There is a wide variety of materials for interior and exterior decoration on the construction market. Among them, plaster occupies a special place, thanks to the use of which it is possible to create an imitation of the cladding of the facade or walls inside the building with all sorts of textured elements, for example, finishing surfaces like bricks..
Decorative plaster gives the base a relief texture, due to which the surface acquires excellent aesthetic and operational characteristics. Bricklaying has already become a familiar and effective solution for decorating walls in rooms for various purposes. In the interior, the brick wall has acquired a slightly different meaning than before., it is no longer an indicator of the poverty of homeowners, but a creative and modern version of cladding. That is why most of the famous designers use brick-like plaster for interior decoration of modern offices, apartments and country cottages in order to place accents in the interior, emphasizing the chosen stylistic direction.
In addition to the popularity of this material in terms of aesthetic purpose, the plaster ensures the preservation of the same dimensions of the living area without cluttering up the space, and also represents an environmentally friendly solution for facing work, regardless of the type of mixture that will be used during the plastering of the walls..
In terms of characteristics relevant to the consumer, textured plaster that imitates brickwork has some advantages and disadvantages.. Among them, several points can be distinguished:
- Ease of work, so there is no need to involve specialists in the task.
- Affordable material cost – the price of plaster is almost on par with the cost of wallpaper. In particular, in the case when putty will be used as a mixture.
- The finished surface or the solution itself can be painted in any color and shade you like, as well as give it even the most intricate shape.
- Due to the treatment of the surface of the walls with plaster, a special additional layer is formed on the base, the presence of which increases the sound insulation and thermal insulation properties of the entire structure.
- Among the variety of products for wall decoration on the modern construction market, plaster that creates imitation of brickwork is an environmentally friendly material that does not form hazardous volatile compounds released during operation..
- The long service life of the finish is provided by such quality characteristics as resistance to abrasion and mechanical stress. The presence of these properties of the mixture makes it possible to successfully use it in rooms with a large throughput, for example, in a kitchen or hallway of a living room..
- The finished surface can be repainted over time, which eliminates the need for major repairs after several years.
- The weight of the coating is several times less than the weight of the base, faced with decorative bricks.
- Minimum terms for wall finishing.
- Coating resistance to moisture and heat.
- Thanks to the correctly applied plaster on the wall, you can get a full 3D effect.
- The versatility of the material, based on the possibility of a harmonious combination of such a finished surface with any style in the interior.
- Brick plaster is a reliable and low maintenance material.
The disadvantages of such a cladding include a high level of statics of the finished surface, due to which dirt and dust collects on it very quickly, especially in the grooves.
In addition, in order for the finish to be done well, pretreatment of the working base is necessary..
There are several options for the plaster mixture, with which you can finish both outside and inside the room:
- cement-sand mortar;
- lime-sand mixture;
- clay-based solution;
- gypsum plaster.
Each type of material allows you to include additional components in the main composition, for example, plasticizers, additives or coloring pigments. Substances can increase the resistance of the coating to adverse weather conditions. Most of the manufacturers regularly update the range of products presented., producing ready-made dry mixes for cladding, which have various properties and features.
This trend has a positive effect on consumer demand, since, having read the attached instructions for the product, you can easily select the desired composition that will satisfy all the requirements in a given situation..
Therefore, plastering of the bases can be done by anyone, having minimal construction experience, regardless of the type of working material made of gypsum or some other mixture..
Style and design
You can decorate the room with plaster imitating brickwork in all sorts of options – decorate all bases or combine with other materials – tiles, wallpaper, painted surfaces, and so on.. However, the most popular will be certain design techniques in the design using this material:
- Facing openings – this applies to areas near window and door structures, arches, niches, the attractiveness of which will increase significantly due to the use of such a design technique. This option will allow you to highlight these objects in the overall design of the room. At the same time, by finishing the window slopes, it is possible to increase the resistance of such surfaces to mechanical stress..
- Placement on walls elements with bricks in a chaotic order. Thus, you can make a kind of frame for paintings on the wall or mirror panels, fireplaces or any other objects in the room..
- Complete decoration of only one wall in the room – this option is considered the most common.
Required tools and mixtures
Any construction work is impossible without a specific list of tools. To apply textured plaster, you will need the following devices:
- dry and clean container for diluting the mixture;
- masking tape;
- several spatulas of different sizes;
- rule and cord;
- brush or roller;
- drill with a whisk;
- jointing tool.
In order for the textured surface to be distinguished by aesthetic appeal and a long service life, experts recommend using the following materials during work:
- plaster mix;
- products for surface priming;
- colorants or pigments.
Plastering under a brick, in addition to having a certain list of materials and equipment, requires preparation of the foundation itself for work.
Surface preparation will make it possible to eliminate the risk of cracking the material on the wall during operation. To do this, you need to perform a number of the following activities:
- if there are any old finishing materials on the base – wallpaper or tiles, they must be removed;
- with a surface on which there are cracks, chips or other defects, it is necessary to carry out restoration work;
- plaster problem areas on the wall.
How to dilute and apply?
The technology of creating an imitation of bricks on a selected surface or a separate section of a wall requires performing work according to the established scheme, guided by the recommendations of specialists. Therefore, first of all, it is necessary to carry out the work only after carrying out all the preparatory stages, including various processes, where it was required to apply different compositions to the base. The treated wall must be already dry before starting work with plaster.
The cement-sand mortar is mixed at the rate of 1/3. Prepare a lime-based mixture in a 1/4 ratio. Clay plaster includes 1 part of lime dough, 0.25 of clay and three parts of sand. Gypsum mortar consists of 1 part gypsum, 0.6 clay and 3 parts sand.
The ready-to-use solution should be cream-like in density and not drip from the trowel. It is necessary to take into account the peculiarity of some solutions to harden very quickly – about 30 minutes after dilution. Based on this, the mixture must be stirred only before application and in a small amount..
Dry ingredients are immersed in water in portions, stirring the composition well. Reverse dilution – pouring water over mixtures that are already in the bucket – prohibited.
You should not neglect the surface primer, since the application of this composition will increase the bonding of materials and reduce the risk of the emergence and development of harmful bacteria. Priming should be done with a roller and a brush..
Marking “brickwork” – an important stage in the work. It should be done with a pencil, highlighting the boundaries and outlines of each element. To create a decor that visually resembles brick as much as possible, the sizes of parts and seams should be equal to natural.
Only a clean and dry wall is treated with plaster with or without coloring pigment. With a spatula, the mixture is poured onto the base and leveled with rules. Real brick is rarely of the correct shape, so you should not level the mortar to a perfectly even look.. Acceptable thickness varies within 0.5-2 cm.
Next, you need to create an imitation of the seams using a spatula, knitting needle or any other suitable object, guided by the markings. For straight lines, you should use the rule.
Excess mixture that will form during the work on the base must be removed from the wall with a rag. This must be done at a time when the solution has not yet completely solidified..
After the final drying of the mixture, you need to remove the masking tape and perform the final correction of the textured surface, sandpaper or other abrasive material is used for these works.
There are options for forming bricks using a roller, a special matrix or templates. The process of working with plaster does not include special complex technological stages, and the use of auxiliary tools will allow you to create an attractive and high-quality surface.
The finished plaster is sold in kraft bags. The packaged composition can be stored under any conditions.
Without additional finishing, the coating will look less aesthetically pleasing, so it would be more correct to paint the walls additionally. The surface can be given any shade using a thin brush, the seams are processed, and then textured elements. The first layer is applied in one color, after a while the base is painted over with a different color. This technology will allow you to recreate a more natural imitation. Building product manufacturers offer a wide variety of different colors and shades for plaster work, including adding colorant to the mix that is being prepared for work..
The use of three colors in the design will give the feeling of a more embossed surface.
It is very important to treat the bricks with an abrasive material so that the color composition is more pronounced. Colorless varnish applied to plaster will give the surface a glossy appearance, while providing protection against fading under the influence of external factors.
Tips & Tricks
To increase the strength of the walls, before applying the plaster, it is worth laying a reinforcing mesh on the base, which will be very useful for areas near windows and corners of rooms..
Decorative plaster will adorn any room, however, its operational life is largely dependent on preliminary work, therefore, leveling the walls, eliminating various defects, treatment with an antiseptic and sealant are mandatory.
For how to plaster walls under a brick with your own hands, see the next video.