For those who are fond of landscape design, an important point will be the use of thuja, which gives a special appearance to a personal plot, cottage or private house. Depending on the variety, it can be used in different areas and combined with different plants. Thuja care rules will allow this plant to delight for many years with its bizarre shapes and bright green twigs.
Features and Benefits
Thuja is an evergreen that thrives in temperate climates, without extreme heat and frost. It can be grown in a wide variety of places, the main thing is to know the requirements of the variety in order to be able to properly care for it.
Since the plant is decorative and does not carry any other functions, then its use is one-sided – this is the creation of landscape design.
Depending on the variety, thuja can be represented by a small shrub a little more than half a meter, or it can be almost a full-fledged tree, growing up to two meters in height. Given these features, you can complement the thujas with some decorative elements on the site or plant them separately so that they themselves serve as objects in landscape design.
Each variety has advantages and disadvantages. There are two types of thuja: western and eastern, which are represented by different varieties..
- Dannika – This is a short plant, about 0.5 meters in height and width, but sometimes it grows up to one meter to the sides. Advantages: ease of maintenance, growing in light loamy and sandy loam soils. Used as part of a design or as a single plant in the garden, it looks beautiful among flowers. Growth is slow, because the composition does not change its appearance for a long time. The disadvantages include sensitivity to lack of water or excessive watering..
- “Globosa” – this is a thuja, the diameter of which is about a meter. Its advantage is the need for fertile and moderately moist soils. Fits very well with any land design. Among the shortcomings, it is worth noting the loss of shape in old plants and the inability to grow normally in conditions of waterlogging..
- Hoseri – a medium-sized type of thuja, the diameter of which is 40 centimeters. The advantage is its size, because it works well on small plots of land, stone structures, in flower beds. The disadvantage is the exactingness of the soil. It must be nutritious and always watered in moderation..
- “Emerald” – this is a high grade of thuja, its size can be from three to five meters. The crown spreads out at least two meters on the sides. The advantage of the variety is the bright color of the needles. It tolerates not too severe frosts, it can grow in relative shade, any fertile soil is suitable for it. Grows best on calcareous rocks. The maximum life span is 150 years. Of the shortcomings, it can be noted that due to the long absence of light, the color of the needles on the lower branches becomes less bright.
- Golden Globe. The diameter is about 80 centimeters. Grows well in fertile soils with moderate watering. It is used in compositions with a small number of elements or in flower beds. There is only one drawback here – death due to waterlogging.
As for the eastern thuja, the following varieties are distinguished from it:
- “Aurea nana” Is a medium-sized variety that grows to a height of no more than 80 centimeters. Of the advantages, it is worth highlighting the oval shape of the crown, the golden shade of the needles, which grows in a vertical direction.
Among the shortcomings, we can note the need for places protected from the wind and winter shelter..
- “Yustinka” – thuja, the height of which is about a meter. The advantages are columnar shape and bright green color characteristics. Looks good in compositions with a limited number of elements. The disadvantages here are the same as in the previous variety – it suffers greatly from the wind and needs shelter for the winter.
Description and characteristics
Different types of thuja in different conditions manifest themselves in different ways. To know where to plant what is best, it is important to know the basic characteristics of each species. There are five of them in total: Korean, Western, Giant, Japanese, Sichuan variants. In our latitudes, only the western variety grows well..
Its most popular varieties are:
- “Brabant” – a tree that can grow up to five meters in height, and reach as much as one and a half meters in diameter. This option is best for creating hedges. The annual growth of a tree is 30 centimeters top and 15 in breadth. You can buy a seedling of this kind only in the nursery..
- “Columna” looks like a Crimean cypress. This is a huge tree, the height of which reaches seven meters, and the crown in a diameter spreads out a little more than a meter in width. This variety can be used by those who want to recreate the Mediterranean style on their site.
- “Fastigiata” Is also a tall plant variety that can reach six meters in height. Most often used as a hedge.
- “Wagneri” – these are tall trees that reach four meters in height. Frosty weather does not create difficulties for the bush, but he perceives snowfalls negatively. Feels best in open areas.
- “Holmstrup” – This is a tall shrub variety, reaching a height of two meters. The advantage is the presence of the correct conical shape. Most often it is planted among trees. They are bred and sometimes grown in pots. Can be placed in a suitable flower garden. Disadvantages: does not tolerate weak soils, dies and fades on them. Reacts poorly to drafts, also dies during them.
- “Sunkist” Is a shrub from two to four meters in height. The shape of the crown is conical, and the color of the needles is yellow. Feels best in the sun. The growth process is very slow – it can reach two meters only ten years after planting. Prefers to grow on soils with good fertility and moisture. If there is no water, the crown becomes very thin.
- “Woodwardy” Is a spherical shrub. Its size is small, in ten years it grows to half a meter, and then gradually changes its shape to a more elongated one..
- “Mickey” – cone-shaped thuja with a wide base and a pointed top. Its size is small, so you can grow a bush in round pots. Very hardy, can cope with any temporary difficulties. Grows in sun or shade. Any soil is suitable for a plant, but preference is given to loams without stagnant water.
- “Amber” – This is a relatively new plant, which is distinguished by the bright yellow color of the needles, which becomes amber in winter. The maximum height is from three to five meters, by ten years it grows to about two meters with a crown of one meter. It grows slowly and adds no more than twenty centimeters per year. The soil should have such characteristics as weak acidity, good drainage. It is better to choose a sunny plot.
- “Filiformis” – thuja, distinguished by its multi-stemmed needles and bright green color, like “Hozeri”. The maximum height can be two meters, and the diameter reaches one and a half meters mark. Growth is slow. It grows on any type of soil, but moist, drained, neutral loams are considered the most favorable. Grows in full sun or partial shade.
- “Yellow Ribbon” Is a plant with yellow needles. Has a conical shape. It can reach two meters in size in at least fifteen years. It grows on slightly acidic and slightly soddy soil with peat and sand, as well as on clay and sands. Humidity should be normal. Due to its excess, the plant will die. Grows best in partial shade. He really does not like drafts.
There is also a folded variation of thuja, which also has its own types, one of which is “VIPcord” Is an ornamental plant of the cypress family. The maximum height can be about half a meter. The shoots are like ropes and have a spherical shape, from which the name of the plant comes. It grows too slowly – at ten years, the height is thirty centimeters. Grows in moist and well-drained soils, in full sun and partial shade.
In addition to the difference in variety, you can also distinguish thuja by their shape, because each variety has its own. In order to decorate rockeries, dwarf forms are better suited, as a hedge – higher varieties with a dense arrangement of branches.
For single plantings or a small group, tall varieties are best..
The shape of the thuja can be different. It is classified into five types:
- Pyramidal – some of the plants grow up to twenty meters, while others do not exceed two meters in height. Such species are planted separately or in a small group, combining with plants of various types..
- Columnar – the height of such a plant is about five meters. It is used to create unusual hedges, in the form of a living green wall and is distinguished by a wide variety of varieties.
- Keglevidnaya – grows up to two meters. Her branches are dense, which makes it possible with the help of this shrub to form magnificent hedges.
- Umbrella-shaped – grows as a small plant up to one meter. It is very often used as a decoration for small flower beds..
- Spherical – this plant has very dense branches, which have a spherical shape. Growth is very slow. Over the entire period of life, there is a change not only in size, but also in the color of the needles.
About where and what kind of thuja is best to plant, see the next video.
What can be combined with?
If you plan to fit thuja into the landscape, then you need to know how to do it correctly and with what to combine it. It is recommended to plant this plant near playgrounds, schools, kindergartens, because the shrub, like any coniferous tree, emits phytoncides that help to make the air cleaner.
The advantage of a thuja over a Christmas tree and a pine tree in this case is that their needles are soft, which is safe for the child.
Thuja in a spacious area or in a vast green landscape can grow both alone and in combination with other plants. Alone, large specimens are often planted, and those that are smaller can be attributed to the general gamut of the landscape. In order for you to get a beautiful site, and the exterior has a complete look, it is important to consider what kind of plants you combine with.
First of all, these should be plants that grow on the same soil.. Tui get along well with other conifers, grow well with spruces in partial shade, grow next to low-growing mountain pines, in the sun they go well with black pine.
Besides, thuja well complements other flowering and deciduous bushes and trees, among which are European florzia, Vangutta spirea, Thunberg barberry, hybrid weigela, various roses, magnolia, Nedzvedsky apple tree, Kuril tea cinquefoil and many other options. If you need to create a color extravaganza, then using spruce for this would be a good option. “Blue Glauka Globoza” will perfectly contrast with the bright green “Smaragd” or yellow varieties of thuja.
Conifers – thuja, cypress, juniper and others look very good together with flowers such as heather, white rose.
It is important to know that most conifers really do not like to be near larch, and this must be taken into account when planting. As for placement next to a spruce, then under these conditions both trees will suffer and will not be able to fully develop..
In order for your plot, private house or summer cottage to have an attractive appearance, it is important to ensure that all the plants are in their places. For example, for some varieties of thuja, thermophilicity is characteristic and it is good for it when a large amount of sunlight falls on it. In this case it is important to land in open spaces, it is better in the form of single landings.
On the site, you can combine different types of plants – small in pots, medium ones, which are skillfully in the composition in the garden among flowers of different shades and sizes. At the dacha, the use of a large number of tall shrubs is impractical, because they grow for a long time and take up a lot of space. It is better to plant several options around the perimeter of the cottage so that they do not block the sun for each other..
When planning the planting of a thuja, it is important to prepare a hole under the tree, add compost to it and water it if necessary. Branches on young trees are not pruned to form a strong and tall crown. If pruning, a bush will grow instead of a tree.. Some shrubs, on the contrary, lend themselves to cutting and with the help of them you can create bizarre shapes on the site..
Tui are best suited for a variety of mixborders and rockeries. Alleys or hedges made of these shrubs will be very beautiful. Western thuja in most cases will delight those who can see it all year round. There are varieties with which you can decorate terraces, balconies and loggias in an original way. To do this, you do not need to have a large capacity with earth, and frosts, except for the most severe ones, are not afraid of them..
How to store in winter?
If you have chosen a thuja that does not tolerate the cold to decorate your garden, then it will be important for her to move to the pot by winter and settle in a cozy place. If the varieties are frost-resistant, then you need to make sure that they have a supply of nutrients for the winter. To do this, the soil near the tree is dug, a certain amount of fertilizer is poured into it, all this is placed back under the trunk and is well covered with soil from above so that the roots that are on the surface do not freeze.
It is important to cover not only the roots, but also the upper part of the plant.. For small bushes, you can take water bottles, in which they fit perfectly and will be warm and safe until spring. If your trees are more mature, then they need to be wrapped in kraft paper, gently pressing the branches against the trunk. The work is done from top to bottom with an overlap of ten centimeters. For the same purpose, you can use gauze half a meter wide, which is cut into pieces the length of the bush, tied from above and wound around the plant.
The latest innovations are specialized bags for plants, which can be easily used after wintering, washed, dried and set aside until the next cold weather..
For young trees, frames are often constructed, on which fabric is put on top. All this is designed to protect plants from strong winds, heavy snow, bright sunlight..
Beautiful examples in the landscape
If you want to diversify the landscape with thuja, then you need to know where and how to fit this shrub. Consider the most interesting and unusual examples of the location of thuja in the green zone.
It can be used in the street landscape exclusively of thuja of different varieties, which will give an interesting composition. To create a clearer pattern, you can use sidewalk tiles to help divide the space into an area with grass and an area with shrubs of different sizes and shapes, as well as colors..
In the center of the territory, it is desirable to make some kind of composition, and along the edge there can be a whole living fence of high thujas.
If you are a fan of walking in your green area, especially if it is also large, then it will be much more pleasant if lawn grass is located under your feet, neatly trimmed, and on both sides there are huge cone-shaped shrubs of the same color and type. You can highlight every corner of the territory with various varieties of thuja.
The design of the flower bed will be very beautiful using. Inside the flower bed, it is important to arrange the plants exactly so that everything looks logical and correct. A riot of flowers will be ideally combined with the bright greens of thuja. It is better to choose flowers that, in a normal state, have the shape of a ball or semicircle., what will be combined with globular shrubs.
An interesting option would be to use a composition with stones and various conifers. The size of each object should be different and not repeatable. Stones can be of different colors, textures and sizes, as well as thuja can have different colors, shapes and sizes.