fence, which is an indispensable component for a solid fence..
Generally speaking, all fences can be classified into three large groups:
The first two varieties are made from planks stacked either vertically or horizontally. Monolithic fences are made from a single piece. There are also mesh, forged options, but they belong to a narrower classification., therefore they are not isolated separately.
First, you need to decide what kind of fence you want to install on your site. Whether he should be completely deaf, let in a little light, or not at all protect the area from prying eyes – the choice is completely yours. After the decision is made, you can decide on the material.
Today there are an abundance of options from which to make a fence. There are models made of concrete, brick, profiled sheet, forged gratings, stone, mesh, even ordinary plastic bottles – in a word, from everything. However, it is extremely important that some materials are not suitable for home-made fences..
So, concrete is an elementary example. Many have seen sectional concrete specimens cast into molds with various decorative patterns that mimic the structure of natural masonry, grapevine patterns and the like. Frankly speaking, it will not work to create such a structure on your own: the process is very laborious.
Another thing is that concrete is often used to make the foundation of fences. This application can be called traditional. The only option for a concrete fence that can be done independently is a construction on special glasses. However, it is mainly used as a temporary barrier due to its meager aesthetic properties..
There are a lot of materials suitable for creating hedges with your own hands. Often they can be found at home or received for almost nothing, others will have to be spent. A common feature common to all options is ease of construction.
Difficulty can only be caused by welding work when it is necessary..
Wood is a generic name for several dissimilar materials. First of all, you need to understand that they are all united by the advantages and disadvantages inherent in wood..
- Wood reacts poorly to changes in temperature, humidity and similar atmospheric phenomena. Under the influence of moisture, it swells, can deform.
- All wooden boards dry out, and no processing can fix it.
- Wood is susceptible to decay, and various pests, for example, the bark beetle, often spoil it. To protect the surface, it is repeatedly treated with special compounds and paints and varnishes..
- You don’t need any expensive equipment to work. As a rule, everything you need can be found in your barn..
- An unedged board is extremely flexible, not to mention the vine. This opens up a huge field for experiments with the shape and appearance of fences..
- Wood is highly flammable, so this option cannot be classified as fireproof. However, if the building is located at a significant distance from the house and the likelihood of a fire is minimal, then this option is perfect.
Slab fencing is one of the most frequently created fences. This is an unedged board that has a saw cut only on one side, and on the other side – either a semicircular surface or a partial cut. The bark from the slab is not removed, and depending on the knotty of the coating, the price for it also varies.
Less flat options will cost less than relatively smooth options.
The popularity of this material came with the advent of eco-style fashion. It is increasingly reflected not only in the interior, but also in the exterior.. If you lay it horizontally end-to-end, it will create the illusion that you are in front of a fence made of logs.. This is what many designers use..
Due to the fact that the bark is not removed from the material, it is often spoiled by all kinds of insects. When working with slab, it is extremely important to pay sufficient attention to the preparation of the material, its processing. The bark must be removed, and the bare surface must be primed, sanded, covered with several layers of varnish for greater reliability. Please note that such a coating is better than others for wood, since it allows you to emphasize its natural beauty..
A non-standard and unusual solution is the choice of bamboo stems as materials. The appearance of such a fence is extremely unusual, and eyes will certainly be riveted to it. Before you establish your decision, you need to keep in mind several features inherent in bamboo stems..
- Wood of this type is prone to strong desiccation, so the stems must be pre-prepared in order to protect against excessive moisture loss..
- If water gets inside the stems, this will lead to an early deterioration of such a fence. It is necessary to come up with a solution that will protect their internal cavity from water penetration.
A bamboo fence doesn’t always go well with the landscape, as the material is quite exotic. If you are not sure that he will fit well into the environment, it is better to refuse his choice..
Despite such ambiguous characteristics, it is easy and pleasant to work with such material. Obstacles from it are created quickly, but you should not expect a wide variety of options. Keep in mind that bamboo fences are usually vertical rather than horizontal..
The most interesting wood material is pallets.. By and large, they are not material at all. Rather, these are ready-made designs. It should be borne in mind that for the manufacture of such pallets, wood of tolerable quality is used. The small boards that the pallets are made of can be very good at all..
The advantage of pallets is that they can be used both whole and disassembled. A fence made from parts of pallets can be strong and beautiful, but it is in no way inferior to an option from one-piece structures. but in both cases, the wood needs additional processing, although it has already been processed at the factory.
Thus, the whole variety of wood materials opens up a wide scope for imagination. You can choose an option for simple construction, or choose a more complex one, but show more creativity. It is necessary to coordinate the material and the surrounding landscape, among the wooden variations you can always find a suitable one.
Mesh fences are often separated by adjacent areas, and all thanks to the peculiarities of the chain-link. It transmits light well, while completely unable to protect the privacy of the owners from prying eyes. Produced in several modifications, however, for fences it is only suitable with a galvanized coating.
It protects the metal from corrosive processes, as a result of which the metal will not rust and will last much longer.
You will need to purchase additional materials for the grid: metal profiles or pipes as pillars for fastening. And also it will be necessary to acquire thick wire and anchors to attach it to the posts so that the fence from below cannot be bent.
The chain-link can be delivered with the expectation that it will serve to support a hedge of climbing plants. This option is cheap., at the same time, the result will be a spectacular and colorful fence.
Fences made of corrugated board are more common than others. The material is used not only for the construction of solid fences for private houses, but also for fencing plots. To create a fence from sheets, you will need a welding machine and some welding skills, otherwise, the process of installing such a barrier is extremely simple.
The advantages of such a fence include not only the ease of its installation, but also a huge selection of all kinds of decorative solutions. There are materials of different colors, glossy, matte, patterns are applied to them, if desired, using airbrushing or other techniques.
Decking needs additional coverage. It will be necessary to re-treat the material with an anti-corrosion agent, to protect it from rust. As an alternative to such a composition, paint can also be used, only it will need to be applied in several layers..
Often, sheets processed according to all the rules are delivered directly from the factory. To install the option from corrugated board, you will also need additional materials: metal or wooden pillars.
Several raw materials can be used to build a plastic fence. In the first case, solid layers of polycarbonate are used. This material stands out strongly from all others, largely due to its appearance. The panels are translucent, transmit light well, while distorting the space. Thus, excellent light transmission is ensured and the area is protected from unwanted glances.. Plates are monolithic or honeycomb. The choice in favor of one or another variety is determined mainly by the available budget..
The second option is less traditional, more creative and, moreover, much cheaper..
So, ordinary plastic bottles are used to build a fence. Building such a fence is fun and easy. Bottles filled with air have high strength and at the same time they are very light. There is no more unusual way to build a fence..
Such a fence will always attract attention, but if you choose bottles of cinnamon, green or other colors, then the fence will turn out to be opaque..
Brick is a versatile material suitable for the construction of both buildings and adjacent structures, including fences. The brick version will have strength that some other fences are so lacking..
The construction of a brick fence will require a certain amount of time and effort, as well as the experience of the person conducting the work., but the result will exceed all expectations. The brick looks soundly, reliably, it is combined with almost all other materials, including wild stone.
The quality of the fence is largely determined by the quality of the brick itself as a material. Builders advise choosing red, not white bricks., if possible. Red is harder and more durable, while white is more attractive from an aesthetic point of view and matches any environment.
Brick is also used to build foundations for other types of fences, for example, forged. In this case, it is extremely important to pay enough attention to the choice of the mixture, and also to allocate as much time as necessary for the brick base to solidify..
Homemade stone fences are more common than it might seem at first glance. Both natural and artificial stone are popular. However, you should be prepared for the fact that the process of laying a stone fence is quite laborious. This is due to the characteristics of the material itself.. The stones have uneven edges, uneven shape, as a result of which it is difficult to join them, and you have to resort to various tricks and tricks.
You can often find fences of a combined type, in which some part (or the foundation, or the fence itself) is made of stone. The stone is durable and reliable, so it is suitable for both foundation and masonry.
The material varies in size, color, porosity and many other characteristics.
Used slate sheets can be re-installed, using them as a reliable and durable fence. Although in fact this material is quite fragile: it can easily crack. You should not expose it to various mechanical loads, and during forced transportation it is better to secure it as much as possible..
The main advantage of slate is that the fence will blend well with the roof of the building. It is incredibly difficult to achieve such a complete match as in this case, so the original decision to use it for the fence is a winning one. From an aesthetic point of view, things are not so simple. Someone will like this solution, but someone will not..
Any ready-made welded elements can serve as metal parts for the fence itself, be it bicycle frames or headboards, old bed frames. Everything will go into business.
If you liked any piece of old iron furniture, but you do not know how to use it, then making a fence is one of the best ways..
The size of the fence varies depending on what it is made of and for what purpose. For example, you can buy several running meters of “chain-link” or about a dozen sheets of polycarbonate. In these cases, both the thickness and the height of the fences will be different. The width is determined by the perimeter of the area to be fenced off. Distances are calculated directly on the drawings.
Colors and design
There is a wide variety of fence designs. This applies to both colors and textures and patterns. They can be painted in various custom colors. Any interesting drawing or ornament can be applied to them..
One of the novelties is the possibility of photo printing. It is carried out mainly on sheets of corrugated board. The drawing is applied to a large area of the canvas, sometimes to the entire canvas, as a result of which the original effect of being in another place can be obtained. For example, a house can be located in a wooded area, and a landscape with palm trees and a seashore is applied to the fence..
Popular and hand-painted. It is usually applied to wooden vertical fences to make them look a little more interesting. Both abstract ornaments and quite specific motives are chosen as the basis: images of animals, flowers and the like..
The fence can be either just straight or wavy, ribbed, forged. Its upper edge is also decorated in different ways..
So, it can be convex, concave, with peaks, pins or other shapes..
Required tools and mixtures
Additional tools and accessories may be required to complete the construction work. In addition to obvious devices, such as a shovel for digging holes for a foundation, a screwdriver for installing self-tapping screws, and others, you will need specialized ones designed to work with a certain material..
For example, when choosing a professional sheet, you need to think about how to cut it, how to install fasteners. Anchors or other additional elements may be needed.
As for mixtures, in first of all, solutions for material processing are useful. It is necessary to apply solutions in order to protect the parts of the future fence from the negative effects of the external environment, to prevent corrosion or decay.
Also, in all cases, you need a cement mortar or a cement-sand mixture. The ratio of sand and concrete, as well as the required grade of concrete is determined for each specific case separately. It is necessary to make the mixture strictly according to the instructions indicated on the package, otherwise the strength qualities of the entire erected structure may suffer.
How to do it yourself?
There are many options, each of which requires an individual approach. At the very beginning of the work, you need to remember two things: these are safety precautions and regulatory requirements for fences. Be sure to read SNiPs regulating such construction activities.
Before you start making a fence with your own hands, you need to mark the site in accordance with your drawings. Do not forget to check if any communications are buried underground. For example, before driving an iron pile into the ground, make sure that no high voltage cables are laid just below. If such a check was not carried out, and the cable really ends up in the same place, then you risk not only de-energizing the entire area, but also losing your life.
You should consider the schemes for the construction of fences from certain materials in more detail. Having studied the issue in detail, you will be able to independently choose the desired option, correctly perform the preparatory work, lay the foundation in accordance with all the requirements.
Building a wooden fence is easy enough. There are several ways to do this:
- use pallets;
- make from planks.
Both options deserve attention, since their construction does not take much time and effort..
Pallet construction is extremely easy. Ready pallets are simply connected to each other without disassembling pallets. It turns out a barrier with a height of about a meter. Usually, this height is sufficient, since pallet fences are not used as the main protective structure..
The option of the boards can be varied in height. Usually such a fence is made vertical and deaf., however, it can be horizontal. It is imperative to lay the boards slightly overlapped (2 cm) as the material will dry out over time and to ensure privacy, you need the fence to completely cover the site anyway.
Both wooden and metal posts can be used as supports. note that wood piles need additional processing and waterproofing. Since the fence will not turn out to be too heavy, it is not necessary to make a reinforced foundation – ordinary is enough.
From the slab
A fence from production waste – slabs – is erected in a similar way as from ordinary boards. The croaker is more susceptible to drying out, therefore it is extremely it is important to treat it with special moisture-proof impregnations after the surface is cleaned of bark.
Please note that it is not necessary to choose a material with a perfectly flat surface for the fence. Knots and other imperfections, having primed, processed properly, can be turned into dignity by making a hedge in accordance with the eco style.
After construction, the fence can be painted, although the designers strongly advise to do without it. The texture of the wood and the interesting shape of the slab are already quite decorative in themselves. The same goes for the top edge. Do not round it off or make it curly..
Do not forget to overlap the boards to neutralize the effects of shrinkage.. Remember that a slab looks best when a vertical fence is made of it, as this achieves the most complete illusion of a solid log fence. The supports can also be decorated with slab boards. This will complete the picture.
Bamboo fences are truly exotic. They may or may not be reliable. Often bamboo shields are framed with a metal frame, welding it in the corners to make the structure more resistant to different kinds of influences, both mechanical and weather.
Sometimes ordinary twine can be used to fasten bamboo stalks, but this option is not the most reliable: in winter the ropes can burst. This does not apply to situations where the bamboo shield was bought on a roll already with twine. Generally, factory samples are specially processed.
Difficulty can arise with how to close the stems from above from moisture penetration into them. Finding an aesthetically correct, cheap and at the same time simple solution is quite easy. Here you can use an ordinary board, in width slightly exceeding the width of the stems. The board is laid flat on the stems and fixed at the posts.
For a horizontal fence, such a measure is not needed. Keep in mind that the same bamboo stems are best for supports or horizontal bars, although metal can be preferred.. Do not forget to treat all structural details well with a special antiseptic..
Surely everyone has seen wicker fences at least once. The wattle fence has not been used as the main fence for a long time, but exceptions are always encountered. Basically, weaving is chosen for isolating flower beds, flower beds, and also just for styling one or another corner of the garden.
The wicker is created both from twigs and from thicker and stronger branches. Even a child can build a small fence. It is important to pay attention that the rods are flexible and pliable, but at the same time strong: they must be difficult to break: it is best to choose fresh branches for construction. Last year’s will also work, but you will need to soak them first.. Preference should be given to alder, willow, birch twigs, since they are both flexible and durable at the same time.
Particular attention to the foundation of such a hedge. Racks are driven into the ground at a distance of 50-60 cm from each other, depending on the thickness of the rods. Supports can be either wooden or metal. Please note that in this case, the step between the posts is several times less than usual..
An alternative way to make a wicker fence is to make it from planks..
This option is somewhat complicated by the fact that the boards are not as pliable as rods, and it can be difficult to intertwine them. The result will fully justify the efforts made: the fence will look soundly and impressive.
Particular attention must be paid to the supports, since several specific requirements are imposed on them. At first, racks must be made of metal. This is due to the fact that they are subjected to high loads, since the pressure of the boards is high. Secondly, such piles are always cemented, so that they do not break out of the ground, do not change their vertical position.
After the construction is completed, the entire structure is painted in order to additionally protect it from the negative influences of the external environment.. It is important to use paint, not varnish., so that the metal piles do not knock out against the background of the overall composition and are invisible.
From the grid
This option is considered one of the most economical. This is partly due to its popularity. Chain-link fences are durable, resistant to temperature extremes and other weather conditions, they are easy to install and unpretentious to maintain. The nets are presented in a huge assortment both in colors and in the size of the cells. It is this variety that makes the chain-link unique, because you can choose an option for any need.
In this case, it is best to use metal pillars, which are concreted when embedded in the ground.. You will need fasteners, since the chain-link mesh cannot be fastened to the self-tapping screws. You can also use twine if we are talking about the construction of not a protective fence, but simply a dividing.
To prevent the mesh from bending from below so easily, use thick wire. It is passed through the cells and stretched between the base pillars, secured with anchors in a taut state. This solution makes the site more inaccessible for thieves, and also does not allow stray animals (including wild ones) to wander here..
It is not necessary to process the mesh, since the galvanized version is already fully prepared for installation.
From corrugated board
The undoubted advantage of constructing a fence from a profiled sheet is that you do not need to make a preliminary drawing. All that is needed is to mark the position of the fence, mark where the gate will be, and install stakes-beacons right on the site in the places where the support pillars are installed. The step between them should be 280-300 cm, depending on what kind of wind load the fence will be exposed to..
The more windy the terrain, the more often the supports should be.
The bottom of the pillars must be reinforced with crushed stone or gravel.. A fence made of corrugated board weighs a little, but also a lot, so you need to protect it from subsidence. Racks must be installed strictly vertically, checking their location by level. Otherwise, the fence will quickly warp and collapse. Horizontal beams – logs – must also be metal.
All work is performed by a welding machine, with the exception of the fasteners of the corrugated sheets themselves. They must be fixed with self-tapping screws, overlapping sheets. The fixing step is 15-20 cm.
For the construction of a polycarbonate fence, as well as for the option from corrugated board, a plan is not needed. It is necessary to mark the territory, mark the position of the gate, on the borders of which strong pillars must be installed. Supports are also placed at the corners of the future fence. Further, the piles are fixed at a distance of 250-300 cm from each other. They are connected to each other using horizontal bars. At the end, polycarbonate panels are attached.
One thing to keep in mind. When choosing support pillars for a polycarbonate fence, you should give preference to options with a square section. This ensures a tighter fit of the plastic panels to the supports and they will be better fixed..
Another option is build a fence out of plastic bottles. To do this, the bottoms are cut off, and the bottles are inserted one into the other until the desired height is provided. Such strips from bottles are fastened together with glue to make shields. In the future, the shields are attached to the supports.
Please be aware that such a fence is more decorative than protective, therefore, it is not worth installing it as a street one.
To lay out a fence with a brick at home with your own hands, you will need at least a little experience in the construction industry. Installation seems simple only at first glance. In fact, this event requires a lot of skill, which explains the unpopularity of such self-made barriers..
First you need to decide on the thickness of the fence. It can be laid out in one or two bricks. But you also need to think about the masonry itself, what it will be. Bricks can be laid out on top of each other in a checkerboard pattern (this masonry provides the greatest strength), as well as crosswise. The last method is used when erecting double fences, when the first layer of bricks is laid along, and the second – across, and the layers alternate.
The cement slurry must be of high quality, prepared in the optimal proportion..
Do not use mixtures that have expired: their adhesion is greatly reduced, so there is a risk that the entire structure will collapse soon.
How to build a brick fence with your own hands, see the next video.
A stone fence can rightfully be called the most durable of all. If you lay it down correctly, then it is quite capable of standing for more than one century. For the construction, it is necessary to make a preliminary drawing, on which it is necessary to note what the height, thickness and width of the fence will be, where to allocate a place for the wicket. Then mark the site directly with stakes installed at the corners and a rope stretched between them.
The construction of the fence begins with the installation of special forms of plywood along the marking lines. Stones are laid out inside this structure, then they wait for the cement mortar to set, and only then they remove the form. This guarantees the evenness of the sides and corners of the stone fence, which is especially important when building stone columns or pillars..
The stones can be selected so that the cement joints are clearly visible or completely hidden from view. The filling of the fence also varies: you can simply fill in the cement mortar, laying out the stone only on the outer sides, or you can create a completely stone fence.
Tips & Tricks
Master builders willingly share tips on how to properly build a fence structure, so that all work goes as smoothly, quickly and easily as possible..
- Never neglect the foundation for the fence. You can refuse it only if the fence is temporary. It is completely impossible to remove the base: in the spring, the hedge can squint, deform, or even completely collapse.
- The depth of burial of supports must exceed the depth of soil freezing. Usually this value is 100-150 cm, so you need to bury the piles deeper..
- You should not proceed to the next stage of construction work if the previous one has not yet been fully completed. For example, you should not move on to laying the next layer of cement if the previous one has not yet dried out. An exception can be made only for work in which strict adherence to this rule is not necessary and this was agreed in advance.
- Do not start building a fence if you have not checked the SNiP norms.
All fire regulations, as well as the admissibility of the installation of a particular structure between neighboring areas or on the street, are described there..
Most people speak out positively about their experience in building homemade fence structures. Most often, simple options were chosen, such as a fencing made of corrugated board, netting, or others. There were also cases when a labor-intensive option was chosen: stone, brick, wicker from boards.
The greatest difficulties arose with laying the foundation. It was necessary to create it perfectly flat, so every now and then it was necessary to check with the building level. It was also not easy to properly lay the waterproofing. Someone used ordinary resins. These people noted that the result was not worse.
For many, the work was complicated by weather conditions. When dry and hot, the concrete dried out too quickly, not having time to gain strength, as a result of which it cracked. On the contrary, in the rain, the composition did not dry out at all. Therefore, work is advised to be carried out at the end of April and May, when the weather is optimal for construction..
Interesting examples and options
Below is a photo gallery of examples of how a homemade fence, erected in a country house or in a private house, can transform the surrounding landscape.
An unusual design is created by lumber of rare shape. In this case, round cuts are selected, and the bark is preserved on them. The fence serves rather decorative purposes..
The wicker fence looks original. It goes well with a log house, however it contrasts strongly with the street. Such options are best chosen for suburban buildings..
Wicker planks are both traditional and unusual. It looks soundly and reliably, does not visually burden the landscape.
It is quite easy to build a fence from a profiled sheet, you just need to correctly calculate the step width between the supports, as well as select high-quality materials.
The lacquered wood fence creates a cozy atmosphere. On such a site, you feel truly at home and under protection, while the fence passes light and air well.