Many people associate the word “lining” with something simple and even boring. In fact, with a masterful approach to design, it can become a decoration for the background design of premises. However, without the approximate foundations of its features, it will not work to make something beautiful..
The lining is a narrow profile board with a thorn-groove connection. This is one of the types of sheathing material that is used for exterior and interior decoration. The use of the material depends on its type, since it is the composition of the raw material and the type of element that determine its operational characteristics, as well as the durability of the facing coating.
The lining owes its name to its initial use: initially it was used to trim passenger cars of the railway.
However, the cladding board was soon appreciated in construction, because it was distinguished by the same thickness and had a wide range of advantages. It was recognized as a decorative material with a wide range of functional and aesthetic advantages. If originally it was a product of wood origin, today it is made from different raw materials. Regardless of this, its abundance deprives the interior background of expressiveness..
The use of lining for finishing walls and ceilings should be dosed and carefully thought out.. It is impossible to sheathe both the walls and the ceiling with it at the same time. This simplifies the interior and deprives it of comfort. Much also depends on the color. For example, an abundance of woody background will give the room a sense of uninhabitedness, which for many causes the internal discomfort that appears when being in a particular room..
The width of the slats is also important, since it is able to visually change the interior space, making the walls higher or, conversely, lower. This is not a universal material, because with a large width in a small room with a low ceiling, the lining can make the room visually cramped. Today it is divided into 2 types: the usual variety and the euro lining. Europrofile is made of natural solid wood with careful processing of all sides.
Its tongue-and-groove connection is up to 8 mm larger, which makes the cladding visually seamless. The back side is distinguished by the presence of a sample for providing air duct and ventilation, which eliminates the formation of condensation. Such lining is divided into 2 types: “standard” and “Soft Line”. The difference between them lies in the degree of roundness of the chamfers (they are softer in the “Soft Line”).
The lining can be classified according to the material of origin. It is made from wood, MDF, plastic and aluminum. Each type has its own characteristics, which affects the durability and operating conditions. For example, wood planks are environmentally friendly and anti-allergenic. They are made from different varieties of solid wood, including ash, beech, pine, linden, oak..
Wood paneling is a well-planed plank with an identical profile, natural moisture level and the same type of docking battens. This raw material has a strict classification by classes (Extra, A, B, C). Profile categories differ in the quality of the rails. For example, top-class products are made without knots and other flaws, while class C elements have a lot of them, including irregularities in thickness.
In general, all categories are distinguished by aesthetic appeal..
They look beautiful in the interior of different styles, with a skillful approach to interior design, they hint at the well-being of the owners of the house and their sense of taste.
MDF is glued from wood chips without using harmful substances. These slats are characterized by high density, but in terms of quality and durability they are inferior to their wooden counterparts..
This material looks beautiful, but it must be protected from constant exposure to moisture. Therefore, it is undesirable to use this lining for wet rooms. Aluminum slats are not used for interior decoration. Plastic analogs, on the other hand, are widely used today in interior design..
A distinctive feature of plastic is the ability to imitate any desired texture. With its help, you can add the desired mood and status to the background of the walls and ceiling. It imitates well wood, stone (especially marble, granite). However, more often such a finish is used for the ceiling, since plastic is not resistant to mechanical damage, it is fragile and can break with a significant impact..
But in combination with other materials, such slats allow you to create unique ceiling compositions. Plastic is easy to install built-in and traditional backlighting, it can have a glossy or matte type of texture, as well as relief and roughness. This is an easy-to-install material that even a beginner can handle. By weight, it is lighter than wood and MDF, it has a hollow structure, therefore it does not weigh down the load-bearing floors and the ceiling.
By the type of execution, the lining differs in shape and size. For example, it may or may not be chamfered. Outwardly, all categories are slats of different shapes, which can be convex and even rounded or flat.
To date, on the market for such products, several varieties of lining are offered to the attention of buyers:
- Classic. Flat strips with the bevel required for joining, located on the front side. In this case, the chamfer can be rounded or roundish..
- “Calm”. Analogs without chamfer forming a seamless fastening technology. Excellent imitation of walls made of timber, differing in thickness up to 2.5 cm. It is often called “peasant”, “Russian” or “simple”.
- Land House. One of the most expensive types of lining due to the use of a special production technology.
The front side of such a rail is distinguished by the presence of milling, due to which it has a pattern in the form of knots.
- Block house. Another expensive profile that can reproduce imitation of lumber material. Such a board is distinguished by a rounded front part. When cladding walls with such a clapboard, the appearance of a structure from a log is created.
- “American”. This profile differs from other options in that it has a smooth transition between a chamfer and a tenon, which allows you to give the finish the look of siding panels for interior cladding..
- Double-sided. This variety differs from other types in that it has 2 front sides. Due to this, it is used for sheathing small partitions..
The choice of the right type depends on the preferences of the client.. However, more often the buyer chooses products from the array. In this case, the degree of humidity of a particular room is taken into account. For example, for a living room, bedroom, office, a lining made of coniferous wood is suitable, while for finishing saunas and baths, if you take options from an array, then these should be profiles from deciduous trees. For country houses, it is better to buy birch and linden profiles.
The colors of the lining are varied and depend on the type of material used. For example, lining made of wood has natural tones from beige and light wenge oak to dark and black-brown. The buyer can choose the desired option, taking into account their own preferences, choosing it to match the existing furniture or a specific element of the interior. In such a line there is a whitewashed, reddish, light gray lining, as well as a dark stone.
Plastic products can have absolutely any color. This is convenient for forming a ceiling with plasterboard or a variant with a stretch film in complex designs. Such lining usually matches in color with the tone of the main finish and can be white or colored (beige, peach, milky, ivory or bleached wood). More often these are natural tones or an imitation of aging, as well as a painted array..
The variety of shades allows you to combine them to give the ceiling the desired design. For example, you can separate the light background of the lining with a dark brown profile in the form of beams. The color combination is also convenient because it can add the necessary notes to the boring design..
Together with built-in or traditional pendant lighting and wall material, it will turn out to hint at the idea of the chosen style.
You can use the lining with other finishing materials for walls and ceilings. For example, it can be used to designate a certain functional area, pasting the remaining planes with wallpaper. In the bathroom, it can be a combination of a slatted ceiling and wall decoration with plastic panels for brick or masonry. The lining is well combined with drywall.
With regards to the walls, you can use it for vertical and horizontal cladding.. A room will look beautiful, one wall of which is sheathed with clapboard under an aged board against the background of a brick ledge and a ceiling with beams. For the nursery, it will be the best solution to paint the lining, thus imitating striped wallpaper. In this case, you can alternate white with a blue or sunny shade, painting over two stripes in 1 color at once.
Partial use with painting the ceiling looks no less original.. For example, you can paint the beams a different color. When choosing a complex ceiling structure, you can add gilded elements and an unusual shape of lamps to the design. A good solution would be to use, in addition to the lining, similar furniture facades. For example, you can sheathe the ceiling or partition with slats, choose a similar color for the tables of kitchen furniture..
Scope of application
You can use the lining as an interior background in different ways. It is appropriate in different rooms of an apartment or a country house. In this case, the building can be one-, two- and three-story. Clapboard can sheathe planes inside living rooms (for example, bedrooms, living rooms, hallways). Depending on the chosen design direction, you can decorate the walls or ceiling of the children’s room with clapboard.
This is an excellent material for decorating walls inside a closed gazebo or veranda in the country.. The structure, which is partially trimmed with such material, will not only be beautiful and unusual in appearance: it will strengthen thermal insulation, which is important for every household. The correct dosage of accents will allow you to use the lining even for covering the surfaces of the attic, balcony or loggia. In addition, it is appropriate in the background design of a study or home library..
It is impossible to sheathe all the walls and ceiling with clapboard alone, even if the traditional Russian style is taken as the basis. This will bring a feeling of heaviness and uninhabitedness. And the woody texture needs contrast for expressiveness. The best directions for her are Provence and country, harmoniously combined with wooden furniture..
If desired, you can fit this sheathing material into modern design branches..
It looks good against the background of a brick wall of a loft-style house if you sheathe the ceiling with it.. In this case, it can be supplemented with spots with adjustable angle of inclination of the light flux. If you want simpler solutions, you can sheathe only one wall with it, adding the lining to minimalism with its strict lines and a minimum of embellishments..
Clapboard can be used to decorate the Mediterranean style by diluting the white with a fresh blue contrast. An equally successful solution would be a chalet in the spirit of a hunting lodge with the addition of woody colors to the design. If you want to embody a country atmosphere in the interior, you should paint the lining in a bleached yellow or beige color. Neutral colors and an aged effect will allow you to create a Scandinavian-style interior.
Beautiful examples in the interior
To understand how beautiful a room lined with clapboard can be, examples of photo galleries will help.
Stylish kitchen solution. The partition looks impressive against the background of a whitewashed brick wall.
The decoration of the bedroom wall conveys a country atmosphere. Using a warm, sunny hue.
A laconic solution for decorating a nursery. Painting the lining allows you to fill even a small room with light and a sense of spaciousness.
Cozy seating area under the loft-style stairs. Highlighting the fireplace ledge against the background of brick walls gives the interior an expressiveness.
Stylish solution for high ceiling bedrooms. The cladding looks original against the background of a brick wall and emphasizes a certain wilderness that is important for a loft.
Light and airy interior with a wall lined with whitewashed clapboard. The woody pattern of the wall brings variety to monochromatic colors and gives the interior a unique identity.
An example of the use of lining for sheathing the ceiling and accentuating the partition with a high ceiling and spaciousness of the room.
Watch the related video.