Features of clinker tiles for stoves and fireplaces

Features of clinker tiles for stoves and fireplaces

Clinker tiles have firmly taken their place in the building materials market. It is used as wall and floor covering both inside and outside the building. She decorates stairs, pools, stoves and fireplaces.

Properties and characteristics

Clinker tiles are one of the types of artificial facing materials with a dense homogeneous structure. Made by high temperature firing (much higher than conventional ceramic).

Why are clinker tiles for framing fireplaces and stoves so in demand – the numbers will perfectly show:

  • the hardness index corresponds to eight (for comparison, a diamond has ten);
  • in terms of resistance to abrasion, it deserves the highest mark (four or five points out of a possible five – depending on the type of tile);
  • withstands three hundred cycles of complete freezing and subsequent thawing;
  • minimum absorbency rate.

As a cladding for a stove or fireplace, clinker is suitable due to its compliance with the requirements, namely:

  • heat capacity (accumulates heat well and gradually gives it off);
  • resistance to mechanical damage;
  • wear resistance and durability;
  • fire resistance and water resistance (important in close proximity to open fire and use in cooking);
  • external aesthetics.

That is, such a product is very durable – it is practically impossible to damage it, its properties are not affected by cold, heat, chemical and household substances..

That is, such a product is very durable – it is practically impossible to damage it., its properties are not affected by cold, heat, chemical and household substances.

Views

The main types of fireplace clinker tiles are:

  • smooth (to achieve a perfect smooth surface, it is usually covered with a layer of glaze);
  • embossed (moreover, the texture can be either pronounced or slightly rough).

The model with the aging effect can also be attributed to the relief. Such an imitation, although it looks like it has already been used, but at the same time retains all its properties..

According to the method of production, clinkers can be:

  • extruded;
  • pressed.

In the first case, tiled elements are formed from the plastic mass. Then they are fired. In the second production method, the mixture is not a dough, but a powder. And the tile is formed not by an extruder, but under the influence of a press, after which it also undergoes heat treatment. The basis of the mixture in both versions is made up of special types of clay, and sand and other minerals, as well as plasticizers act as additives..

The color palette of clinker tiles for the hearth is quite extensive.. Conventionally, depending on the color, clinkers can be divided into:

  • colored (among such tiles you can even find pink specimens);
  • natural (their color will be as close as possible to the color of natural minerals).

All shades of yellow, brown and brick are natural. Other, more saturated and bright colors are achieved by adding coloring oxides to the composition. The tiles in the same batch may differ, this is due to the degree of heating of the material, the duration of baking and the position in the oven. Typically, high temperature setting tends to darken and vice versa..

Uniformity of color can only be achieved by coating with tinted glaze.

According to the configuration, clinkers intended for cladding a fireplace can be divided into:

  • tiled elements (which are usually given the geometric shape of a rectangle);
  • individual components (plinths, plinths, corners) – they greatly simplify the finishing process, especially in places requiring additional processing.

Mounting

Procedure:

  • First you need to purchase material with a stock. Calculating a tile for a fireplace is more complicated than if it were a simple wall. Help in this matter can be in a specialized store. Tiled items from the same manufacturer, but purchased at different times, will be different.
  • Then you need to prepare the work surface. If the oven has an old coating, it must be removed with a hammer, chisel, putty knife or grinder.
  • Then the surface of the fireplace or stove masonry must be leveled, for this it is covered with plaster in several layers. You will need two spatulas and a rule. For a smoother application, you can use a reinforcing mesh, and there are special profiles for the corners. After plastering, apply a primer with a roller.

  • The next step is marking according to the chosen laying method and fixing the supports. The markings are applied only when all layers of plaster and soil have dried. This requires a level, a square, a tape measure and a building pencil..
  • Apply the solution to the plaster and spread it evenly with a notched trowel.
  • We start laying the first row. Again, it all depends on how the tiled elements will be positioned. You should constantly check the level. If deviations occur, the tile can be slightly displaced with a rubber-coated hammer.

  • Crosses must be placed between the tiles to form even seams..
  • After laying the whole tiles, you need to deal with the cut.
  • Once the masonry has hardened, you can start grouting. First you need to process the seams with a spatula. Then fill them with putty and level. The excess is removed with a grater and a sponge soaked in water, sanded with a rag.

Laying method

There are several of the most popular options:

  • Traditional Is the most common way. The tiles are laid on the fireplace masonry in dense rows so that they are located exactly one above the other. It is especially important to observe symmetry..
  • Scattered – resembles the traditional version, but in it every second row is displaced by exactly half of the tiled element. A rectangular shape will look perfect here. This method well hides the flaws of the stove masonry..

  • Diagonal. It is based on the option with an offset, but the tiles are not laid parallel to the base of the fireplace or stove, but at an angle. The main difficulties lie in wait here at the stage of marking and cutting..
  • Modular (or block). Its main element is a combination of tiles. For example, if a block consists of two elements, they can be laid alternately parallel to the base or perpendicular to it. Clinkers of different sizes can be combined in a block. In addition, the blocks can be shifted and intertwined. It all depends on the imagination. The main thing is to remember that the surface of the fireplace or stove is rather modest and the concept of a complex installation will simply not be visible on it..
  • Combined – implies alternating rows with horizontal and vertical positions of elongated tiles.

In addition to combining tiles of different textures and colors, you can combine tile finishes with plaster. For example, she can decorate a chimney or pipes, the main thing is that they are in harmony with each other..

Such a coating goes well with wood. An array of fireplace shelves can have a similar or contrasting shade. In addition to him, metal plates and forged parts are often used as decor. Natural materials will always emphasize the external dignity of each other.

What influences the choice?

A few points to pay attention to:

  • It should be noted that clinkers have a relatively low thermal conductivity. On the one hand, it helps the surface to stay cool. On the other hand, if the oven is used as the only heat source, this option will not be suitable. Still, this is more suitable for a fireplace set for beauty, rather than heating..
  • Extruded tiles are more dense, so they accumulate and give off heat poorly. In this case, pressed elements maintain the climate in the room better, since they have pores.
  • Glazed coating does not tolerate temperature fluctuations well.

Nevertheless, sometimes it is better to prioritize practicality than aesthetics and give preference to a product without glaze..

  • The sizes of the tiles, even within the same batch, may not coincide, however, as well as the color. Therefore, careful selection is important here. Before buying a tile, it is imperative to compare, especially if symmetry is important in the design, and any deviation will be striking.
  • If the integrity is violated, the heat-resistant tile will lose some of its properties. Even if scratches or chips are on the invisible side, it is better to replace such products..
  • The thickness of the tiles is important for the stove and fireplace. It must be more than eight millimeters..

Examples in the interior

Despite the possible options, clinker tiles are very specific. And the use for decorative finishing of the fireplace further narrows the range of design solutions..

A fireplace or stove is not installed in all rooms. As a rule, most often fireplaces faced with clinker tiles are placed in the living room, hall or dining room, where all family members or guests can enjoy the contemplation of a live fire. Also, fireplaces are not uncommon in bedrooms, since they have a beneficial effect on the psycho-emotional state – they help to relax, create an atmosphere of comfort.

Of course, its placement largely depends on its size – it can be built-in or free-standing. Clinker tiles can turn it into the most eye-catching object that attracts all eyes, or, conversely, make its image restrained..

Undoubtedly, such building structures look especially organic in the kitchen. As a rule, it can be a small decorative option, and a full-fledged Russian stove with a stove bench, with or without the possibility of cooking..

The motives of the hearth will come in handy in hotels, restaurants and cafes, so that guests feel especially comfortable.

Heat-resistant clinker cladding can extend not only to the fireplace area, but also to the entire wall adjacent to it or part of it. First of all, this approach is used when tiling built-in models. Decor in the form of clinker tiles can create a picturesque, cozy corner in the recreation area.

The stove and fireplace with clinker tiles, due to their characteristics, can be entered, if not in all, then in many design directions.

In modern minimalism, such an object will definitely not be superfluous and even, despite all the conservatism, will become the central figure of the entire composition. With the right combination of textures and colors, the clinker will successfully fit into the interior, created in the high-tech style..

An interior made in Provence or country style is simply unthinkable without a hearth. It creates a warm atmospheric background, adjusts to the closeness to nature. In the rustic style close to these directions, you can see whole fireplace complexes in which refractory clinker tiles are perfectly combined with other natural materials..

Bending forms and unusual combinations of Art Nouveau style will be reflected in the design of the hearth. The interior, sustained in the same style, will be distinguished by refinement and sophistication..

You will learn how to cover a stove with clinker tiles from the following video..

About the author