In recent years, mosaics have been used frequently in bathroom or kitchen finishes. This material helps to create a unique style in the interior and to advantageously play on its individuality. Before deciding to work with such material on your own, you should learn about its features, types and all the intricacies of styling. This is what the material is about.
Mosaic is a special kind of facing material. Such a tile consists of small elements, due to which it looks in the interior in a special way.. In appearance, this is an ordinary rectangular tile, which has a different base, due to which all small segments are held together. The base can be made of mesh, paper or silicone. Due to it, you can easily mount the tiles..
The main feature of this material is that you can use it yourself (create a continuous styling over the entire surface). In addition, it is suitable for partial surface decoration. It can be used as decorative fragments by combining mosaics with ordinary tiles or some other finishing material. Often, mosaic tiles are used for cladding bathtubs or sinks, after which boring plumbing items begin to play with new colors, becoming the center of attention in the interior..
This type of tile is durable and easy to maintain..
Today, global manufacturers and well-known brands offer a very wide selection of mosaic tiles..
There are different tiles on sale (tiled, decorative, marble, glass, mirror, gold):
- The most popular type is tile or ceramic tiles. As with ordinary facing tiles, the mosaic surface is different. It can be matte, glossy, rough, pearlescent surface. The color palette pleasantly surprises, allowing you to choose not only classic shades, but also interesting color combinations. This type of tile can be used in a wide variety of spaces. It is used for finishing ceilings, walls or floors, decorative decoration of the facade, fireplace. The material is very versatile, thanks to which it is in great demand..
- Glass mosaic has been very popular since ancient times. Such a finishing material is durable and impact-resistant. The color of this tile can be different. During its manufacture, the glass melt is painted in different shades. This material will look great in the bathroom..
- Stone mosaics today are made from different types of stones. It can be granite, marble. The uniqueness of this material lies in its texture, thanks to which you can create unique decorative elements. This type of tile is often used for floor decoration, it even allows you to create a stone carpet..
- Mirrored mosaic is used if they want not only to give some zest to the room, but to visually expand it. This material is completely safe for health, like everyone else. In addition, such tiles are easy to install..
It is easy to look after her with the help of modern means. It looks very original in the interior..
The quality of fastening the material to the surface, as well as the final result of the work itself, depends on the correct choice of glue. When choosing an adhesive, one should take into account the material from which the tile is made.. An important role is played by the thickness of the facing material, its transparency. You can choose a special glue that is sold in every hardware store and is designed for all types of mosaics..
As a rule, such glue contains sand, due to which it has a gray tint. This type of glue is suitable if the material is opaque and glued to a familiar surface (floor or wall). If the mosaic is transparent, it is better to pay attention to the glue with a similar composition and white color..
Such glue can be applied during the installation of glass material..
Epoxy adhesive is one of the more reliable. It can be used for cladding those surfaces that will be exposed to frequent use. For example, this glue is often used for flooring..
You can pay attention to the hard or deformative composition:
- The first option is allowed to be used for concrete or brick surfaces. As a rule, such glue is chosen for walls..
- Deformative will be needed if the house is subject to frequent vibrations (for example, if a railway passes nearby). This type is suitable for finishing surfaces that are subject to temperature changes..
It is not difficult to calculate the correct consumption of glue for the selected surface. In the event that you have already purchased glue for installing a mosaic, it is enough to carefully study the instructions, which usually indicate all such nuances.. To make an approximate calculation of the glue consumption, you can multiply half the thickness of the selected tile by the average glue consumption (1,3). As a result, you will get the result for consumption per 1 sq. m.As a rule, the average consumption of glue is from 1 to 2 kg.
It is important to take into account the thickness and dimensions of the material itself: the larger the board, the thicker the glue layer should be. For example, for a tile measuring 30 x 30 cm, a layer of glue of more than 4 mm is required..
The choice of tool depends on the thickness of the selected mosaic tile. Usually the standard list includes a spatula, a trowel for a set of glue. Often, experts use a notched trowel in their work. It allows you to distribute the glue in a more even layer, removing excess of it. In addition, you will need a building level and a special tool so that later you can smooth out the tiles..
As such an inventory, you can take a regular roller..
Laying the mosaic is not as difficult as it might seem at first glance. However, without preliminary preparation of the base, the result will be much worse..
Before starting any tiling work, we recommend that you carry out the correct surface preparation. First, the surface must be cleaned of debris and small dust particles. This can be done with a paint brush or any large brush..
Lay the mosaic on an exceptionally flat surface.. To achieve this, you need to remove the old coating. Then the base is leveled, getting rid of potholes, chips, pits and even small cracks. They can also affect the final look of the finished cladding. After the starter coat is dry, it is trimmed and covered with a layer of primer. It is needed to enhance the adhesion of the mosaic to the prepared substrate..
You can only glue the finish after the primer is dry. If you do this earlier, you can disrupt the formation of the crystal lattice formed from the soil during the drying process..
If the surface requires special leveling, the plaster mixture is applied in several layers. In an attempt to save time, quality training can be lost. A thick layer of plaster will fall off along with the mosaic in the first year after the renovation. In addition, it will crack, which will lead to the question of dismantling the mosaic..
How to glue correctly?
Fragments of small mosaics are often held on a grid. Applying such a fragile material requires the utmost care and attention. If there is no grid, you will have to first lay out the fragments on the floor. This process is especially required when the mosaic has a certain pattern. We’ll have to glue fragment by fragment to the surface. The technique of gluing the mosaic is painstaking and requires accuracy.
When there is a grid, the workflow is simplified. Usually it represents squares assembled on a silicone base. It remains for the master to apply glue to the base, then apply, observing the level of adhesion.
To trim the elements, they are usually rolled over the cladding..
You can also stick such tiles on drywall, wooden surface, chipboard base, window sill or plywood. The main thing is that the base is prepared, primed and cleaned. Glue the mosaic starting from the bottom. It is not necessary to smear the back of the tile. The glue on the wall is enough. In no case should you press down from above, trying to secure it better. If you have to cut the mosaic, try to use these fragments in laying corners and other places that are not so visible..
After you complete the mosaic laying process, you can proceed to the finishing. Thoroughly clean the surface from glue residues. It is recommended to let the surface dry a little and only then proceed to the final stage: grouting. You can use a latex, epoxy, or water glass based grout, but consider epoxy grout, which is most commonly used in damp areas. Liquid glass can be considered a universal grout.
It is worth choosing grout, which contains small particles with a shine, they will give the overall appearance of the tile an original look.
Beautiful examples in the interior
- Mosaic can be used in the interior of almost any room. For example, you can make an apron in the kitchen, choosing a shade lighter or darker than the general color of the tiles used..
- Colored or mirrored mosaics can be a beautiful frame for a mirror or even a whole picture..
- Pixel styling looks great in the interior of any room, bedroom or living room. You can give free rein to imagination and very effectively decorate the wall of your favorite room..
- Furniture in a mosaic finish looks original, for example, a coffee table.
- You can create a whole panel on the wall together with the tiles. It all depends on your capabilities and desire to bring something unusual to the interior of your home..
You can find out how to properly lay the mosaic with your own hands by watching the video below..