Ready putties: features of selection and use

The application of coloring mixtures has a number of nuances and subtleties. It is not enough just to choose a good paint, dilute the composition in accordance with the instructions, observe the temperature regime and use the correct tool when working. You also need to carefully prepare the foundation for work so that it does not fail. The same is true for many other finishing materials that decorate walls in residential buildings and various other premises..

The role of filling mixtures in preparation for the main work is great, among which ready-to-use formulations deservedly come to the fore..

Peculiarities

The finished putty differs from the usual compounds that have to be mixed directly on the construction site or in the house being renovated. It is prepared entirely at the facility where the original components themselves are produced. Technologists definitely have more knowledge than ordinary builders, and workers have more special equipment and tools at their disposal, including for quality control..

The finished putty is mixed until a homogeneous cream is obtained, it is very easy to apply it to any surface, making this surface very smooth and even throughout. All on-site cooking is limited to stirring in a bucket, only occasionally more water needs to be added.

An important advantage of the finished mixture is not only saving effort, but also reducing time, which needs to be spent to perform the necessary work, improve the achieved result.

Views

In any hardware store you can buy suitable mixtures, which you just need to open and start work.

Most often, a latex acrylate putty is used, which is recommended for application to drywall sheets. In theory, this finishing material can cover the widest range of surfaces. The cost of such wall coverings may seem excessive, but this opinion is erroneous, because the material is consumed very sparingly. The putty is elastic and lays down in a layer of only 2 mm.

When the acrylate material is applied, it does not lose its elasticity because it contains latex. And even if the drying is uneven, the wall will remain visually even. The delivery of such material takes place in buckets of 25 kg each..

Earlier, the use of oil-glue and adhesives, characterized by increased density, began. The complexity of application on a vertical surface is paid off by the significant strength of the layer created, and first of all, this type of mixture is used for finishing floors. In most cases, the adhesive mixture is sold in plastic or metal containers, where 0.5 kg of the substance is placed.

Facade acrylic putty is needed in order to ensure a fine leveling:

  • fences;
  • terraces;
  • the actual facades of residential buildings and similar surfaces.

When this material is applied, grout is done, you can start painting.

A combination of acrylate and siloxane substances acts as a feedstock, which makes it possible to reduce the layer to a few millimeters. There are containers of various capacities on the market: both buckets and plastic bags. The PVA-based putty for interior work has a typical smell for this substance, which should be tolerated for the sake of high efficiency in the fight against mold and pathogenic fungus. The main type of container is plastic buckets and bottles, the volume of which is selected based on the comfort of consumers.

Benefits of ready-to-use putty

Compared to mixtures prepared by amateur and professional builders those compositions that are made in factories are always better, and significantly:

  • they are always metered out and need not be metered manually;
  • work productivity is much higher;
  • the amount of garbage, rejects decreases;
  • no need to dilute the putty with water.

Also, the finished mixture is easily sanded, processed mechanically, perfectly applied by vacuum equipment, perfectly covers any corner, seam. Its dry variety is a powder placed in bags or packages. It can be thinned so that the mixture is completely ready..

The only problem is that mixing the mixture must be carried out correctly immediately, using professional equipment..

Selection Tips

In most cases, it is worth choosing a material intended for interior work. This classification means that the mixture is completely safe for humans and pets. You always need to consider whether the shelf life of the drug has been exhausted – if it still lasts, the combination of substances copes well with its responsibilities.

Important: do not hope that economical products will help save money, because the reduced price of 1 kg turns into many times greater costs for finishing. A completely finished form of the mixture is always better than dry, because this excludes the masters’ own mistakes when preparing the composition.

Experts believe that it is necessary to purchase products of well-known brands, which receive mostly positive reviews. It is necessary to clearly distinguish between the initial and final putties, these are completely different mixtures that cannot replace each other..

Starter mix, for example, packaged in 15 kg, is sold almost everywhere. It is very easy with its help:

  • remove drops;
  • close the cracks;
  • mask cracks and various holes.

How to use?

It is recommended to apply the starter filler in one layer 15 mm thick. All layers are applied strictly only after the previous layer has been dried. To simplify application on the wall, a masking net is used, it allows you to place a continuous coating of high strength. Finishing putty is always thin, it is placed only on top of a perfectly even base layer. Otherwise, there is no need to talk about masking defective spots..

When working with putty, you need to have a pair of spatulas with you – one wide one, they level the layers, and with relatively small ones they remove excess mixtures or work in hard-to-reach areas. You may also need an angle tool. You need to work, starting from the top, the composition is smeared along, trying as if to press it into the seams. It is unacceptable to save the solution, because the dried putty will shrink over time, various voids and irregularities may appear.

It doesn’t matter if the type of material is fire-resistant or colored – this problem will still manifest itself..

It is unacceptable to rush because accuracy and diligence are very important.

Manufacturers

Ready putty is produced by many companies: both domestic and foreign.

  • Finnish brand products Scanmix TT – universal composition for initial surface treatment. By its chemical nature, this mixture is based on cement and can be applied both in houses and on exterior walls. The drug is resistant to contact with water and frost. Even with a very thick layer (20 mm), the mixture will harden in 24 hours. The cost of the putty is low, during the drying process it can shrink.
  • Among gypsum preparations, attention is drawn to itself Knauf HP homepage. The putty produced in Germany is suitable only for those interior walls that are not exposed to high humidity. The maximum permissible layer is 1.5 cm, there is no risk of shrinkage and the coating is very durable.

  • Ceresit CT 29 – also a German product, this time universal, but still unsuitable for places with high humidity. Application temperature range – from +5 to +32 degrees. But subsequent use is possible even in severe frosts, drying takes no more than 15 hours. The strength of the coating is determined by polymer microfiber in the finished mixture.
  • Putty Danogips Superfinish – 28 kg, 17 l, can be used to treat walls in dry rooms, it has a pasty consistency and allows you to create a layer of up to 0.2 cm. This coating is recommended for finishing sheet decoration materials. Frost resistance level – 5 cycles of freezing and heating.

  • Putty composition “Leningrad paints” made on the basis of PVA glue, it can be applied to walls, ceilings of concrete, plaster. It is also permissible to use it to cover walls for subsequent wallpapering. It is possible to store and move this putty only at temperatures not lower than +5 degrees. If the packaging is left unopened, the shelf life can be up to 12 months..
  • Axton – a mixture produced in the form of a paste. It is designed for superfinishing walls in dry rooms, in places where there are pronounced irregularities, such a putty copes even better than products of other leading concerns.

For information on the difference between dry putty and ready-made putty, see the next video.

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