All About Goat Sheds

The construction of goat houses and their arrangement is not a difficult task. There are two main themes here. The goat’s rue in its arrangement should be reliable and comfortable for animals, and the process of caring for them should be simple and convenient. These tasks are quite solvable if all the requirements for such buildings are met, proper planning and selection of materials.

Description and requirements

Goats are unpretentious creatures, they get along well with other domestic animals, and therefore their maintenance does not require special diligence and attention. However, some nuances should be observed. In regions with a warm climate in spring and autumn, no buildings are required for goats. The usual canopy and the absence of drafts will be enough. Closer to winter, they should be transferred to a solid goat’s house with a temperature of at least 8 degrees.

Erecting a barn for goats separately or enclosing a special corner for them is your decision.. Of course, it is economically feasible when all domestic animals are located in one building. But a separate goat’s rue is still better. The size of the goat’s houses is determined by the herd population, since all individuals must have their place.

Females, males and juveniles are kept separately. This way you can avoid competition, conflicts, it will become more convenient to plan the intensity of their reproduction, to keep the young from the arbitrariness of older individuals. Goats do not tolerate dampness – it should be dry and warm in sheds.

With the correct construction of the goat’s house, the installation of a heating system is not required in it, since goats are able to heat the air up to 8-10 degrees.

The goat’s rue should be well lit. Ventilation will also be useful. As an extension to the shed, a corral should be organized where the animals are walked when the air temperature exceeds 12 degrees. Providing good conditions for them increases their productivity.

Basic requirements for goats.

  1. The minimum permissible temperature in the stable should not be lower than 5 degrees. In summer – no more than 18 degrees.
  2. Fresh air is essential (often regular ventilation is sufficient). Drafts are categorically contraindicated..
  3. The humidity in the barn should not exceed 70–75%. The floors must be dry. Otherwise, animals develop manifestations of hoof rot, ligaments are injured, etc..
  4. The more sun in the room, the better (the ratio of the area of ​​windows and floors starts from a ratio of 1: 20). Subject to these parameters, in summer, you can limit yourself to natural light. In winter, it is better to resort to artificial light..
  5. The volume of the stall for an individual is about 1.5 m³. For goats with kids about 2.5 m3. Youngsters up to a year are allocated 0.5–0.8 m³ each. Often animals are kept together, but different stalls are made.
  6. The creation of an optimal temperature regime is facilitated by: correct foundation height, slightly raised floor, optimal wall thickness.
  7. During construction, wood is more often used, but it is subject to rapid decay, and therefore must be processed. Brick or cinder block structures are more durable, but require more effective insulation.
  8. Building a barn is incompatible with proximity to trash heaps and toilets.
  9. The allocated area directly correlates with the number of livestock – animals love space and lead a physically active life. Height of ceilings in the goat’s house – no more than 2.5 m.
  10. At least 2.5 m2 is allocated for a female with kids, 1.5 m2 for an adult, about 0.8 m2 for a young.

In cold areas, steam heating is used to heat the goat houses..

What are?

Goat’s rugs build various types, showing a certain amount of creativity. But compliance with the necessary requirements for them is a prerequisite. Nowadays, mini-goat’s houses for 2, 3, 5 and more individuals are popular. A goat’s house for 10 goats will occupy an area of ​​about 20 m2.

Often build goat houses / chicken coops. They are also distinguished by the types of materials used (wood, brick, cinder block, reinforced concrete slabs, light steel structures, etc.). The choice of material depends on the characteristics of the climate and the financial capabilities of the owners of the future structure..

Goats can spend a significant part of the day outdoors (in a pen), but they do not tolerate particularly strong cold and piercing winds..

Therefore, with the onset of frost, it is advisable to transfer them to a barn, where the temperature will not be lower than 5-6 degrees. Such a barn is built from wood or upholstered with wood from the inside..

The height of the building is about 2 meters, in a low building, animals can be poisoned by carbon dioxide released from decaying litter and feces. For summer keeping goats, pens with sheds and fences are quite suitable.. The main thing is that they have shelter from the sun and rain. It is advisable to build a place protected from the wind..

In the southern regions, the summer “house” is also used in the winter, filling up the cracks and insulating it. Inside, a stall, a milking device, a drinker, a feeder, a nursery are located, and the territory is properly demarcated. In winter, it is not recommended to leave babies in a poorly heated goat’s house, but it is better to place them closer to the warmth (you can take them into the house).

An indicative sign of a cold barn is the freezing of water in it at night.. Insulation of such a barn is carried out in the traditional way, by installing an additional wall filled with sawdust and lime. Filled with sawdust for this purpose and overlapping the premises, supplementing the insulation material with straw and dry corn stalks.

How to build with your own hands?

Starting the construction process, one should clearly understand and master all the criteria and requirements for the structural elements of the future building, taking into account the peculiarities of the climate. Correctly and in detail to develop an economical project. Absolute dryness and efficient ventilation remain the leading requirements for the stable.. The work on the construction of the goat’s house is of a phased nature:

  • choosing a place for a goat’s rue;
  • design and preparation of drawings;
  • preparation and purchase of materials;
  • foundation creation;
  • construction of walls, roofs and floors;
  • insulation;
  • equipment of the goat’s house with ventilation, heating, lighting;
  • Finishing work;
  • installation of individual equipment (taking into account the size of the stall for individuals);
  • corral construction.

Separate stalls for mature males and babies are equipped, which prevents conflicts between goats and allows you to successfully feed young animals. Here are some tips for planning the construction of a barn.

  1. The place chosen for the construction is cleared of weeds and rhizomes, the cleared place is carefully leveled.
  2. The foundation is laid, it must be made strong, regardless of the material used.
  3. They carry out the construction of walls with a number of window and door openings (preferably on the south side). Building height approx.2.5 m.
  4. Wood floors are being laid, a gable roof is being built. Such a roof (it must be insulated) presupposes the presence of an attic, where it is convenient to store food..
  5. In the premises, pipes are installed to organize supply and exhaust ventilation, stalls, feeders, a milking device, etc..

Seat selection

When choosing a place to build, we give preference to small hills or plains, since in the lowlands the sheds will be damp, and the animals will often get sick. Before starting construction, the selected site is thoroughly cleaned – trees and shrubs are removed with careful uprooting. Then the plot is leveled.

The goat’s house is positioned so that its front side and corral are located to the south..

Planning

Planning is the current phase of construction. The plan should contain a clearly formulated goal, include the size of the herd, take into account the peculiarities of climatic conditions and the specifics of the area. The project must necessarily contain drawings (diagrams) of individual elements of the entire complex with their dimensions. During construction, you can make some adjustments to it..

Tools and materials

When choosing materials, special savings should not be observed – goat’s rugs do not require significant costs. Quite satisfied: wood, sandwich panels, aerated concrete blocks, adobe, brick, adobe technologies. Sometimes they even build from pallets. Wood has proven itself best, brick buildings retain heat worse and keep dryness.

In addition, the tree “breathes” well. Wooden building materials require treatment with primers, and floorboards impregnated with linseed oil to improve performance, increase service life.

Construction tools are used as standard, depending on the type of selected building material.

Foundation

The types of foundations used are concreted, tape, columnar. The most popular are columnar foundations. They are being built quickly enough. In addition, a certain gap is formed under the floors, which guarantees the flow of air, protecting the tree from moisture and rodents.. When creating columnar foundations, the following work is performed.

  1. Marking (using a cord or rope), installing around the perimeter of the rods and pulling the rope over the soil.
  2. In accordance with the markings, the upper layers of the soil are removed, and installation grooves are made in the corners of the foundation.
  3. The depth of the excavation reaches 70 cm, and the width is 50 cm.The gaps between the posts are up to 1 m. Gravel and sand are poured into the recesses.
  4. For installation, a couple of stones are placed at the bottom of the pits (bricks can be used), cement mortar is applied. From above, across the previously laid, a couple more bricks are installed.
  5. The base should rise above the ground to the level of the cord. The gaps between the posts are filled with gravel and then cement. A layer of gravel is placed over the area of ​​the entire structure.

Floor

Floors should be laid carefully so that the flooring does not have to be repaired later. The health of animals directly depends on the condition of the floors – the floors should not be wet and cold.

Boards are laid with a slight slope (2 cm per 1 m length) to drain the slurry into a special gutter.

Floor laying:

  • initially equipped with a concrete or cement screed, which serves as protection against moisture and rodents;
  • logs are installed on top of the screed, between which insulation is placed;
  • the top is covered with board material, pre-soaked with linseed oil and painted.

It is better to install special gutters on the floor, directed to the place of urine and feces drain, and place a removable flooring (wooden grate) on top. As a result, the floors will remain dry and warm, without the need for underlayment..

Walls

The walls are built from boards or logs, sealing the cracks. But in cooler areas, it is preferable to use more durable products, for example, brick, covering it with a board from the inside, and insulate the outside. Door and window openings are arranged in the walls. Doors should open outward. Windows are made from the most illuminated sides. They should be located about 1.5 meters from the floor so that the animals cannot reach them while standing up on their hind legs..

We install the walls with a height of 2-2.5 m. Above is not required, since significant volumes of air in the barn are more difficult to warm up in winter. Smooth walls are easier to clean and disinfect. For small goat houses, one window is enough, located near the door..

The number of windows is determined by the proportion of 1: 12 to the entire area of ​​the barn.

Roof

A gable roof is the most acceptable option, it is practical and convenient. But its additional insulation is required. For coating, sheets of iron or slate are used.. Ceilings with roofs with one slope should be hemmed with boards, and for thermal insulation, use mineral wool, pieces of foam or other insulation.

Roofs are covered with a slight slope so that precipitation does not remain on it. A gable roof is more expensive, but its advantages are obvious. With such a roofing device, the ceilings are insulated with straw and clay..

We organize communications

If the arrangement of communications is organized incorrectly, then all your construction efforts will go down the drain. Goats do not live long in poor conditions. Ventilation is designed to create a favorable microclimate (fresh air, degree of humidity). An elementary supply and exhaust type of ventilation includes:

  • a pipe (in diameter from 100 cm), installed in the center of the roof or near the ceiling in the far corner of the building;
  • chimney above the floor near the entrance doors.

The pipes are covered with special protective flaps. For large areas, automatic ventilation units are recommended for installation. Relevant for goats and the level of illumination of the barn. In addition to natural light, electric lamps are also used, which are mounted at a height inaccessible to animals (a protective grill is required).

The use of ovens in sheds is prohibited. It is safer to install steam heating with a boiler in a freestanding brick building.

How to equip a barn inside?

A properly equipped barn provides comfort for goats, greatly facilitating their care procedures. The premises allocated for stalls are divided by wooden partitions no more than 1.5 m high.If separate stalls are designed for each individual, then dimensions of 2 × 1.5 m will be suitable, where they are kept without a leash. Tightness negatively affects the goat body and has a negative effect on milk yield..

In this case, the front wall is made like a door with a lock. On its inner side, a nursery is placed for convenient feeding..

They provide room for salt stone and minerals, which is important to take into account when planning the size so that the goats do not push the feed while trying to get to the salt. Milking attachments facilitate milking by limiting the movement of animals. These devices are bought or made by themselves..

In fact, this is a box made of timber, with a feeder located at head level. This is usually a tight space that limits head movement during milking. Such a device is installed in a quiet place, supplying it with a ladder for climbing to the site. Automatic milking provides space for the unit and containers, as well as the presence of an electrical outlet and lighting.

Cleaning and disposal of waste should be carried out 2 times a day. This will prevent the appearance of infections in the herd, an increase in moisture levels..

Walking features

Goats are extremely mobile creatures, and therefore, when the temperature outside is more than 12 degrees, they must be released into the corral. The area of ​​the pen is determined in advance at the rate of at least 5 m2 per individual. A canopy over the pen is required.

For the arrangement of the goat’s rue, see the video below..

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