People begin to think about cosmetic repairs in two cases: when the wall covering is worn out or when it is pretty boring. Wallpapering is subject to its own rules. To understand where to start gluing wallpaper, you need to know the technique of the process and the texture of a particular material..
What do you need?
Renovating the walls is easy. This requires:
- have the simplest tools;
- purchase building material (wallpaper);
- familiarize yourself with the rules for performing work;
- full compliance with the pasting instructions.
At the first stage, you should deal with the processing of the walls. The old coating is removed from them so that not a single piece remains. If a part of the detachable web is firmly adhered, it is moistened with water, and after a few minutes it is removed with a spatula. In the presence of cracks, potholes or protrusions, the surface is brought to a level plane. To do this, the bumps are cut down, and the grooves and cracks are putty.
An even wall is primed with a deep penetration primer and dried. You can treat it with a solution against fungus and mold.. It is now ready for finishing. It remains to take measurements, determine the number of required rolls and go for them to the building goods store.
Tools and material
When the buyer doubts his own calculations on the number of wallpaper required for repair, he should contact a specialist. Shop consultants will perform the correct calculation, help you choose the desired glue, and subtly advise you to buy related materials (brushes and rollers). Brushes are useful for applying adhesive, and rollers are convenient for smoothing the canvas on the wall.
Don’t be surprised if the seller’s calculations exceed your own. There are usually 10 meters of canvas in a roll. With a room height of 2.7 meters, only 3 full strips will be obtained from each roll. Inexperienced in construction, buyers do not always consider details that are well known to professionals.
Do not think that you are being deceived, agree with the seller. Otherwise, you will have to buy raw materials. And the necessary material with a beautiful pattern can be sold out by this time..
Tools and inventory
For work you will need:
- reliable stepladder;
- tape measure 3 – 5 meters;
- pencil and long ruler for marking;
- plumb line to determine the vertical;
- a sharp knife for cutting the roll into pieces;
- scissors for cutting complex shapes;
- clean sponges or rags to remove excess adhesive;
- a bucket and warm water to mix the solution.
If the room cannot be completely cleared of furniture, you will have to stock up on film to protect the remaining items from damage. The flooring can be damaged by the adhesive, so its safety must be considered. Remember to wear comfortable clothes and a hat so that nothing gets in the way of your creative process.
It is better to start repairs after the end of the heating season. At this time, uniform drying of the wallpaper is ensured. And the duration of daylight hours allows you to do without artificial lighting when facing..
Wall covering, combined from different components in color or texture, creates a unique design. With the help of different drawings, effective zoning is carried out in the room. It can be performed horizontally, vertically, in the form of inserts. Niches made by zoning, framing fireplaces and other free-standing furniture look spectacular. Zoning allows you to divide a room into several separate corners. By combining the wall decoration of the room, you can visually change the size of the space. This is true for elongated rooms, small rooms, rooms with low ceilings.
When combined, two types of roll materials are often used. Darker canvases are glued to a height of about 1.2-1.5 meters from the floor, lighter canvases go higher. The texture of the canvas can vary from denser at the bottom to light at the top. You can apply wallpaper according to the previously made markings from the bottom or from the top. Docking points of different types are reliably hidden by suitable moldings.
Wallpaper in different rooms
The choice of material is necessary not only for the pattern and cost, but also for its physical characteristics. Breathable wallpapers are required for bedrooms and children’s rooms. The most suitable for such rooms will be a paper look. The only negative is that the paper is short-lived.. In a maximum of five years, repairs will have to be done again.. Textile wallpapers are not harmful to health, although they cost much more.
For the living room, it is worth picking up silk-screen printing. The shiny surface will add respectability to the room. The color should match the furniture installed in the room. A large drawing is not recommended for the living room. Do not choose too bright colors. Calm tones create more coziness.
Vinyl wallpaper based on non-woven fabric is highly durable, resistant to abrasion, and has a long service life. Since they are easy to clean from various dirt and stains, they are great for corridors and kitchens..
Before you start gluing wallpaper, you need to read the rules. Each roll is accompanied by an instruction sheet. From it you will learn about the appropriate glue, impregnation time and other nuances of working with a specific type of material. Do not deviate from the time intended for the impregnation. Extra minutes of being in a lubricated state can result in glue drying or excessive softening of the material. This rule is especially important for paper wallpapers and vinyl with a paper backing..
There are no uniform rules for pasting. It all depends on the type of material, the room in which you plan to update the walls. For example, rooms and kitchens have windows, hallways and corridors have only doors. Adhesive liquid is applied to paper and vinyl wallpaper, and walls are treated with glue under thick non-woven sheets.
Wherever the repair is carried out, whatever the material, the process always begins with the fact that the rolls are rolled out on a flat surface, marked and cut to size with a small allowance. At the same time, do not forget about the drawing.. In some cases, you have to check the coincidence of the picture on each successive segments. You can cut as many whole pieces at a time as will fit on one solid wall. In the locations of windows, doorways, heating devices and other deviations from the main surface, the wallpaper is cut out after marking in place. The first sheet should go strictly vertically, for this you can choose a natural landmark, for example, a corner, a window or door frame. The conformity of the slope of the vertical is checked with a plumb line.
Pasting is done from top to bottom. It is more convenient to do this together. The first is on a stepladder, lifts the sheet to the upper part of the wall, the second provides vertical and alignment of the picture. On the wall, the glued piece is smoothed with a roller or a clean cloth, expelling air bubbles from under it. This operation is performed from the middle of the sheet to the edges. Excess glue is carefully removed with a dry sponge or cloth.
Depending on the type of wallpaper joining, two options are possible: butt and overlap. The second case is rare. But, if it takes place, then the question of the beginning of the countdown disappears by itself. Pasting starts from the window on both sides, diverging to the right and left. Each next part finds a little on the previous.
With the docking option, you can start gluing from the side of the window or from the doorway, corner. It is important to provide the room with an impeccable appearance, taking into account the direction of the light. The finish will become a single whole if there are no discrepancies in the pattern, gaps and overlaps between the touching stripes. A good result is achieved with consistent pasting in one direction.
In natural light, flaws and flaws are clearly visible. Identified in a timely manner, they are easily eliminated. Therefore, work should be performed during daylight hours. In cloudy weather, you will need to turn on the backlight. This is the only way to avoid gaps, deviations from the vertical, displacement of the picture..
What’s the best?
When choosing a starting position, you need to be guided by the drawing. The final result, the aesthetic appearance of the room, will depend on the right choice. Only in rare cases will the perimeter of the room accommodate a multiple number of wallpaper sheets. The last piece always has to be cut to the width. That’s why it would be right to start from the most inconspicuous place to hide the mismatching drawing.
You should not start pasting from a corner in which it is not planned to put tall furniture. If it is decided to put a cabinet with a mezzanine in the corner, it is advisable to start with it. The furniture veils the imperfection of the last connection. If the room has a wide window, the first sheet can be fixed in the corner farthest from the entrance. This place will not be conspicuous, the attention of those present will be directed to the largest object in the room, that is, to the window.
Features of pasting corners
Special attention should be paid to the processing of corners. These areas often do not differ in the correctness of geometric shapes. The angle of the junction of two walls in panel, brick and block houses is not the same at the floor and ceiling. In this case, the glued fabric can form wrinkles..
Wallpaper in problem areas will stick exactly if:
- draw a vertical line from the “bare” side and stick the sheet along this landmark;
- no more than 3-4 centimeters of canvas will move from one wall to another;
- glue the recess itself with glue for better adhesion and firmly press the edge;
- make undercuts in places where small folds are formed.
Electric wires are laid in the walls of the rooms. On the surface, they fit into sockets and switches. At the time of repair, both are removed, and the wires are carefully insulated. Sheets are glued to walls without cutouts for wiring. Access to communications is obtained by cutting out the required windows after the glue has dried. First, an incision is made with a knife crosswise, then with scissors is brought to the desired shape and size.
It is recommended to cover the protruding corners with plastic corners matched to the wallpaper. So the wallpaper will not tear, and the joint will disappear if it gets into this place..
If you have firmly decided to do without master finishers, remember:
- repairs are not done in a hurry;
- measurements and calculations will save material costs;
- thorough preparation will save you from downtime and the formation of a marriage;
- do not experiment and deviate from the instructions supplied with wallpaper and glue;
- material consumption is less, and work is easier with a small pattern on the wallpaper;
- in rooms “facing” to the north, warm-colored wallpapers are preferable;
- dense wallpaper with pronounced embossing will help to mask the unevenness of the walls;
- during operation, the verticality should be periodically checked;
- the room cannot be ventilated for 24 hours after the completion of the repair.
In the next video, a popular construction blogger will share his professional secrets that will come in handy when gluing wallpaper..