How to make a ceiling in a private house?

In any private house, the ceiling can be made with your own hands. You can find out how to properly install it from this article. We will try to consider the main subtleties of this process..

Peculiarities

Regardless of the type of floor (wood or concrete), the ceiling is installed according to a single algorithm of actions. When working with concrete, it is recommended to pre-drill holes and install dowels. Self-tapping screws and nails are used for wooden floors. Today, there are three main systems for arranging the ceiling surface in a private house: hemming, flooring and panel. When determining the system, it is necessary to think in advance whether the ceiling surface will be sheathed with finishing materials in the future..

In case of refusal to finish, give preference to wood-based materials such as planks, beams and slats. They are able to emphasize the special color of private houses and are suitable for all types of floors. Any ceiling surface is a multi-layer construction. It includes:

  • rough ceiling;
  • vapor barrier layer;
  • waterproofing layer;
  • insulation materials (they are also noise insulators);
  • clean ceiling.

Special attention should be paid to the height of the ceiling. This is especially true when deciding to install a suspended or plasterboard ceiling. Such designs potentially “eat” from fifteen to thirty centimeters.

so, if the height of your room is less than two and a half meters, you are strongly discouraged from using various ceiling structures. With a decrease in height, the room will become uncomfortable for people in it. The ceiling will seem to press on you.

If you can adjust the height of the ceiling during construction – stop at the standard and reasonable size of two meters and seventy centimeters. This is the optimal height in terms of a comfortable feeling for people in the room and providing an acceptable level of heat..

As you know, warm and hot air rises upward. In order to be comfortable in the room, it is necessary to warm up the air to thirty to thirty-five degrees. In an extremely high room, all warm air will go upstairs, leaving the floor cold. This task will help to solve the use of an additional radiator and convector or the presence of a warm floor, which heats up, thanks to water, cable or film structures. A comprehensive solution to the problem with room temperature will provide comfortable conditions for a person.

Materials (edit)

The whole process of work requires care and accuracy, since even small defects such as cracks or uneven joints will require tedious work on mistakes. Pay attention to the purchased materials. They must be moisture and fire resistant. As for the density of insulation materials, they must correspond to the temperature regime of your city or town. It is necessary to take into account the quality of thermal insulation materials and the specifics of their installation to beam floor systems. In advance, before starting work, it is recommended to prepare all the necessary tools and building materials:

  • hacksaw for wood and metal;
  • hammer;
  • electric jigsaw;
  • construction knives;
  • wooden boards and bars;
  • nails;
  • polyurethane foam;
  • insulation material (expanded foam and mineral wool).

In the process of covering the ceiling surface in a log house, do not press the plasterboard sheets too tightly against the insulation material. It may turn out that he will release all the air volume that he needs to perform the function of keeping heat inside the material.. For the process of constructing a ceiling, there is a universal algorithm of actions, adhering to which you will achieve a positive result:

  1. First you need to build a frame. Based on your budget and preferences, choose a metal profile or wood beams. They will allow in the future to do ceiling cladding, for example, you can use drywall.
  2. Considering the size of the cells obtained after the construction of the frame structure, insulation is cut out. Nested in each cell and fixed with thin wooden planks at close intervals.
  3. Insulation material in a log house is covered with plasterboard sheets and fixed.
  4. Further finishing work is carried out.

It is worth noting that the easiest way is to knock out the ceiling covering with plastic. In a house made of aerated concrete or in a chopped house, you can close the ceiling with glued fiberboard.

Design

When doing interior design in the house, we often forget about the ceiling, preferring to leave it as a white flat surface. Nevertheless, the unconventional design of the ceiling can make the room unique, inimitable and create a certain atmosphere.. Ceiling decoration, or rather, its choice, depends on several important factors:

  • available space;
  • style and wall decor;
  • general style of the house.

    In any case, there are a huge number of variations on the theme of color shades and finishing materials. For example, by giving the ceiling the outline of a vault or arch, you will visually make the room more spacious and free.. Sloped ceilings will give the room a touch of compactness and modernity.. It is worth mentioning that this type of ceiling is extremely popular among European designers..

    Coffered ceiling – another interesting variation on the theme of floor finishing. This design implies beams that intersect with each other in such a way that a large number of square cells (sometimes rectangular or triangular) appear on the ceiling surface. There is a beautifully decorated space inside each cell. This finish creates an atmosphere of height and airiness in the room, and also gives it the charm of old English castles..

    If you are looking for a more spacious and fashionable living space, then your choice should be plasterboard construction and the “inverted or recessed tray” technique. Such a ceiling structure will look very good in rooms with a high ceiling, but in a room of a standard size it will look no worse.

    Which is better?

    There are various ways to cover the ceiling in a cottage, a new country house, on a veranda, on the second floor, stairs, etc. After the main construction work on the ceiling (noise and thermal insulation) is completed, you can proceed with the finishing, which will complete the appearance overlap. But the question arises of choosing the appropriate option. Consider what types of ceiling there are, as well as their disadvantages and advantages.

    Stretch ceiling

    The use of this option in private houses is one of the most preferred by owners. And this should not be surprising, because the stretch fabric is a very democratic material in terms of cost and does not require much effort for installation. Despite this, designers are happy to work with this material because of the huge possibilities for the implementation of their ideas. With the help of a stretch ceiling, you can build multi-level structures, and choose all sorts of shades from the color scheme. In addition, the fabric has hermetic properties, which will allow you not to worry about the condition of the material in the event of a leak. This is a very important and fundamental property for private houses, especially in rooms where the ceiling is adjacent to the base of the roof..

    It is worth mentioning separately that the stretch fabric has high sound insulation rates, due to the fact that the material is completely sealed. The ceiling does not require careful maintenance, a systematic wiping of the surface with a detergent without abrasive particles will be sufficient.

    Well, and most importantly: the use of a stretch canvas will allow you to hide electrical wiring, pipes and all kinds of communications. The only drawback of such a ceiling is the low strength indicator. But in the case of a ceiling, this is not particularly relevant. Unlike the floor, the ceiling surface does not face such a high mechanical load.

    Plasterboard construction

    Another common type of finish is plasterboard ceiling. This is an environmentally friendly material; it contains no substances hazardous to the human body. Nevertheless, drywall copes extremely poorly with high humidity, it literally absorbs it. Therefore, if you are convinced that the room is prone to increased moisture release, you should abandon the drywall construction..

    The possibility of constructing from material of any shape (arch, hanging parts, additional levels) makes it so in demand. It is permissible to combine plasterboard and stretch ceilings. Drywall will also do an excellent job of masking communications and wiring. You will certainly be pleased with the low cost of the material. This will save you a lot. Let’s move on to the unpleasant sides of drywall. In addition to actively absorbing moisture, the material is very fragile. In this connection, increased care is required when installing it, otherwise the drywall may crack.

    In addition, this type of finish is not suitable for low-height rooms. Installation of plasterboard construction on average takes from fifteen centimeters and above. But with high ceilings, this option will be an excellent choice..

    Wooden ceiling

    The most expensive option is wood trim. But, despite the significant costs and lengthy, sometimes tedious, installation, such a ceiling has almost no drawbacks in the process of use. For a start, it is worth noting its high aesthetic properties. The ceiling is elegant and fits perfectly into any interior. Even the modern high-tech style is perfectly combined with wooden ceiling details..

    Today, a wooden ceiling is extremely easy to maintain its original appearance and perfectly retains its technical characteristics. The material is pre-treated against pests, corrosion and the harmful effects of water. In addition, the wooden ceiling can no longer be called a boring, uniform design option. Manufacturers provide a wide range of wood processing methods, allowing you to choose almost any shade.

    Wood has high strength indicators, it is extremely difficult to damage it. If you settled on a wooden way of finishing the ceiling, think about the previously mentioned coffered version..

    Solid wood tiles look extremely elegant and will attract the attention of all your guests. The wooden ceiling is successfully combined with a huge number of interior items and decor. An arch with carved elements or stucco molding in this case will look appropriate.

    Remember that decorating the ceiling with wood is an extremely time-consuming and tedious process.. It is recommended to seek the help of specialists. Tackling it on your own, not owning the intricacies of working with wood, it becomes possible to spoil the expensive building material.

    Plaster

    It was once the most popular and easiest way to decorate the ceiling surface. But after many years, it is used less and less. Among the advantages, it is possible to note an affordable price and ease of decoration.. Often this type is resorted to in case of further staining or bleaching.. To do this, you will need to prime the ceiling surface with a primer, and then paint it with a special solution. Further, depending on the purpose, the ceiling is painted or whitewashed.

    Despite the fact that the algorithm of actions is extremely simple, plastering has a number of disadvantages. This process is quite tedious, you will have to spend a lot of time, moreover, it causes a large amount of construction dirt. This method is suitable for rooms with a perfectly flat ceiling. Another important disadvantage is the lack of space to hide communications and wiring..

    A surface that is cracked or uneven will take a lot of time and effort to achieve the desired result..

    Lighting

    In order to give the ceiling originality, mount LED spotlights in the ceiling space. They will add elegance and chic to the interior. The combination of LED lamps in a certain pattern (or, conversely, in a chaotic manner) will give the room a feeling of being filled with sunlight. A large number of reasonably positioned lighting fixtures across the entire ceiling surface can:

    • illuminate the entire room in a harmonious and unobtrusive way;
    • to give the environment coziness and to make you relax;
    • create a natural daylight effect.

      In addition to high aesthetic characteristics, such a choice of lighting sources will allow you to significantly reduce monthly electricity costs, because LED lamps are one of the most economical devices..

      For high-quality lighting in private houses, as a rule, the following types of lighting devices are used:

      • chandelier;
      • spotlight;
      • directional light;
      • led and neon strip.

      Tips & Tricks

      • Give preference to materials that will withstand fire for thirty to ninety minutes.
      • Be pedantic about the process of insulation, especially in those places where the heat-insulating material touches the walls.
      • It is necessary to seal the insulation materials.
      • For ceiling beams, if any in your interior, a vapor barrier is recommended.

      Beautiful examples in the interior

          The most expensive and time consuming type of ceiling design. You can see that the height of the room is low. But wooden arches and beams, perfectly inscribed in the ceiling structure, pull the room up, giving it an atmosphere of spaciousness and freedom..

          The sloped ceiling used in this interior gives the room a touch of compactness and modernity. This shape of the ceiling is very popular in European country houses..

          In this case, the owners of a private house preferred to confine themselves to plastering the ceiling surface. This finish is only suitable for perfectly flat ceilings. For overlapping with a large number of cracks and roughness, it is recommended to use a plasterboard structure or stretch fabric..

          You will learn how to make a ceiling with your own hands in a private house from the following video.

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