To ensure health and good egg production for chickens throughout the year, it is important to create a favorable microclimate in the room. Particular attention should be paid to the air temperature in winter. To keep the hen house warm, you can use infrared (IR) heaters. These heat sources are of several types, each of which has certain pros and cons..
The principle of operation of IR heat sources consists in heating objects within their radius of action. In the hen house, radiation is transmitted to the bedding, walls, perches, birds, and later from them the air in the room is heated. This method of heat transfer is called radiant. With this heating method, oxygen is not burned and air humidity does not decrease, due to which the microclimate that is optimal for poultry is maintained..
IR lamps are versatile. They are used not only to heat the chicken coop, but also to illuminate it. The devices emit a “soft” glow that will not interfere with the bird’s rest at night. Due to this feature, they are allowed to be left on throughout the day. Chicken coop infrared lamps are red.
It has been proven that it contributes to better feed digestibility and strengthening of the immunity of adults and growing young animals..
Other advantages of these heating devices include:
- simple installation – you can install infrared heating equipment with your own hands, without hiring professional craftsmen;
- easy operation – if you need to replace the heat source, you need to turn off the electricity supply, unscrew the lamp from the holder and install a new one in its place;
- high efficiency – thermal energy is not dissipated in space, it is directed to objects in the room;
- beneficial effects on human and farm animal health;
- possibility of installation in chicken coops with high humidity.
Like any other heating devices, IR lamps are not without their drawbacks. Their main disadvantage is their high price (in comparison with conventional luminescent or ultraviolet sources). Short service life and strong heating of the lamp surface are also considered disadvantages..
Due to excessive heating of the lamp heater, it is recommended to additionally equip it with a thermostat. With its help, you can easily maintain an optimal microclimate for birds..
Manufacturers offer several types of IR heating sources. They differ in appearance, installation method, technical characteristics and other parameters..
The models are designed for permanent installation on a wall or ceiling surface without the possibility of moving to another place. Most often they look like traditional incandescent bulbs.. Stationary IR emitters are equipped with:
- red filter;
- panel with plates;
- spiral working element.
Stationary models are recommended to be installed in large chicken coops. For the installation of such products, it is allowed to use the existing infrastructure – if necessary, infrared lamps can be screwed into a standard holder for conventional incandescent lamps.
The overwhelming majority of manufactured models of stationary lamps equipped with thermal sensors and timers. Thanks to these automation devices, the equipment is turned on without human intervention when the temperature drops or after a set period of time. The disadvantages of stationary solutions include high energy consumption, a small coverage area.
Such designs relate to portable. They easily move around the chicken coop due to their low weight and wheels (provided on most models). Mobile equipment is autonomous. It is equipped with:
- a source of heat radiation;
- power cable for connection to the mains.
Mobile structures do not require installation – they can be placed in the area that needs to be heated. For example, this could be a roost, nests, an area for young or newly hatched chicks. These electrical appliances are economical, reliable and easy to use..
Their disadvantages are higher cost compared to other types of IR heaters, and low efficiency.
Products represent flat heating plates with rectangular shape. They come in different sizes. Such panels are:
- metal (with a front plate made of aluminum) – they instantly transfer thermal energy, contributing to the rapid heating of the room;
- ceramic, capable of accumulating heat and giving it off after turning off the device;
Glass panels, due to their high cost, are inappropriate to use for heating a chicken coop. Panel heat sources are designed for ceiling or wall installation. Ceiling mounting is considered more economical and efficient..
Represent a thin film that emits infrared radiation. For sale such heaters are supplied in rolls. The product can be cut into pieces of the required size.
Heating films construction includes:
- reflector – foil layer;
- heating carbon elements;
- protective layer designed to transmit heat energy and protect heating elements from mechanical damage.
Film heaters are ceiling, wall or floor. The former are most suitable for agricultural premises. They are able to quickly warm up a large space, evenly distributing heat energy around the entire perimeter of the room..
Note! It is not recommended to install the flooring film in the chicken coop, as it is highly sensitive to moisture. Accidental water spillage on the floor may cause a short circuit.
IR heaters are produced by foreign and domestic manufacturers. The range of devices is represented by solutions with different technical parameters. From the huge range of heaters, the following models stand out.
- ERGNA-0,7 / 220 teplofon. Wall-mounted equipment for heating residential and non-residential premises. Differs in fire safety, contributes to the creation of a favorable microclimate for birds. The power of the device is 700 W – it is enough to heat a small room of 12-14 m2.
- Almac IR 5 W. Promotes optimal heat distribution. The model is compact and practical, easy to install. The power of the device is 500 W. Designed for heating small chicken coops with an area of 5-6 m. The model is recommended to be used in conjunction with a thermostat.
- Electric infrared heater “Pion Lux 04” for ceiling or wall mounting. This is a 400 W low power equipment designed for a 4 m2 chicken coop. For heating large rooms, it is recommended to purchase several appliances. The device is equipped with a switch with an indicator light.
- IKZK R127 250W – infrared mirror lamp of domestic production. Depending on the modification, the flasks are red or transparent. Service life reaches 5 thousand hours.
- Royal Clima RIH-R1000S. The design includes a tubular electric heater. The model is robust and reliable, its body is made of stainless steel sheet. The power of the device is 1000 W, the working surface heats up to 250 degrees. The Royal Clima RIH-R1000S model has overheating protection.
Popular manufacturers of IR lamps include the following companies: Tirex, Philips, Repti-zoo and others.
How to choose?
Equipment for heating the chicken coop should select by power. DFor 1 m2, at least 80 watts is required. Based on these figures, it is easy to determine the required power of the heater. To do this, you need to multiply the area of the house by 80 and get the desired value. When choosing low-power equipment, heating will be ineffective, in turn, buying a device that is too powerful will waste energy and overheat the chicken coop..
For equipping a chicken coop with heaters, it is best take a closer look at wall or ceiling variations.
They will not interfere with birds and humans when cleaning the premises. In addition, they will warm up well the objects under their zone of influence..
When buying equipment, you should pay attention to the type of heating elements installed in heat sources. Carbon fiber types are considered the most preferred. These IR emitters are considered the safest and most reliable. They are resistant to dust and high humidity, thanks to which they will last a long time.
It is also necessary to consider the wavelength that the lamps are projecting.. Equipment is:
- medium wave;
The former negatively affect human health. They operate at temperatures over 1000 degrees. They are suitable for heating large agricultural buildings with high ceilings. Long-wave and medium-wave emitters operate at temperatures from 600 degrees. It is recommended to install them in chicken coops with a ceiling height not exceeding 3 m.Long-wave heaters do not harm humans and birds, on the contrary, they have healing properties.
Experts advise purchasing IR emitters with a built-in thermostat. Due to such a device, the heater will almost always be in sleep mode, turning on for a while when the room temperature drops to the specified critical level. Models with additional functions are more expensive, however, in operation they are more economical, since they allow you to efficiently consume energy resources. When purchasing heating equipment, you should check the seller’s warranty obligations and quality certificates.
It is not recommended to buy goods of dubious Chinese origin – they are unlikely to last long.
How to install correctly?
In order for the heating equipment to be safe, you need to correctly install it.. The process of installing IR lamps is performed in a specific sequence:
- power outage in the network;
- laying of wires with a suitable cross-section (to increase the level of safety, it must be “dressed” in an insulating corrugation);
- outlining the places where the lamps will be installed (the distance should not be less than 1 m from each other when installing several devices);
- fasteners for cartridges (due to the strong heating of the lamps, it is recommended to use ceramic products that are distinguished by fire safety);
- screwing the lighting fixtures into the socket, energizing and turning on the lamps.
Luminaires must be installed at a height of at least 1 m from perches, nests and other objects. Otherwise, overheating may occur. In order to avoid injury by birds and to prevent damage to the device, metal protective caps made of wire must be installed on the lamps..
Instructions for use
Modern infrared equipment requires safety compliance not only during installation, but also during operation. Due to negligence, equipment quickly breaks down. When using IR lamps, you need to carefully consider fire safety requirements. In severe winters or in severe frosts, lamps in most cases work around the clock..
Due to the strong heating of the devices, they must not be placed near the wood – a fire may occur. To avoid fire, install lamps at least 50 cm away from walls. To protect the ceiling, you can use special protective covers for the luminaires. It is important to use correctly sized caps and non-flammable lampholders.
Products made of plastic will not work – they will quickly melt on contact with hot parts of the lamp.
Frequent turning off and on of IR devices can lead to their rapid failure, therefore it is best to use thermostats. During operation, dirt must be regularly removed from the surface of the lamps.. Due to the deposited dust, devices often overheat and burn out. In order not to get burned, you must not touch the surface of the IR lamp immediately after turning it off – you need to give about half an hour for it to cool down. With the right choice, installation and operation of infrared heating structures, they will last a long time, while maintaining uninterrupted operation..
Watch the related video.