Subtleties of clapboard finishing

Interior finishing is the finishing stage of work at any construction site. The choice of the type of interior decoration affects not only the appearance, but also the efficiency of the premises. Clapboard decoration is a popular choice today. Consider the subtleties of clapboard finishing in our article.


Thanks to modern technology, a large number of materials have appeared that can be used for decoration and repair. Plastic, OSB, drywall are in great demand and are used in various construction areas. However, natural wood materials are still in demand and do not lose their positions..

The performance characteristics of the lining are quite high. Natural lining is non-toxic, ideal for interior cladding with versatile functions. The material is suitable for both interior and exterior use.

The options for plastic products, laminate, MDF panels and other products are very similar to natural lining. They perfectly repeat the texture of natural wood and thus create a cozy atmosphere. Still, these prototypes of natural products are only appropriate as an office decoration..

Natural and artificial lining options, of course, have common characteristics. For example, the type of cladding connection can be end, ridge, “tongue”, “quarter”. Joint options at the end of processing allow you to achieve a finish on the seams without any joints.

The tools and equipment required for finishing with natural or artificial types of lining are also similar. For example, for both natural and artificial, you need a screwdriver with a suitable attachment for self-tapping screws. The drill of the tool must in any case correspond to the diameter of the dowels or self-tapping screws used. They must differ in length 60 mm and dowel 6 mm.

These products are selected based on the type of base. For example, longer nails are needed if the wall is concrete. If it is wooden, smaller self-tapping screws are useful – 5.5 mm, for plasterboard surfaces of the product it is better to choose even less.

Sometimes small nails are supplied with clamps. These parts allow the installation of a tongue-and-groove plank. A construction or furniture stapler is also useful from tools. Sometimes it is most convenient for them to attach trim parts to the crate..

A common feature is the mandatory preparation of the walls. For example, if it is brick or concrete, its antiseptic impregnation is required, which will exclude the appearance of fungi. But waterproofing is not needed for these surfaces. Often these materials are not needed for interior decoration..

Completing elements are mandatory when performing both external and internal finishing work:

  • plinth;
  • slopes;
  • corners.

These details are needed to hide the gaps in the joints, which always arise during the course of work. They will provide an attractive and complete finish to the clapboard finish. This parameter, by the way, is also related to the correct storage of the purchased goods..

Storage of any kind of lining is permissible only in a horizontal position and on a special stand. The room where the material is stored should not be too humid. Any product should not be outdoors. Ultraviolet light has a detrimental effect on both artificial and natural materials. Before purchasing, it is important to make sure that the material is suitable. This can be done by examining the packaging with the material, as well as by visually inspecting. For the latter option, it is important to know what characteristics this or that type of product has..


If the entire lining is subdivided according to features, then the following types of it can be distinguished:

  • wooden;
  • plastic;
  • from MDF;
  • aluminum.

Various types of wood are used to create wooden lining. High popularity among deciduous and coniferous lining. The classification of natural finishes is related to the grade and quality of the substrate that is selected for the production of the material..

The generally accepted subdivision assumes the presence of:

  • extra class;
  • class “A”, “B”;
  • class “C”.

The material also differs in standard sizes. The choice of option depends on the place of application of the material. If the finish with natural clapboard is made with high quality, it will add coziness and comfort to any room. The material is in perfect harmony with various paints, wallpapers, interior items made from natural materials. Natural wall panels are often used to emphasize certain stylistic solutions. The design perfectly combines wide and narrow lining. This material is considered both practical and expensive choice..

The appearance of the plastic lining is identical to the wooden one. The materials for the manufacture of PVC panels are polyvinyl chloride and plasticizers. The raw materials are environmentally friendly, which is confirmed by certificates. Utensils for picnics are made from the same raw materials..

Sizes of plastic lining are identical to natural ones. The appearance of the finish is aesthetically pleasing. Its advantage is the variety of colors. Also PVC is resistant to decay and ultraviolet light. The appearance of the coating on the front side of the products is glossy or matte..

The quality of products does not suffer from the coating option. The configuration of the fastening methods for PVC products is identical to that of wooden materials. The choice of plastic lining is not an expensive decision, but the room will not be devoid of functionality.

MDF lining belongs to natural types, since sawdust pressed at high temperatures is used for its manufacture. Products do not contain synthetic or unnatural substances, therefore they are considered environmentally friendly.

MDF products are divided by types depending on the processing of the outer part. It can be laminated, ideally imitating natural wood. There are also veneered products. Here valuable wood is used, which is subsequently painted in any shade..

There are painted products, the treated surface of which is usually shiny. This option is considered to be particularly resistant and resistant to chemical attack. MDF lining can be used inside the house. It is a practical cladding material for balconies, corridors and other utility rooms. If the products differ in moisture-resistant characteristics, then their use in the kitchen, in the bathrooms is permissible..

Aluminum lining has another more popular name – siding. The products are based not only on aluminum, but also on various alloys, which include magnesium, copper, and manganese. The finish is ideal for external cladding of buildings and even roofs. Some types of material are used as interior cladding.

For example, the material is resistant to moisture, therefore it is suitable for cladding hallways, kitchens, bathrooms, balconies. The appearance of products is often an imitation of materials such as stone, wood. The characteristics of this species make it possible to use it even by those who have no experience in such work. An additional plus is a wide selection from the assortment presented by manufacturers. The cost of the material is low, and the duration of its operational life is quite large. In addition to finishing, it is used as an independent building material..

For example, sectional fences are often made from different types of aluminum lining. Such fences are very popular. Products are attractive in appearance, inexpensive, do not lose their beautiful appearance for a long time.

Scope of application

If we talk about wooden lining, then it is more often used as wall cladding inside a log house. In the interior, the lining is used as a decorative design for rooms. Design with wooden clapboard can be a bright accent of terraces and balconies.

Craftsmen who provide wall cladding services argue that the most difficult is the fastening of wide panels. And the designers advise to diversify the appearance of the cladding, combining wide and narrow lining panels.

There can be two options for lining with wooden clapboard:

  • Horizontal. Sheathing is performed from the corner.
  • Vertical. Fasteners are made from floor to ceiling.

If high humidity remains in the room where the finishing work is planned, then this is the most suitable area for using PVC lining. These panels are not afraid of moisture. They are also very often used as decoration of utility rooms..

There are several types of plastic lining. For example, the most economical option is vinyl wall paneling. It is only suitable for interior decoration. As an exterior finish for a summer residence, PVC lining is suitable for outdoor work. It is resistant to frost, as it contains special components.

Scope of MDF lining – inside cladding. This is a commonly used material for decorating a hallway in an apartment. Lacquered MDF panels are a common bathroom finish. Moisture and steam are not terrible for this material, as well as other negative factors..

These panels are distinguished by numerous installation options.

In addition to vertical and horizontal arrangement, such methods are known as:

  • herringbone styling;
  • combined styling.

Installation of MDF lining is possible on walls, floors, ceilings, and other surfaces. It is undesirable to fix MDF in the premises of the bath, and it is also not worthwhile to mount them in the kitchen. But an excellent option for finishing MDF panels will be for the terrace of a log house, as well as the veranda of a log house.

Aluminum lining is used for interior and exterior decoration. They can be used on the ceiling provided they are carefully insulated. Aluminum is a good conductor of electricity, so even a small bare section of the cable will cause very large damage..

Aluminum lining can also be used as wall decoration. The order of work also implies complete insulation of electrical wiring..

If all requirements are met, the use of aluminum lining entails the following benefits:

  • profitability;
  • aesthetics;
  • durability;
  • easy care.

The operational capabilities of aluminum lining are in many ways superior to other options for this type of finish. Despite the wide variety of materials presented, the preparatory work that should be carried out before the installation of products is identical.

Preparatory work

Installation of panels involves the mandatory preparation of the walls. The surfaces must be dry and level. Sometimes waterproofing of surfaces is required, which serves as special films or impregnations.

If there are areas with fungus and mold on the walls, then an antiseptic treatment will additionally be required. The more carefully this stage is carried out, the more protected all surfaces will be..

It is easy to hide noise-insulating or heat-insulating structures under the lining – expanded polystyrene or mineral plates. Also, together with the facing material, a vapor barrier film may be required. If it is available, preparatory work should be started with laying the vapor barrier..

An important stage of work with any clapboard is the manufacture of a frame. If a vapor barrier is required, the selected material is overlapped directly onto the wall. A construction stapler and special staples are suitable as a retainer..

Sheathing bars are attached on top of the vapor barrier. If the laying of the lining is planned to be horizontal, then the bars must be fixed vertically, if the lining is mounted vertically, then the best option for the lathing is in the horizontal direction. Nails or self-tapping screws are suitable as fixing parts. The best fixation of the frame installed on brick blocks will be frame dowels. At the same time, fastening holes are required in the walls..

If you plan to use a vapor barrier, then it is also attached to the crate with a stapler. The waterproofing film, fixed over the heat insulator, can be reinforced with tape.

The main frame can be supplemented with another layer of sheathing. The second layer of bars should be fixed across the first. It is important that this surface layer of the batten is perfectly even, since the panels will be attached to this very layer. If a wooden lining is chosen, then it is worth considering its weight. The frame for this type of cladding must be reliable. It is better to calculate the required number of bars for the frame in advance. This will allow you not to be distracted by their manufacture during the installation of the frame..

How to sew with your own hands?

In order to properly start attaching natural types of panels, they first need to acclimatize indoors. To do this, the lining is brought inside and left alone for at least two days. Installation should not be started immediately, as there is a high probability of warpage of the cladding elements. Deformation of the structure will occur if the walls are finished at sub-zero temperatures and high humidity.

The installation of the lining should be done only after the lathing is fully installed. If the lining is planned to be installed horizontally, the first element must be mounted at the bottom, with a spike up. With the vertical arrangement of the slats, installation begins from the corner farthest from the entrance to the room.

The first board must be absolutely exactly level. It is correct to take into account both the horizontal and vertical arrangement of the level. Even with a slight deviation of the first panel, subsequent deviations will be quite noticeable. Subsequent lining strips must first be installed in the groove of the previous ones, and then fixed with available means.

Despite the seeming difficulties, it is possible to sheathe the walls with clapboard together with insulation and with the installation of the frame in a fairly short time. The fastening of decorative parts will require special care. Corners and skirting boards must be installed with special fasteners or staples for a construction stapler. Wooden lining is additionally impregnated with stain and varnished. Other types of lining do not require additional processing.

Works look a little different when using aluminum panels. Conventional technology involves the installation of aluminum profiles from a set of simplest modules. Installation is possible with the help of small keys, which are usually used to assemble modern pieces of furniture upholstered with plywood..

Despite the elementary nature, the developers strive for maximum variety and original design. The modules can be installed in conjunction with brickwork. In this case, the installation of modules is possible both horizontal and vertical. Facing is performed with discharged panels, they can also be nailed in continuous rows. Aluminum panels can be fixed to any height. Sheathing with such a ready-made designer is very convenient. This technology is available even for beginners..


Wooden lining seems to be an ordinary and simple material. But the finish takes on a completely different look when painted correctly. Painted lining is appropriate in designer interiors. This type of finish will look especially interesting with the technology of artificial aging..

If the purpose of processing is a color change, paint, enamel, stain will serve in the solution of the problem.. If the finish needs to add shine, then varnishes come in handy. If the original material does not need to be changed, and the surface of the finish needs to be protected, antiseptics, fire retardants are needed. The first option is needed as a disinfectant, and the second will increase the resistance of the finish to fire.

Decorative compositions required to change the color of the lining are divided into oil and acrylate. Oily dyes provide protection and are distinguished by their long service life. These paints penetrate into the structure of the finishing material. Of the minuses, consider the persistence of an unpleasant aroma, long drying.

Acrylate products dry quickly without a strong scent. They also retain their shine and shade for a long time. These types of dyes are usually more expensive than the first option. Acrylic or alkyd varnishes can change the color of the material while retaining the unique wood texture. The desired shade is achieved with a color scheme. Please note that the compounds can only be applied to a well-dried substrate. If you apply varnish on a damp base, it will crack..

The easiest way to change the shade of the lining is with a stain. However, the option is suitable for a well-finished surface..

Lining made of valuable wood will look better and more advantageous in the frame of transparent varnish. If there are allergy sufferers in the house, treat the base with acrylic aqualak.

Consider the tendency of oily substances to discolour after drying. Choose a color 1-2 shades darker than necessary. The most practical option for processing pine lining is painting with oil substances. No antiseptic is required..

The choice of color is largely determined by the purpose of the room by the dimensions of the space. Take a look at the examples below. They will help you decide on the options for finishing and combining different types of lining.

Beautiful examples

For example, if you want to add openness to the interior, pay attention to the tinted upholstery options in light colors. Matt light wood will add architectural dynamics.

Painted items may turn out to be a good finishing option in the interior. Choose soft tones. The texture of the lining will be well emphasized by the textured board on the floor..

The attic ceiling from the lining will look good. The aged painted finish adds a special sophistication..

Toning with varnish will look no less interesting. Walls and ceilings painted in the same tone – a technique that many designers fell in love with..

If the finish is of high quality, then with any design the lining will provide comfort and coziness. It is a fashionable yet practical choice. The use of such cladding is possible in rooms of any functional purpose..

For information on how to properly install the lining, see the next video.

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