How to level the walls with putty?

How to level the walls with putty?

Only those surfaces look beautiful, the finishing of which was carried out as carefully as possible (of course, a lot depends on the materials used). Such a stage of finishing work as applying putty on the walls is very important, because in almost all cases it is necessary to level the surface. So the base is prepared for gluing wallpaper, applying a coloring composition.

In order to achieve the best results, certain nuances must be taken into account when using a putty material. You can understand them by reading this article..

How to choose?

When planning to buy a suitable filler material, you should understand the variety of compositions that are on the market. It is very easy to get confused in the range of materials from modern manufacturers.. The following basic types of putties can be distinguished:

  • Universal. Such materials can be used for different purposes and for different surfaces, which attracts many consumers..
  • Starting. Such coatings allow you to get rid of serious defects on the surface..
  • Finishing. After using such a putty, the base becomes as even as possible..

    Consider also the base of the leveling putty (component base). The following varieties are possible:

    • Gypsum. Such materials are used for finishing, as well as in order to effectively level the surface. They are not suitable for rooms where humidity is too high or where there are sharp temperature changes. They cannot be used for exterior walls and bathrooms..
    • Polymer. Such materials can be called universal. They are great for surfaces that will then be coated with any paints and varnishes. Polymer putty can also be used for rooms with high humidity. The main disadvantage of such mixtures is the rather high cost, but the price is usually justified by the remarkable quality..

    • Cement. This putty is suitable for use in a wide variety of rooms. Cement coatings are characterized by increased resistance to temperature extremes and the effects of liquids. However, such putties also have a disadvantage: they can crack, so an additional finishing is required. Such a putty material hardens for a long time, which interferes with the implementation of finishing work (however, this drawback can be called insignificant).
    • Lime. These coatings combine the advantages of several of the listed materials. They are well suited for outdoor decoration..

    When choosing the most suitable option, you should take into account the characteristics of the room where you are going to use the putty. It is necessary to select the material correctly, otherwise the coating will not differ in durability.

    Necessary accessories

    It is not at all necessary to turn to experienced craftsmen; it is quite possible to cope with the application of putty material on the walls, floor or other surfaces in the apartment. When applying putty with your own hands, you need to take into account certain recommendations and use the right tools..

    Prepare the following:

      • roller for applying primer;
      • drill with a kneading nozzle or mixer;
      • building rule;
      • various emery skins;
      • a bucket for preparing a mixture;
      • spatulas (for corners, small, large).


      Preparation of the solution

      Some people prefer to use a ready-made putty.. If you purchase dry material, you will need to properly prepare it..

      • Take a suitable container (for example, a clean bucket).
      • Dry putty should be taken in small portions and gradually added to water at room temperature.
      • To obtain a uniform consistency, stir the material with a drill or mixer. In the absence of such devices, it will be possible to mix the putty by hand. The proportions are usually indicated by the manufacturer. Make sure that there are no lumps in the mixture..
      • After stirring the material, immediately clean the tool with which you did it. Otherwise, the mixture will harden and it will be very difficult to remove it..

      Preparatory stage

      To start figuring out how to apply the putty yourself, you don’t have to do it many times. You just need to not skip important stages. Remember that the base must be carefully prepared before applying the filler.. The result of finishing work largely depends on the preparation.

      • The surface should be as clean as possible. You should also remove the cracked layer of plaster, wallpaper, old paint. If the plaster is dense, you can leave it.
      • In general, it is quite easy to clean the base. To make it easier to remove gypsum plaster, wallpaper, moisten the surface with water. After that, start removing the old coating using a putty knife. Scraping off old alkyd and acrylic coatings is already much more difficult. To remove such paint, knock it down with a hammer or use a remover..

      • Remove dust and minor dirt from the base. To do this, you can use a dry brush..
      • Before using the putty, you will need to apply a primer to the base. It helps to improve adhesion. If the humidity in the room is too high, it is better to opt for a primer with antiseptic properties. So you can prevent the occurrence of fungus and mold on the surface. Only one coat of primer can be applied, but you will need to make sure there are no untreated areas on the surface..

      Starting putty

      The starting layer of putty will eliminate serious defects on the surface, it turns out to be quite thick. If the unevenness is significant, several coats of filler may be required. You need to dry the coating as much as indicated on the package..

      To prevent the mixture from sliding down the wall, you can use a paint net. So you can also make the surface more durable, the coating will not crack..

      Final works

      After the starting layer of putty has dried, it will be possible to start applying the topcoat. This layer is less dense, it will mask a rather rough starting coat. The manufacturer indicates the drying time and mixing technology on the container.

      The final layer of putty is not intended to correct unevenness on the substrate. For this, a starting putty is used. When the finishing layer hardens, it will be possible to proceed to the next stages of finishing work..

      It is possible that an additional coat of primer will need to be applied before using the paint. It depends on the type of primer.

      Do I need to use beacons?

      The use of a beacon system is relevant if there are serious defects on the base. If the irregularities are not very strong, you can do without beacons. In case of significant irregularities, it will be necessary to apply a rather thick layer of putty material, and use a specific technology.

      By contacting a hardware store, purchase special beacons. Consumers are offered galvanized products in different sizes. Using a putty material, fix the beacons to the base. To set them as evenly as possible, you can use a level. When the material hardens, the fixtures will be securely attached to the surface..

      After application, make the starter coat even between the beacons using a rule. This is much easier to do when there is a small gap between the fixtures. To make the layer of putty as dense as possible, break the process into certain stages. It is better to first apply the material to the wall at a distance of half a meter from the floor, then you can move on to other areas. If you do everything wrong, it is quite possible that the putty from above will drain onto the lower coating, and the surface will turn out to be uneven..

      When the filler has hardened, remove the beacons, fill in the holes and make the base completely flat. If the beacons remain, traces of corrosion may develop. This method of finishing is very difficult (when carrying out such work, a lot of time and effort is spent), therefore it is rarely used..

      Tips from the masters

      To achieve the best finishing work results, remember the advice of experts. The following recommendations should be considered:

      • Do not forget about thorough preparation of the surface before applying the filler material..
      • Take the choice of suitable materials as seriously as possible. Consider what the room is intended for, what features the specific surface differs for.
      • The packaging of the putty material usually contains instructions for its preparation..

      Do not skip a single stage of preparation, otherwise the performance of the putty will significantly deteriorate..

      • When choosing the right tools, you should not buy the cheapest tools. It is recommended to opt for spatulas that are distinguished by their strength and reliability. Do not forget that after use the tool will need to be thoroughly cleaned of filler material, otherwise there will be problems with cleaning in the future..
      • When the putty becomes hard, noticeable bumps appear on the surface in some cases. To remove them, use the sandpaper attached to the bar. When applying a putty material, it is almost never possible to do without the appearance of minor defects. Grinding will help eliminate them fairly quickly and easily..

      • Remember to use personal protective equipment (special glasses, respirator). Otherwise, dust may enter the respiratory tract and eyes..

      Leveling various surfaces with a putty material is a task that can be easily dealt with if you have patience and perseverance. Then you will be able to finish the walls using a variety of coatings: dyes, wallpaper, and so on.. You just need to do everything right, and then the results will not disappoint you..

            See the following video for the secrets of do-it-yourself wall putty..

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