The development of modern technologies is reflected in the construction industry. Today, along with traditional, conventional types of wall and ceiling decoration, the use of decorative plaster is gaining popularity. The theme is fresh and unbeatable, due to this decor, the interior becomes special. We understand the main nuances of this material, we study its advantages, disadvantages, varieties, current colors and design.
Decorative plaster is usually understood as a finishing plaster material. Its main distinguishing feature is texture. In contrast to the coarse starter coat, which is a preparatory layer and leveling agent for plaster, the finish in question has a soft and delicate texture..
The decorative variety for interior decoration of coatings is intended for decorating walls, ceilings, ledges, niches, columns and other structural features of premises..
The main component of decorative plaster is a binder. In addition, the composition includes various additives that determine the decorative and operational qualities of the plaster mixture. This is a separate type of plaster that is not applied for leveling. Such material is an alternative to classic and liquid wallpaper, painting, wall panels, drywall, laminate, other wall and ceiling cladding..
Decorative plaster is highly flexible. It is convenient and comfortable to work with. A characteristic feature of this finish is the presence of a relief. It makes the plastering material special. The pattern is beautiful, corresponds to fashion trends in interior compositions and is almost always individual. These factors determine the relevance of using decorative plaster instead of conventional cladding..
Such mixtures differ from the starting varieties in that they do not shrink after drying.. Subject to the application technology, they will not crack, fall off the surfaces. Most of these mixtures are environmentally friendly. Therefore, they are harmless to the human body..
An interesting nuance is the fact that decorative plaster can be made independently from ordinary putty. The composition is quite simple and does not require large financial costs.
They can be used in any room in the home. Decorative plaster coatings can decorate walls and ceilings in the living room, bedroom, children’s room, hallway, corridor, study, home library. They are applicable in decorating the space of a glazed balcony or loggia. At the same time, the mixtures can be painted in any color, they can be supplemented with additives (for example, marble chips, mother of pearl or silver).
Advantages and disadvantages
Decorative plaster used for interior decoration has many advantages..
- It is produced on modern equipment from quality raw materials. Due to this, it has high performance characteristics..
- She is aesthetically pleasing. Any interior looks stylish, beautiful and appropriate with this decor. At the same time, the pattern of textured plaster does not limit the number of furniture parts.
- Regardless of the type of print, it is expressive. With different design, this decor fits into the interior of the home according to the chosen direction of stylistics.
- Decorative plaster-based cladding has a different form of release. You can choose a convenient option for yourself, taking into account financial capabilities and your own preferences..
- Such decoration can be a stylish accent or a full-fledged interior decoration of a room. With it, you can zone the space of the room..
- The decorative coating can bring the desired mood into the interior. It can be used to make the room stylish and cozy..
- Due to the used shade and a certain effect of the material, you can visually increase the height and width of the walls, erase the clear boundaries of the floors.
- The textured plaster mix simplifies surface cladding. It allows you to approach the decoration of the space creatively, revealing its full potential..
- Decorative plaster is compatible with other finishes. You can combine it with wallpaper, wall panels, cladding and even stretch linen inserts in plasterboard structures that extend onto the wall..
- It is a durable material. It is resistant to negative environmental factors, temperature changes and sunlight. With careful maintenance and use, it will last more than 10 years.
- Plaster mixes are varied. Due to different additives, they differ in a certain effect. This fact allows you to perform the desired pattern on the coating layer without resorting to the help of specialists..
- This material is characterized by thermal insulation properties. It additionally insulates the floors on which it is applied.
It is impossible not to mention the disadvantages of decorative plaster..
- It is really solid. However, it does not provide significant mechanical stress. Strong impact will result in chips or scratches.
- Not every compound is durable. Sometimes for this you have to cover the interior plaster with water-based varnish, after diluting it with water..
- A good material with a special effect is expensive. If you add special trowels with the desired relief to this, the finishing can cost a round sum..
- Care of the relief surface is not easy. You can’t just vacuum the planes to get rid of the dust. Removing pollution will also be problematic..
- The consumption of decorative interior plaster is higher than classical counterparts. In this case, marriage is also possible, so the material will have to be bought with a margin.
- This finish does not tolerate hack-work. If you delay the workflow, the pattern in all areas will be different. In this case, the layer of the applied mixture may also differ..
All existing types of decorative plaster can be classified according to the form of release. In the modern construction market, interior plastering products for interior work today are presented in the form of a powder mixture and a ready-made mass..
The first option requires preliminary mixing of the composition with water at room temperature in the required proportions. In the second case, it is a mass that does not need breeding. Often, it is already colored, which is not the case for a dry analogue, which has a predominantly base color. However, this factor gives him great advantages, allowing coloring of any degree of intensity..
In terms of composition, interior plaster can be of several types.
- Mineral, based on cement. Differs in plasticity, suitable for finishing mineral types of substrates.
- Acrylic, named after the main component (acrylic resin). Suitable for all types of floors, high viscosity.
- Silicate, made on the basis of liquid glass. Breathable universal plaster.
- Silicone, modification based on synthetic resins. One of the best varieties for finishing interior floors.
Colors and designs
Color solutions for interior plaster are varied. They can be limited by two factors: the degree of illumination of a particular room in the dwelling and its footage. Otherwise, it all depends on the availability of taste and creativity in the design of the walls and ceiling..
For the ceiling, they try to choose white and ivory. Recently, bleached gray, decorated with a silvery sheen, has been added to them..
For walls, using a white shade is impractical. Beige, marble tones are popular here. However, not all so simple: the choice of color should be based on the chosen style and its business cards. For example, if a loft style is chosen, the color of the finish imitating brick or stone will resemble a natural material. That is, these are gray, mustard, brick tones..
If you need to show unity with an ecological style, choose beige, sandy tones. In some lines, there is a stylization made in pinkish, gray-blue and even blue tones. Popular colors, in addition to white, are green, olive, blue. The black color is not able to fully convey the beauty of the relief. However, it can be used in minimal amounts (e.g. for painting).
Decorating plaster is a special issue. Let’s make a reservation right away: the design of interior plaster can be done in two ways. In the first case, this is the implementation of a relief pattern by forcing the uncured plaster layer. Here, textured rollers are used, they are wrapped with a clothesline, cling film, the use of crumpled newspaper, a special trowel, fingers, moldings, stencils and other devices.
In another case, the decoration is more complex. First, the first decorative layer is made. Then, in the right place, by applying a mass, a volumetric pattern is made. It can be of different sizes, reliefs and themes. Such drawings are created by professionals with artistic and sculptural skills..
Often, shells or paints are used for such decoration, covering the created pattern with them. The topics are different. It can be a picture of ancient times, a floral or plant composition, stylized ornaments, the effect of volumetric sculptures. It all depends on the chosen design direction.
Selection and use
Let’s outline the main aspects of the choice of decorative plaster to decorate a certain interior, taking into account the main branches of design.
Classics, neoclassics, classicism, Italian style need elements of solemnity. Preferred light shades and the inclusion of gilding in the finish. Big relief is not needed. Venetian, Versailles plaster will do. You can depict the elements of plaster stucco.
It would be appropriate to use textured rollers: applying a relief will make the interior stylish.
Minimalist or chic modern trends need an unobtrusive display of coatings. For example, relief is not necessary for minimalism at all. If we consider modern modernity, gloss is needed here. Small relief, unusual texture, simple drawing – these are the main criteria for choosing a drawing.
In such design directions, a matte type of texture is welcomed. A rough finish and other imitation look better here. For example, if it is a loft, grunge, brutalism, it is better to decorate the walls with a torn brick, masonry coating.
For finishing, it is better to mix two shades of plaster. This will add personality to the coating..
Scandinavian, English, African, Arabic, Chinese, Japanese and other interior styles are distinguished by their characteristic features and approach to decorating walls and ceilings. For example, for oriental interiors, history is more important than ever. Such coatings can be decorated with embossed calligraphy in the form of verses, fanz roofs, sakura branches. If we take the Arab direction, here you can recreate the texture of an aged surface, depict on it a motive from the tales of Scheherazade. There are a lot of options: it all depends on the capabilities of the performer.
Vintage and ecological
It all depends on the general concept of the chosen interior. If this is an abundance of wood, you should not repeat it in a shade of plaster. It is better to make it expressive using the technique of contrasting tones. In this case, plaster “bark beetle” is appropriate, the texture of the board.
For Baroque, Rococo styles, it is important to show luxury. You need Versailles or Venetian plaster in two shades. The presence of silver will create a special effect. If we consider the interior in the spirit of Provence, you need simplicity and a matte texture, for country you can use textured rollers.
When choosing interior plaster, the footage and type of room in an apartment or private house matter. For example, for a spacious living room, various patterns and even large paintings on the entire wall are appropriate.. If the room is small, it is better to use the technique of drawing in the form of a panel.. For a special effect, you can arrange a plaster picture in a baguette frame.
If you plan to decorate the bedroom, it is better to choose simple patterns. You shouldn’t create complex pictures here. This can create emotional stress. It is better to decorate this space with an imitation of aging; Versailles finish in light colors is suitable. If you want to highlight the headboard area, you can accentuate this area by pasting the rest of the walls with wallpaper of a related color.
When using a pattern on a plaster surface, a print on wallpaper is undesirable..
For an office or home library, you can choose a panel reception. Other decorations are undesirable: these rooms are replete with small items. Excessive decoration can overload the interior. If you want to decorate the nursery, it can be light embossed patterns. Large relief can injure an active child, he will not be perceived easily.
Successful examples and options
Evaluate the possibilities of interior decoration with decorative interior plaster. To do this, refer to samples of 10 interior compositions from the photo gallery.
- An example of a masterful approach to decorating a living room. Combining two techniques with a serving painting.
- Reception of applying a relief pattern to a textured coating. Due to the large butterfly, the lightness of the atmosphere is conveyed.
- Venetian plaster as an alternative to wallpaper looks stylish and expensive. Subtle glare reminiscent of silk-screen printing.
- The texture of the stone of a light shade fits well into the concept of stylistics. Accentuating the ledge emphasizes the uniqueness of the guest area.
- The original solution for the ceiling. Accenting the floor with a similar baguette brings notes of a certain historical era.
- Modest and stylish decor of two functional areas of the space. Light relief relieves the modern interior of the usual stereotypes.
- A great option for decorating walls. Imitation of brickwork is made with a high degree of realism.
- A good stylistic solution. The interior breathes air. The execution of the original textured design in the form of large letters introduces a light shade of vintage.
- Finishing the curly partition once again proves the unlimited possibilities of decorative plaster. Everything is simple, but incredibly stylish.
- Decorating the accent area to match the furniture is a stylish move. This interior looks complete, hinting at the well-being of the owners of the house..
For information on how to apply decorative plaster, see the next video..