The use of decorative mosaics in modern interiors is not an innovation. The history of the use of this material goes back to the Middle Ages. The secret of its constant popularity lies in three simple characteristics: quality, beauty and practicality..
Mosaic is a coating that has been successfully used to decorate various rooms and surfaces. Such tiles are found in the design of bathrooms and kitchens. It is widely used for decorating living rooms, wall and floor decor. When talking about mosaics for interior decoration, they mean small details of glass, smalt, glazed ceramics, stone and other materials, the so-called tessera.
From mosaic tiles, you can make an easy-to-use apron for the working area of the workshop, lay out a fireplace or decorative columns with it. Mosaic patterns are also appropriate in the bedroom, they can be successfully used to decorate the head of the bed.. Mirrored mosaic inserts look great in the decor of the living room. By the way, acrylic elements are produced on an adhesive basis, so it is not necessary to attach them to glue..
Mosaic floors also look impressive. They are completely made of decorative mosaics, or they can alternate with ordinary tiles to achieve maximum aesthetic effect..
The material is selected taking into account the purpose, type and type of interior.
A certain type of mosaic is intended for various rooms:
- Ceramic. Appeared earlier than others, its properties are close to ceramic tiles. It is characterized by a variety of textures and colors. Parts are available in two types: glossy and matte.
- Stone. It is used for floor decoration. It is made from tuff, marble, travertine, occasionally from jasper, granite. The intended shapes and sizes are given to the mosaic elements by careful grinding.
- From smalt. It is made of opaque colored glass pieces, sticks and plates. This material is distinguished by its extraordinary strength and reliability. It has a variety of shades, since various ingredients are added to the smalt. Often used for the manufacture of decorative panels.
- Mosaic from glass is made in multi-colored, matte and transparent, has a wide range of colors. Thanks to processing using innovative technologies, it has high strength and wear resistance. The most common and famous mosaic is from Venetian glass.
- Metal. Most often made from steel or brass plates on a rubber or plastic base. Such material has a bronze, golden, silvery hue. Can be used for floor and wall finishing.
In addition to these types, there are also wooden, porcelain stoneware and other types of decorative mosaics..
New materials have replaced the classic mosaic elements, which require a laborious manual laying process. These are tapes of tiles placed on a grid. It is convenient to attach them to the surface as a monolithic piece. Unfortunately, this is an expensive material..
There are budget options for mosaic tiles. These are sheets of polyvinyl chloride, decorated with a mosaic. Such sheets are glued to the base using special solutions. Ceiling and floor joints are covered with decorative panels.
The advantage of this material is also that it is not necessary to rub the seams during work, it is waterproof. In addition, the prices for it are quite affordable. That is why there are many options for polyvinyl chloride mosaics on sale today..
Such a mosaic also has small drawbacks: it can be used exclusively on flat surfaces, since even with a slight curvature, the elements are poorly attached and look unnatural.
Mosaic plaster is another effective material for modern interiors. In addition to an impressive variety of textures and colors, it is durable and affordable. Often used for indoor zoning.
Plaster mosaic is available in several types. They differ in the main characteristics:
- type of filler;
- a method for coloring particles;
- particle size.
The most common component of plaster filler is marble, occasionally granite or quartz chips are added to it..
According to the size of the constituent particles, mosaic plaster is divided into the following types:
- with a fine texture;
- with a large texture;
- with an average texture;
- with small texture.
Before purchasing, it is recommended to thoroughly study the indicators of the mixture indicated by the manufacturer on the packaging..
Has mosaic plaster and its disadvantages. There is a possibility of corrosion formation when machining the metal substrate. Therefore, when working with metal, preliminary priming and the choice of a water-based solution are necessary. Only whole, undamaged surfaces can be treated with such plaster. For cleaning plaster and any other mosaic, it is recommended to use special detergents..
See below for more details.