The technology of building houses from logs can be considered very popular. And the fact is that customers trust the quality of the log house, are guided by the predicted appearance of the building, and want to get exactly environmentally friendly housing. All the advantages and disadvantages of such houses, about the choice of logs and the nuances of projects, will be discussed in the article.
Advantages and disadvantages
Houses made of logs are loved for their advantages, and it is not only in appearance, but, for example, in the durability of the building.. It is quite rightly believed that a massive log will last a very long time.. And also such a structure has high thermal insulation, and such a characteristic will depend on the proportion of the diameter of the log to its groove. For example, this option is considered the most convenient: 70 cm diameter of the log, and the groove is half of this value.
Other advantages of a house made of large logs.
The larger the element diameter, the lower the consumption of materials for wall forming. That is, there will be fewer connecting places that are involved in the formation of cold bridges. This means that in such a dwelling it is warmer than in a building made of rounded logs or beams..
The thickness of the walls is impressive, but the weight of the structure is not particularly large, which is more profitable than that of buildings made of stone or brick.
A log house is considered an elite building, because even finding trees with such a diameter is a serious task, that is, the material is selected very carefully.
A chopped house does not need finishing, since such wooden elements are independent, and a pleasant facade seems to be formed by itself.
Environmentally friendly material is also very important. There is a good microclimate in a wooden house. Wood even secretes special phytoncides, almost medicinal.
Finally, the structure of the manual cabin looks stylish and even demonstrates some financial security of the owners..
Disadvantages of large log houses.
Such a construction will be very expensive, which is dictated by both transport costs and the use of special lifting equipment. Yes, and one log in itself is not cheap to buy.
Such wood can be supplied from not the closest places, selection is carried out. The same spruce, pine or larch, cedar grow massively in the Krasnodar Territory, the Arkhangelsk Region or Karelia.
For construction, wood of natural moisture is needed, and shrinkage will have to wait up to two years. That is, throughout this period, they do not move into the building, do not install doors and windows. Not everyone has the ability to wait.
Well, the very technology of building houses from large-sized logs does not differ in almost anything from the technology of building from a simple log..
Which log is right?
There is no clear idea of what exactly the volume of a log should be in order to be called large. There is no exact definition even in the regulations. Many developers call round logs 300 mm in diameter a large log, and some will not speak so about a log whose diameter is less than a meter..
Yet the generally accepted classification is as follows:
logs up to 30 cm in diameter are common;
logs 40 cm – large;
a large log with a cross section of 400 mm or more is considered a “hero”.
The uniform requirements of the procurement also apply here: products are accepted without wood defects, as well as without stains, serious cracks, rot, knots, places of deformation caused by insects.
The current equipment allows you to process a log with a cross-section of up to 60 cm, which is already large-sized. But still, usually such products are simply processed from the bark. This preserves both the appearance of the round timber and the resin layer, which serves as a faithful protection against damage to the tree by moisture, insects, and contributes to the long service life of the logs. In a special chamber drying large logs are not dried, and in order for the moisture content of the material to be optimal, the tree is harvested in winter. The final stabilization of humidity occurs due to shrinkage, as well as the operation of the frame itself.
But so that the ends of a large log do not lose moisture, they will need special processing. This applies to any logs: through the end, moisture still leaves faster, therefore the risk of deep cracks forming there is great.
To protect the ends, they are treated with special compounds that prevent moisture from evaporating, and the wood remains intact.
And some more important information about the structural details of houses with huge logs:
if we compare such a sample with a simple log house, the foundation for it is needed much more massive – namely, a strip monolithic base, and wider than the walls themselves;
the runaway of the logs will have to be cleaned up manually, since the difference in thickness can be significant, and there will be no room for such a discrepancy on the facade;
since the product is large, cutting of cups is possible exclusively by hand – but thin elements are supplied with ready-made cups;
a large shrinkage is laid in the design of the building, reaching up to 7%;
compensation cut on the side of the fragment in the upper part is needed to prevent cracks.
And to facilitate the installation of the building, individual sellers assemble it in production, and then the result is dismantled and transported to the final place – the buyer’s site.
And to see how it might look in the end, you can “go over” some interesting projects.
Houses made of huge logs.
Two-storey log house with an area of almost 150 squares. On the second floor there is a bedroom, a nursery, a bathroom, a bathroom and a hall, on the first floor there is a hall, a bedroom-living room, a kitchen-dining room, an entrance hall, a winter garden, a technical room, a bathroom and a veranda. The material of the walls is the same blockhouse made of logs, the assembly of the blockhouse is used on pins, it is supposed to be warmed with jute cloth, as well as the installation of a log of the floor and, accordingly, floor beams.
- House with a large area – almost 240 squares. In such a building there will be two whole verandas, a living room and a hall, a technical room and everything else. And there will be a carport. All of this is on the ground floor. The second one will fit as many as two dressing rooms, otherwise everything is more standard. Large footage even suggests a home office on the second floor.
- Wooden one-storey house 103 squares. The manufacturer positions it as a guest house with a kitchen-living room (mini-studio), a nursery, a bedroom, bathrooms, a technical room and a fairly spacious veranda. But for permanent residence, such a building made of thick logs, of course, is suitable. Especially if it is organized for a young family..
- One-storey house made of thick logs 92 squares. Here they also decided to stay on the standard with a kitchen-living room, a bedroom and a nursery, remote from the merged room. There is a vestibule, porch, technical room, bathroom and garage. Everything is compact, but logistically verified, reasonable distribution of space.
- Very small house on the 1st floor, 56.5 square meters. A kitchen-living room with a rational arrangement of zones, an entrance hall (spacious relative to the whole house), a small bedroom and a small nursery are very conveniently located in it. There is a porch on both sides of the house. The bathroom is tiny, only 2 sq. m, but can be comfortable and cozy.
The choice in favor of such buildings is always based primarily on the aesthetic proximity of houses from large round timber to the ideas of the beautiful housing of customers. If there is such a thing, you will definitely find your own version..