More and more people are leaving megacities and settling in country cottages. Working in the stressful conditions of big cities, there is a need for the relaxation that calm rural landscapes can provide..
Buying a house with a land plot of 12 acres, it becomes necessary to organize the available space nicely and comfortably. There are two ways to solve this problem: contact the designer, or do everything yourself. In any case, it is necessary to start work on landscape design with a project.
Work on a project should be taken seriously: mistakes made in the future will result in losses. You should start by drawing up a diagram of the house and all existing buildings, accurately indicate the dimensions and distances between them. Then do the planning of the main elements of landscape design (at this stage, the style is determined).
The project should have the following foundations:
- Terrain relief: ravines, slopes, hills are taken into account.
- Groundwater conditions – their proximity will require a drainage system.
- Soil type is an important component for future plant selection. Poor soils may need to be supplemented with imported black soil.
- The shape of the site can be square, rectangular, triangular and rather complex geometry..
- Illumination. The choice of plants depends on this factor..
- The cardinal points are taken into account both in the location of buildings and for the correct planting of plants..
During the planning of a land plot, all SNIPs (building codes and rules) should be observed, having studied them, you can get clear recommendations on observing the distances between plantings, buildings, a fence, and so on..
In the plan, it is necessary to distinguish two territories: a recreation area and a work area. The recreation area contains:
- Living sector. It includes a house, annexes to it and a garage. There should be enough space between the house and the gate for the yard. The garage should be located as close to the gate as possible.
- BBQ area. Knowing the wind rose, you can expose the brazier and the stove on the leeward side so that smoke does not enter the house.
- Gazebo, terrace, benches and all the elements of landscape design.
The working area should be located in the background of the site, it will contain sheds, enclosures with animals, workshops, as well as a garden and vegetable garden.
Manor option with garage and sauna
If you have a car, you need to think about where to put it for storage and maintenance. The owners of suburban areas have several options for solving this problem.. A detached garage is being built with a gate facing directly to the street. In favor of such an example, we can say that there will be no extraneous smells and noise in the house..
The second option is to combine a garage and a house under one roof. Either the garage is built into the house itself, or it is attached next to it. This solution will have many benefits. It is comfortable, in the cold season you can get to the car right from home. The garage can be used to store household items or vegetables during the winter. The combination of two buildings will help save space on the site. Besides the construction of two detached buildings will cost more than the combined option. Of the shortcomings – you have to take care of heat and sound insulation, otherwise cold and sounds from the garage will get into the house.
A house with a bath is the dream of many owners of suburban areas. But this option has more than advantages. Having counted all the pros and cons, everyone will decide for himself whether he needs a bath.
As in the case of a garage, a sauna built into the house will become less costly for the budget.. In the combined version, heating, water supply and sewerage are combined into a single system with the house, which creates certain savings.
The bathhouse does not need particularly strong thermal insulation: a warm microclimate is always maintained in the house. In addition, it is convenient – you do not have to run from the bathhouse to the house across the yard, especially in the cold season. A shower room, a bathroom and a relaxation room are already in the house, it remains to equip only a steam room. The advantages include saving space on the site from combining these two buildings.
The disadvantages are the high humidity and temperature of the steam room: if you do not take care of reliable heat and waterproofing of the compartment, the situation can negatively affect other rooms in the house. Furnace equipment increases the risk of fire in the entire room.
Ventilation and the removal of combustion products should be taken with full responsibility, there is a risk of carbon monoxide poisoning. A bathhouse in the house is a dangerous and responsible project, which is better done professionally..
In whatever version you have to build a bathhouse, a garage, and the house itself, the buildings should support the overall landscape design of the site.
Residents of honest houses are aware of the need to have a drainage system. It is a complex pipe structure that runs around the house. It removes melt and rainwater, for example, into a ravine or a ready-made drainage pit, lowers the water level.
The absence of such a system will lead to undermining of the foundation of the house, subsidence of the soil, destruction of the landscape. It is not necessary to drain water using pipes, drainage can be arranged in the form of a trench.
When designing a house with a plot, you should consider the sewerage system in order to prevent drains from entering the groundwater.
One of the important elements of landscape design. The type of lawn required is determined at the design stage. It is selected according to the variety of cereals for decorative lawns or for outdoor children’s games, not every grass can withstand such a load. Plants such as boulders, fescue, bluegrass do not require special care and mowing.
For sports training, the lawn is even more rigid, and a garden and park is suitable for picnics. For expensive decorative lawns, a parterre lawn is grown. When decorating a plot, it is not at all necessary to wait for the grass to grow, you can buy it in rolls along with the turf.
The lawn near the house will not only delight with bright greenery, it will increase the humidity and freshness of the air.
The surface of water in landscape design is not as significant as a lawn, but if it is present, it becomes a real decoration of the garden.
The pond is beautiful in its immobility. In large areas, it may well occupy an area of several tens of meters, and in small areas they arrange mini-ponds. A natural stone is laid out around them or moisture-resistant grass is planted, surrounded by beautiful plants.
The same is done with waterfalls. Surrounded by fresh vegetation, water flows from the stone ledges. The flat top stone is a waterfall shelf that can be adjusted to achieve a different water flow.
Fountains ennoble any area and often become a key figure in the entire exposition of the garden..
Springs imitate underground springs, next to them there can be a garden path surrounded by shady vegetation, this place becomes the most favorite for walking.
A plot of 12 acres can afford a classic garden with symmetrical smooth paths. The entire landscape design will be built in clear proportions. But if you like mystery, fabulousness, romance – it is better to make the paths winding, irregular shapes, winding between flower beds and trees. Different materials are chosen for the paths: pebbles, garden tiles, tree cuts, shell rock.
This area can be furnished with a whole group of landscape elements. These are gazebos, benches, terraces, pergolas. Nowadays, patios are gaining more and more popularity – small patios shaded by hedges. They are completely lined up for outdoor recreation with barbecue or kebabs.
The light in the garden is lower and upper. Lower lighting is located directly on the lawn or along the paths in the form of balls, hemispheres, cones. The top can be located on lampposts, gazebos, building facades.
Trees, shrubs, flower beds
Plants also participate in the general organization of the garden, and since they are the main participants, we will talk about this separately..
Ornamental trees and shrubs
Before planting vegetation, you should decide in what style the design of the landscape area will be. If this is a regular (formal) garden – trees and shrubs should be planted symmetrically and proportionally. Each building has its own place, the paths are straight and clear. Trees and bushes are planted in such a garden, which require systematic care, they are constantly trimmed to maintain the correct geometric shapes..
A regular garden is characterized by hedges, so plants are selected that can be cut well. For a low fence, berry yew, shrub cinquefoil, golden currant, evergreen boxwood are suitable. To form a high hedge, barberry, thuja, small-leaved elm, juniper are planted.
Natural or landscape (English) style does not need straight lines. Everything that is on the site seems natural, natural. A pond, a stream, a bridge across it, chaotically planted variegated trees and bushes seem to be part of the wild. In fact, in such a garden, everything is also thought out to the smallest detail, here each bush has its own color, it is planted so that the general perception of the landscape delights in its naturalness. Vegetation in such a garden does not require cutting., it is chosen taking into account the climatic conditions and the designer’s fantasies.
The landscape garden can be planted with deciduous trees and all your favorite conifers. It is important that the landscape is bright, saturated.. For this style, birch, cotoneaster, elderberry, maple, snowberry, chubushnik are suitable. The garden can be supplemented with ornamental fruit trees such as sakura and paradise apple tree.
Beds and flower beds
These concepts are united by the presence of flowers, but you cannot call them equivalent..
The flowerbed has a strict fence in the form of a curb, wattle fence, brick or stone. The outlines of a flower bed are not abstract, but a flower garden can afford any, even the most bizarre shape, they are located right on the lawns among trees and bushes.
When choosing a place for flower beds and flower beds, not only the aesthetic component is taken into account, but also the cardinal points, soil, shading. This knowledge will help in choosing plants..
In addition to the usual flower beds, you can make curbs, that is, plant plants along the paths.
It is practical to create flower beds and flower beds that will delight from early spring to late autumn. To do this, you need to properly plant perennials. Spring low-growing flowers (primroses, hyacinths, snowdrops) should be in the foreground.
It is better to give the middle part of the flower garden to medium-sized plants (pyrethrum, tulips).
In the background, it is worth placing tall summer and autumn plants (chrysanthemums, stonecrops).
If you add conifers, and choose periwinkle or tenacious as a frame, the flower bed will delight even in winter. It is important not to overdo it, too many plants make it feel like a mess..
Such a flower garden may not work out within one year, especially if there is no experience of the gardener, but over time, the result will certainly please.
Beautiful flower beds, lawn and trees are the main components of landscape design. If you use them to comfortably equip your 12 acres, they will turn into the very place of your dreams, where you will always want to return..
For information on how to arrange a plot of 12 acres, see the next video.