Landscape design: plants for autumn flower beds

Many people dream of a luxurious flower garden on the site, but with the arrival of autumn, summer flowers wither and the flower beds begin to thin out. It is easy to fix the situation – you can plant flowers of late varieties, which will delight with their beauty until the first frost. From this article you will learn about all the intricacies of landscape design of plants for autumn flower beds..

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Peculiarities

With the onset of autumn, the day becomes shorter, and the sun does not please much with warm and bright rays. But it is this time that is ideal for late flowering plants with which you can decorate your backyard. In addition, flower beds near the house will always cheer you up and help you cope with the autumn blues..

The flowering period for late plants begins in September and lasts almost until the end of November. Before equipping a flower bed, you need to familiarize yourself with the characteristics of each type of plant. It is necessary to take care of late specimens since spring. Experienced gardeners first, seedlings are grown at home, and only at the end of the flowering of summer plants they are transplanted into the soil.

When all nature withers and begins to prepare for wintering, you can decorate the site with bright and unusual flowering plants. Autumn flowers are the best option for summer cottages or country houses, where the owners do not go so often. And all because they are absolutely not capricious and do not require too careful care. Some species will delight with abundant flowering even after the first frost..

Which to choose?

There are many fall colors. All their names are innumerable, and it is very difficult to choose the most beautiful late flower. They all have their own characteristics and advantages. We will tell you about the most popular and beautiful autumn colors..

Chrysanthemum is the main autumn flower that is found in almost every flower bed. The color of chrysanthemums is different, but white, lilac, pink, burgundy, yellow varieties look most impressive. Early chrysanthemums bloom from late summer to mid-autumn, while later specimens can survive until the first frost.

Varietal chrysanthemums with large flowers do not tolerate cold weather, but small species with small heads are less sensitive and unpretentious. Recently, the Korean chrysanthemum has been very popular – the bush grows small, but the whole is covered with small bright flowers.

Chrysanthemum care is practically unnecessary. The main thing is to prepare the soil and loosen it deeply before planting. You can feed with organic fertilizers, then the flowering will be more abundant.. Chrysanthemum loves moisture, and drainage can be done for wintering. Mulching the plant will help to withstand the first frosts..

There are many varieties of chrysanthemums, each of which has its own stem height, bud size, color palette. The tallest flowers can reach up to 0.5 m.

Late species include tall bush phlox with bright juicy flowers – from pale pink to purple. Striped varieties of phlox look especially beautiful on a flower bed..

The flowering period takes the first decade of autumn. To maintain a beautiful view in a flower bed, you need to regularly remove dried heads from flower stems.

Phloxes love well-fertilized soil, which periodically needs to be loosened and watered.

Gelenium is a real natural miracle that perfectly complements the landscape with a cap of sunny yellow, red-orange or brick-crimson flowers. It is easy to care for and is considered a tall-growing species – the height of the bush reaches up to 0.5 m.

Gelenium loves moist, well-fertilized soil, therefore it is the best suited for decorating a flower garden near pools and lakes. A helenium hedge will perfectly complement a large garden plot. Usually adjacent to asters, monarda, delphinium or verbena.

It begins to bloom from late summer until early autumn. Gelenium should be planted in well-lit flower beds.. Even if the weather is rainy, this flower will bloom profusely throughout the entire period..

Rudbeckia is also often found in summer cottages. Large bright yellow and orange flowers resembling a large chamomile will be a wonderful decoration for any site. Rudbeckia looks good in the background of a flower garden, in perfect harmony with conifers. Especially popular in the design of rockeries and backyard lawns.

The flowering period begins in the first year of planting and lasts until the first frost. Loves well-moisturized soil, grows in almost any conditions and does not need special care. Despite the simplicity and uncomplicatedness of the buds, rudbeckia is the original choice for decorating the landscape..

Pansies (or violet Vitrokka, viola) is a low-growing plant (15-30 cm in height) that resembles a violet. Often found in city flower beds, household plots, balconies, street flowerpots. Grows well in the shade, but in this case, the flowering will not be too abundant.. A large number of viola varieties have been bred – white, yellow, purple, blue, red and even black. The color range of the buds is varied, thanks to which the pansies flower beds are bright and interesting.

Yarrow is a tall plant that tolerates drought well, but regular watering is recommended for abundant flowering. Pink, yellow, red and white yarrow looks great against other flowers in the middle of the flower bed.

In order for flowering to be constant, dried heads should be removed in a timely manner..

Aster is deservedly considered the main flower of autumn, and all thanks to the large and abundant flowering period. There are many varieties of asters, differing in the height of the bush and the color scheme, but they are all unpretentious in cultivation, easily multiply and are able to easily tolerate cold snaps. Experienced gardeners plant different types of asters, combining perennial and annual varieties. White, blue, pink, purple asters will become a real pearl of your garden.

Dahlias are a mysterious flower that looks good not only in a flower bed, but also in a bouquet. Transfers shade and grows in almost any conditions. They love moisture, but an excess of moisture is destructive for them..

There are six main types of dahlias:

  • peony;
  • spherical;
  • needle-like;
  • anemic;
  • collar;
  • nymph.

All varieties differ from each other in shape, size and degree of terry. The largest flowers can reach up to 10-12 cm. To date, more than 2000 varieties have been bred, and all of them amaze with their beauty and aroma. Dahlias bloom for a relatively short time – before the first frost. But this does not prevent them from being the main flowers of park beds..

Colchicum is a cute spring plant that for some reason decided to bloom in the fall. It belongs to the tuberous-bulbous perennial varieties, reaches a height of only 20 cm, prefers loose soil and the southern side of the flower beds. Unpretentious and does not need frequent watering. There are about 70 varieties of this plant..

It should be noted that these delicate flowers are by no means harmless. – colchicum belongs to poisonous plants, so you need to handle them carefully. Colchicum glades against the background of a dull autumn landscape are simply mesmerizing with delightfully delicate blue, pink, white flowers. Kolhikum is indispensable in creating original flower beds and is the best suited for rock gardens.

Marigolds (tagetis) are favorites of summer residents. There are about 50 annual and perennial varieties of this plant. The incredible solar range of marigolds includes rich sunny yellow, reddish brown, two-tone and even double flowers.

Based on the shape of the flower head, marigolds are simple, clove, chrysanthemum, double and semi-double. They have a characteristic aroma and grow only 15-20 cm in height. A picturesque floral carpet of marigolds will delight you with delightful flowering throughout the fall. Marigold hybrid varieties are especially popular with gardeners..

Zinnia is loved by many gardeners. For an even, as if not bending stem, the people nicknamed him “Major”. The shape of the flower is simple and double, and the flowers are especially large and juicy. The flowering period lasts all September. They prefer nutritious soil, love the sun and cannot stand strong winds.

These unpretentious flowers look great on city flower beds, in gardens, they are used to decorate borders, ridges, balconies. Often planted in large outdoor flowerpots.

The combination of several varieties of zinnias in one flowerbed looks especially beautiful..

Petunia – incredibly popular flowers, unassuming to the growing environment, do not need special care and are suitable for planting in different regions and climatic zones.

There are about 20 varieties of this flower, there are perennial and annual species. Depending on the variety, petunias can have an erect or creeping stem. In any case, the length of the stem does not exceed 10 cm. These flowers are a great opportunity to dilute green park lawns, front gardens, lawns with bright flowers. Look great in hanging pots, they can become a real decoration of the personal plot.

Rhododendron. Belongs to evergreens, which are often used in the landscape design of country houses. The flowering period is in June, but its dark green foliage will noticeably revive the exterior of the site in the autumn-winter period..

The winter variety is optimal for our climate – rhododendron katevbinsky grandiflorum. It has a characteristic lush crown and high strong stems (up to 4 m in height). A year after planting, it grows by almost 10-12 cm. The plant belongs to long-term varieties and, with proper care, will bloom for almost a hundred years. Likes acidic, slightly acidic peat or loamy soil.

Rose is the queen of flower beds, capable of transforming the exterior, adding aristocracy and charm to it.

Modern frost-resistant varieties are able to bloom even after light frosts. In addition, to date, many winter pink varieties have been developed that are optimal for our area. These include Canadian and American species, park crops, which delight not only with resistance to frost, but also with many shades. The assortment is so diverse that it is simply impossible to choose the most beautiful variety..

Landing

Planting flowers in autumn is good because their seeds will have time to go through a period of stratification in the soil before summer and the next season they will give shoots and begin to bloom. For autumn planting, varieties of asters, matthiol, calendula, marigolds, godetia, chrysanthemums, delphinium, iberis, lavater, rezada, scabiosa are suitable.

Any land is suitable for planting, the main thing is to make sure that it is sufficiently fertilized and cultivated. Difficulty in planting occurs when working with saline soil. In this case, work begins with the removal of salts, and only then they begin to loosen the soil and plant seeds. If the plot of land is small, then the salt will go away immediately after abundant watering. Replacing the top layer of soil with a more fertile one helps well.

In large garden plots, salt removal is not enough. It is necessary to improve the structure of the soil by adding humus, leaf soil, compost.

It happens that in some areas, groundwater runs close to the surface. This is suitable for annual plants whose roots grow in the topsoil. But planting perennial varieties in such land involves the creation of drainage to remove excess water. To saturate the soil with oxygen, leaf and peat soil, humus, manure, sand are added to it.

You can cook leafy ground yourself. This is done as follows:

  • in the fall, you need to collect leaves on the site (all are suitable, except for oak);
  • it is necessary to pile them up, dilute them with earth, lime and mineral fertilizers;
  • throughout the summer in the heap, you need to maintain a moist environment, periodically loosening it.

Following the recommendations, the leaf land will be ready for the next season. The land for the flower bed must be prepared in advance..

First, you need to dig up the soil to a depth of 30-40 cm and leave it undisturbed. This will help rid the soil of harmful insects that live in it. In addition, large clods of earth will trap snow, thus saturating the soil with moisture..

In the first decade of autumn, you can start planting plants. In early September, you can plant phlox, solidago, rudbeckia, astilba. Small bulbous plants can be planted starting in August. These include crocuses, scilla, muscari, pushkaria, hionodox.

Experienced gardeners do not recommend planting all plants at once.. Each plant should be planted in accordance with the recommendations of specialists. For example, late planting of daffodils will lead to the death of the plant: the roots will not have time to form before the onset of frost.

The planting depth of bulbous plants is three bulb diameters. Do not forget to take into account the condition of the soil – this is also important for the wintering of plants. After planting the bulbs, the soil must be watered, compacted and mulched..

The first part of September is also good for planting biennial and perennial flowers such as daisies, viola, forget-me-nots, carnations. The seedlings will have time to take root before the first cold weather and will be able to successfully endure the cold months..

In addition, this time is optimal for dividing and seating astilbe, hosts, lupines, irises, brunners, daylilies. At the end of the work, the sections on the plants should be sprinkled with a thin layer of crushed charcoal or ash.

The division of the bushes of rudbeckia, aquilegia, phlox should be postponed until the end of the month.

All plants planted before the beginning of a large leaf fall or a month before freezing of the soil will be able to take root in the soil and their wintering will be successful. In October, hyacinth and tulip are planted in the ground. If autumn is rich in precipitation, then the beds with hyacinth can be covered with dense polyethylene – this will help to avoid waterlogging of the soil. Tulips are moisture-loving plants and do not need shelter.

It is worth noting that if tulips are planted in early October, then their roots, stems and leaves are practically not affected by the variegation virus. October is suitable for planting lilies of the valley, dividing and planting peonies. If you didn’t manage to plant tulips in October, you can do it in early November. However, in this case, they will be able to take root only under the condition of clear and dry weather. When the temperature drops to +5 degrees, the bulbs will die.

November is not good for planting perennial plants. At this time, only covering and mulching is carried out..

Of course, there are plant varieties that can be planted right up to the flesh until the first frost. Then the sowing bed must be prepared before the soil freezes. Plants need to be planted in dense rows, since frosts reduce the germination of shoots. If the seeds sprout too thickly in the spring, they can be thinned out..

Beautiful compositions

You can create a unique landscape design for a suburban area using a flower bed of continuous flowering. For this, it is important to know not only the flowering period of various plants, but also the requirements for conditions and care for their cultivation..

When planting perennial plants on the site, you should maintain some distance between the bulbs. This will create suitable conditions for the growth, flowering and reproduction of plants..

Flowers for a flower bed must be selected carefully, taking into account the need for watering, soil features, and the need for care. Perennial plant varieties are good because using only a few species, you can create a unique flower bed that will delight you with continuous flowering.

Each plant has about 3-4 weeks of flowering. This means that if one plant is blooming, then the other is either just producing a bud or is already fading. That’s why the more flowering and decorative deciduous plants on the flowerbed, the more original and beautiful its appearance will be.

You can create a unique flower bed pattern by thinking over the combinations of different plants in advance. This will tell you how many seeds or bulbs you need. In addition, this is a great way to calculate the color scheme of a flower bed..

Almost all flower beds consist of a center, side compositions and an outline. Ground cover plants of bright colors are suitable as a contour. But in the center, you can add low-growing flowers of various varieties. Arranging a flower bed along a hedge or wall, tall specimens can be planted behind – they will be the background for the entire composition.

Care Tips

Landscaping implies not only drawing up the correct composition, but also the selection of such plants that will look harmonious on the territory of one flower bed. You can ensure a beautiful appearance of a flower bed by knowing the basic rules for caring for them..

Care for late flowers takes place in several stages: feeding, loosening the soil, removing weeds and watering.

Watering

In the cold season, flower beds of late plants do not need frequent and abundant watering. This is especially true of fading plants, which do not need moisture in large quantities. If rainfall occurs regularly, then watering can be stopped or minimized. There are some plant varieties (for example, roses) that are not watered at all in September.. However, this does not apply to plants that have just been planted in the soil – watering for them must be regular..

Top dressing

In autumn, the soil is fertilized only with potassium and phosphorus. Fertilizers are scattered around the perimeter of the flower bed in a dry form, after which they are embedded in the ground and must be watered.

It is not recommended to introduce nitrogen-containing groundbaits into the soil. In addition, not all flowers need fertilized soil. For example, you do not need to feed annuals..

Fertilizers are applied to the soil only after the plants have been removed from it..

Preparing for winter

Preparing the soil for winter is an important part of the preparatory work at the summer cottage. However, many overlook it or even consider it insignificant. But experienced gardeners know that this period is a key one in gardening..

Preparing a flower bed for wintering takes a lot of time, and all because the front of work involves loosening the soil, pruning and wrapping. Missing even one point out of sight, you can harm the flowers, as a result, they will lose their former charm, and many plants can easily die..

To save the plants for the next year, the following work must be done:

  • Digging non-wintering flowers. Preparation for winter begins exactly when it is time to remove all seasonal flowers from the garden. Perennial thermophilic plants that do not hibernate in the ground are subject to digging. This applies to varieties of bulbous flowers, such as dahlias, gladioli. Gladioli should be dug up before freezing, and dahlias can wait for the first freezing temperature. Remember: all tuber-onion plants do not tolerate minus, so you need to dig up the bulbs before big frosts. After digging them up, they must be properly dried, treated with manganese or fungicide slightly diluted in water. Store in a dry, dark place.

  • Pruning plants and flowers and cleaning the flower bed. It is recommended to start the work by trimming dry and unnecessary flowers. This way, you don’t have to clean up twice. Each flower has its own individual characteristics. Therefore, when starting pruning, you should make sure that this plant needs to be reduced in volume. Woody or damaged leaves, branches, flowers, fruits are pruned.

  • The next step is cleaning. It is necessary to clear the flower bed of all the debris that remains after the flowering and pruning period: fallen leaves, remnants of summer houses, dried branches, plant waste. In short, you need to remove all the debris that is on the surface of the soil..

  • The final stage is mulching and wrapping. To do this, take clean, dry leaves of woody plants. You cannot use the leaves of fallen flowers growing in a flower bed. They can contain harmful insects, spores, which will lead to rotting and death of plants. The wrapping process takes a lot of time and always depends on the weather conditions. You can start wrapping up only with the onset of regular night frosts. Typically, the wrapping period begins in mid-October and lasts almost until early November..

Most perennials are covered at about the same time and according to the same scheme, and some frost-resistant plants can only be covered with the first frosts..

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