Bath 3 by 4: subtleties of the layout

Sauna measuring 3 by 4 sq. m is a small, but very comfortable room for relaxation. It can accommodate all the necessary rooms: from the steam room to the dressing room. So the owners of small plots can not worry, because even on a compact courtyard they will be able to build an ideal place for relaxation..


At the first glance at the miniature bath, it seems that it is terribly uncomfortable and it is simply impossible to fully relax there. But in fact, such buildings have their own advantages. First of all, by deciding to build a mini-steam room on the site, you can significantly save on building materials.

Regardless of what materials are chosen, building a small building is cheaper than building a huge two-story building..

You can save a little more time in the case of building a mini-bath. The less complex work, the less time will have to be spent on construction. It will turn out even more profitable if you entrust this work to professionals who evaluate their work hourly.

By the way, since the bathhouse is small, you can safely choose more expensive building materials. This means that the steam room will turn out to be of better quality and more durable. All this makes compact saunas quite popular..


When planning the construction of a bath, first of all, you need to decide on what it will be. Don’t take ideas out of your head. Better to focus on classic concepts. Consider the most popular types of baths from around the world.

To begin with, it is worth mentioning the division of buildings by humidity level:

  • The first category includes saunas that are heated with dry steam. The temperature in such rooms is the highest. It ranges from sixty to one hundred and twenty degrees. Humidity there, on the contrary, is very low – no higher than twenty-five percent..
  • The second group is raw baths. In such rooms, the temperature is lower – about 60 degrees. But the humidity is increased.
  • Water baths are heated with hot water.

According to these principles, all types of such premises are heated:

  • Roman. One of the oldest types of baths. It consists of five rooms that are interconnected. The first room is called the dressing room. The second is conventionally called warm. If in the first – the temperature is very low, then in this room it is already rising. In the third, hot, it is even warmer. And the fourth is already called a steam room. Traditionally, the temperature in this room reaches 85 degrees. In some cases, it is even higher. The fifth is considered unloading and it is already getting colder there..
  • Irish. This type of bath is similar to the previous one. But there are also some differences. The most important of them is that the rooms here do not pass into one another, but open out onto a common corridor. So you don’t have to go from one room to another, you can go to any one you want..

  • Russian. This is the most common type of baths for us. In such a building there is always a small dressing room, a washing room and a steam room. In the steam room there is another distinctive feature of the Russian bath – a real stove.
  • Finnish. This type of steam room is also called a sauna. The Finnish sauna consists of one room. It is heated with hot steam. Humidity in the room is reduced to a minimum.

  • Ofuro. This term is called Japanese baths. Although it is difficult for an ordinary Russian person to believe that this is a full-fledged steam room. Basically, it’s a simple barrel filled with hot water. The liquid filling this container is heated up to sixty degrees and is supplemented with various medicinal herbs, which also have a beneficial effect on the state of health and the skin. According to the creators’ idea, a person should spend 10 minutes or even more in this healing broth. But even people with very good health do not always succeed..
  • Hammam. The last type of baths is Turkish. It belongs to the category of aquatic. This type of room is best suited for those who do not like or for health reasons cannot withstand the effects of high temperatures. The main feature of the hammam is a large pool with hot water. True, until the moment when the visitor of the bath gets to this pool, he has to plunge into several more containers with colder water..

As already clear, hammams are usually quite large, and it is almost impossible to fit all the necessary details in a 3×4 area..

Materials used

Having decided on the choice of the type of building, you need to understand what materials will be used to build a bath.

  • Brick. The most common option is a brick building. This material is not only fireproof, but also resistant to high humidity. In addition, the buildings are brick and look very stylish. This is a versatile material that never loses its relevance..
  • Expanded clay. Materials such as expanded clay and polystyrene have also earned a good reputation. They are characterized by high strength and durability. At the same time, buildings made of such materials have low thermal conductivity, which means that a well-heated bath will not cool down for a long time..

  • Beams. Often a timber is chosen for the construction of a bath. This stuff is especially good. Natural wood is completely safe for health and retains heat well inside the building. In addition, if the rooms are decorated with timber, then a pleasant woody aroma will constantly hover in the bath. The only drawback of such buildings is fragility. By itself, the timber does not react well to constant temperature drops and high humidity. Therefore, it is necessary to additionally process the wood and restore this protective layer on a regular basis. But it is definitely not worth painting over or varnishing the timber, so as not to spoil its natural appearance..
  • Blocks. The last popular material is blocks. They are massive, so you can easily build a full-fledged building from them in just a couple of days..

Room layout

Since 4×3 meters is not so much, it is difficult to place all the necessary rooms on such an area. First of all, withIt means paying attention to the most necessary premises:

  • Dressing room. This room is considered an integral part of the bath. But at the same time, in some cases, this room is sacrificed for the sake of saving space. The purpose of this room is that all their belongings, shoes, and so on are left in it. In fact, this is a room that serves as a dressing room..
  • Washing room. The sink is the room that you need to enter before going to the steam room. Usually there is a minimum of furniture in it – only neat benches. In some cases, the interior of the room is complemented by shelves..
  • Steam room. The most important room in any sauna is the steam room. After all, it is here that all the main processes take place. Often there is a stove or fireplace inside this room. In addition to them, there should be many other little things in the room. First of all, these are loungers and shelves.

One shelf should fit a full-length person. This is important, otherwise it will be uncomfortable to rest..

To understand what you should focus on when arranging a bath, you can consider several interesting planning examples:

  • Simple two-room option. To save space, you can opt for a regular sauna, which consists of two rooms – a steam room and a dressing room. The plan for such a building is very simple. The bath space is divided into two main rooms: a steam room and a dressing room. There is a place to store things in the dressing room. If necessary, you can also place a table with chairs there to relax with a company in the cold season. At the exit from the bath, it is worth equipping a terrace where you can take chairs in the summer. As for the steam room, for convenience it is divided by a partition into a steam room and a sink. In this situation, inside the bath there is a place for everything you need and there will be no unnecessary details..

  • With attic. Another option for a small plot is a building, complemented by an attic. In fact, this is a defective second floor. Therefore, adding an attic to an ordinary bath is not as expensive as it seems at first glance. And at the same time, the arrangement of the attic is very beneficial for the owners of the site, since you do not have to bother with the constant removal of furniture to the terrace or yard. As a rule, if the bathhouse is supplemented with an attic, there is either a relaxation area or a place for storing things. This is also very beneficial because when the place for gatherings is separate, steam from the main room does not penetrate there and does not damage furniture and finishing materials..

Tips & Tricks

Finally, it is worth additionally mentioning some points that are important to consider during construction..

  • Accommodation features. A lot depends on where the steam room will be located. Experts recommend placing the building on a small hill and at least eight meters from the houses. Also, you can not install a bath near water bodies or wells. The structure should be no closer than fifteen meters from the reservoir and five meters from a hand-dug well. The bathhouse should be at least 10 meters away from the road, and at least three meters from the fence. Also, there should be no flammable materials and structures nearby. But trees, bushes and even hedges can be planted next to the bathhouse..

  • Priming. It is also important what kind of soil the building is being built on. Ideally, the earth should not be prone to accumulation of moisture in it. Heavily soil is not suitable in any way. If necessary, under the place for the construction of a bath, you can tamp the site, filling it with a mixture of gravel and sand.
  • by the way, special attention should be paid to the floors in the bath. It is best to make them double. If you lay insulation between two layers of the floor, then it will be much more comfortable to rest in the premises..

  • Rooms to donate. The main room in any bath is a steam room. You definitely can’t do without it. There is sometimes a recreation room next to it. There they can equip a billiard room, a library or a place for get-togethers with a company. But it is quite possible to sacrifice space for rest. In order to save space, instead of a full-fledged washing room, you can equip a small shower room. There should be no less space in it than is needed in order for at least one person to sit comfortably there. In some cases, you can also consider a combined option, when the washing room is combined with a bathroom, so that later you do not have to run into the house in the cold..

  • Heating. In order for it to be easy to maintain the desired temperature in the bath, you need to immediately insulate the room and install good heating devices. First of all, it’s worth investing in good wall cladding. Correctly selected material will make the steam room cozy and suitable for relaxation at any time of the year. You can choose any suitable heating device: a fireplace, a stove or a stove. The best option is not a wood-burning stove, but an economical electric fireplace. It works at any time, and heating a room with such a fireplace is cheaper, because you don’t have to buy firewood and worry about fire safety.

In general, the layout of the project depends entirely on the needs of the family. And when arranging a bath, you need to focus not on plans invented by someone, but on how comfortable it is for the family and guests to relax in the steam room and adjacent rooms.

An overview of the 4×3 sauna from a log see below.

About the author